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L 

01 
NPiT 



Natural History Museum Library 



A Catalogue of Manuscripts 
in the Entomology Library of 
The Natural History Museum, London 



The Natural History Museum 



TH€ NATURAL 
HISTORY MUSEUM 

2 2 MAY 1996 

PRESENT*- D 
GENERAL LIBRARY j 



A Catalogue of Manuscripts 
in the Entomology Library of 
The Natural History Museum, 

London 



Julie M.V. Harvey, Pamela Gilbert and Kathy Martin 



V 

MANSELL 



Historical Studies in the Life and Earth Sciences No. 5 



First Published 1996 by 

Mansell Publishing Limited, A Cassell imprint 

Wellington House, 125 Strand, London WC2R OBB, England 

215 Park Avenue South, New York, New York 10003, USA 

© The Natural History Museum, London 1996 

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be 
reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, 
electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording 
or any information storage or retrieval system, without 
permission in writing from the Publishers or their appointed agents. 

British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data 

A catalogue record for this book is available 
from the British Library. 

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data 

Natural History Museum (London, England). Entomology Library. 
Catalogue of manuscripts in the Entomology Library of the 
Natural History Museum, London / Julie M.V. Harvey, Pamela Gilbert, 
and Kathy Martin. 

p. cm. - (Historical studies in the life and earth sciences : 5) 
Includes bibliographical references and indexes. 
ISBN (^7201-2290-2 

1. Entomology - Manuscripts - Catalogs. 2. Entomology - History - 
Sources - Bibliography - Catalogs. 3. Manuscripts - England - London - 
Catalogs. 4. Natural History Museum (London, England). Entomology 
Library - Catalogs. I. Harvey, Julie M.V. II. Gilbert, Pamela. 
IE. Martin, Kathy. IV. Title. V. Series: Historical studies in 
the life and earth sciences: no. 5. 
Z6611.Z65N38 1996 
[QL463] 

016.5957-dc20 95-20562 

CIP 



Printed and bound in Great Britain 



Contents 



Acknowledgements vii 

Introduction ix 

History of the Manuscript Collection ix 

Size and Contents of the Collection x 

Scientific Significance of the Collections xiii 

Explanation of Catalogue Entry xiii 

Indexes xv 

The Catalogue 1 

Name Index 231 

Geographical Index 249 



Acknowledgements 



The authors would like to acknowledge the help given by many past and pre- 
sent members of the Department of Library and Information Services, The 
Natural History Museum. In particular we thank the current Head of Library 
Services Mr R. E. R. Banks and previous Librarian Mr A. R Harvey for their 
support in this project. Mr G. Moody and Miss I. Gaster as past members of 
staff contributed to the early ground work on the catalogue. Mrs C. Gok^e, 
Miss A. Lum, Mr N. Stead, Mr R. Steers and vacation students over the years 
have all aided the completion of this project. Members of the Department of 
Entomology have helped with the identification of particular items and with 
establishing the relationship of various manuscripts with the scientific col- 
lections. We also acknowledge the assistance of Dr Peter Barnard, who kindly 
edited the scientific names in the manuscript. 

Finally we offer our special thanks to Mrs Gail Fordham who has typed 
most of the catalogue onto disk. 



Introduction 



History of the Manuscript Collection 

In April 1881 the British Museum (Natural History), now The Natural 
History Museum, opened its doors to the public for the first time. The zoo- 
logical and botanical collections, which had previously been housed at the 
British Museum in Bloomsbury, had outgrown the available space. It was 
therefore decided that a new museum should be built at the South 
Kensington site to rehouse the vast natural history collections. 

The complex planning for the transfer of all the natural history scientific 
collections to the new building unfortunately did not include the extensive 
natural history libraries. Indeed, over a period of years the original Alfred 
Waterhouse plan had been so eroded as to leave no space for a central library 
Only a few published works which were heavily used by the scientific staff 
were transferred in 1880 together with duplicate items and selected works 
which were closely associated with the specimen collections. 

During the original transfer few manuscripts and original drawings came 
to The Natural History Museum, although some manuscripts were later 
moved, following specific requests from the Keepers of the various Depart- 
ments. Other manuscripts accompanied the scientific collections during the 
move as they contained important information relating to the specimens. For 
example, the 17 manuscript catalogues of the Sir Hans Sloane (1660-1753) col- 
lection were transferred, the two insect volumes are now housed in the 
Entomology Library. 

After 1881 the zoological collections quickly increased in number. 
Specimen collections were acquired by purchase, presentation and bequest. 



x Introduction 



Many of these collections were accompanied by manuscripts, including col- 
lecting notebooks, diaries, correspondence and photographic collections. 
These manuscripts were either kept with the 'parent' specimen collection or 
separated and deposited in the Library. 

The Zoological Library originally had full responsibility for entomological 
literature. After 1913 a separate Department of Entomology was founded but 
the Department of Zoology continued to control the acquisition of entomo- 
logical publications until 1936. In 1975 another organizational change 
brought the management of all the departmental libraries and other central- 
ized library services into one department, now known as the Department of 
Library and Information Services. 

Over the decades the entomological manuscript collections gradually 
became dispersed across the Department of Entomology. Many items were 
uncatalogued and unlabelled and 'had found their way' into various cup- 
boards, desks and filing cabinets. Few people knew of the existence and 
contents of these unique items. 

In the 1970s the previous Entomology Librarian, Pamela Gilbert, OBE, 
made a determined effort to bring all the manuscript collections together in 
the Library. By 1980 nearly all the collections had been located and it was 
decided to start work on a detailed catalogue of the manuscript collection. 
This work was continued by the current Librarian, Julie Harvey, assisted by 
Kathy Martin. The project has been painstaking, as many items required 
research to establish the authorship of the work and the relationship between 
a manuscript and a particular scientific collection. 

Manuscripts are still acquired today and so the collection continues to 
grow. Items are presented to the Library and manuscripts of notable scientific 
importance are occasionally purchased. 

Size and contents of the collection 

The Entomology Library contains over 350 separate manuscript collections. 
The size of each collection varies considerably. For example, small collections 
such as the Henry Walter Bates (1825-1892) collection of observations and 
notes made during his travels on the Amazon, 1851-1859, consists of two 
small notebooks. Large collections, like the Henry Stainton (1822-1892) 



Introduction xi 



correspondence, contain over 12,000 letters from British and foreign 
entomologists. 

The collection spans over four centuries of entomological work and repre- 
sents an important and rich resource for those researching the history of 
entomology and aspects of social history. One of the earliest items is a note- 
book by Charles Dubois (1656-1740). Although Dubois is better known as a 
botanist his notes and observations on collecting insects in London between 
1692 and 1695 represent one of the earliest entomological manuscripts in 
existence. 

Other collections of early historical importance include the folio letter book 
of Dru Drury (1725-1803), containing copies of letters made by Drury to 
important entomologists between 1761 and 1783, and the Sir Hans Sloane cat- 
alogue, which lists the insects in the Sloane collection, including specimens 
from Joseph Dandridge (1664-1746) and James Petiver (c. 1660-1718). 

The nineteenth and twentieth centuries are well represented in the collec- 
tion including works by eminent entomologists, such as William Kirby 
(1759-1850) Thomas de Grey, Lord Walsingham (1869-1919), Alfred Russel 
Wallace (1823-1913), Nathaniel Charles Rothschild (1877-1923), Richard 
South (1846-1932) and Owain Richards (1901-1984). 

The majority of the manuscripts are those of British entomologists. 
Important foreign collections include works by Jean B. A. D. Boisduval (1799- 
1879), Louis Chevrolat (1799-1884), Harrison Dyar (1866-1929) and Philip 
Charles Zeller (1808-1883). Also many entomologists from around the world 
are represented in the various correspondence collections. 

The many diaries and notebooks made by entomologists in Britain and 
abroad make fascinating reading and provide an insight into the character of 
collectors and of the places they visited in times past. Such collections include 
the diaries of Mervyn Palmer (1879-1955) recording his collecting trips in 
South America, and notebooks by Lucy Evelyn Cheesman (1881-1969) of her 
journeys to New Guinea, the New Hebrides and other Pacific islands. Many 
manuscripts were written by men serving in the armed forces while on duty 
in foreign lands. Such examples include the writings of Frederick Bailey 
(1882-1967), collecting in Nepal and India, and Thomas Bainbrigge Fletcher 
(1878-1950), who served on various warships, collecting insects while in port 
around the world. For those interested in the geographical aspects of the 



xii Introduction 



manuscripts, the index (pp. 247-49) should prove particularly useful. 

A collection of particular note, recently acquired by the Museum, is the 
Janson Company archive. For over 90 years the family were important nat- 
ural history agents, booksellers and publishers, based at Great Russell Street, 
London. This remarkable archive gives a unique insight into the extensive 
trade in natural history specimens during the late nineteenth and early twen- 
tieth centuries. The archive includes correspondence between the Janson 
family and professional collectors, institutions and private individuals from 
around the world. Such agents were responsible not only for providing the 
financial framework in which professional collectors would operate but also 
played an important role in distributing insect specimens and large collec- 
tions across the world. 

The catalogue lists a few manuscripts and archives produced by the staff of 
the Museum, including items of particular scientific and historical impor- 
tance. For example, George Samouelle (d. 1846) was employed in the Natural 
History Department of the British Museum in Bloomsbury. He kept careful 
notes about entomological collections received by the Museum during the 
period 1821-1840, forming three volumes known as Entomological 
Memorandums. Another similar collection is known as Insect Room Lists. This 
consists of notes made by a number of staff about collections which were 
acquired by the Natural History Museum between 1879 and 1914. Each item 
from this work has been separately listed in this catalogue under the author's 
or collector's name. Important manuscripts in this work include notes on the 
insects collected by Charles Darwin (1809-1882) during the voyage of HMS 
Beagle, in the hand of Syms Covingdon, Darwin's amanuensis. 

It should be noted that scientific correspondence produced by the staff of 
the Department of Entomology is deposited in the Museum archive and does 
not form part of this catalogue. Enquiries regarding the archive collection 
should be addressed to the Museum Archivist. 

All collections which have been accessioned as manuscripts in the 
Entomology Library before 1995 are listed in this catalogue. They include 
standard manuscript collections, such as diaries, notebooks and correspon- 
dence collections. Some collections also include examples of nature prints. 
These were made by carefully transferring the wing scales of butterflies and 
moths onto gummed paper. Where a manuscript collection includes 



Introduction xiii 



drawings, these have also been listed and described. Collections of drawings 
which include only minor notes or annotations have been excluded and will 
be listed in a future catalogue of the drawings collections. 

Scientific significance of the collections 

The historical importance of the collections has already been discussed. 
However, of paramount importance is the scientific data contained in the 
manuscripts, which include collecting data, details of localities, notes on 
insect food plants, observations about the taxonomy and general biology of 
insects. Many of the manuscripts are an integral part of the scientific speci- 
men collections held in the Department of Entomology. 

The detailed notes and observations made by entomologists in particular 
localities present an important record for biologists and conservationists 
today. For example, the Stanley Morris natural history diaries record detailed 
observations on all aspects of natural history from West Sussex between 1889 
to 1942. 

Other collections, such as the T. R. D. Bell (1863-1948) manuscripts, contain 
important information on the life histories of Lepidoptera. Bell lived at 
Karwar, Bombay, India and over a period of years bred many Lepidoptera 
specimens from larvae he had collected in the field. The manuscript details 
important* descriptions of the larval, pupal and adult stages of Lepidoptera 
specimens, many of which were sent to The Natural History Museum. 

Explanation of catalogue entry 

Sample entry 

287. SAUNDERS, Edward (1848-1910) 

Saunders studied the Buprestidae of the world and visited all the main 
European museums which had collections of Buprestid type material. In 1871 
he published Catalogus Buprestidarum synonymicus et systematicus. Later he 
studied and published papers on British Hemiptera and the Aculeate 
Hymenoptera. In 1892 he published The Hemiptera Heteroptera of the British 
Islands and in 1896 The Hymenoptera Aculeata of the British Isles. He was a Fellow 



xiv Introduction 



of the Entomological Society, the Linnean Society and the Royal Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1910. Anon. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 
22:75-76. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Notes on Buprestidae. Contains notes on Buprestidae 
found in collections during his European tour. 

(2) One Ms notebook: Register of Buprestidae, 1872. 

Explanation 

The following abbreviations are used throughout the catalogue: 
Ms - manuscript 
Mss - manuscripts 
Ts - typescript 
Tss - typescripts 

Catalogue number: A catalogue number is assigned to each collection in this 
work. This number is referred to in the name and geographical indexes. 

Main heading: the main heading for each collection is usually the author of the 
manuscript(s) or the name most closely associated with the work. For 
example, the collection of 14 letters sent to Robert Adkin (1849-1935) are 
listed under the recipient's name. The name given in the main heading is 
listed in as complete a form as possible. All biographical dates are shown 
throughout the catalogue in brackets, as are dates of publication, but other 
dates are not bracketed. 

Biographical notes: Brief biographical notes for each main author are given, 
when available. These include details of notable publications, particular 
entomological interests, expeditions, career history and membership of 
learned societies. 

Where possible, The Natural History Museum accession number of speci- 
men collections relating to a particular manuscript collection have been 



Introduction xv 



given. These are indicated by the initials B.M. (British Museum) followed by 
an accession number, e.g. B.M. 1948-41. 

Biographical reference: One or two selected biographical references are cited to 
provide additional sources of information for researchers. 

Collection: The details of each manuscript collection are listed in a standard 
format. Each distinct set of items within a collection is given a number and 
these sets may be further subdivided using roman numerals. The arrange- 
ment of these items reflects the sequence of the holdings on the shelves in the 
Library. 

The number is followed by a brief description of the format, e.g. one Ms 
notebook, or one loose-leaf folder. After a colon the title of the work is given. 
The full wording of titles appearing on the manuscript have been transcribed 
in full. Titles which have been assigned to unmarked collections are given in 
square brackets. Where necessary explanatory notes have been added. 

All collections are dated from the manuscript itself or have been given 
approximate dates by the compilers. 

All correspondents in small collections of letters are normally listed in full, 
and the dates of the letters are noted in the right-hand column. It has not 
proved possible to list all the correspondents in large collections. In such 
cases the compilers have included only entomologists who, in their opinion 
are of particular importance, or who were closely associated with the recipi- 
ent. It is hoped that in the fullness of time detailed finding aids to individual 
collections will be made. 

Indexes 

Name index 

This refers the reader to names which appear as main headings for a collec- 
tion and to names which are noted within a collection, such as 
correspondents or collectors. 



xvi 

Geographical index 

The geographical index provides readers with a means of finding manu- 
scripts relating to particular countries or regions. It refers only to countries 
mentioned in the sections headed Collection. 



(ft J. de, Zol&>ia.U J 
ya/r. ote. pi-n. cescf" {SctrLclenj ■ 




\) 



{J!<: & .iU. titer?) 



Tor ft 



tomoS JitenctU 



da miranda. 




Auguste de Bormans was an officer in the French army. He became an acknowledged expert on the ear- 
wigs (Forficididae). His manuscript collection includes many fine watercolours and detailed taxononuc 
drawings (see collection number 49). 




The Charles Dubois (1656-1740) diary represents the earliest manuscript held in the Entomology Library of 
Natural History Museum. For the years 1692 and 1695 Dubois kept notes and made drawings of insects he I 
collected from South London (see collection number 120). 




Jv 9 * 



Rev. Arthur Miles-Moss lived in Para, Brazil from 1911 to 1945. He was known as the vicar of the largst 
parish' in the world as his ministry covered the whole Amazon region. He was. an accomplished artist, 
his drawings of larvae of exotic lepidoptera drawn c. 1922-1935 are considered of great scientific interest. 
The drawings are annotated with manuscript notes on the collecting and rearing of many South 
American species (see collection number 230). 



The Catalogue 



ANONYMOUS 

1. One Ms notebook: Catalogue of insects caught in South Africa particularly in 
the Natal area, 1827-1832. Notebook also includes notes on tribal customs. 

2. One Ms volume: Catalogue of Hesperiidae ( Suppl 1887-1890). 

3. One typed Ms: List of Siamese Coleoptera, c.1930. Arranged in families 
according to A General Textbook of Entomology by A.D. Imms. 

4. One Ms notebook: Synonymic List of British Macrolepidoptera, c.1912. Also 
inserted in notebook: List of European hooks of entomological reference. 

5. One Ms diary: Includes natural history notes made during a visit to 
Japan, and lists Japanese insect specimens, 1876-1878. 

6. One Ms notebook: Insects and Disease Cases in the Central Hall, 1901-1907. 
Concerns an exhibition in the Central Hall of The Natural History 
Museum. It identifies the model makers and catalogues the items on 
display. 

7. One Ms notebook: Excerpta e Museo Ludovicae Ulricae: continentes textum 
integrum de Us speciebus quae Majo 1814 in Museo nostro deficere videbantur, 
nec non observationes omnes, quas b. [J.C.W.] Illiger exemplari quo ususfuerat, 
inseruit, c.1814. 

8. Two Ms leaves: A notice of collectors of British Insects with an account of the 
present state of their collections, n.d. Presented by the Entomological Society 
in 1898. 



2 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

9. ABBOT, John (1751-1840) 

As a young man of 22 John Abbot decided to abandon his career in law and 
go to America where he would earn his living by collecting and painting 
insects. These drawings were sold to interested individuals in England and 
Europe. After a short time in Virginia, he finally settled in Georgia. His col- 
lections were in great demand and at a later stage he also collected birds and 
plants. He published nothing under his own name but his paintings were 
used and acknowledged by J. E. Smith (1759-1828) in The natural history of the 
rarer Lepidopterous insects of Georgia (1797). The watercolours he so painstak- 
ingly produced were accompanied by manuscript notes. Many included 
detailed information on the life histories, habitats etc. which were previously 
unrecorded. 

Biographical References: 1984. Wilkinson, R. S. Entomologist's Record and Journal 
of Variation 96: 110-123, 165-176, 222-229, 273-285; Gilbert, P. John Abbot. 
Watercolours from Colonial America, pp. (in press) 

Collection 

(1) 17 volumes: 2,758 original watercolours of American Lepidoptera with 
extensive Ms notes. 

(2) Two volumes: 167 original watercolour drawings with extensive Ms 
notes (part of the Rothschild bequest). 

(3) Two volumes: 148 watercolour paintings of moths (part of the 
Walsingham bequest). There are no notes with these paintings. 

10. ADAMS, Frederick Charlstrom (d.1920) 

F.C. Adams was elected a Fellow of the Entomological Society of London in 
1877. He was a considerable authority on British Diptera and carried out 
most of his collecting in the New Forest. He presented his collection of some 
9,000 specimens to The Natural History Museum, London in 1919. B.M. 1919- 

303. 



The Catalogue 3 

Biographical Reference: 1920. Austen, E.E. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
56:256. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms catalogue: Catalogue of British Diptera in the collection ofFredk C. 
Adams, 50 Ashley Gardens, Westminster SW. Chiefly collected by himself in the 
New Forest [Hampshire]. With notes, localities and dates of capture &c, c.1895- 
1915. The numbers in the catalogue correspond to specimen labels. 

11. ADAMS, Herbert Jordan (1838-1912) 

A keen Lepidopterist, he developed an extensive collection comprising some 
140,000 palaearctic and exotic Lepidoptera housed in 68 cabinets. The entire 
Adams collection was bequeathed to The Natural History Museum, London. 
B.M. 1912-399. He was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society and Royal 
Horticultural Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1912. Anon. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
48:243. 

Collection 

(1) Nine Ms volumes: Catalogue of the Lepidoptera. Lists specimens in the 
Adams collection. 

12. ADAMS, William Henry 

(1) One letter to C. O. Waterhouse, 1894, referring to a pickled locust from the 
Gold Coast (Ghana). 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 29. 

13. ADKIN, Robert (1849-1935) 

He was a partner in the family tobacco firm of Adkin Bros, and a member of 
the Board of the Imperial Tobacco Company. His enthusiasm for entomology 



4 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



dated from his early youth. He was a Fellow of the Entomological Society of 
London and twice its Vice-President, President of the South London 
Entomological and Natural History Society and of the Eastbourne Natural 
History Society For many years he was a member of the prestigious and 
exclusive Entomological Club. His entomological interests lay with the 
British Lepidoptera. His collection of over 80,000 Lepidoptera was 
bequeathed to The Natural History Museum, London B.M. 1935-352; his 
excellent library was bequeathed to the Royal Entomological Society of 
London. 

Biographical Reference: 1935. Sheldon, W.G. The Entomologist 68:145-147, 
portrait. 



(1 ) One bound volume: 14 letters from various correspondents addressed to 
Robert Adkin, c.1896-1917. 



Collection 



Bower, Benjamin A. 

Carrington, John Thomas (1846-1908) 

Cheape, C. H. M. 

Church, F. 

Craig, Sellar Gerard 

Frohawk, Frederick William (1861-1946) 
Gibb, Lachlan (1852-1922) 
McArthur, Harry (1846-1910) 
Ructon, W. 
Salvage, T. W. 

Vine, Arthur Charles (1844-1917) 



1896 
undated 



1897 



1910 



1896 



1909 



1896 



1917 



1914 



1911 



1915 



14. AFGHAN COMMISSION 



Collection 



(1) One Ms leaf: Localities of insects collected [Dilaram] Afghan Commission, 
1884-1885. 



Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 13. 



The Catalogue 5 



15. ALSTON, Arthur Hugh Garfit (1902-1958) 

Foremost a botanical systematise Alston started his career working in the 
Herbarium at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. After a brief period at Kew he 
was appointed systematic botanist to the Department of Agriculture, Ceylon. 
In 1930 Alston was employed by the Botany Department of The Natural 
History Museum, London. He was an extremely keen collector, travelling 
abroad every year, particularly to the Balkans and Spain. 

Biographical Reference: 1958. Nature, London 181:1306-1307. 
Collection 

(1) One collecting notebook: Greek Macedonia 1932. Refers to specimens in 
the collection B.M.I 932-269. 

16. ANDAMAN ISLANDS 

Collection 

(1) Two Ms leaves: List of Coleoptera from the Andaman Islands. Lists the spec- 
imens presented by Raphael Meldola (1849-1915). 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 18. 

17. ANDREWES, Herbert Edward (1863-1950) 

Andrewes spent most of his career working for the Indian Forest Service, 
studying entomology as a passing interest. After his early retirement from the 
service he quickly developed his entomological studies and became the rec- 
ognized world authority on Oriental Carabidae. His major publications 
include two volumes of The Fauna of British India, Carabidae, Carabinae (1929) 
and Harpalinae (1935). His collection of 40,000 beetles was presented to The 
Natural History Museum, London and his extensive library to the Royal 



6 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
Entomological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1951. Britten, E.B. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
87:64. 

Collection 

(1) Thirty-six cloth files and two notebooks: these consist of notes on 
Carabid collections and identifications from private and institutional collec- 
tions that Andrewes had seen throughout the world. 

(2) Four-volume loose-leaf catalogue: [Catalogue of Oriental Carabidae] 
lists collecting localities of material seen by Andrewes. 

18. ANNANDALE, Thomas Nelson (1876-1924) 

After a research fellowship in anthropology at the University of Edinburgh, 
Thomas Annandale went to India in 1904. For the rest of his working life he 
was to be associated with the Indian Museum of Natural History and then 
with its successor, the Zoological Survey of India. His early career was mostly 
concerned with anthropology, but later his interests widened to various 
aspects of zoology. From the time he joined the Skeal Expedition in 1899 he 
cultivated his interests in entomology. A glance at a bibliography of his 
papers shows the broad interest he had in all aspects of zoology 

Biographical Reference: 1925. Sen, S.K. Records of the Indian Museum 27:1-28, bib- 
liography and portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Annandale Collection]: Ruwenzori Coll. Includes notes 
about material collected on the Ruwenzori (Uganda) Expedition 1905-1906 
and unpublished notes and descriptions of new species. 

19. ATKINSON, Edwin Felix Thomas (1840-1890) 

Born in Tipperary, Ireland, he joined the Indian Civil Service in 1862. 
Atkinson was to become Accountant General of Bengal and President of the 



The Catalogue 7 



Board of Trustees of the Indian Museum. During his lifetime he held several 
senior posts in the Indian Civil Service. He published a gazetteer to the North 
Western Province of India and was also the author of works on Indian law. 
His particular entomological interest was Indian Rhynchota. He published 
several entomological papers in the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal and 
started Indian Museum Notes, a journal dealing mainly with Indian economic 
entomology. 

Biographical reference: 1890. Walsingham. Proceedings of the Entomological 
Society of London 1890 :lix. 

Collection 

(1) One loose leaf Ms: Notes on Indian Rhynchota. 

20. ATKINSON, William Stephen (1820-1876) 

A very industrious collector and particularly of Indian Lepidoptera. He lived 
for many years in Calcutta collecting and painting specimens. His considerable 
collection was purchased on his death by W.C. Hewitson (1806-1878). Frederic 
Moore (1830-1907) published many of the new species found by Atkinson. 

Biographical Reference: 1876. Westwood, J.O. Proceedings of the Entomological 
Society of London 1876 : xliv. 

Collection 

(1) One bound volume: 43 original drawings of Indian Lepidoptera [by 
native artists]. Many are annotated with collecting notes and the identifica- 
tions are initialled by F. Moore (1830-1907). 

21. AUSTEN, Ernest Edward (1867-1938) 

Austen joined the staff of The Natural History Museum, London in 1889 and 
was given charge of the Diptera collections. In 1895-1896 he travelled as 
Naturalist on the cable ship Faraday and collected in Brazil. In 1899 he went 
with Ronald Ross to study mosquitoes in Sierra Leone. He eventually spe- 



8 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

cialized in blood-sucking flies. His major publications include A Monograph 
of the Tsetse-Flies (1903); Illustrations of British Blood-sucking Flies (1906) and 
Bombyliidae of Palestine (1937). 

Biographical Reference: 1938. Blair, K.G. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
74:42-43. 

Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf Ms: [Unpublished records of African blood-sucking 
Diptera]. 

(2) Eight proof plates and correspondence with printers regarding the pub- 
lication of Oriental Blood-sucking Flies. 

(3) Four Ms notebooks: 

(i) Entomological notes compiled during a visit to Palestine, 1918. 

(ii) Notes on Exotic Bombyliidae, c. 1897. 

(iii) Two notebooks of miscellaneous notes and identifications of 
Diptera, sketches and newspaper cuttings. 

22. B ACOT, Arthur William (1866-1922) 

Bacot' s original interest lay with the Lepidoptera and he published many 
papers in The Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation. In 1911 he was 
appointed Entomologist to the Lister Institute and in 1914-1915 acted as ento- 
mologist to the Yellow Fever Commission in Sierra Leone. In 1916 Bacot was 
honorary entomological advisor to the War Office and in 1917 joined the 
British Trench Fever Committee. He died of typhus in April 1922. His yellow 
fever work resulted in a report, published in 1916: Report of the Entomological 
Investigation undertaken for the Yellow Fever (West Africa) Commission for the year 
August 1914 to July 1915. Bacot was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological 
Society of London. 



Biographical Reference: 1922. Prout, L.B. The Entomologist 55:142-144. 



The Catalogue 9 



Collection 

(1) Correspondence collection: 16 letters from Bacot to J.C. Warburg, 1896- 
1901, concerning insect specimens. 

23. BADGLEY, W. F. 

Collection 

(1) Three bound notebooks: Lepidoptera of Assam, c. 1900. Contain drawings, 
nature prints and Ms notes. 

24. BAILEY, Frederick Marshman (1882-1967) 

Bailey was a Lt.-Colonel in the British army, and also an explorer, linguist, 
secret agent and diplomat. He was the first to find the Himalayan blue poppy 
Meconopsis betonicifolia baileyi. He was a great collector of butterflies in Nepal 
and India but his collections extended to all areas of natural history. His many 
explorations gave him the material for Mission to Tashkent (1946) and No pass- 
port to Tibet (1957), well known books of their time. 

Biographical Reference: 1967. The Times, London, 19 April. 
Collection 

(1) Seven collecting diaries: locality data for butterflies of Nepal and India, 
c. 1918-1937. These include notes on Lycaenidae, Papilionidae, Hesperiidae, 
Satyridae, Nymphalidae, Pieridae and Danaidae. 

(2) Correspondence collection: approximately 25 letters including letters 
from 

Pocock, Reginal Innes (1863-1947) 1941-1946 
Rothschild, Lionel Walter (1846-1937) 1922-1923 



10 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

25. BAKER, Charles Fuller (1872-1927) 

Although primarily an entomologist, Baker held posts during his career as a 
botanist and agronomist. Most of his spare time was spent collecting and 
amassing his enormous collection of Hemiptera. He edited Invertebrata 
Pacifica and was instrumental in starting the Pomona College Journal of 
Entomology. In 1912 he became Professor of Agronomy at the University of the 
Philippines. He left the Philippines only once. Every moment of his spare 
time was devoted to the curation of his collection. This amounted to some 
400,000 specimens and was undoubtedly the largest private collection cover- 
ing the extreme western Pacific. His main insect collection was bequeathed to 
the US National Museum and his plant collection to the University of the 
Philippines. 

Biographical References: 1927. Essig, E.O. Journal of Economic Entomology 20:48- 
754, portrait; 1927. Hernandez, B. Lingnan Journal of Science 5:271-279, 
bibliography only. 

Collection 

(1) Collection of Tss. 

(i) Australian Cercopoidea. 

(ii) Some Philippine and Malaysian Machaerotidae ( Cercopoidea). 

(iii) Tribes of Oriental Selenocephaloid Jassoidea, 1927. 

(iv) Australian Cercopoidea. 

(v) Jassoidea of Australia. 

(2) One loose-leaf Ms: Homoptera sent to Mr.[W.L.] Distant. 

26. BALFOUR-BROWNE, John 

Son of William Alexander Francis Balfour-Browne (1874-1967), he is also an 
enthusiastic coleopterist and was Head of the Coleoptera Section in the 
Entomology Department of The Natural History Museum, London prior to 
his retirement. 



The Catalogue 11 

Collection 

(1) One Ts: The generic names of British insects: Palpicornia. 

(2) Ms notes and correspondence: concerns the Coleoptera collection of 
Edward Caldwell Rye (1832-1885), 1951. 

(3) Four notebooks: Identifications, station lists 1-355. 

(4) One Ms notebook: South Africa, Field book of localities, 1954. 

(5) One Ms notebook: List of stations; stock received, 1954, South Africa. 

(6) One Ms notebook: Madeira, Field notes, 1931. 

(7) One Ms notebook: Identification of insects from Azores and Madeira, 1932. 

27. BALY, Joseph Sugar (1816-1890) 

A doctor of medicine by profession, his entomological interests were almost 
entirely Coleoptera, although he did a little work on the exotic Hymenoptera. 
Baly was a fellow of the Linnean Society and the Entomological Society of 
London. 

Biographical Reference: 1890. Sharp, D. The Entomologist 23:197-200. 
Collection 

(1) One Ms: Index to the Baly Collection, 23 pp. 

28. BANKES, Eustace Ralph (1861-1929) 

One of the great British collectors, he amassed nearly 100,000 specimens, 
mostly of microlepidoptera, which eventually became the property of The 
Natural History Museum, London. He wrote a large number of papers and 
contributed to such works as the Victoria County History of Hampshire and the 
Isle of Wight. His family home was Corfe Castle, Dorset, in which county he 
did much of his collecting. 

Biographical Reference: 1930. Adkin, R. The Entomologist 63:47-48. 



12 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: [Catalogue of lepidoptera captures], 1876-1880. 

(2) One Ms: Diary 1877-1885. 

(3) Six Ms diaries: Entomological diaries and stray notes 1884-1911. 

(4) One Ms notebook: Exchange book for specimens 1884-1910. 

(5) Ms notebook: I. Eepidoptera of the Isle of Purbeck 1884-1902. (Reference is 
made to Volume II, but this was not part of the collection when it came to the 
Museum). 

(6) One Ms notebook: Stray Notes on various Lepidoptera examined in different 
collections 1892-1911. 

(7) One diary: Voyage to the Amazons on board Mssrs Siemens cable ship SS 
Faraday, 1895-1896. 

(8) One notebook: [Digests of published papers by various authors.] 

(9) One Ms volume: [Index to British Lepidoptera in The Entomologist 1864- 
1890 compiled by Grace Bankes and completed in 1905.] 

(10) One Ms volume: [Index to the papers by Bankes published in entomo- 
logical magazines in 1896.] 

(11) One Ms volume: [An index of specific names which appeared only as 
generic names in The Entomologist, entries to the end of Volume 41, 1908.] 

(12) One Ms notebook: Index to the names of Lepidoptera - British and contin- 
ental - mentioned in my various rough notes, 1910. 

(13) One Ms notebook: Random extracts from notes left by Mr W. Machin in ref- 
erence to the Lepidoptera in his collection which was sold by auction in 1895. 

(14) Ms notes: E. Doubleday collection of Lepidoptera in the Bethnal Green 
Museum, 1894. 

(15) Ms notes: [Supplements to the Victoria Natural History of Hampshire.] 

(16) Ms notes: [Lepidoptera of Wiltshire], 1899. 

(17) Ms notes: Lepidoptera taken or observed at and within a few miles radius of 
Salisbury, 1899. 

(18) Ms notes: c. 1903 for a contemplated Catalogue of Dorset Lepidoptera and 
draft lists for the Victoria County History of Dorset. (This was never published.) 

(19) Ms notes: Notes on some Haworthian [A.H. Haworth] specimens of British 
Lepidoptera. 



The Catalogue 13 



29. BANKS, Nathan (1868-1953) 

Curator of Insects at the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard and later 
Assistant Professor of Zoology, Harvard University. He was Vice-President 
and President of the Entomological Society of Washington. His major publi- 
cations include, A Treatise on the Acarina (1904) and A Catalogue of the 
Neuropteroid Insects (except Odonata) of the United States (1907). 

Biographical Reference: 1936. Wade, J.S. Proceedings of the Entomological Society 
of Washington 38:104-105. 

Collection 

(1) List of Neuroptera from North America received in exchange. 
Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 106. 

30. BARNES, Thomas Alexander (1881-1930) 

An extremely skilled collector and hunter who spent much of his life in 
Africa. Barnes made two expeditions on behalf of J.J. Joicey of the Hill 
Museum, Surrey, collecting Lepidoptera. He also made other trips hunting 
for big game specimens; one of the elephants in The Natural History 
Museum, London was collected by Barnes. 

Biographical Reference: 1930. Talbot, G. Bulletin of the Hill Museum 4:145-153. 
Collection 

(1) Correspondence collection: approximately 80 letters from Barnes to 
J. J. Joicey. 

(i) Letters from the first expedition, 1916-1920, to Belgian Congo. 

(ii) Letters, 1920-1929, includes second expedition to East Tanganyika, 
Kivu and the Lindi and Congo rivers. 

(iii) Four Ms leaves: List of correspondence, 1916-1921. 



14 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

31. BARNS, H. B. 

(1 ) One Ms notebook: Lists insects collect*: d by Mr H.B. Barns, R L. Hill and 
G.D. Wedd from the Monte Bello Islands, in 1952 on the ship HMS Camparia. 
B.M. 1953-11. 

32. BATES, Frederick (1829-1903) 

Born in Leicester and a brewer by trade, Frederick Bates was a brother of the 
celebrated H. W. Bates. He had the same passionate enthusiasm for natural 
history as his brother, his first love being Coleoptera. For a time his interests 
turned to freshwater algae and orchids, but eventually his interest returned 
to the Coleoptera. His collection was eventually purchased by The Natural 
History Museum, London. 

Biographical Reference: 1903. Donisthorpe, H. Entomologist's Record and Journal 
of Variation 15:347-349, bibliography. 

Collection 

(1) One folder: 

(i) One Ms notebook: A Census of Mr. Fred Bates Collection of Heterornera 
with notes, October 1880. 

(ii) Two Ms leaves: List of the Halticidae as determined by myself (G.R. 
Waterhouse) and subsequently M. Allard. 

(iii) Two Ms leaves: British species of Halticidae in Hamlet Clarke's collection 
as determined by M. Allard. 

(iv) Two Ms leaves: British species of Halticidae selected from my collection 
to send to Trance, 1859. 

(2) One Ms volume: [Index to F. Bates Collection with localities]. This regis- 
ter came to The Natural History Museum, London, with the H. Donisthorpe 
Collection. It carries the signature of F. Bates and has Donisthorpe' s note This 
register belonged to the late F. Bates brother of H.W. Bates'. 



The Catalogue 15 



(3) One Ms notebook: Catalogue of the duplicate Heteromera of the collection 
Dejean purchased of the Marquis F. de Breme by the Marquis de Laferte-Senectere 
1841. Now in the possession ofF. Bates Leicester 1867. 

(4) One Ms notebook: [List of Eriodius and Tentyria.] 

33. BATES, Henry Walter (1825-1892) 

Bates published his first notes on the Coleoptera in the Zoologist at the age of 
18. He became acquainted with Alfred Russel Wallace at Leicester and they 
continued to correspond after Wallace left. In April 1845 Bates and Wallace 
departed for Para in Brazil to collect insects and other natural history 
specimens. Bates lived in a very frugal way, having to sell his specimens in 
Europe in order to survive. He collected many new species. His contribution 
to the taxonomy of Lepidoptera was enormous. He also developed important 
ideas on the theory of mimicry. In 1864 Bates became Assistant Secretary to 
the Royal Geographical Society, and President of the Entomological Society 
of London. His magnum opus, The Naturalist on the River Amazons (1863) has 
been reprinted many times. 

Biographical References: 1892. Sharp, D. The Entomologist 25:77-80, portrait; 
1949. Alston, A.G.H. Geographical Journal, London 112:1-3, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) Two Ms notebooks: [The Amazon Expedition]. Contain important 
observations and notes by Bates as he travelled on the Amazon, 1851-1859. 
The notebooks are finely illustrated with many watercolour drawings of 
Lepidoptera and Coleoptera. 

34. BAYFORD, Edwin Goldthorp (1865-1958) 

A Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London for 51 years, and a 
long-standing member of the Yorkshire Naturalists' Union. As a youth he col- 
lected Lepidoptera, but his great enthusiasm was for Coccinellidae 
(Coleoptera). His collection is in the Birmingham City Museum. Bayford lived 
in Yorkshire all his life and was a member of the Yorkshire Dialect Society. 



16 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Biographical Reference: 1960. Uvarov, B.R Proceedings of the Royal Entomological 
Society (C) 24:52. 



(1) Correspondence collection: Contains 466 letters mostly to E.G. Bay ford, 
1853-1920. Includes letters from: 



These letters concern local natural history, the Yorkshire Naturalists' Union 
and the Yorkshire Coleopterists' Survey. They also cover the compilation by 
E.G. Bayford and others of the insect section of the Victoria County History of 
Yorkshire. The collection also includes many personal family letters. 
(2) One typed index to the correspondence collection. 

35. BELL, Thomas Reid Davys (1863-1948) 

Bell lived at Karwar, North Kanara District, Bombay, India. During his time 
in India he bred many Lepidoptera specimens from larvae collected in the 
field. Many of the specimens were presented to The Natural History 
Museum, London. B.M.I 934-394. He published on a variety of topics includ- 
ing a volume (1937) on the Sphingidae in the Fauna of British India, in 
collaboration with KB. Scott. 

Biographical Reference: 1948. Kinnear, N.B. Journal of the Bombay Natural History 
Society 48:167-171, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) 68 Ms volumes, of which 63 are an unbroken sequence of diaries from 
1884-1948. These include personal notes and natural history observations. 
There are three volumes of indices covering the period 1884-1910. 

(2) One Ms notebook: A List of named Indian Coleoptera sent to T.R.D. Bell 



Collection 



Porritt, G.T. (1848-1927) 

Roebuck, William Denison (1851-1919) 

Sheppard, T. 

Thompson, M.L. 



1897-1912 
1895-1909 
1899-1905 



1897-1903 



c. 1908. 



The Catalogue 17 



(3) Ts: [Notes on Indian Pyralidae], c. 1925. 

(4) Six boxes of Ts: [Larval descriptions of lepidoptera reared in India, with 
determinations], c. 1900. 

36. BENSON, Robert Bernard (1904-1967) 

A member of the staff of the Entomology Department, The Natural History 
Museum, London, for some 40 years. His main interests lay with the sawflies 
which he collected extensively in England, on the continent of Europe and in 
Canada. He published a large number of papers and the three parts on British 
sawflies in the Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. In addition to 
entomology, he had a considerable interest in the general conservation of 
wildlife. 

Biographical Reference: 1974. Quinlan, J. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural 
History) Entomology 30:220. 

Collection 

(1) Six diaries: contain both personal and entomological data, 1922-1964, 
mostly United Kingdom. 

(2) Five diaries: notes on special collecting trips: 

(i) Canada, 1956 . 

(ii) Austria, 1957. 

(iii) Sutherland and Wester Ross, Scotland, 1958-1961. 

(iv) Switzerland, 1959, 1962. 

(v) Canary Islands, 1964-1965. 

37. BESSEMER, Henry Douglas (1895-1968) 

A gifted amateur entomologist, by profession a chartered accountant. His 
extensive collection of some 40,000 butterflies was bequeathed to The Natural 
History Museum, London. 



18 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

Biographical Reference: 1968. Anon. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society 
of London (C) 33:53. 

Collection 

(1) One bound volume: Butterfly and Moth Collection: Record of more impor- 
tant specimens with details of data and other material information. The numbers 
against the various specimens link up with the numbers against the insects in the 
cabinet. 

(2) One loose-leaf Ts: Records of specimens considered to be of most value 
and also the prices paid for purchased specimens. 

38. BETTEN, Cornelius 

Betten is best remembered as a trichopterist. He published a number of 
papers on the Trichoptera and collaborated with M. E. Mosely. 

Collection 

(1) One letter from C. Betten to M. E. Mosely, 1946. 

39. BETTON, C Stewart 

Collection 

(1) Two Ms leaves: List of localities and Contents of boxes, 1900. 

(2) One Ms leaf: [List of localities], 1902. 

(3) Two Ms leaves: [List of localities and seasons], 1896-1897. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, items 4, 9, 11. 

40. BIGNELL, George Carter (1826-1910) 

Bignell spent his early years in the Royal Marines; when on shore posting he 
used his spare time to pursue his hobby of natural history. In 1864 he left the 
service and settled in Stonehouse, Gloucestershire, as Registrar of Births and 
Deaths. He became interested in and collected the parasites and hyper- 



The Catalogue 19 

parasites of aphids. His collection of parasites and hyperparasites was 
unique and is now in The Natural History Museum, London. 

Biographical Reference: 1910. Keys, J. H. E. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
46:94-95. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Insect numbers, with data and determinations. It 
refers to a collection of Hymenoptera. B.M. 1907-10. 

41. BINGHAM, Charles Thomas (1848-1908) 

Bingham's career was with the Indian Army as a Lt.-Colonel in the Bombay 
Staff Corps. His first interest was ornithology. Later he turned to the study of 
Aculeate Hymenoptera, on which he worked, on his return to England after 
retirement. He succeeded Dr Blanford in editing the Hymenoptera and 
Butterfly volumes of the Fauna of British India. 

Biographical Reference: 1909. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 
19:214-215. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms volume: Synopsis of Genera: Butterflies of India. 

42. BLACKBURN, Thomas (Rev.) (1844-1912) 

After a short career in the civil service, Thomas Blackburn decided to take 
holy orders. His interest in entomology was of long standing having con- 
tributed short papers to several entomological journals. He was for some 
time one of the original editors of The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. In 
1876 he went to the Hawaiian Islands as chaplain to the Bishop of 
Honolulu. During his residence there he took a great interest in the ento- 
mological fauna. A result of this was his paper with D. Sharp on the 
Coleoptera of the Hawaiian Islands. Later he went to South Australia and 
there he engaged himself in the study of the fauna. He wrote many papers 



20 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
on the Australian Coleoptera. 

Biographical Reference: 1912. Lea, A. Transactions of the Royal Society of South 
Australia 36:v-xi, bibliography, portrait. 

Collection 

(1 ) One annotated Ts: [Index of Coleoptera type specimens in the Blackburn 
collection]. 

(2) Two letters 1879 and 1880: concern Hymenoptera specimens sent to 
Frederick Smith, B.M.1879-40. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 92. 

43. BLAIR, Kenneth Gloyne (1882-1952) 

Blair was an outstanding naturalist, having an intense interest in all aspects 
of nature. In 1910 he took the post of Assistant in The Natural History 
Museum, London, where his chief area of responsibility was a large part of 
the Coleoptera collection. His work on the Coleoptera resulted in numerous 
publications. In 1932 he was appointed Deputy Keeper of Entomology. Ill 
health compelled him to retire in 1943, but he kept his enthusiasm and 
worked on the fauna of the Isle of Wight. 

Biographical Reference: 1953. Hawkins, C.N. The Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine 89:25-27, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) 400 original pen-and-ink drawings by Barbara Hopkins. Drawn for an 
unpublished work by K. G. Blair, Atlas of Coleoptera Larvae. 

(2) Three letters sent to Blair, 1931, from Cedric Dover, Forest Research 
Institute and College in Dehra Dun, India. 



The Catalogue 21 



44. BLESZINSKI, Stanislaw (1927-1967) 

A specialist working on Lepidoptera, particularly Crambidae and Pyraloidea 
on which he published over 50 papers. He worked in many of the entomo- 
logical institutes of the world and was highly regarded by his peers. He was 
killed at an early age in a car accident. 

Biographical Reference: 1971. Anon. Entomologisches Nachrichtenblatt, Wien 
18:33-36, bibliography and portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One Ts: Notes on the sub-family Crambinae from Microlepidoptera 
Palaearctica Bd. 1, 1965, ed. H. G. Amsel et al 

45. BODENHEIMER, Frederick Simon (1897-1959) 

On graduating from high school in Germany in 1914, Bodenheimer was 
accepted into medical school at the University of Munich. At the outbreak of 
World War I he volunteered to join the army and was sent to the Eastern 
Front. After the war he obtained a PhD in applied entomology and decided 
to emigrate to Palestine in 1922. Publications included Materialien zur 
Geschichte der Entomologie bis Linne (1928-1929), Die Schadlingsfauna Palastinas 
(1930) and numerous papers on scale insects. In 1931 he was appointed 
Professor of Zoology at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. His auto- 
biography, A Biologist in Israel, was published just before his death in 1959. 
His publication list exceeds 400 titles, including several books. Bodenheimer 
travelled extensively and spent time as visiting professor at various uni- 
versities including Minneapolis and Ankara. 

Biographical References: 1959. Bodenheimer, F.S. A Biologist in Israel: A Book of 
Reminiscences. 492pp. Jerusalem; 1984. Harpaz, I. Annual Review of Entomology 
29:1-23, portrait. 



22 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
Collection 

(1) One Ts: Scale Insects and Mealy Bugs (Coccoidea) of the Middle East, 1945, 
with pen-and-ink original drawings. 

46. BOETTCHER 

Collection 

(1) One notebook: [Localities of Philippine Coleoptera]. Contains a series of 
locality labels giving details of where and when specimens were collected. 
These have all been transcribed and given further details at the back of the 
volume. 

47. BOHEMAN, Carl Heinrich (1796-1868) 

Born in Sweden, he became a keen coleopterist and was an authority on the 
Chrysomelidae and Rhynchophora. Boheman published over 400 papers, 
describing many important economic insects. Important publications include 
Insecta Caffraria annis 1838-45 a J.A.Wahlberg (1848) and Monographia 
Cassididarum (1850-1862). He was a Fellow of the Entomological Society of 
London. 

Biographical References: 1869. Stal, C. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung 30:35-38, 
1931. Essig, E.O. History of Entomology vii, 1029pp. (pp.558-559, bibliography, 
portrait). New York. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Catalogue of Cassididae, c. 1855 (original Ms of the 
work published in 1856: Nomenclature of Coleopterous Insects in the British 
Museum, Part 9: Cassididae). 

48. BOISDUVAL, Jean Baptiste Alphonse Dechauffour de ( 1799-1879) 

One of the founding members of the French Entomological Society and per- 
haps the most celebrated lepidopterist of France. Although his bibliography 



The Catalogue 23 

is not long, each work has a significant place in the literature of the subject. 
Among his most important papers are the entomological parts of the reports 
of the species collected during the voyages of L' Astrolabe, 1826-1829, His col- 
lection was a considerable size and went, during his lifetime, to Charles 
Oberthur. The bulk of the Oberthur collection was purchased later by The 
Natural History Museum, London and contains many of the Boisduval types. 

Biographical Reference: 1880. Oberthur, C. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de 
France (5)10:129-138. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Troisieme cahier (first and second are unknown). The 
notebook relates to the collection of Dr Boisduval. A note signed by Rene 
Oberthur, 12/3/1927, records 'this was given to M. [L.M.A.] Depuiset to 
accompany the collection' . 

(2) One bound volume: 18 plates of watercolour drawings by E. Blanchard. 
Some of these drawings were used for Boisduval' s Memoire sur les 
Lepidopteres de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice, 1833, Nouvelles Annales du 
Museum d'Histoire Naturelle 2:149-270. 

49. BORMANS, Auguste de 

Originally an officer in the French army, his first interest was always with 
insects and particularly with the Orthoptera. This interest eventually settled 
on the Forficulidae and it was in this particular field that he became the 
acknowledged expert being 'recognized as the only and final authority/ He 
amassed an unrivalled collection, which was given to Malcolm Burr in 1900. 
He published several major works during his lifetime. His magnum opus was 
the classic work, Forficulidae und Hemimeridae (1900). Das Tierreich, Lief. 11. 

Biographical Reference: 1901. Burr, M. The Entomologist's Record and Journal of 
Variation 13:85-88, portrait. 



24 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
Collection 

(1) Three Mss in a paper folder: Manuscrits de M. Bormans Forficulidae, 
appurtenant a M. Malcolm Burr 24 Decembre 1900. Contains: 

(i) Tables dichotome des especes. 

(ii) Genera Dermapterorum. 

(iii) Tierreiches Forficulidae. 

(2) One Ms: Catalogue alphabetique des Forficulaires decrits par S. H. Scudder. 

(3) One loose-leaf Ms: Collections de Dermapteres. 

(4) One Ms: Dermapteres notes. 

(5) Two Ms leaves: Notes diverses. 

(6) One Ms notebook: Catalogue des Forficulidae 1898, 1899 chasse par A. de 
Bormans. 

(7) One Ms: Dermapteres. 

(8) One Ms: Catalogue des Dermapteres de Bormans 1900. 

(9) Approximately 500 pen-and-ink and coloured drawings of Dermaptera. 

(10) File of correspondence includes letters from: 



50. BORNEAU 
Collection: 

(1) One Ms notebook: Collecting localities Nos 1-3301 [Sarawak] c. 1910. 
There is no indication that it refers to an existing collection. 

51. BORNER, Carl J. B. (1880-1953) 



(1) One Ms leaf: a letter offering for sale a collection of Collembola to The 
Natural History Museum, London, 1906. 



Burr, Malcolm (1878-1954) 

Krauss, Herman August (1848-1937) 



1899-1900 
1897-1899 



Collection 



Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 31. 



The Catalogue 25 



52. BOWER, B. A. 

Collection 

(1) Three entomological diaries: Daily records of entomological captures or 
sightings, mainly from South East England, North Kent, and Essex, July 1886- 
October 1912. The records also contain cuttings from The Times on the annual 
weather statistics for that period. 

53. BOWES, Anthony John Lee (1913-1942) 

An avid collector of Lepidoptera, Bowes was a pilot in RAF Bomber 
Command in World War II and was killed on active service, aged 28. Much of 
his collecting was done in South East England for which he kept detailed 
entomological records. He published several papers in The Entomologist. 

Biographical Reference: 1943. de Worms, C.G.H. The Entomologist's Record and 
Journal of Variation 55:42. 

Collection 

(1) Seven Ms diaries: collection records for 1930-1931 and 1935-1939. 

(2) One Ms notebook: [List of the Lepidoptera of North East Kent]. 

(3) Three Ms notebooks: Notes on British Lepidoptera, 1930-1942. 

54. BOWLES, Edward Augustus (1865-1954) 

A keen botanist and ornithologist, and also a Vice-President of the Royal 
Horticultural Society, he had wide interests in natural history. Much of his 
work was on the determination of the early stages of Lepidoptera. His find- 
ings were often sent to J.W.Tutt (1858-1911) for inclusion in A Natural History 
of British Lepidoptera (1899-1909). Bowles was an enthusiastic grower of food 
plants for lepidopterous larvae. 

Biographical Reference: 1954. Edelsten, H.M. The Entomologist 87:148-149. 



26 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
Collection 

(1) One entomological notebook: c. 1887-1898. 

55. BOYD, William Christopher (d. 1906) 

A lepidopterist of some note and a consistent contributor to The Entomologist's 
Monthly Magazine for nearly 35 years. 

Biographical Reference: 1907. Bankes, E.R. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
43:16. 

Collection 

(1) Two Ms notebooks: lists of specimens with identifying numbers for the 
years 1859-1889. 

56. BRIGHT, Percy May (1863- 1941) 

Percy Bright was born in India, where his father was working as a mission- 
ary. His family returned to England when he was eight years of age and 
settled in Bournemouth. He became heavily involved in charitable work and 
was also Chairman of the London Missionary Society for several years, trav- 
elling abroad extensively on their behalf. He became a devotee of British 
Lepidoptera, in particular the Lycaenidae, and amassed a considerable col- 
lection. A member of the South London Entomological and Natural History 
Society from 1890, Bright was elected a Fellow of the Entomological Society 
of London in 1894. In 1938 he privately published with H.A. Leeds, A 
Monograph of the British Aberrations of the Chalk Hill Blue Butterfly Lysandra 
coridon (Poda, 1761). On his death, his large collection of Lycaenid butterflies 
was bequeathed to the South London Entomological and Natural History 
Society. His foreign butterflies were sold. Before his death he gave his collec- 
tion of Heterocera to Lord Rothschild. This was incorporated into the 
collection at Tring Musem, and is now in the collections of The Natural 
History Museum, London. 



The Catalogue 27 

Biographical Reference: 1946. Russell G.G.C. Proceedings of the South London 
Entomological and Natural History Society 1946:1-4, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) 18 pattern plates for A Monograph of the British Aberrations of the Chalk Hill 
Blue Butterfly Lysandra coridon (Poda, 1761). 

57. BROOKS, Cecil Joslyn (1875-1953) 

A chemist by profession, he spent much of his time in the East, particularly 
Sumatra, where he collected extensively both botanical and zoological speci- 
mens. After his early retirement he was attached to The Natural History 
Museum, London, revising the Amathusiidae and other groups of 
Lepidoptera. His collection was divided between The Natural History 
Museum, London, and the Castle Museum, Norwich. 

Biographical Reference: 1955. Gabriel, A.G. The Entomologist 88:23. 
Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: a record of collection data, 1921. 

(2) Three Ms notebooks: containing descriptions and remarks on various 
groups of insects. 

(3) Unpublished manuscript: A survey of the genera constituting the family 
Amathusiidae, includes drawings and a map. 

(4) Six Ms notebooks: containing notes and references to the Brooks collec- 
tion of Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera), mostly Amathusiidae. 

58. BROWN, Eric Septimus (1912-1972) 

Brown's early interests were with the aquatic Hemiptera, but later his inter- 
ests turned to insect migration. In 1946 he worked briefly on locust control in 
Tripolitania and in 1951 he joined the pool of entomologists with the 
Commonwealth Institute of Entomology. With this organization he worked 
on the pests of tropical crops for many years in Africa, the Middle and Far 
East and many of the Pacific Islands. He was a prolific publisher of his results 



28 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



as his bibliography shows. His collections were bequeathed to the Hope 
Entomological Collections, Oxford, and his papers passed to The Natural 
History Museum, London, from the Natural Resources Institute in 1988. 

Biographical Reference: 1973. Betts, E. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 109: 
65-71, bibliography, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) Eight boxes of reports and manuscripts: 
Box 1: 

(i) One loose-leaf Ts: Entomological Research on Premature Nutfall of 
Coconuts in the British Solomon Islands. Ento??iologist's Progress Report No A. 

(ii) One loose-leaf Ts: [Anoplolepis and nutfall]. 

(iii) One Ts: Aircraft applications of Insecticides in East Africa by D. Yeo and 
R. Foster, 1956. 

(iv) Correspondence and notes relating to the Rennell Islands. 
Box 2: 

(i) Seven packets of Mss [On the morphological condition of the male 
Eurygaster integriceps] a) [Analysis] b) [Iran 1958-59] c) [Iran 1959-60] d) 
[Iran 1960-61] e) [Turkey 1958-59] f) [Turkey 1959-60] g) [Record sheets]. 

(ii) Loose Ts and correspondence relating to the Gilbert and Ellice 
Islands, c. 1956-1957. 

Box 3: 

(i) Ms notes: [Notes on Anoplolepis], c. 1956. 

(ii) Ms notes: [Nutfall and crop sample plots], c. 1954-1956. 

Box 4: 

(i) Ms notes: Melittomma in native plots, 1952. 

(ii) Ms notes: [Seychelles economic insects], c. 1952-1953. 

(iii) Ms notes: [Experiments on trees and the effects of Melittomma], 
1952-1953. 

(iv) Ms notes: [Records of adult Melittomma], 1952. 

(v) Ms notes: Insecticide experiments, 1952. 



The Catalogue 29 



Box 5: 

(i) Tss: Determination of density 0/ Eurygaster integriceps in overwinter- 
ing area. 1958-1959; 1959-1960; 1960-1961. 

(ii) Ts: Notes on overwintering areas. Records the overwintering of 
Eurygaster integriceps and other insects in Turkey and Iraq, 1958- 
1960. 

Box 6: 

(i) Ts: Agronomy Report by A.H. Green, Solomon Islands, 1956. 

(ii) One Ms leaf: [Amblypelta - Taxonomy]. 

(iii) Ms notes: Amblypelta Cocoa Experiment, Kikum. 

(iv) Ts notes: [Taxonomy of Ants]. 

(v) Ms notes: Fauna of Palm Crowns. 

Box 7: 

(i) Loose-leaf Ms: [Examination of body fat contents of Eurygaster inte- 
griceps]. 

(ii) Ms notes: [Parasites of Eurygaster], c. 1960. 

(iii) Ms notes [Notes on Aelia at Hamadan], c. 1958-1959. 

Box 8: 

(i) One Ts: Report on experiments on machine spraying of coconuts against 
Pseudotheraptus wayi. 

(ii) Miscellaneous photographs: [Solomon Islands]. 

(iii) Ts: [Pests of Zanzibar], c. 1953-1956. 

(iv) Miscellaneous graphs. 

59. BROWN, G. Edward 

Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf Ms: On the occurrence in this country of a species of migratory 
locust new to Europe and unnatural migrations in general, 1869. 



30 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
60. BROWN, Thomas 



Collection 

(1) One Ms leaf: [Coleoptera for and from the British Museum, 1893]. 

Insect Room lists: Volume 2, item 84. 

61. BROWNE, F. G. 
Collection 

(1) One notebook: [Pencil drawings of beetles]. 

(2) Loose-leaf Mss: relates to his publication Pests and Diseases of Forest 
Plantations and Trees, 1968. 

(3) Loose-leaf Ms: African collecting localities. 

(4) Loose-leaf Ms: Descriptions of species (unnamed coll. F.G. Browne) in 
Malaysia, c. 1963. 

(5) Loose-leaf Ms: Miscellaneous notes and investigations. 

(6) Notes and correspondence relating to CLE. identifications, c. 1966-1979. 

(7) Appoximately 300 letters relating to Pests and Diseases of Forest 
Plantations and Trees (1968) and identifications of Scolytidae, c. 1964-1984. 

(8) One Ts: Ceylonese species of Scolytidae, n.d. 

(9) Loose-leaf Ms: [Notes on the classification of Scolytidae]. 

(10) Loose-leaf Ms and drawings: [Scolytid larvae]. 

(11) One Ts: Ceylonese species of Platypodidae. 

(12) Miscellaneous notes and drawings. 

(13) Loose-leaf Ms: [Notes on Xyleborus]. 

(14) Loose-leaf Ms: [Data on size variation (African Xyleborus and 
Platypodidae)]. 

(15) Loose-leaf Ms: Species groups of Platypus. 

(16) Loose-leaf Ms: [Notes on Doliopygus]. 

(17) Loose-leaf Ms: [Notes on Platypodidae]. 

(18) Loose-leaf Ms: Genera of the Xyleborina. 



The Catalogue 31 



62. BRUNETTI, Enrico Adelelmo (1862-1927) 

Brunetti had a dual interest in music and entomology. He had a good musi- 
cal training and was a talented composer for band, orchestra and piano. In 
1904 whilst on a musical tour of the Dutch East Indies, China and Japan he 
made an extensive insect collection. He later settled in Calcutta for 17 years. 
In 1921 he returned to Europe, spending his summers in England and win- 
ters in Paris and Brussels. Brunetti published many papers. The Imperial 
Bureau of Entomology employed him to identify specimens and he worked 
for long periods on British Diptera. His entire collection, some 80,000 insects 
(mainly Diptera) was left to The Natural History Museum, London, B.M. 
1927-184. The bequest also included an extensive library. 

Biographical Reference: 1927. R.S.W. Records of the Indian Museum 29:287-296, 
bibliography. 

Collection 

(1) One bound Ms: Catalogue of Australasian Diptera, Calcutta, 1909. 

(2) Correspondence between Major E.E. Austen and Mrs Cotton (executor 
of Brunetti's will) regarding the collection, 1927. 

(3) One bound Ms: Catalogue of African Diptera, c. 1924. 



63. BRYANT, Gilbert Ernest (1878-1965) 

Bryant travelled extensively to most parts of the world, amassing a consider- 
able collection of Coleoptera and writing numerous papers on Coleoptera 
from various zoogeographical regions. His collection of some 50,000 
Coleoptera was presented to The Natural History Museum, London. Bryant 
was also well known as the creator of the Bryant Index of Country Houses, 
and was an expert on English porcelain - Chelsea in particular. 

Biographical Reference: 1965. The Times, London, 24 March 1965. 



32 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: [Borneo Coleoptera with dates of capture], 1913-1914. 

(2) One Ms notebook: [Insect collecting in Sarawak], 1913-1919. Presented 
in 1964. 

64. BUCHANAN-WHITE, Francis (1842-1894) 

Born in Perth, Scotland, Buchanan- White studied medicine at the University 
of Edinburgh. After travelling the continent for a year in 1866 he settled in 
Perth for the rest of Ids life. His entomological interests concentrated on the 
Lepidoptera and the classification of the Hemiptera. He was also an accom- 
plished botanist. Buchanan-White published numerous scientific papers, 
many appearing in the Scottish Naturalist, Journal of Botany, and The 
Proceedings and Transactions of the Perthshire Society of Natural Science. He was 
a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society and the Linnean Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1895. Trail, J.W.H. Annals of Scottish Natural History 
1895:73-91, bibliography, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) Two Ms notebooks: The Buchanan-White Collection. Includes a list of con- 
tents by W.R. Dolling. 

65. BUCKELL 
Collection: 

(1) Three Ms notebooks: British Butterflies, c. 1880s. Volume 1 not present. 

(i) Vol.2 Argynnidae [Nymphalidae]. 

(ii) Vol. 3 Satyrids [SatyrinaeJ. 

(iii) Vol A Coenonymphidi Anosudi [Satyrinae and Danainae]. 



The Catalogue 33 

66. BUCKLER, William (1814-1884) 

Born at Newport, Isle of Wight, Buckler was an artist by profession, exhibit- 
ing regularly at the Royal Academy. In 1848 he settled at Lumley House, 
Emsworth in Hampshire and became interested in entomology. For the last 
25 years of his life he devoted his energies to describing and drawing the lar- 
vae of British Lepidoptera. The descriptions were published regularly in The 
Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. After his death, The Larvae of British 
Butterflies and Moths (1886-1901) was published in 9 volumes, edited by 
H.T.Stainton (1822-1892) and then G.T. Porritt. 

Biographical Reference: 1884. Anon. The Entomologist 17:47-48. 
Collection 

(1) One folder containing four letters including: 

(i) One letter from William Buckler to James Terry (1824-1906) dated 23 
December 1880, concerning the disposal of his drawings and speci- 
mens after his death. 

(ii) Anonymous undated note, concerning the disposal of Buckler's 
specimens and drawings. 

(2) One Ms notebook: contains entomological and fly-fishing notes, and 
sketches of landscapes and other subjects. 

(3) One bound volume: contains 62 watercolour drawings of British species 
of Eupithecia made for the Rev. H. Harper Crewe (d. 1883), 1860-1879. 
Includes a note by Thomas de Grey Walsingham giving the history of these 
and other drawings by William Buckler. 

67. BUCKLEY, W. (d. 1940) 

Biographical Reference: 1945. Cockayne, E. A. Proceedings of the Royal 
Entomological Society of London (C) 9:48. 

Collection 



(1) One Ms: Buckley's collection of midges on cattle, Kuala Lumpur (Malaya), 
1935-1937. 



34 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



68. BURGESS, James Alexander (1916-1977) 

Educated at Dulwich College, he graduated from Kings College, London in 
1939. During World War II he served in the Intelligence Corps and the 
Commandos. From 1947 to 1955 James Burgess served in the Colonial Service 
in Uganda, and during this time formed a large collection of Ugandan 
Lepidoptera, including many new species. He later held a number of gov- 
ernment posts and worked as Chief Secretary to the Condominium of the 
New Hebrides from 1974-1977, at the same time forming an extensive collec- 
tion of New Hebridean Lepidoptera. He had an extensive correspondence 
with R.F. Healey and on Healey' s death the Burgess and Healey collections 
were deposited in the Saruman Museum in Sussex, England (later the 
National Butterfly Museum, but now closed and the collections dispersed). 
This collection of correspondence was purchased by The Natural History 
Museum, London in 1983. 

Biographical Reference: 1979. Anon. Aurelian 1:16. 
Collection 

(1) Correspondence collection : approximately 100 letters from Robert F. 
Healey to Burgess, c. 1950-1977. 

(2) Correspondence collection: approximately 70 letters from various ento- 
mologists and dealers, c. 1960-1977, including: 



(3) 50 drawings: Malayan Charaxes and Ornithoptera. 

(4) Miscellaneous notes. 

69. BURMAN, J.H. 

Collection 

(1) Ms notes and pencil drawings of aphids. 



Braine, J.W.R 
Goodden, R.C. 
Zappalorti, Michael 



1963 
1968 
1967 



The Catalogue 35 



70. BURR, Malcolm (1878-1954) 

A specialist in European Orthoptera and later in his life a world expert on the 
Dermaptera; Burr was a man of many talents. He was trained as a geologist, 
but was also a journalist, author and at the time of his death, Professor of 
English at Istanbul University. His collection of Dermaptera came to The 
Natural History Museum, London, and his Orthoptera to the Hope 
Entomological Collections at Oxford. 

Biographical Reference: 1954. Uvarov, B.P. Entomologist's Record and journal of 
Variation 66:231-232. 

Collection 

(1) One folder: Catalogus Dermapterorum. Contains typed notes and letters. 

(2) One folder: Fossil Dermaptera. Contains typed notes and drawings. 

(3) Two folders: [Notes on Dermaptera]. 

(4) Two folders: contain original coloured drawings of Dermaptera, plus 
several undated letters. 

(5) 20 folders of Ts: A Monograph of the Dermaptera, 1915. The title-page bears 
the legend 'printed for the Ray Society 7 but it is unpublished. It is a spirit 
duplicate of a typescript and also contains a large number of very fine origi- 
nal coloured drawings of Dermaptera. 

71. BURROWS, Charles Richard Nelson (1851-1936) 

For some time the incumbent of the parish of Mucking, Essex, Lewis was a 
man of prolific talents. He was an expert microscopist and an advocate of the 
use of genitalia as a diagnostic feature in insect taxonomy. His other interests 
included colour photography and chemistry. His original intention was to be 
a chemist, but he decided on the Church. Working exclusively with 
Lepidoptera he was particularly associated with F.N. Pierce, providing him 
with material and drawings for his Genitalia of the Group Geometridae of the 
Lepidoptera of the British Isles (1914), but refused to allow his name to appear 
on the work. On his death his specimens came to The Natural History 
Museum, London. 



36 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

Biographical Reference: 1937. Turner, HJ. The Entomologist's Record and Journal 
of Variation 49:22-24, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: [Index to the Burrows collection of Geometridae]. 

(2) Two Ms leaves: [Specimens sent to J. H. Durrant for incorporation in the 
B.M. Collections], B.M.1916-60. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 108. 

72. BUTLER, Arthur Gardiner (1844-1925) 

At the age of 19, Butler joined the Department of Zoology at the British 
Museum, Bloomsbury, and in 1879 became Assistant Keeper in charge of the 
Arthropoda continuing in this post until his retirement in 1901. Butler pub- 
lished over 500 entomological papers, his main area of interest being the 
Rhopalocera and in particular the Pieridae and the Lycaenidae. His publica- 
tions included; Catalogue of Diurnal Lepidoptera of the Family Satyridae in the 
British Museum (1868); Catalogue of Diurnal Lepidoptera described by Fabricius in 
the British Museum (1869) and Lepidoptera Exotica (1869-1874). A. G. Butler was 
a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London, the Linnean Society 
and the Zoological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1925. Riley, N.D. The Entomologist 58:175-176. 
Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Notes on Fabrician Diurnal Lepidoptera, 1868. 

(2) One Ms notebook: List of papers written and species described, 1864-1888. 

(3) Loose leaf Ms: [Descriptions of genera and species]. 

(4) Letters from A.G. Butler to H. Strecker in USA, 1878-1879. Photocopies. 

(5) Correspondence collection: approximately 30 letters sent to A.G. Butler 
and G.R. Waterhouse (1879-1888) from: 



The Catalogue 37 



Bouavia, George 1879 

Bowrey, James John 1879 

Buchecker, Heinrich (1829-94) 1862 

Chevrolat, Louis Alexander Auguste (1799-1884) 1876 

Clough, G.T. 1879 

Davis, Theodor 1888 

Edmonds, Thomas 1883 

Fowler, William Weeks (1849-1923) 1884 

Geoffroy Sainte-Hilaire, Isidore (1805-1861) 1847 

Hobson, William 1882 

Hutton, Frederick Wollaston (1863-1905) 1879 

Jones, Albert Hugh (1840-1924) 1882 

Morrison, Herbert Knowles (1854-1885) 1883 

Oberthur, Charles (1845-1924) 1880 

Peake, P. George 1881 

Perry, M. 1881 

Pryer, Henry James Strovin (1850-1888) 1879 

Roberts, Rowland 1878 

Swainson, William, (1789-1855) 1840 

Walton, John (1784-1862) 1856 

White, F.H. 1888 



(6) Loose-leaf Ms: Progress in the Collection of Insects in the British Museum 
since the Purchase by the Government of the Collection of Sir Hans Shane in 1753, 
c. 1890. 

(7) Pencil portrait, 10cm x 17cm, of Francis Walker (1809-1874), drawn by 
Butler. 

73. BUXTON, Patrick Alfred (1892-1955) 

Trained in medicine, Buxton served during the First World War in 
Mesopotamia and Persia. After the War he was appointed as entomologist to 
the Palestine government for two years. Later he organized a medical and sci- 
entific expedition to Samoa, the resulting publications being, Researches in 
Polynesia and Melanesia (1927-1928) and Insects of Samoa (1927-1935). In 1925 



38 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

he became Director of the Department of Entomology of the London School of 
Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, later holding the chair of Medical Entomology 
at London University. For many years his main interest was in the tsetse fly and 
he was a world authority on insect-human relationships. Buxton was a 
Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London, serving as President in 
1942 and 1953-1954. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1956. Wigglesworth, V.B. Biographical Memoirs of Fellows 
of the Royal Society 2:69-84, bibliography, portrait, 

Collection 

(1) Five loose leaf files: [Diptera reared from fungi], c. 1950-1953. 
74. CAMERON, Malcolm (1873-1954) 

Cameron started his working life as a naval surgeon after qualifying in med- 
icine at the London Hospital. He collected Coleoptera at the various stations 
he visited. His collection of some 12,000 specimens was presented to The 
Natural History Museum, London, in 1936, B.M. 1936-555. He was the author 
of the five volumes on the Staphylinidae: Coleoptera (1930-1939) in the series, 
Fauna of British India. His collection of over 55,000 Staphylinidae was pre- 
sented to The Natural History Museum, London, together with holotypes, 
paratypes and much unidentified material. 

Biographical Reference: 1954. E.B. Britton. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
90:290. 

Collection 

(1) One Ts: List of Coleoptera observed in the Maltese Islands by Cameron and A. 
Caruana Gatte, 1907. 

(2) Five Ms notebooks: Cameron European Coleoptera, 1898-1907. 

(3) One Ms notebook: Catalogue of Mr M. Cameron s collection from the West 
Indies, 1908. Includes the note: 'The series in this book are designated by the 
letters W.I. and were captured during the cruise of the Indefatigable in the West 
Indies between January and October, 1908/ Includes notes on localities and 



The Catalogue 39 



methods of collecting the numbered specimens. 

(4) Miscellaneous notes. 

(5) Correspondence collection: correspondence to M. Cameron, 1930-1954, 
from British and European entomologists including: 



Basilewsky, Pierre (b. 1913) 


1931-1954 


Benick, Ludwig (1874-1951) 


1933-1947 


Bernhauer, Max (1866-1946) 


1936-1939 


Brookes, A.E. 


1945-1953 


Cerruti, Marcello (1908-1978) 


1945-1949 


Cooper, Joseph Omar (1893-1972) 


1935 


DeSaeger, H. 


1947-1950 


Donisthorpe, Horace St John Kelly (1870-1951) 


1944-1949 


Fagel, G. 


1950-1951 


Gardiner, J.C.M. 


1934-1936 


Hull, Wilfred John (1893-1965) 


1947 


Hutchinson, G. Evelyn 


1933-1934 


Keys, James H (1855-1941) 


1934-1939 


Koch, C. 


1934-1938 


Last, H. 


1943-1951 


Louwerens, C.J. 


1934-1950 


Marshall, Guy Anstruther Knox (1871-1959) 


1940-1942 


Paulian, Renaud (b. 1913) 


1938-1946 


Pendlebury, Henry Maurice (1893-1945) 


1934-1939 


Richards, Owain Westmacott (1901-1984) 


1938 


Riley, Norman Denbigh (1890-1979) 


1939-1949 


Roche, P.J.L. 


1943 


Sachtleben, Hans (1893-1968) 


1934 


Sanderson, Milton W. 


1945-1953 


Scheerpelts, Otto (1888-1975) 


1934-1949 


Schouteden, Henri (1881-1972) 


1947-1948 


Sewell, R.B.S. 


1934-1939 


Steel, O.W. 


1943-1953 


Van Straelen, V. 


1935-1949 


Villiers, Andre (1915-1983) 


1947-1953 



40 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

75. CAMERON, Peter (1847-1912) 

Most of Cameron's working life was spent employed in the dye industry and 
later in calico printing. His interest lay in the Hymenoptera and in spite of ill- 
health and extreme poverty, brought about by loss of work, he was to become 
a most prolific author. Perhaps his best and most important works were A 
Monograph of the British Phytophagous Hymenoptera, 4 volumes (1882-1893), 
published by the Ray Society and the Hymenoptera volumes of the Biologia 
Centrali Americana) Volumes 1-2, (1883-1900) and (1888-1900) respectively. 

Biographical Reference: 1913. G.M.W. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
49:20-21. 

Collection 

(1) Eight Ms leaves: [Entomological lists]. 

(2) Two Ms leaves: [Purchased Hymenoptera], 1905. 

(3) Two Ms leaves: [Purchased Insects], c.1905. 

(4) One Ms leaf: [Hymenoptera list], B.M.1906-264. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, items 22, 23,23A,33A. 

(5) Eight leaves: [Type Collection], B.M.1909-182. 

(6) Five Ms leaves : Cameron's Diapriinae, B.M.1910-1905. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, items 77, 83. 

76. CANDEZE, Ernest Charles Auguste (1827-1898) 

Candeze was a pupil of Lacordaire, the great French naturalist, who may well 
have influenced Candeze in his choice of career as an entomologist. Candeze 
studied medicine at Liege and Paris, and it was at Liege that he came under 
the influence of Lacordaire. 

Candeze specialized in the study of the Elateridae, publishing a four- 
volume work, Monographic des Elaterides (1857-1863). He formed several 
collections of Elateridae, but in later years turned to collecting Belgian 
Diptera. Candeze was the author of several novels, a keen horticulturalist 



The Catalogue 41 

and very fond of music. He was also devoted to photography and developed 
a hand camera at a time when this was practically unknown. 

Biographical Reference: 1898. Lameere, A. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de 
Belgique 42:504-519, bibliography, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: [species described by Candeze]. 

77. CARPENTER, Geoffrey Douglas Hale (1882-1953) 

Carpenter qualified in medicine, but early in his career decided to combine 
his qualifications with his passionate interest in natural history by turning to 
tropical medicine. He started work on the bionomics of Glossina palpalis and 
the relation of this insect to the disease of sleeping sickness. He was also well 
known for his work on the butterflies of Uganda and his experiments on 
mimetic associations. Much of his work was with Edward Poulton (1865- 
1943), whom he succeeded as Hope Professor at Oxford. 

Biographical Reference: 1953. Riley, N.D. The Entomologist 86:155-156. 
Collection 

(1) Typed Ms: [Reports on Norfolk Island (Pacific Ocean) collections]. This 
includes material collected by J. McCornish in 1939. B.M.1940-154. 

78. CHALMERS-HUNT, J. Michael (b. 1920) 

The author of many scientific papers on the Lepidoptera, Michael Chalmers- 
Hunt has also written several important reference works, including Natural 
History Auctions: 1700-1971, a register of sales in the British Isles (1976), and Local 
Lists of Lepidoptera (1989). From 1973 to 1985 he was editor of The 
Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation. He is a Fellow of the Royal 
Entomological Society of London, and has twice been President of the British 
Entomological and Natural History Society. 



42 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

Biographical Reference: 1989. Chalmers-Hunt, J.M. Local Lists of Lepidoptera, 
portrait (on dust jacket). 

Collection 

(1) Approximately 1000 record cards: indexed data for the Butterflies and 
Moths of Kent, published in Entomologist's Record and journal of Variation 1960- 
1981. Includes unpublished additions. 

(2) Entomological correspondence collection: approximately 2000 letters 
sent to Chalmers-Hunt, 1937-1984. 

(3) General correspondence: approximately 1000 letters, 1972-1985, con- 
cerning editorship of The Entomologist's Record and journal of Variation. 

79. CHAMBERS, Victor Horace (1911-1984) 

Born in Luton, Chambers was educated at Dunstable Grammar School and at 
Imperial College of Science, London. He worked at the Murphy Chemical 
Company as a chemist and later as product planning manager. He collected 
Hymenoptera, mostly from Bedfordshire, and published papers in various 
journals, including The Hymenoptera Aculeata of Bedfordshire in Trans- 
actions of the Society for British Entomology 9:197-222. Chambers was a Fellow 
of the Royal Entomological Society and served on the Council, 1967-1970. His 
collection was presented to The Natural History Museum, London, B.M. 
1984-357. 

Biographical Reference: 1985. Else, G. and Fergusson, N.D.M. Antenna 9:18-19, 
portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf Ms and correspondence: notes on various subjects, 
including pollination, and letters from staff of The Natural History Museum, 
London, c. 1930-1950. 

(2) Five Ms notebooks: [Notes on Hymenoptera] 1929-1950. 



The Catalogue 43 



80. CHAMPION, Harry G. (1891-1979) 

Son of the entomologist G.C. Champion (1851-1927), he was educated at the 
Royal Grammar School, Guildford and the Universities of London and 
Oxford. From 1914 to 1940 he worked for the Indian Forestry Service, and 
from 1940 to 1959 was Professor of Forestry at the University of Oxford. He 
published many papers in the The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, and from 
1932 to 1979 was on the editorial staff. 

Biographical Reference: 1980. Thompson, G.H. The Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine 115:93-94, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One collecting notebook, c. 1920. 

81. CHAPMAN, Thomas Algernon (1842-1921) 

Chapman started his career as resident physician and surgeon at the Glasgow 
Royal Infirmary. Thought by some to be one of England's finest entomolo- 
gists of the time, he was primarily a Lepidopterist. All his work was carried 
out in a very thorough manner and usually with excellent illustrations. He 
was one of the first Lepidopterists to appreciate the value of genitalia in 
determining closely related species. 

Biographical Reference: 1922. Sheldon, W.G. The Entomologist 55:44-48. 
Collection 

(1) One box: Pencil sketches of Lepidoptera, mainly larvae. 

(2) Seven boxes: Photographs of wings and genitalia of Lepidoptera. These 
appear to be unpublished. Some of the photographs are by Frederick Clark. 

82. CHAWNER, Ethel Francis (1866-1953) 

Her first interest was in sawfly larvae, which she collected in the New Forest. 
The major part of her collection came to The Natural History Museum, 



44 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
London, in 1929. 



Biographical Reference: 1954. Benson, R.B. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
90:46. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Notes on sawfly larvae, including doubtful and unknown 
species, 1892-1929. 

83. CHEESMAN, Lucy Evelyn (1881-1969) 

Well known as an explorer, broadcaster and authoress as well as an entomol- 
ogist, Evelyn Cheesman made numerous expeditions to New Guinea, the 
New Hebrides and other islands in the Pacific. She wrote many scientific 
papers and several books on insects and her travels. Things Worth While, 
(1957) is mainly autobiographical. She was associated with The Natural 
History Museum, London for many years as a voluntary worker. 

Biographical Reference: 1969. Smith, K.G.V. The Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine 105 : 217-219, bibliography, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One box: Four expedition notebooks and diaries, including 

(i) Collecting sites of I.E. Cheesman: local maps, notes on topography, and 
publications. 

(ii) New Hebrides [Pacific Ocean] notebook. 

(iii) Hymenoptera of New Guinea - 25 genera of Braconidae. 

(2) One Box: Three expedition notebooks and diaries: 

(i) New Caledonia [Pacific Ocean] Entomological Register 1949. 

(ii) Ants of New Caledonia and Lifu Islands. 

(iii) Cyclops Mountains, 1936. 

(3) One box: Loose-leaf Ms notes, sketches and photographs from her expe- 
ditions. 

(4) One box: Loose-leaf Ms notes, and sketches of Hymenoptera. 

(5) One box: Photographs and maps of locations visited on her expeditions. 



The Catalogue 45 



(6) One box: Correspondence to Miss Cheesman, including: Admiralty 
Naval Intelligence Division regarding use of her Ms gazetteer for intelligence 
work, 1953, and letters from: 



Alexander, Charles Paul (1899-1981) 


1945-1949 


Balfour-Browne, William Alexander Francis 




(1874-1967) 


1938-1961 


Barnard, D. 


1944 


Belkin, John N. (1914-1980) 


1958 


China, William Edward (1895-1979) 


1955-1960 


Crossland, C. 


1939 


Dartington, PJ. 


1950-1951 


Diakonoff, Alexander Mikhailovich (1907-1989) 


1948 


Doncaster, John Priestman (1907-1981) 


1961-1966 


Evans, John William (1906-1990) 


1950-1951 


Froggatt, J.L. (1891-1975) 

DO 'J 


1947 


Gardiner, J.S. 


1931 


Goodenough 


1943-1948 


Haddock, A.C. 


1931-1935 


Hill, CM. 


1932-1933 


Hincks, Walter Douglas (1906-1961) 


1935-1948 


Hocking, Brian (1914-1974) 


1956-1957 


Huxley, E. 


1943-1949 


Krombein, Karl von Vorse 


1949-1952 


Lieftinck, M. 


1936-1957 


Riley, Norman Denbigh (1890-1979) 


1933-1954 


Steenis, C.G.G.H. 


1952 


Tate Regan, C. 


1931 



(7) One box: Correspondence to and from Miss Cheesman, and miscella- 
neous Ms notes. Correspondence includes letters from: 

China, William Edward (1895-1979) 1955-1958 

Doncaster, John Priestman (1907-1981) 1966 

Perkins, John Frederick (1910-1983) 1968 

Riley, Norman Denbigh (1890-1979) 1940 



46 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

(8) One Ms notebook: [Pencil sketches of plants]. 

(9) One Ms notebook: Notes on early voyages in the Pacific Ocean. 

(10) Two Ms volumes [Gazetteer of New Guinea]. 

84. CHEVROLAT, Louis Alexandre Auguste (1799-1884) 

A founder member of the Entomological Society of France. For more than 
fifty years Chevrolat was involved in the study of entomology, making a par- 
ticular study of the Curculionidae (Coleoptera). He published several 
monographs on the French fauna, describing many new species of 
Coleoptera and the fauna of other countries including the entomological 
fauna of Cuba. 

Biographical Reference: 1884. Lefevre, E. Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique de 
France (6) 4:clvi-clvii. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Catalogue des Longicornes (Ceramby cites) [sic] de la 
Collection Chevrolat formee de celle de Palisot [de] Beauvois [A.M. F.J. ], 
[Audinet-]Sm;z7/e [J.G.], Dejean [P.F.M.A.], (Latreille [P.A.], Humboldt 
[EH.A.von], & Bonpland [A.J.A.], Cailliaud [R], Olivier [G.A.], (Riche [C.A.G.] 
pour les Ind. or. et Madagascar, Durand pr. Tanger, Hoffntansegg [J.C.] -Portugal, 
llliger [J.C.W.], Fabricius [J.C.], Desfontaines [R.L.], & Bosc [d' Antic, L.A.G.]) et 
de ce au'il a pu acheter, echanger avec ses correspondants et les Musees de Londres, 
Berlin et Leyde &c, &c pendant 30 annees. 

Copied verbatim from the original manuscript by E.W. Janson Sept. 1863. 

85. CHITTENDEN, Frank Hurlbut (1858-1929) 

Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Chittenden studied at Cornell University. In 1891 he 
was appointed assistant entomologist to the US Department of Agriculture. 
He was editor of Entomologica Americana and was a Fellow of the American 
Association for the Advancement of Science. He published many taxonomic 
and economic entomology papers especially on insects infesting stored 
products. 



The Catalogue 47 

Biographical Reference: 1936. Wade, J.S. Proceedings of the Entomological Society 
of Washington 38:109-110. 

Collection 

(1) Two Ms leaves: List of Sphenophori presented to the British Museum by the 
United States National Museum 1910. B.M.1910-153. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 90. 

86. CHRISTY, William Miller (1863-1939) 

An enthusiastic collector of insects, he designed his own trap, and was suc- 
cessful in securing a large number of rare and scarce specimens. He once 
owned part of Wicken Fen, which he made over to the National Trust. His col- 
lection is in The Natural History Museum, London along with part of his 
extensive library. 

Biographical Reference: 1940. Edelsten, H.M. The Entomologist 73:24. 
Collection 

(1) Four entomological diaries: collecting records for 1889-1902. 

87. CLARKE, Cyril Astley (b. 1907) 

Clarke studied at the University of Cambridge. A doctor by profession, but 
with a keen interest in Lepidoptera, his studies on genetics and mimicry in 
Lepidoptera contributed to a medical breakthrough concerning the Rhesus 
negative condition in the unborn child. His large collection demonstrating 
genetic studies is now in The Natural History Museum, London. 
He was one time President of the Royal College of Physicians and of the 
Lepidopterist's Society. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1977. Kendall, R.O. The Lepidopterist's Society 
Commemorative Volume 1945-1973, pp. 374 (pp. 81-82) portrait. 



48 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
Collection 

(1) One folder: 

(i) One Ts: Operation Avion, 1952. 

(ii) Notes from Captain Purefoy on breeding [Maculinea] avion sent to 
C.A. Clarke, November 1951. 

(2) One Ts: Guide to the Clavke/Sheppavd/Tuvnev Genetic Collection of Butterflies. 
Originally produced in 1982, with further updates in 1987 and 1989. 

88. CLUTTERBUCK, Charles Granville (1871-1957) 

Educated at College School, Gloucester, he was later a solicitor in the same 
town. Clutter buck's particular interest was in the Lepidoptera, especially 
microlepidoptera. He added over 40 new species to the Gloucester County 
list, and was a member of the Cotswold Naturalists' Field Club. He was a 
Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1958. H.C.H. The Entomologist 91:52. 
Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: The Macrolepidoptera of Gloucestershire, 1942. 

89. COCKAYNE, Edward Alfred (1880-1956) 

A doctor of medicine, his entomological interests centred on genetics and ter- 
atology on which he published a great many papers. He amassed a large 
collection of Lepidoptera aberrations which in later years he amalgamated in 
the Rothschild-Cockayne-Kettlewell collection, now in The Natural History 
Museum, London. 



Biographical Reference: 1957. Riley, N. D. and H.B.W. The Entomologist 90:78-80. 



The Catalogue 49 



Collection 



(1) Two photograph albums: mostly photographs of Lepidoptera, 1903- 



90. COLLENETTE, Cyril Leslie (1888-1959) 

Collenette worked in The Natural History Museum, London as an Honorary 
Associate, and in his later years became an expert on the Lymantriidae on 
which he published many papers. In addition to the Lepidoptera he main- 
tained a long interest in general natural history, particularly ornithology. 
During his life he travelled extensively. He participated in the St. George 
Expedition, 1924-1925, to the Matto Grosso. 

Biographical Reference: 1959. Longfield C.E. London Naturalist 39:136-138, 
portrait. 



(1) Five notebooks: Data on the Lepidoptera collected on the Matto Grosso 
Expedition. 

(2) One Ms notebook: Descriptions of lepidopterous larvae and pupae, St. George 
Expedition. 

(3) Ts and correspondence: Malaise trap collecting and the RE. Viette 
material. 

(4) Correspondence collection: Includes letters to and from: 

Bryck, Felix (1882-1957) 1953-1954 

Diakonoff, Alexander Mikhailovich (1907-1989) 1953-1956 

Pendlebury, Henry Maurice (1893-1945) 1931-1935 

Pinhey, Elliot Charles Gordan (b. 1910) 1959 



1907. 



Collection 



Roepke, Walter Karl Johann (1882-1961) 

Schouteden, Henri (1881-1972) 

Toxopeus, Lambertus Johannes (1894-1951) 



1946-1952 
1935-1936 



1948 



50 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

91. COLLIER, Alan Egerton (d. 1972) 

Collier was especially interested in the varieties and genetics of British 
Lepidoptera. He was a successful breeder of aberrations. His collection was 
donated to The Natural History Museum, London in 1972. B.M.1972-588. 

Biographical Reference: 1974. Lees, A.D. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological 
Society (C) 38:58. 

Collection 

(1) Six collecting notebooks and diaries. All refer to the collection presented 
in 1972. 

92. COLYER, Charles Norman (1908-1970) 

Charles Colyer was educated at Queen Elizabeth's School, Barnet. He devel- 
oped a particular enthusiasm for the Diptera, and especially the Phoridae, on 
which he was the recognized authority of his time. He published with Cyril 
O. Hammond, Flies of the British Isles (1951), which ran to several editions. He 
was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society. On his death his Diptera 
collections came to The Natural History Museum, London. B.M. 1970-489. 

Biographical Reference: 1972. Smith, K.G.V. The Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine 108:1-2, bibliography, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) Three boxes of photomicrographs: the collection is retained in Colyer 's 
original order and labelled with details of equipment used etc. 

(2) Four loose-leaf files: [photographs and manuscript text on Diptera]. 

(3) One box of entomological photographs: includes both glass slides and 
photomicrographs, retained in Colyer' s order. 

(4) Correspondence collection: 1948-1960, includes approximately 500 let- 
ters between Colyer and Hermann Schmitz (1878-1960). 

(5) Collection of Mss on Phoridae by C.N. Colyer. Includes: 

(i) One notebook: Keys to British species o/Megaselia and Plastophora. 



The Catalogue 51 



(ii) Two notebooks: Translation into English of Beyer's Keys to World 
Genera ofPhoridae. 

(iii) One loose-leaf Ms: Keys to British Phoridae. Except Megaselia. 

(iv) One loose-leaf Ms: Keys to British Phoridae - Megaselia. 

(v) Three loose-leaf Mss: [Keys to Palaearctic Phoridae]. 

(6) Correspondence collection: Approximately 100 letters between C.N. 
Colyer and staff of The Natural History Museum, London, 1951-1970. 

(7) Miscellaneous correspondence to and from C.N. Colyer c. 1950-1970. 
Includes letters from: 

Hobby, Bertram Maurice (1905-1983) 1954-1957 
Oldroyd, Harold (1913-1978) 1962 

93. CORBET, Alexander Steven (1896-1948) 

A biochemist by training, he was employed by The Natural History Museum, 
London, to work on the butterfly collections. His most important contribu- 
tion to entomology was his joint work with H.M. Pendlebury, The Butterflies 
of the Malay Peninsula (1934). A manuscript for the second edition was com- 
pleted by him shortly before his death. 

Biographical Reference: 1948. Riley, N.D. Nature, London 161:1003. 
Collection 

(1) One Ms volume: Indo- Australian Lycaenidae. Index to species. 

(2) Two collecting notebooks. 

(3) One Ms volume: Index to names of Malayan Rhopalocera, trivial names. 

(4) One Ms notebook: Fabrician names of Indo- Australian Rhopalocera, 1941. 

(5) One Ms notebook: Keys for Malay asian Rhopalocera. Tor the second edition 
of The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. 

(6) One Ts: A Synonymic list of the Butterflies of British Malaya, with particulars 
of their distribution and references to figures in W.L. Distant's Rhopalocera 
Malayana, (1882-1886), 1942. 

(7) One Ms notebook: Distant's Rhopalocera Malayana, figures, 1942. 

(8) One Ms notebook: Distribution of Malayan Rhopalocera. 



52 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



(9) One Ts: A catalogue of Bombyces and Sphinges recorded from the Malay 
Peninsula. 

(10) Pen-and-ink drawings, photographic negatives and correspondence 
relating to the third edition of Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula (1978), revised 
by J.N. Eliot. 

(11) 19 Ms notebooks: [Notes on Lepidoptera]. 

(12) Pen-and-ink drawings, b/w photographs of Lepidoptera. 

94. COTTAM, R. 

Cottam became a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London in 
1923. 

Collection 

(1) Three Ms volumes: Faunistic lists of Rhopalocera of the Dutch East and West 
Indies, 1940. 

95. COTTERELL, G.S.( 1896-1977) 

Cotterell spent 45 years as an agricultural entomologist. He went to the Gold 
Coast (Ghana) in 1920 and also travelled to other countries, including Nigeria 
and Afghanistan, as an advisor on agriculture. 

Biographical Reference: 1979. Harris, K.M. Antenna 3:56. 
Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf folder: Handbook of Insect Pests of the Gold Coast with Notes 
on Treatment. Unpublished manuscript with notes on pesticide treatments 
and original drawings. Presented in 1978 by K.M. Harris. 

96. COWAN, Charles Francis (d. 1988) 

A Lieutenant-Colonel in the British Army, his main interest was the 
Lepidoptera of India and Malaya. The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula (1934) 
by Alexander Steven Corbet (1896-1948) and Henry Maurice Pendlebury 



The Catalogue 53 



(1893-1945) was based on Cowan's collection of butterflies. He was particu- 
larly interested in the Lycaenidae, and published various papers on this 
group. Cowan was a bibliographer of some skill and knowledge, and many 
turned to him for help over dating and issue of publications. In his later years 
he published many papers in the Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of 
Natural History. 

Biographical Reference: 1989. Gardiner, B. Bulletin of the Amateur Entomological 
Society 48:70-71. 

Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf Ms : Odonata Records 1959-1974. Lists sightings of 
Odonata in Great Britain. 

97. COWLEY, John (1909-1967) 

An amateur entomologist of independent means, his particular interest was 
in the Odonata. In later years he turned to Diptera. Cowley's extensive col- 
lection of Odonata and related indexes were presented to The Natural 
History Museum, London, B.M.1968-70. 

Biographical Reference: 1968. Kennedy, J.S. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological 
Society (C) 32:59. 

Collection 

(1) Ten boxes of drawings: approximately 1000 pen-and-ink drawings of 
Odonata. 

(2) Correspondence and memoranda regarding the Cowley bequest. 

(3) Correspondence collection: approximately 200 letters to and from 
Cowley, c. 1934-1958. Includes letters from: 



Fraser, Frederic Charles (1880-1963) 
Kimmins, Douglas Eric (1905-1985) 
Longfield, Cynthia (1896-1991) 



1934-1955 
1934-1935 
1934-1958 



54 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



98. COX, Charles James (d. 1889) 

A member of the Botanical Society of London and a Fellow of the 
Entomological Society from 1853 until his death in 1889, Cox's main interests 
were with the Lepidoptera and Scolytid beetles. He produced a number of 
papers and a textbook, Our Common Insects: First Steps to entomology (1864). 

Collection 

(1 ) Loose-leaf Ms: Includes a number of manuscript chapters on entomology 
for a projected but unpublished series Elementary Lectures upon Natural 
History. It contains a number of pen-and-ink drawings. 

99. CRAWTHAY, R. 

Collection 

(1) Five Ms leaves: [List of localities for specimens collected in Basutoland 
and Transvaal], 1901-1902. 

100. CROWLEY, Philip (1837-1900) 

Born at Alton in Hampshire, he came from a Quaker family and was a part- 
ner in a brewing business. Crowley had a wide interest in natural history and 
developed fine collections of exotic butterflies and birds' eggs. He was a 
Fellow of the Linnean, Zoological and Entomological Societies and was a 
keen supporter of the Croydon Microscopical Club. 

Biographical Reference: 1905. Anon. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 37:49. 
Collection 

(1) One Ms volume: [ Catalogue of Lepidoptera]. 



The Catalogue 55 



101. CROWSON, Roy Albert 

Educated at Judd School, Tunbridge and Imperial College, London University, 
he was appointed Curator of Tunbridge Wells Museum in 1938. In 1948 he 
became Lecturer in Zoological Taxonomy at Glasgow University, becoming 
Senior Lecturer in 1964 and Honorary Lecturer in 1980. Crowson published 
over 100 monographs and papers on various aspects of Coleoptera. 
Important works include Classification and Biology (1971) and The Biology of the 
Coleoptera (1981). He has been a member of the Coleopterist's Society since 
1971, and was Vice-President 1971-1975. 

Biographical Reference: [1979]. Darby, M. A Biographical Dictionary of British 
Coleopterists, pp. 133-134. Issued with The Coleopterist's Newsletter. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: The Metendosternite in Coleoptera. Descriptive Notes and 
Sketches. 

102. CUNNINGTON, W.A. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms leaf: Specimens Collected by W.A. Cunnington for Tanganyika 
Exploration Committee, 1907. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 36. 

103. D'ABRERA, Bernard (b. 1940) 

A graduate of the University of New South Wales, D' Abrera collected butter- 
flies in Europe, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, East Africa and throughout the 
Australasian region. A skilled photographer, he photographed specimens 
from The Natural History Museum, London and other collections for use in 
his huge publishing programme, Butterflies of the World. 



56 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
Collection 

(1) Annotated Ts: Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Pt 1. Papilionidae, 
Pieridae. 

104. DALE, N. R. 

Collection 

(1) One letter: from N.R. Dale to J.W. Long, dated April 1823, concerning 
expenses for the funeral of a Mary Meggs. James Charles Dale (1792-1872), 
the nineteenth-century entomologist, is briefly mentioned in this letter. N.R. 
Dale is believed to be his father. 

105. DARWIN, Charles Robert (1809-1882) 

Born at Shrewsbury, he went to Shrewsbury School where he proved to be a 
poor student. Darwin was sent to Edinburgh University to study medicine but 
left in 1827 and prepared for holy orders at Christ College, Cambridge. Here he 
met John Steven Henslow, Professor of Botany, who stimulated his interest in 
natural history. Henslow recommended Darwin to accompany Capt. Robert 
Fitzroy on a five-year voyage in HMS Beagle, 1832-1836, to survey the coasts of 
Patagonia, Tierra del Fuego, Chile, Peru and various Pacific Islands. Darwin's 
work stemmed from observations and collections made during the voyage. The 
collections of animals made during the voyage were described in The Zoology of 
the Voyage of HMS Beagle (1839-1843). From his observations he developed a the- 
ory of evolution and provided evidence to explain how natural selection can 
produce adaptation in animals and plants. This revolutionary theory was pub- 
lished in the famous work On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection . 
. . (1859). Other important publications include The Variation of Animals and 
Plants under Domestication (1868); The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to 
Sex (1871) and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872). 

Biographical References: 1882. Carrington, J.T. The Entomologist 15:97-101; 1888. 
T.H.H. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London 1888: i-xxv; 1991. Desmond, A. 
and Moore, J. Darwin, 808 pp. Michael Joseph, London. 



The Catalogue 57 



Collection 

(1) 26 Ms leaves: Copy of Darwin's notes in reference to insects collected by him. 
This provides a list of numbers referring to insects collected by Darwin dur- 
ing the voyage of the Beagle in the hand of Syms Covingdon, with additions 
and corrections in Darwin's hand. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 21. 

106. DAVIES, William Maldwyn (1903-1937) 

A worker in agricultural entomology for the Ministry of Agriculture. He had 
a personal interest in the Collembola and was working on a monograph of 
the British species at the time of his death. 

Biographical Reference: 1937 Laing, F. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 73: 
92-93. 

Collection 

(1) Four Ms notebooks: [Notes and drawings of Collembola], c. 1935. 

107. DEWITZ, Herman (1848-1890) 

Dewitz was the Curator of the Natural History Museum, Berlin. During his 
life time he published a large number of papers in German entomological 
journals. 

Biographical Reference: 1890. Mik, J. Wiener Entomologische Zeitung 9:159-160, 
bibliography. 

Collection 

(1) Nine Ms leaves: [List of insects in various German collections], c. 1870s. 



Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 17. 



58 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



108. DE WORMS, Charles George Maurice, Baron (1903-1979) 

Born in London, he was educated at Eton and King's College, Cambridge. 
Most of Charles De Worms' working life was spent as a chemist at the 
Institute of the Royal Cancer Hospital and Porton Down Experimental 
Station. He became interested in ornithology but the Lepidoptera were his 
main interest. He published a large number of papers and notes mainly in The 
Entomologist and Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation. In 1962 he pub- 
lished The Macrolepidoptera of Wiltshire. De Worms was an extensive traveller, 
collecting Lepidoptera in Europe, North Africa, Australia, the West Indies 
and Canada. Most of his extensive collection was bequeathed to the Royal 
Scottish Museum in Edinburgh. He was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological 
Society of London and a member of both the London Natural History Society 
and the British Entomological and Natural History Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1980. Chalmers-Hunt, J. M. London Naturalist 59:88-89. 
Collection 

(1) Ms notes: [The Dioptidae]. 

(2) One Ms notebook: Notes on the Genitalia of the Dioptidae. Genera Dioptis 
and Josia. 

(3) Two notebooks: Genitalia of the Dioptidae Vols 1-2. 

(4) One notebook: List of the species, subspecies and forms of the Dioptidae ex 
Seitz Vol.6. 

(5) Miscellaneous notes, lists and corespondence related to the Dioptidae. 

109. DEYROLLE, Achille (1813-1865) 

Born in Lille, he eventually settled in Brussels where he helped his father in 
the City Museum. Eventually he was offered the opportunity to go on a sci- 
entific mission to Brazil, and made considerable collections over the five 
months that he was there. During his lifetime he amassed a large collection of 
Coleoptera, but published very little. 



The Catalogue 59 

Biographical Reference: 1866 Grenier, A. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de 
France (4) 6:132-134. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms : Liste des Elaterides de Deyrolle Avril 1864. 

110. DISTANT, William Lucas (1845-1922) 

His passion for natural history began to develop during a whaling voyage 
with his father in 1867. Much of Distant' s early life was spent working in a 
London tannery, and whilst thus employed he made two long visits to the 
Transvaal. The journeys were related in A Naturalist in the Transvaal (1892). 
The second visit, of some four years, gave him time to amass a large collec- 
tion of insects, many were described in Insecta Transvaaliensia (1900-1911). 
During the period 1899-1920 Distant was employed by The Natural History 
Museum, London, to work on Rhynchota. He became interested in exotic 
Rhopalocera, publishing Rhopalocera Malayana (1882-1886), but he devoted 
the major part of his time to the Rhynchota. 

Biographical Reference: 1922. Anon. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
58:66-67. 

Collection 

(1) Loose-leaf Ms: [Platypleura beiraca] unpublished. 

(2) Loose-leaf Ms: [Acanthapsis aurantiaca] unpublished. 

111. DOLLMAN, Hereward Chune (1888-1919) 

In a tragically short career Dollman achieved a considerable amount of work. 
His interest in Coleoptera started at an early age and at 16 he was elected a 
Fellow of the Entomological Society of London. After university he went to 
Africa to work on tsetse flies and to carry out a survey on sleeping sickness. 
He was a talented artist and whilst in Africa drew a great many lepidopter- 
ous larvae, particularly of the Sphingidae, for a proposed publication. This 
was never completed. All his collections came to The Natural History 



60 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
Museum, London on his death. 

Biographical Reference: 1919. J.G.D. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
55:39-140. 

Collection 

(1) Two letters: [Concerning the offer of the Dollman collection to the 
Natural History Museum], 1919. 

(2) Five collecting diaries: 1909-1912. 

(3) One Ms notebook: Coleopterous fauna of Ditchling, Sussex and the sur- 
rounding area, c. 1912. 

(4) Two collecting notebooks: Coleopterous fauna of Sussex. 

(5) Three Ms notebooks: Coleoptera taken personally, c. 1908-1912. 

(6) One Ms notebook: Botanical notebook; contains drawings. 

(7) One Ms notebook: British Coleoptera data. 

(8) One Ms notebook: Phytophagous Coleoptera and their food plants. 

(9) One Ms notebook: Notes relative to plates of Lepidoptera larvae, 1913. 

(10) One notebook: [List of British plant and insect specimens and localities]. 

(11) One folio volume: Drawings of Larvae; North West Rhodesian Lepidoptera 
with notes and data. Includes 166 drawings, c. 1914-1915. 

(12) One Ms volume: Data of Lepidoptera in the Cabinets ofH.C. Dollman 1916- 
17-18 North West Rhodesia. 

(13) Two loose-leaf Mss: [Notes relating to the Dollman drawings of 
Rhodesian lepidoptera]. 

(14) One loose-leaf Ms: Notes on Dollman' s Drawings of Rhodesian Lepidoptera 
by N.D. Riley. 

(15) One bound volume: [Copies of Dollman' s Drawings of Lepidopterous 
larvae] by RW. Frohawk. 

112. DONCKIER, Henri 

Collection 



(1) One Ms leaf: [List of specimens sold to the British Museum], 1904. 



Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 61. 



The Catalogue 61 



113. DONISTHORPE, Horace St John Kelly (1870-1951) 

Donisthorpe began to study medicine at Heidelburg, but gave up the idea of 
this profession. From about 1890 he started collecting beetles; this became his 
biding passion, only being content with specimens that he caught himself, 
and not those given and collected by others. His study of beetles associated 
with ants led him on to the study of British ants. He published two books, 
British Ants (1915) and later The Guests of British Ants (1927). These are still 
well regarded as standard works on the subject. His collection of beetles and 
ants, and his natural history library were acquired by The Natural History 
Museum, London. He was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society and 
one time Secretary and senior member of the Entomological Club. 

Biographical Reference: 1951. R.B.B[enson]. Journal of the Society for British 
Entomology 4:23-24. 

Collection 

(1) Five files: [Notes on the distribution of ants in the British Isles]. 

(2) One scrapbook: Cuttings from the Proceedings of the Entomological 
Society of London, 1891. 

(3) One scrapbook: contains copies of reviews and letters relating to British 
Ants (1915). 

(4) Five Ms volumes: Journal of British Coleoptera captured by H. Donisthorpe, 
1879-1883; 1902-1914; 1915-1930; 1930-1938; 1938-1940. Inscription reads: A 
list of the British Coleoptera taken by me and in my collection with dates, localities 
and notes on how captured, arranged in the form of a journal. 

(5) Six collecting notebooks: [Localities and food plants of Hymenoptera]. 

(6) One Ms notebook: [List of Coleoptera and Hymenoptera duplicate spec- 
imens including the names of people to whom the specimens were given]. 

(7) One Ms notebook: [List of the Coleoptera of Cambridgeshire]. 

(8) Annotated copy of Catalogue of British Coleoptera (1904). 

(9) Correspondence collection: approximately 200 letters to Donisthorpe, 
1900-1948; includes letters from: 



62 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Allen, A.A. 

Beare, Thomas Hudson (1859-1940) 
Creighton, William Steel (1902-1973) 
Eltringham, Harry (1873-1941) 
Green, Edward Ernest (1861-1949) 
Keys, James H G (1855-1941) 
Smith, Marion Russel 



1940-1948 



1900-1936 



1937 

1911-1933 



1937 



1907-1935 



1938-1939 



114. DONOVAN, Lieut.-Col. Charles (1863-1951) 

Born in Calcutta, Donovan was educated at Queen's College, Cork, and later 
Trinity College, Dublin. In 1891 he was commissioned into the Indian 
Medical Service, and finally settled at the Government General Hospital in 
Madras, returning to England on his retirement in 1919 with the rank of 
Lieutenant-Colonel. Originally interested in birds, he turned his attention to 
Lepidoptera after his arrival in Madras, and after his retirement concentrated 
completely on entomology. In 1936 he published a Catalogue of the 
Macrolepidoptera of Ireland. His collections were acquired by The Natural 
History Museum, London. 

Biographical Reference: 1952. Riley, N. D. The Entomologist 85:120. 
Collection 

(1) One Ts volume: Butterflies of Southern India including Mysore and 
Travancore, includes manuscript annotations by Donovan. 

115. DOUBLED AY, Edward (1811-1849) 

Doubleday developed an early interest in natural history and travelled to 
North America, where he collected many insect specimens. On his return he 
worked at the British Museum, where he studied the Lepidoptera collections. 
His publications include List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the 
British Museum (1844-1848) and, with J. O. Westwood, The Genera of Diurnal 
Lepidoptera (1846-1852). 



The Catalogue 63 

Biographical Reference: 1850. Douglas J.E. Zoologist 8:2712. 
Collection 

(1) Eight Ms volumes: believed to be for List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous 
Insects in the British Museum (1844-1848). 

116. DOUBLED AY, Henry (1809-1875) 

A careful, conscientious observer. His foremost interest was in the British 
Lepidoptera. He was not a prolific writer but had an extensive correspondence 
and was liberal with his supply of specimens to those interested in the subject. 
He was also a general naturalist with a particular interest in ornithology. 

Biographical Reference: 1978. Mays, R. Henry Doubleday: The Epping Naturalist. 
118pp. Mario w: Precision Press. 

Collection 

(1) Two Ms leaves: Lepidoptera from Madeira. An added Ms note reads: T.V. 
Wollaston Collection: Madeira B.M.1858:21. Determinations of Lepidoptera of 
Madeira in handwriting of Henry Doubleday this list was in the last drawer of the 
Madeiran Cabinet. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 109. 

(2) A framed oil painting of Doubleday hangs in the Entomology Library. 

(3) One autograph letter from Doubleday to Thomas Beck, 1829. 

(4) One autograph letter from Doubleday, 1875. 

117. DOUGLAS, John William (1814-1905) 

A one time President of the Royal Entomological Society and editor of The 
Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, he became interested in insects whilst work- 
ing at Kew. He published many papers and a number of books. Although his 
main interest was the Lepidoptera, Douglas was joint author of the work The 
British Hemiptera Vol.1 . Hemiptera-Heteroptera (1865). He was a social man who 



64 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

was never happier than among his fellow entomologists; he was a great 
encourager of the younger entrants to the subject. 

Biographical Reference: 1905. E.S. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 41:221- 
222. 

Collection 

(1) Three Ms notebooks: 

(i) Captures 1 1848-52. 

(ii) Captures 2 1853-56. 

(iii) [Captures] 3 1855-96. 

(2) One Ms leaf: [List of the Douglas insect collection]. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 85(2). 

118. DRIESCHE, A. Van 

Collection 

(1) One Ms leaf: Eggs of locusts 1907. 
Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 9. 

119. DRURY, Dm (1725-1803) 

Born in London, the son of a silversmith. By virtue of his marriage and inher- 
itance of the family business he was a reasonably wealthy man who could 
afford to support his most serious hobby of entomology. Drury's collection 
had great fame during his life time. He spent much time and money per- 
suading others to collect specimens for him from foreign countries. He had a 
wide correspondence with entomologists around the world. Linnaeus (1707- 
1778) and William Kirby (1759-1850) both named species after him. Between 
1770 and 1782 he published his three- volume work, Illustrations of Natural 
History, with the majority of the plates drawn and engraved by Moses Harris 
(1731-1788). His Directions for Collecting Insects in Foreign Parts was published 



The Catalogue 65 



in 1800 and translated into several languages. 

Biographical Reference: 1927. Weiss, H.B. Entomological News 38:208-214. 
Collection 

(1) Photocopy of Ms: A catalogue of the exotic insects in the collection of Dru 
Drury, 1784. From the original held in Hope Entomological Collections, 
Oxford. It was from these lists that E. Donovan prepared the Drury Sale 
Catalogue. 

(2) One Ms notebook: [Giving an account of the printing expenses incurred 
by the publication of Illustrations of Natural History], 1770-1782. 

(3) Two Ms diaries: 

(i) Vol. 1 covers the period July 1794 to April 1796. It includes general 
notes such as household tips, accounts, medical notes and wine 
production. It also includes notes on the coloration of plates by 
Moses Harris in the work Illustrations of Natural History (1770-1782). 

(ii) Vol. 2 covers the period 1801-1805. Includes notes on the 
Illustrations of Natural History (1770-1782). 

(4) Six Ms leaves: a geneological table of the Drury family, c. 1800. 

(5) One volume of miscellaneous papers, includes the following items. 

(i) Ms: Account of boxes with instruments for catching insects delivered to 
different persons 1758. 

(ii) Mss: [Lists of boxes delivered onto ships between 1768-1771]. 

(iii) [Agreements between Drury and ships captains regarding gold 
prospecting]. 

(iv) [Statements - listing the Drury estates]. 

(v) Ms: An account of the contents of Mr Lewin's Chests, 1790. 

(vi) Ms: Invoice of goods delivered on board the Buffalo for Mr J.W. Lewin, 
the return to be made in Insects from Port Jackson [Australia], 1798. 

(vii) Ms: An account of the contents of different chests of boxes sent [to] Mr. 
Lewin. 

(viii) Ms: Catalogue de la collection des Insectes de Dru Drury de Londres 
1780. 

(ix) Correspondence collection, including letters from: 



66 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Graves, Charles 1802 

Hill, William 1803 

Jarratt, Devereaux 1769 

Lewin, John William (1710-1819) 1800-1803 

Linnaeus, Carl (the younger) 1780 

Smeathman, Henry (1750-1787) 1778 

(6) One folio letterbook: contains copies of letters made by Drury to corre- 
spondents between 1761 and 1783. A complete listing of these letters is given 
by CD. Sherborn, 1937. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural 
History 1:109-111. Copies include letters to: 

Abbot, J. (1751-1840) 1774 
Bentinck, Margaret Cavendish (Dowager 

Duchess of Portland) (d. 1785) 1773-1775 

Brunnich, Martin Throne (1737-1827) 1770-1772 

Harris, Moses (1731-1788) 1770 

Hunter, William (1718-1783) 1768-1769 

Linnaeus, Carl von (1707-1778) 1770 

Pallas, Peter Simon (1741-1811) 1764-1811 

Smeathman, Henry (1750-1787) 1768-1775 



120. DUBOIS, Charles (1656-1740) 

Remembered now as a botanist and horticulturalist, he was a Fellow of the 
Royal Society and had wide interests, including entomology. He amassed a 
large collection of botanical specimens and contributed plants to the Sloane 
Herbarium. 

Biographical Reference: 1989. Jessop, L. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural 
History) Historical Series 17:1-165. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Ms notes on insects with original drawings written by a 
collector in 1692 & 1695. Includes notes and observations on insects caught in 
and around Mitcham, South London. Another later manuscript in another 



The Catalogue 67 

hand is also included: Miscellany thoughts about vegetables. 

121. DURRANT, John Hartley (1863-1928) 

Durrant was born at Hitchin in Hertfordshire, the son of a schoolmaster. He 
developed an interest in Microlepidoptera, and in 1885 Thomas de Grey, 
afterwards Lord Walsingham (1843-1919), appointed him as his private sec- 
retary and entomological assistant. He had charge of Walsingham' s 
collections and helped build his library. In 1910 Walsingham donated his col- 
lections and library to The Natural History Museum, London, B.M. 1910-427; 
he also gave sufficient funds to pay the salary of Durrant, who was to con- 
tinue to look after the collection on its transfer. Whilst on the Museum staff 
Durrant headed an inquiry into the army biscuit. In 1913 he published, a pre- 
liminary report of the temperature reached in Army biscuits during baking, 
especially with reference to the destruction of the imported flour moth 
(Ephestia kuhniella (Z) in the Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps. 20:615- 
634, plates 1-7. Durrant served on the Library Committee of the 
Entomological Society of London and was the first secretary of the British 
National Committee on Entomological Nomenclature. 

Biographical Reference: 1928. Riley, N.D. The Entomologist 61:73-75, portrait. 
Collection 

(1) Three Ms notebooks and one loose-leaf Ms relating to Jacob Hiibner 
(1761-1826) specimens. 

122. DYAR, Harrison Gray (1866-1929) 

Born in New York City, Dyar graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology and in 1889 obtained a Ph.D. at Columbia University. He was a 
wealthy man and from 1897 until his death he worked without pay as an 
Honorary Custodian of the Lepidoptera at the US National Museum, 
Washington D.C. He became an authority on the Culicidae of the Americas. 
He collaborated with Frederick Knabb and L.O. Howard in writing the four- 
volume work, The Mosquitoes of North and Central America and the West Indies 



68 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



(1912-17). Dyar was editor of the Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 
1904-1907; the Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 1909-1912 
and Insecutor Inscitiae Menstruus, 1913-1926. 

Biographical Reference: 1974. Knight, K.L. Mosquito Systematics 6:11-24, 
bibliography. 

Collection 

(1) Four Ms leaves: Eists of revised and returned insects by H.G. Dyar, 1906. 
Includes insects from Kamchatka presented by G.E.H. Barrett-Hamilton. 

Insect Room Eists: Volume 1, item 30. 
123. EASTON, Alan Maurice (1907-1989) 

Easton studied medicine at St Thomas's Hospital, London and later opened 
a medical practice in Great Bookham, Surrey where he worked for 52 years. 
As a police surgeon he developed an interest in forensic entomology. 
However, his great entomological interest concerned the genus Meligethes 
(Coleoptera). He carried out much pioneering work on these beetles; his 
collection was donated to The Natural History Museum, London. 

Biographical Reference: 1990. Bacchus, M. and Kirk-Spriggs, A. Antenna 



(1) Correspondence collection: approximately 500 letters sent from various 
British entomologists to Easton c. 1947-1978 concerning his work on 
Meligethes. Correspondents include: 



14:61-63. 



Collection 



Allen, A.A. 
Buck, ED. 
Coulson, F.J 
Frey, G. 



1947-1964 



1949-1963 



1947 



1950-1978 



Hesse, A.J. 



1966-1978 



The Catalogue 69 



Janes tscher, H. 


1967 


Johnson, C. 


1962-1968 


Last, H. 


1946-1968 


Lewis, E. 


1947-1964 


Nakane, T. 


1955-1964 


Osborne, P. 


1960-1967 


Spornraft, K. 


1964-1969 



(2) Approximately 100 drawings of Meligethes. 

124. EATON, Alfred Edwin (1845-1929) 

Interested in many aspects of entomology, especially Diptera, Eaton is best 
remembered for the work A Monograph of the Ephemeridae, published in 
Transactions of the Entomological Society of London (1871), 1-164. In 1875 Eaton 
joined an expedition to Kerguelen Island where he discovered many inter- 
esting insects. He later studied the Psychodidae and collected specimens 
from Algeria. Over a period of years he presented many specimens from 
Britain, Switzerland and Algeria to The Natural History Museum, London. 

Biographical Reference: 1929. Edwards, F.W. The Entomologist 62: 167-168. 
Collection 

(1) One Ts: An unscientific analytical synopsis of the Genera of British 
Ephemeridae, c. 1900 (This synopsis was prepared by Eaton for F.M. Halford. 
It includes annotations by Halford, K.G. Blair and M.E. Mosely.) 

125. EATON, Mary Emily (1873-1961) 

Collection 

(1) 30 watercolour drawings: Jamaican Lepidoptera, 1909-1910, with manu- 
script notes. 



70 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



126. EDELSTEN, Hubert McDonald (1877-1959) 

Edelsten was a keen Lepidopterist and contributed hundreds of notes and 
articles to The Entomologist. During the First World War he served in the Royal 
Naval Air Ambulance Service. After the War he became Secretary to the 
Committee for the Protection of British Insects. In 1939 he joined the Ministry 
of Agriculture and was concerned with the entomology of food crops. This 
work included the study of the Colorado Beetle. Publications included an 
account of the Lepidoptera of Cambridgeshire (with John Fryer) in the 
Victoria County History of Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely, Vol.1. (1938) and a 
revision of Richard South's The Moths of the British Isles (1939). Edelsten was 
an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London and an 
Associate in charge of British Lepidoptera at The Natural History Museum, 
London. His collection of 780 Lepidoptera specimens and 208 Odonata spec- 
imens was presented by his daughter to The Natural History Museum, 
London. B.M.1959-304. 

Biographical Reference: 1959. Riley, N.D. The Entomologist 92:155-157, portrait. 
Collection 

(1) Loose-leaf Ms: Contributions to the Eife history o/Oria musculosa, c. 1944. 

127. EDWARDS, Frederick Wallace (1888-1940) 

Born at Fletton, Peterborough he entered Christ College Cambridge in 1906. 
Four years later he was appointed to the staff of the Entomological Section of 
the Zoology Department of The Natural History Museum, London, working 
on the Nematocerous Diptera and in particular the Culicidae. He made two 
major expeditions. In 1926 he travelled to Argentina and Chile, bringing back 
over 20,000 specimens including 700 new species, and in 1934 he collected in 
East Africa. He published over 350 papers, describing 2,000 new species. 
These included major contributions to the Diptera of Patagonia and South Chile 
(1929-1951). He was a co-author of British Blood Sucking Flies (1939) with H. 
Oldroyd and J. Smart. Edwards was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 
1938. 



The Catalogue 71 

Biographical References: 1941. Smart, J. The Entomologist 74:22-24, portrait; 1945. 
Smart, J. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 2:19-34, 
bibliography. 

Collection 

(1) Ms collection: Includes: 

(i) List of Chironomidae in the Cambridge University Museum of Zoology 

(ii) East Indian Dipt[em]. Nem[atocera] in Amsterdam Museum. 

(iii) [A.E.] Holmgren's Spitzbergen Nematocera & Bear Island. Notes made in 
Stockholm Museum, 1923. 

(iv) [J.W.] Meigen's Sciara in Paris Museum. 

(v) Notes on Meunier's types of amber Mycetophilidae, 1933. 

(vi) Miscellaneous notes and drawings. 

(2) Memorandum from Edwards to C. J. Gahan regarding Edwards 7 style of 
dress, 1915. 

128. ELIOT, John Nevill 

Eliot's father was a keen lepidopterist and passed his enthusiasm on to his 
son. J. N. Eliot was a professional soldier, eventually being promoted to the 
rank of Colonel. He has published many entomological papers and edited 
revised editions of The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula (1978 and 1992) by 
A. S. Corbet and H. M. Pendlebury. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Colonel Eliot's observations on the Riviera at Cavalaise, 
1949. 

(2) Three Ms notebooks: Observations for dates of Lepidoptera round St Jean-de 
Luz, c. 1947-1960. 

(3) 12 Ms notebooks: Lepidoptera notes and observations, c. 1947-1955. 

129. ELLIOTT, Ernest. A. (d. 1936) 

A keen hymenopterist, he was a Fellow of the Zoological Society and Royal 
Entomological Society of London. 



72 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

Biographical Reference: 1936. Imms, A.D. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological 
Society London (C) 1:55. 

Collection 

(1) One bound Ts: Monograph of the Hymenopterous Family Stephanidae, 1920. 
(This was published in the Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1922, 
pp. 705-834.) 

130. EMDEN, Fritz Isidore van (1898-1958) 

Born in Amsterdam, van Emden studied natural history at the University of 
Leipzig. He became a professional entomologist working at the Deutsches 
Entomologisches Institut in Berlin and the Natural History Museum in 
Dresden. In 1936 he moved to England, joining the staff of the Imperial 
Institute of Entomology as a dipterist, although his personal interest was 
always the Coleoptera. His publications include the Tachinidae and 
Calliphoridae volume in the series, Handbooks for the Identification of British 
Insects, Vol. X. Pt.4(a) (1954), published by the Royal Entomological Society of 
London, and Diptera Vol. 7 (1965) on the Muscidae, in the Fauna of India. 

Biographical Reference: 1958. Oldroyd, H. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. 
94:228-229, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf Ms: [Coleoptera especially the Rhipiceridae]. 

131. ENTOMOLOGICAL MISCELLANEA 

Collection 

(1) A miscellaneous collection of nineteenth-century entomological items 
including advertisements, newspaper cuttings, entomological society leaflets. 
Also includes: 

(i) One Ms: List of Native Lepidoptera collected during the summer of 1857, 
by the Master Mason of Little Friday Hill, Chingford, Essex. 



132. EVANS, R. du B. 



The Catalogue 73 



Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Notes on Butterflies and Moths, c. 1924. 

(2) One Ms notebook: Butterflies and Moths. Relates to collection from South 
America donated to The Natural History Museum, London. B.M.I 934-29. 

133. EVANS, William Harry (1876-1956) 

Born in Shillong, Assam, Evans was sent as a boy to King's School, 
Canterbury When he was 18 years old he joined the Royal Engineers serving 
in India, Somaliland and France, eventually attaining the rank of Brigadier. 
Throughout his service in India he collected butterflies. His Keys for the 
Identification of Indian Butterflies was originally published in parts in the 
journal of the Bombay Natural History Society and was later produced as a 
monograph in 1927. On his retirement in 1932 he settled close to The Natural 
History Museum in London. There he made a particular study of the 
Hesperiidae, culminating in a series of catalogues of the Hesperiidae in the 
British Museum (Natural History), published in three series: Africa (1937); 
Europe, Asia and Australia (1949) and America (1951-1955). He was a Fellow of 
the Royal Entomological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1956. Riley, N.D. Lepidopterist's News 10:193-199 
Collection 

(1) Loose-leaf Ms: A Catalogue of the American Hesperiidae in the British 
Museum (Natural History), Pts 1-4, c. 1950. 

(2) Nine plates of original drawings: Catalogue of American Hesperiidae, Pt.l, 
c. 1950. 

(3) Loose-leaf Ms: A Catalogue of the Hesperiidae in the British Museum 
(Natural History) from Europe, Asia and Australia, c. 1949. 

(4) One Ms notebook: Indian Butterflies Lycaenidae. Contains nature prints of 
specimens. 

(5) One album: Indian Butterflies. Contains nature prints of specimens. 



74 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

(6) Two Ms notebooks: A Review of the Amblypodia Group (Lepidoptera - 
Lycaenidae). 

(7) Three Ms notebooks: Addenda and corrigenda to the Catalogue of 
Hesperiidae in the British Museum. 

(8) Two Ms notebooks: ' Arhopala' . 

(9) One Ms collecting diary: Localities St Vincent, W. Indies, c. 1889. 

(10) Two Ms notebooks: containing nature prints and notes. 

(11) One Ms notebook: Catalogue of Coleoptera from Grenada, c. 1891. 

(12) One MS loose-leaf notebook: Register ofB.M. Types of Hesperiidae. 

(13) Original drawings : Catalogue of the African Hesperiidae, 1937. 

(14) Original drawings: Catalogue of the Hesperiidae from Europe, Asia and 
Australia, 1949. 

134. FASSNIDGE, William (1888-1949) 

For most of his working life Fassnidge was employed as a modern language 
master in Southampton. His particular interest was collecting Palaearctic 
Lepidoptera and the varieties of Peronea cristana. He was a member of the 
South London Entomological and Natural History Society and a Fellow of 
the Royal Entomological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1949, S.N. A.J. The Entomologist's Record and Journal of 
Variation 61:58-59. 

Collection 

(1) Correspondence collection: approximately 100 miscellaneous letters 
sent to Fassnidge and others, c. 1926. 

135. FELDER, Cajetan von (1814-1894) 

In 1848 Felder became a barrister and during his life stood three times for 
election as Mayor of Vienna. With the help of his son Rudolf Felder (1842- 
1871) he amassed a huge entomological collection. His publications 
culminated with his contributions to the work, Reise der Osterreichischen 
Fregatte Novara 1857-59, Zoologischer Theil, Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera (1864- 



The Catalogue 75 



1867) by C. and R. Felder. His collection of Lepidoptera and Coleoptera were 
sold to Lionel Walter Rothschild (1868-1937), who in turn bequeathed his col- 
lection to The Natural History Museum, London in 1937. 

Biographical Reference: 1894. Rogenhofer, A.R Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 
Iris 7:363. 

Collection 

(1) Approximately 1,000 letters sent to Felder, c. 1856-1891. Includes letters 
from: 

Bates, Henry Walter (1825-1892) 1859-1869 

Becker, Alexander (1818-1901) 1857 

Becker, Theodor (1840-1928) 1856-1859 

Behr, Hans Herman (1818-1904) 1870-1871 

Bilimek, Dominik 1869-1871 

Boheman, Carl Heinrich (1796-1868) 1859-1863 
Boisduval, Jean Baptiste Alphonse 

Dechauffour de (1799-1879) 1872 

Bremer, Otto (d. 1873) 1859-1869 

Brunner von Wattenwyl, Carl (1823-1914) 1870 

Butler, Arthur Gardiner (1844-1925) 1869-1870 
Castelneau, Francois Louis Nompar de- 

Caumont de Laporte de (1810-1880) 1860-1868 

Chaudoir, Maximilien de (1816-1881) 1860-1868 

Dohrn, Carl August (1806-1892) 1856-1860 

Doleschall, Carl Ludwig (1827-1859) 1856-1859 

Edwards, Henry (1830-1891) 1870-1876 

Edwards, William Henry (1822-1909) 1867-1876 

Ferrari, Johann Angelo (1806-1876) 1869 

Fitzinger, Leopold Joseph (1802-1884) 1865 

Frauenfeld, Georg Ritter von (1807-1873) 1867 

Herrich-Schaffer, Gottlieb August W. (1799-1874) 1859-1864 

Hewitson, William Chapman (1806-1878) 1878 

Higgins, Edmund Thomas 1869-1871 



76 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Kheil, Napoleon Manuel (1849-1923) 1888-1891 

Lederer, Julius (1821-1870) 1870 

Maasen, J. Peter (1810-1890) 1878 

Menetries, Edouard (1802-1861) 1858-1861 

Mniszech, Georges Vandalin (d. 1881) 1869 

Moore, Frederic (1830-1907) 1881 
Niceville, Charles Lionel Augustus de (1852-1890) 1890 

Niepelt, Wilhelm (1862-1936) 1887 

Oberthur, Charles (1845-1924) 1870 

Ribbe, Heinrich (1832-1898) 1891 

Salle, Auguste (1820-1896) 1860-1862 

Salvin, Osbert (1835-1898) 1864-1871 

Saussure, Henri Louis Frederic de (1829-1905) 1866 

Schaufuss, Ludwig Wilhelm (1833-1890) 1861 

Scott, Alexander Walter (1800-1883) 1873 

Sikora, Franz (d. 1902) 1890 
Snellen van Vollenhoven, Samuel Constant 

(1816-1880) 1860-1873 

Staudinger, Otto (1830-1900) 1872-1890 

Stevens, Samuel (1817-1899 1860-1870 

Stichel, Hans (1862-1936) 1890-1891 

Stoliczka, Ferdinand (1838-1874) 1864-1872 

Suffert, Ernst (d. 1907) 1866-1869 

Thiele, Hermann (1841-1918) 1890 

Trimen, Roland (1840-1916) 1867-1868 

Walker, Francis (1809-1874) 1869-1870 

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823-1913) 1862-1869 

Wallengren, Hans Daniel Johan (1823-1894) 1869 

Watkins, William (1849-1900) 1895 

Westwood, John Obadiah (1805-1893) 1871 



136. FENN, Charles (1840-1925) 



For most of his working life he was employed in the Bank of England. Fenn was 
a keen lepidopterist and discovered Nonagria brevilinea in the Norfolk fenlands. 



The Catalogue 77 

Biographical Reference: 1926. Adkin, R. The Entomologist 59:120 
Collection 

(1) Two Ms volumes : Lepidoptera Data. Contains an alphabetical list of cap- 
tures and their localities, c. 1860-1893. 

(2) One Ms volume: Entomological Notes etc. with Larval Index. 

(3) One Ms volume: Descriptions of Lepidopterous Larvae. 

137. FENYES, Adelbert (1863-1937) 

Born in Hungary, he trained as a doctor and practised medicine for several 
years in Egypt. Later Fenyes moved to California and developed a keen inter- 
est in ornithology and entomology. He collected in America and Mexico and 
amassed an extensive collection which was purchased by the California 
Academy of Sciences. He became a world authority on the Staphylinid tribe 
Aleocharinae. 

Biographical Reference: 1937. Fall, H.C. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 13:145-147, 
portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms leaf: Collection of N. Amlerican] Aleocharinae from Dr. A. Fenyes. 
B.M.1910-402. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 89. 

138. FLETCHER Josh 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook : A Catalogue of Brazilian Insects in the Collection of Josh 
Fletcher Esq, 1829. 



78 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
139. FLETCHER, Thomas Bainbrigge (1878-1950) 

A one time naval paymaster, in 1910 he transferred from the navy to be 
Imperial Entomologist to the Government of India. He had interests in all 
spheres of entomology, including the problems of economic pests in India. 
His prime concern, however, was the Microlepidoptera on which he concen- 
trated after his retirement. During World War II Bainbrigge Fletcher was of 
considerable help to The Natural History Museum, London, allowing part of 
its valuable insect collections and libraries to be stored at his home in the 
Gloucestershire countryside. Among his major publications are Some South 
Indian Insects (1914) and A List of Generic Names used for Microlepidoptera 
(1929). 

Biographical Reference: 1952. Sen, S.K. Indian Journal of Entomology 14:87-90, 
portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: List of Captures, 1880-1920. Specimens now in The 
Natural History Museum, London. 

(2) Five private journals: entomological notes written whilst serving on var- 
ious naval ships: 

(i) HMS Emanuel and HMS Centurion, in Korea and Singapore, 1895- 
1896. 

(ii) HMS Centurion in Vladivostok and Yokohama, 1899. 

(iii) HMS Edgar in Colombo and Suez Canal. 
HMS Gladiator in Morocco, 1900-1901. 

(iv) HMS Sealark at various ports, 1908. 

(3) One Ms notebook: List of captures whilst serving on HMS Centurion in 
China, 1899. 

(4) One letterbook: 1910-1913 (a few additions 1944-1945). 

(5) 22 diaries: mostly collecting data, 1921-1947. 

(6) Three boxes of Ms notes: [Notes on Oxyptilus, Agdistis and Platyptilia]. 

(7) Seven folders of Mss: [Notes on Microleidoptera families]. 

(8) Correspondence collection containing approximately 800 letters, includ- 
ing letters from: 



The Catalogue 79 



Audcent, Henri, L.F. (1875-1951) 


1943 


Beirne, Bryan P. (b. 1918) 


1939-1949 


Burr, Malcolm (1878-1954) 


1910-1950 


Caradja, Aristide (1861-1955) 


1901-1939 


Clutterbuck, Charles Granville (1871-1957) 


1935-1949 


Cockayne, Edward Alfred (1880-1956) 


1923-1948 


Curtis, William Parkinson (1878-1968) 


1933-1946 


Dannreuther, T. (1873-1963) 


1935-1948 


Diakonoff, Alexander Mikhailovich (1907-1989) 


1938-1947 


Ford, Leonard Talman (1880-1961) 


1935-1948 


Green, Edward Ernest (1861-1949) 


1906-1938 


Hallet, Howard Mountjoy (1878-1958) 


1942-1945 


Hayward, Kenneth J. (1891-1972) 


1937-1938 


Hering, Erich Martin (1893-1967) 


1933-1938 


Janse, Antonie Johannes Theodorus (1877-1970) 


1935-1944 


Jones, Frank Morton (1869-1962) 


1925-1935 


Jordan, Heinrich Ernst Karl (1861-1959) 


1936-1940 


Lhomme, Leon (1867-1949) 


1934-1936 


Marshall, Guy Anstruther Knox (1871-1959) 


1934-1938 


Marshall, John Frederick (1874-1959) 


1936-1945 


Obraztsov, Nikolaus Sergeyevich (1905-1966) 


1948-1949 


Strand, Embrik (1876-1947) 


1922-1936 



140. FOSTER, W. 

Collection 

(1) Four Ms leaves: List of the Coleoptera collected by the Sladen Expedition to 
Santa Anna da Chapada in Matto Grosso, and Central Brazil, 1903. 

(2) Six Ms leaves: Collections sent for determination by W. Foster from Sapuray, 
Paraguay, 1903. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, items 19,20. 



80 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

141. FOUNTAINS Margaret Elizabeth (1862-1940) 

Born near Norwich, she developed an early interest in butterflies. Margaret 
Fountaine travelled through Europe, Africa, India, America and the West 
Indies collecting specimens. Her collection of over 22,000 butterflies was 
bequeathed to the Castle Museum, Norwich. 

Biographical Reference: 1980. Cater,. W. E (ed.) Love Among the Butterflies: The 
Travels and Adventures of a Victorian Lady. 223pp. Collins, London. 

Collection 

(1) Four volumes: 862 original watercolour drawings of Lepidoptera larvae 
and pupae with food plants. 

(i) Vol.1 Larvae and Pupae from South America, India, Ceylon and Malaya, 
1907-1914. 

(ii) Vol.2 Larvae and Pupae from North America, West Indies, Central 
America, Malaya, Java, Australia, Fiji Islands, New Zealand, France, 
Burma, China, Philippines, Canary islands and West Africa, 1910-1926. 

(iii) Vol. 3. Larvae and Pupae from West Africa, Canary Islands, South 
America and United States, 1926-1931. 

(iv) Vol.4. Larvae and Pupae, 1931-1939. 

(2) One folder: Correspondence and notes regarding the probate of the 
Fountaine will, between her executors and N.D. Riley of The Natural History 
Museum, London, 1940-41. 

(3) One folder: Correspondence between N.D. Riley and M. Fountaine, 
1932-1939. 

142. FRASER, Frederic Charles (1880-1963) 

Born at Woolwich, he developed an early interest in natural history and in 
particular the Odonata. Fraser studied medicine and in 1907 joined the 
Indian Medical Service. He had a number of apppointments in India and 
made extensive collections of dragonflies from India, Ceylon and Burma. He 
published over 300 papers and publications, including three volumes on 
Odonata in the Fauna of British India (1933-1936), A Reclassification of the order 



The Catalogue 81 



Odonata (1957) and A Handbook of Dragonflies of Australasia (1960). 

He described hundreds of new species and presented type material to The 
Natural History Museum, London. He was a Fellow of the Royal 
Entomological Society of London and of the Royal Zoological Society of New 
South Wales. 

Biographical Reference: 1963. Kimmins, D. The Entomologist 96:94-95. 
Collection 

(1) Correspondence: 70 letters from RC. Fraser to A.E. Gardner and 20 
letters from Gardner to Fraser, c. 1949-1958. 

(2) One Ms notebook: [Notes on Orthoptera and Odonata wings]. 

(3) One Ts and drawings: [A proposed revision of Lestidae] (incomplete). 

(4) One volume: Sketches from living Odonata or from spirit specimens. Drawn 
over a period of twenty years, c. 1920-1940. 

(5) One volume of original watercolour drawings Lepidoptera Indica larvae, 
1908-1918. 

143. FREY, Heinrich (1822-1890) 

Born in Frankfurt, his interest in entomology, particularly the Lepidoptera, 
developed from an early age. In 1849 he settled in Zurich, accepting a profes- 
sorship in the medical faculty at the University in 1851. It was in Zurich that 
he met his lifelong friend Jacob Boll, who contributed much to Frey's first 
major work concerning the microlepidoptera, Die Tineen und Pterophoren der 
Schweiz, published in 1856. Besides publishing many entomological papers, 
Frey also had a considerable reputation as a medical writer. 

Biographical Reference: 1890. Stainton, H.T. The Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine 26:113-117. 

Collection 

(1) Approximately 200 letters to Frey, mostly from European entomologists 
c. 1856-1885. Includes letters from: 



82 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Boll, Jacob (1828-1880) 

Herrich-Schaffer, Gottlieb August Wilhelm (1799-1874) 

Ragonot, Emile Louis (1843-1895) 

Rougemont, Frederic (1838-1917) 

Stainton, Henry Tibbats (1822-1892) 

Turati, Gianfranco (1861-1905) 

Zeller, Philip Christoph (1808-1883) 



1871-1876 
1851-1857 
1879-1882 
1882-1886 



1855-1883 



1881-1855 



1855-1882 



144. FROHAWK, Frederick William (1861-1946) 

Born at Brisley Hall, Norfolk, he developed an early love of natural history, 
and displayed a natural talent for painting and drawing. During his life he 
was commissioned to illustrate many publications including The Field, and 
many natural history books. Lord Rothschild employed him as an artist, as 
did The Natural History Museum, London. His particular entomological 
interests centred on British butterflies. For over twenty years he bred every 
species of British butterfly, and published his observations and illustrations 
in the classic work The Natural History of the British Butterflies (1924). In 1934 
he published The Complete Book of British Butterflies, which was followed in 
1938 by the Varieties of British Butterflies. He was a Fellow of the 
Entomological Society of London and became a Special Life Fellow in 1926. 

Biographical Reference: 1987. Chatfield, J. F.W. Frohawk His Life and Work. 
184pp. Crowood Press, London. 



(1) Seven boxes : manuscripts, drawings, proofplates and notebooks relat- 
ing to The Natural History of the British Butterflies (1924). 

(2) Two volumes of original watercolour drawings: The Natural History of 
British Butterflies. 

(3) One volume of 48 original watercolour drawings, Varieties of British 
Butterflies. 

(4) 40 original watercolour drawings: [British Lepidoptera]. Published by 
The Natural History Museum as a series of postcards. 



Collection 



The Catalogue 83 



145. GABRIEL, Alfred George (1884-1968) 

Gabriel worked for many years in the Department of Entomology of The 
Natural History Museum, London as Senior Scientific Officer. He published 
many entomological papers between 1936 and 1954, including: Catalogue of 
the Type Specimens of Lepidoptera Rhopalocera in the British Museum (Natural 
History), co-authored with N.D. Riley (1924-1927), and the Rhopalocera part 
(Vol. 3, No. 3, 1939) of Ruwenzori Expedition 1934-35. He was a Fellow of the 
Royal Entomological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1969. Kennedy, J.S. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological 
Society of London (C) 33:55. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Collections dealt with by A.G.G., c. 1923-1938. 

146. GAEDE, Max 

Primarily a Lepidopterist, he contributed parts to the work Lepidopterorum 
Catalogus (1911-1939), edited by P.O.C. Aurivillius and H. Wagner. 

Collection 

(1) One loose leaf Ms: [Unpublished Microlepidoptera parts of Lepi- 
dopterorum Catalogus], c. 1930s. 

147. GAMBLES, Robert Moylan (1910-1990) 

Born in London, Gambles was educated at Westminster School, Trinity 
College, Cambridge and the Royal Veterinary College, Edinburgh. Apart 
from a two-year spell in Palestine, he was Veterinary Officer in Cyprus, 1935- 
1948, and then served in Nigeria, 1949-1962, becoming Principal of the 
Veterinary School at Vom, finally returning to England in 1962. The last eight 
years of his career were spent as Research Officer with the Ministry of 
Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. His main interests were the Odonata, and 
the helminthological and entomological aspects of parasitology. Gambles 



84 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London and an Honorary 
Associate of The Natural History Museum, London. 

Biographical Reference: 1991. Parr, M.J. Odonatologica 20:369-373. 
Collection 

(1) Four boxes: correspondence between Robert Gambles and other scien- 
tists, including: 



Corbet, Phillip S. 


1953-1986 


Corbet, Sarah A. 


1970-1984 


Fraser, Frederick Charles (1880-1963) 


1959-1962 


Gardner, A.E. 


1954-1976 


Leonard, J. 


1977-1985 


Longfield, Cynthia (1896-1991) 


1950-1985 


Marshall, A.G. 


1974-1980 


Pinhey, Elliot Charles Gordon (b. 1910) 


1959-1984 



(2) Two boxes: Miscellaneous correspondence, including letters relating to 
Nature Conservancy Council Surveys, c. 1967-1988. 

(3) One box: [Notes and diagrams on a variety of Odonata species, and 
helminth parasites]. 

(4) One box: Five Ms files, including, Cyprus Laboratory Reports 1935-1938, 
Laboratory Reports 1939-1944 and Colonial Records which includes letters from 
R.M. Gambles in Nigeria. 

(5) One box: Personal correspondence, 1965-1988. 

(6) One box: [Miscellaneous loose notes, sketches and photographs]. 

(7) Nine boxes: Approximately 40 Ms drafts of scientific papers, c. 1960- 
1980. 

(8) Typed Ms: [Lists of papers published by R.M. Gambles and a resume of 
his education, career and qualifications], c. 1980. 



The Catalogue 85 



148. GARDINER, J. 

Collection 

(1) Three Ms notebooks: notes on bee-keeping, and the sightings of various 
British insects, c. 1901-1963. 

149. GEBIEN, Hans (1874-1947) 

Born in Germany, he became a world authority on the Tenebrionidae. His col- 
lection was given to the Hamburg Museum and the Frey Collection in 
Munich. 

Biographical Reference: 1948. Anon. Coleopterists' Bulletin 2:25. 
Collection 

(1) Annotated typed Ms : Catalogue of the Tenebrionidae of the Ethiopian Region 
(Africa), 1947. 

150. GENE, Carlo Giuseppe (1800-1847) 

Educated at the University of Pavia, he studied philosophy and mathematics. 
He suffered a long and serious illness and during his convalescence became 
interested in natural history. Gene corresponded with Franco Andrea Bonelli 
(1784-1830) and when Bonelli died, was invited to take up his post in Turin. 
In 1821 he started to publish works on economic entomology. His later works 
concentrated on the taxonomy of various groups of insects and ticks. 

Biographical Reference: 1851. Sismonda, E. Memorie della reale Accademia delle 
Scienze di Torino 11:1-19. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Miscellanee entomologiche raccolte per cur a ed uso del Dr 
G. Gene [Extracts from papers by various entomologists, including Amedee 
Louis Michel Lepeletier de St Fargeau (1770-1845) and Dominique Cirillo 
(1734-1799)], c. 1830. 



86 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



151. GIBBINS, Ernest Gerald (1900-1942) 

In 1929 Gibbins joined the Uganda Malaria Unit and for the rest of his life 
worked on insects of medical importance, especially tsetse flies and the 
Simuliidae. He was murdered in Uganda by local tribesmen suspicious of his 
collecting activities. He was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of 
London. 

Biographical Reference: 1944. Cockayne, E.A. Proceedings of the Royal 
Entomological Society of London (C) 8:70. 

Collection 

(1) Correspondence collection: 100 letters sent to Gibbins, 1936-1942, 
including letters from: 

Barnard, Keppel H. 1937-1938 

De Meillon, B. 1936-1939 

Edwards, Frederick Wallace (1888-1940) 1932-1937 

Marshall, Guy Anstruther Knox (1871-1959) 1940-1941 

(2) Two Ms notebooks: [Notes on the Simuliidae], c. 1920-1942. 

152. GODMAN, Frederick DuCane (1834-1919) 

Born at Park Hatch, Surrey, Godman was educated at Eton and Trinity 
College, Cambridge. At university he met Osbert Salvin (1835-1898), who 
became his lifelong friend. They shared a love of natural history, especially 
ornithology, and were two of the founder members of the British 
Ornithological Union. In 1857 Salvin made the first of many visits to Central 
America and became fascinated by the natural history of the area. In 1861 
Godman joined Salvin on his third expedition to Guatemala, collecting and 
observing natural history. Godman also became interested in island faunas 
and visited the Azores in 1865, publishing The Natural History of the Azores in 
1870. When in London, Godman and Salvin spent much time together, study- 
ing their extensive collections and attending scientific meetings. They 
employed expert collectors, such as George Charles Champion (1851-1927), 



The Catalogue 87 



to visit special localities in many countries, including Colombia, Ecuador and 
Peru. In 1876 it was suggested that they should publish a fauna and flora of 
Central America and thus became joint editors of the classic work, Biologia 
Centr ali- Americana, (1879-1915), consisting of 215 parts in 63 volumes. Many 
authors contributed to the work. The volumes concerned with the Aves and 
Rhopalocera were written by the editors. Salvin died in 1898, leaving 
Godman to complete the work. Godman purchased many collections of birds 
and insects, including the H.W. Bates collection of butterflies, the A. Salle col- 
lection of Coleoptera and the Janson collection of Elateridae. All the insects 
from Mexico and Central America and the bird collections were presented to 
The Natural History Museum, London between 1870 and 1919. The butterfly 
collection alone consisted of over 100,000 specimens. The collections repre- 
sent one of the most valuable acquisitions ever received by the Museum. 

Godman was a Fellow of the Royal, Linnean and Zoological Societies. He 
was President of the Entomological Society of London and was a Trustee of 
The Natural History Museum, London. On his death, the Godman Trustees 
set up a fund to aid travel and research associated with natural history. 

Biographical References: 1915. Godman, EO. Biologia Centr ali- Americana 1:1-12, 
Autobiography; 1933. Neave, A. Centennial History of the Entomological Society 
of London. xlvi + 224pp. (pp.153-154.) London. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook : Mexican Rhopalocera in the Berlin Museum (includes 
the Staudinger collection). 

(2) One Ms notebook : Index to the species and genera of American Hesperiinae 
in the Godman and Salvin Collect^ (some synonyms not included). The 
Pamphilinae have not been indexed, c. 1901. 

(3) Pen-and-ink and watercolour drawings from volumes of the Biologia 
Centr ali- Americana: 

(i) Diptera, Vols. I-III (1886-1903): approximately 200 drawings by 
Frederick Maurits Van der Wulp (1818-1899) and J.E. Collin. 

(ii) Rhopalocera, Vol. Ill (1876-1901): 75 drawings of genitalia. 

(iii) Hymenoptera, Vol. Ill (1899-1901): approximately 50 drawings. 

(iv) Orthoptera, Vols. I-II (1893-1909): approximately 50 drawings. 



88 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

(v) Neuroptera, (1892-1980): approximately 30 drawings. 

(vi) Coleoptera, Vol. II (1887-1890) and Vol. IV (1884-1910): approximately 
500 drawings by Baron Max Schlereth. 

(vii) Rhynchota, Vol. II (1894-1909): approximately 300 drawings. 

(4) One notebook: [lists stocks of copies of Biologia Centrali- Americana, 1907]. 

(5) One Ms leaf: Number of insects presented by Dr. Godman up to Oct. 7th 1907. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 35. 

153. GOODSON,F.W. 

Goodson was employed by Lionel Walter Rothschild (1868-1937) to work on 
his Lepidoptera collection at Tring Museum, Hertfordshire. 

Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf Ms: [notes on Lepidoptera], c. 1920s. 

(2) One Ms notebook: Notes on Theclinae, Fabricius, c. 1920s. 

154. GORHAM, Henry Stephen (1839-1920) 

Educated at Rugby, he then studied civil engineering. He later studied theol- 
ogy at Lichfield and held a number of curacies before becoming vicar of 
Shipley, Sussex. He collected birds eggs, fossils, minerals and land-shells but 
his particular interest was Coleoptera. He published entomological papers 
for over 40 years, his most important works included Endomycici recitati (1873) 
and his contributions on the Erotylidae, Endomychidae and Coccinellidae 
(1887-1889) in the Biologia Centrali- Americana (1879-1915). Part of his 
Coleoptera collection was purchased by The Natural History Museum, 
London. B.M.1927-143. Gorham was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological 
Society of London, the Zoological Society and of the Societe Entomologique 
de France. 



The Catalogue 89 



Biographical Reference: 1920. Tomlin, J.R. le B. The Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine 56:112-113. 

Collection 

(1) Three volumes: published papers, c. 1840-1910, on Cleridae, Lampyridae 
and Lycidae, annotated by Gorham. 

(2) Author's annotated copy: Endomycici recitati: A Catalogue of the Coleo- 
pterous group, Endomycici, with Descriptions of New Species and Notes (1873). 

(3) Portrait in oils of H.S. Gorham by A.H. Smith, c. 1910. 

(4) Portrait in oils of Clara d'Orville Gorham (1833-1915) by A.H. Smith, c. 
1910. 

155. GOSSE, Philip Henry (1810-1888) 

Born at Worcester, Gosse developed a wide interest in natural history. He is 
remembered for his many popular works, including, The Birds of Jamaica 
(1847); A Naturalist's Sojourn in Jamaica (1851); A Manual of Marine Zoology for 
the British Isles (1855-56); A Year at the Shore (1865) and The Great Atlas Moth of 
Asia (1879). He published many entomological papers in The Entomologist and 
The Zoologist. In 1856 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and in 1879 
a Fellow of the Entomological Society of London. 

Biographical References: 1888. Carrington, J.T. The Entomologist 21:264; 1980. 
Freeman, R.B. and Wertheimer, D. Philip Henry Gosse : A Bibliography, 148pp. 
Dawson, Kent. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook : Descriptions of the Genital Prehensors in the Papilionidae, 
1882. 

156. GOULD, Maurice H. 

Collection 

(1) Unpublished Ts: Insectiana, c. 1941. Includes five original oil paintings. 



90 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

157. GRAVES, Philip Percival (1876-1953) 

Educated at Oxford University, Graves became the Near East correspondent 
for The Times, London. During World War I he served in the Intelligence 
Corps in Egypt, Arabia and Palestine. After the war he returned to The Times 
and travelled widely in Ireland, India and the Balkans. He published many 
works on European and Near East problems. He developed a great interest 
in entomology, especially in the Lepidoptera and Odonata, collecting in 
Palestine, Cyprus, Bulgaria, Egypt, England and Ireland. He presented 
specimens to The Natural History Museum, London and in 1937 his collec- 
tion of Lepidoptera and notebooks from the Near East were purchased by 
The Natural History Museum, London. B.M.1937-655. Graves was a Fellow 
of the Royal Entomological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1953. E.S.A.B. The Entomologist's Record and Journal of 
Variation 65:272. 

Collection 

(1) Four Ms notebooks: [Inventory of 9000 Lepidoptera specimens from the 
Near East], c. 1937. 

(2) One Ms notebook: List of the Lepidoptera of the Near East in the B.M. Coll. 

158. GREEN, Edward Ernest (1861-1949) 

Born in Ceylon, he was educated at Charterhouse School. He returned to 
Ceylon in 1880 to manage his father's plantations. Green developed a keen 
interest in mycology and entomology related to coffee and tea growing. On 
his retirement in 1913 he returned to England and expanded his collections of 
scale-insects. His publications included The Coccidae of Ceylon (1896-1922) and 
over 200 papers. 

Biographical Reference: 1949 Laing, F. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
85:215-216, portrait. 



The Catalogue 91 

Collection 

(1) One letter: from Green to G.F. Hampson regarding an insect drawing 
1905. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 15. 

(2) Original drawings for The Coccidae of Ceylon (1896-1922). 

159. GUENEE, Achille (1809-1880) 

Born at Chartres, Guenee developed an early interest in entomology. His par- 
ticular interest concerned the Lepidoptera and he became one of the most 
distinguished Lepidopterists of France. He published over 50 papers, mostly 
in the Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France. His most important works 
were the 5 volumes (1852-1857) of the Species General des Lepidopteres which 
formed part of Collection des Suites a Buffon. 

Biographical References: 1881. Anon. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. 
17:214-216; 1881. Grote, A.R. Papilio 1:31-35. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Catalogue general des Lepidopteres du globe, c. 1860. 

(2) One Ms notebook: [Observations on the synonymy of European 
Lepidoptera with an additional section giving provisional names of exotic 
species], c. 1857. 

(3) One loose-leaf Ms: Catalogue des Lepidopteres de ma collection. Classes sys- 
tematiquement d'apres ma methode avec Vindication des genres et groupes qui me 
manquent de maniere a presenter un Catalogue general des Lepidopteres du Globe, 
1863. 

160. GUERIN-MENEVILLE, Felix Edouard (1799-1874) 

Born at Toulon, he developed an interest in all aspects of entomology. His 
early studies concentrated on descriptive and systematic work. Later he 
devoted much of his time to study of the the vine-pest Phylloxera and silk- 



92 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

producing moths. He founded the Magasin de Zoologie in 1831 and was editor 
of the journal until his death. He was an honorary Fellow of the 
Entomological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1874. Anon. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
10:233-234. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms leaf: Collection Guerin Meneville Catalogues des types . 
Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 104. 

(2) Original drawings and Ms text for an unpublished work on Agricultural 
Entomology. 

161. GUNN, Donald Livingstone (1905-1983) 

Donald Gunn graduated from Cardiff University in 1935. He moved to 
Birmingham University and remained there until 1946, carrying out pioneer- 
ing work on developing an analytical approach to animal behaviour. In 1940 
he co-authored with G.S. Fraenkel, The Orientation of Animals. In 1946 he 
joined the Anti-Locust Research Centre and began research on locust physi- 
ology and helped to encourage the use of aircraft in locust control. In 1952 
Gunn became Director of the International Red Locust Control Service based 
in Northern Rhodesia and later Director of the Tea Research Institute in Sri 
Lanka. He was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London and 
was President of the Association of Applied Biologists. 

Biographical Reference: 1984. Chapman, R.F. and Haskell, RT. Antenna 8:14-15. 
Collection 

(1) Three annotated photograph albums: [Photographs of research into 
locust control in Kenya], 1945. 

(2) Ts: Locust Encompassed, c. 1950. 

(3) Collection of miscellaneous Gunn reports, photographs and letters. 



The Catalogue 93 

162. HALFORD, Frederick M. (d. 1914) 

The Halford family was from the Midlands, but moved to London when 
Frederick was seven years old. Known for his important work on dry-fly fish- 
ing, Halford was also a keen entomologist. The vast amount of information 
which he amassed on aquatic insects was incorporated in his book Dry Fly 
Entomology (1902). Halford's other works include, Floating Flies and How to 
Dress Them (1886), Dry Fly Fishing in Theory and Practice (1889), The Dry-Fly 
Man's Handbook (1913) and Modern Development of the Dry Fly (1911). He also 
published articles in The Field under the pseudonym 'Detached Badger'. 

Biographical Reference: 1903. Halford. F.M. An Angler's Autobiography. 286pp. 
London. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms volume: An incomplete draft of The Dry -Fly Man's Handbook 
published in 1913. Inscribed in the front, "Presented to Martin E. Mosely by 
Mr. Frederick M. Halford 1913." 

163. HAMPSON, George Francis Bart. (1860-1936) 

Hampson developed his entomological interests while engaged in tea plant- 
ing in the Nilgiri Hills, South India. He started work in The Natural History 
Museum, London as a voluntary worker in 1889. He was the author of four 
volumes on moths (1892-1896) in the series Fauna of British India and later 
worked on the Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British Museum, 
published in 13 volumes (1898-1913), with 2 supplements (1914, 1920). 
Hampson was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1937. Imms, A.D. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological 
Society of London XC) 1:55-56. 

Collection 

(1) Three Ms notebooks: Nilgiri Diary, 1888. 

(2) Loose-leaf Ms: A Classification of the Pyralidae subfamily Anerastianae, c. 
1930s. 



94 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

(3) Correspondence collection: approximately 20 letters sent to and from 
Hampson, 1905-1930. 

(4) Three boxes: approximately 1000 original drawings for the Moth vol- 
umes of Fauna of British India (1892-1896) and the Catalogue of the Lepidoptera 
Phalaenae in the British Museum (1898-1913). 

(5) One Ms notebook: List of Phycitinae as left in collection by Hampson, by 
R. J. West. 

(6) Miscellaneous notes and reprints. 

(7) Ms notes relating to Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British 
Museum and supplements. 

(8) Two Ms notebooks : Notes on types of genera. Contains references to orig- 
inal descriptions of genera. 

(9) Eleven loose-leaf Ms files: [Catalogue of Noctuidae Ophiderinae], c. 
1920. 

(10) One loose-leaf Ms: [Key to the genera of Noctuidae], c. 1920. 

(11) One loose-leaf Ms: [Phylogenetic table and key]. 

(12) Five loose-leaf Ms files: [Catalogue of the Noctuidae Hypeninae], c. 1920. 

164. HANCOCK, E. Geoffrey (b. 1948) 

Formerly with the Bolton Museum, Hancock is now Keeper of Natural 
History at the Kelvin Grove Museum, Glasgow. A keen Dipterist and all- 
round naturalist, he was co-editor of A Survey of Zoological and Botanical 
Material in Museums and Other Institutions in Great Britain (1980). 

Collection 

(1) One Ts: Notes on Rye Types in Bolton Museum. Notes on the type speci- 
mens of Edward Caldwell Rye (1832-1885), published in 1985 under the title 
Rye's Beetles: A Catalogue ofE.C. Rye's Type Specimens in Bolton Museum. 

165. HANCOCK, George Leonard Rhys (b. 1940) 

Educated at Harrow School and Cambridge University, he developed a keen 
interest in entomology. In 1926 he was appointed Assistant Agricultural 
Entomologist to the Uganda Government, working especially on pests of cot- 
ton. He was also interested in mosquitoes and worked with G.H.E. Hopkins. 



The Catalogue 95 



Later Hancock became lecturer at Makerere College. He was a member of the 
East Africa and Uganda Natural History Society and a Fellow of the Royal 
Entomological Society and the Zoological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1940. Gedge, A.FJ. Journal of the East Africa and Uganda 
Natural History Society. 15:83-84. 

Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf Ts: [statistics for The mosquitoes of Namanve swamp, 
Uganda, Journal of Animal Ecology 3:204-221 (1934).] 

166. HAPPE, Andreas Friedrich (1733-1802) 

Happe was an accomplished German naturalist. His interests covered a 
range of natural history subjects, including entomology and botany. Some of 
his published works have become extremely rare, including the entomologi- 
cal work Abbildungen der Schmetterlinge (1783-1785). 

Biographical References: 1969. Sawyer, F.C. Journal of the Society for the Biblio- 
graphy of Natural History 5:123-124; 1953. Rautenberg, L.E. Beitrage zur 
Entomologie 13:618-626. 

Collection 

(1) Six bound volumes: 840 original watercolour drawings of insects, arach- 
nids and crustaceans with Ms notes Naturgeschichte der Insekten (1773). This 
work was unpublished. 

(2) One bound volume: original watercolour drawings, mostly exotic 
Lepidoptera, c. 1750. 

167. HAUSER, Friedrich (1853-1932) 

Born in Nordlingen, Germany, he developed a special interest in Palaearctic 
Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. In 1904 his extensive collection of Central Asian 
Coleoptera was purchased for The Natural History Museum, London. 
B.M.1904-63. 



96 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

Biographical Reference: 1935. Ross, E. Intenationale Entomologische Zeitschrift 
28:484. 

Collection 

(1) Six Ms leaves: [Lists of the 4,000 Coleoptera specimens in the Hauser 
Collection. B.M.I 904-63]. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 82. 

168. HAVILAND, George D. (1857-1901) 

Haviland developed a special interest in termites. In 1898 he published obser- 
vations on these insects with descriptions of new species (Journal of the 
Linnean Society 26:358-442). In 1899 5,000 specimens from Haviland's 
Collection came to The Natural History Museum, London. B.M.I 899-41. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms leaf: Haviland Collection of Termites for the British Museum, 1899. 
Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 105. 

169. HEALY, C. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: General observations on the genus Gracilaria, c. 1850. 

170. HEDGES, Alfred Vander (1893-1957) 

Hedges developed an interest in entomology from an early age. His particu- 
lar area of study was breeding Lepidoptera. He was able to inbreed several 
species such as Lygris testata L. and L. populata L. and discovered rare reces- 
sives in the populations. His collection of 20,000 British moths was 
bequeathed to The Natural History Museum, London in 1958. B.M.1958-441. 
Hedges was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London. 



The Catalogue 97 

Biographical Reference: 1958. H.B.D.K. The Entomologist 91:51, portrait. 
Collection 

(1) Five collecting notebooks: 1920-1957. 

(2) Correspondence collection: concerns the Hedges bequest of specimens, 
1951-1961. 

171. HEMMING, Arthur Francis (1893-1964) 

Educated at Rugby, Hemming read history at Corpus Christi College, Oxford. 
He was wounded during World War I and in 1918 joined the Civil Service. He 
served as private secretary to various ministers and was awarded the CMG 
and the CBE for his services. Hemming also served as Secretary to the 
International Commission for Zoological Nomenclature, launching the Bulletin 
of Zoological Nomenclature and helping to improve the financial structure of the 
Commission. His special entomological interest concerned Lepidoptera, on 
which he published many papers. In 1934 he published Generic Names of the 
Holarctic Butterflies, 1758-1863 and, in 1937, Hubner: A Bibliographical and 
Systematic Account of the Entomological Works of Jacob Hubner and of the supple- 
ments thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frolich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm 
Herrich-Schdffer. During his lifetime Hemming published over 1,000 titles. 

Biographical References: 1964. Riley, N.D. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 
21:402-404, portrait; 1964. Riley, N.D. Journal of the Eepidopterist's Society 
18:237-239. 

Collection 

(1) One box loose-leaf Ts: Generic Names of the Butterflies of the World, c. 1938- 
1964. 

(2) Three loose-leaf Ms notebooks: [Information on Lepidoptera species]. 

(3) One folder of Ts: 

(i) Summer holidays, 1959. Itinerary and captures in and around Ille-et- 
Vilaire, France. 

(ii) Catalogue of the Entomological Library formed by the Late A.F. Hemming, 
1964. 



98 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

(4) Fifteen loose-leaf Ms notebooks: [references to Lepidoptera]. 

(5) Correspondence collection: approximately 50 letters relating to the 
International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, mostly between 
Prof. C.W. Stiles and F.A. Bather, c. 1922. 

(6) One loose-leaf Ts: Alphabetical index of the species, the types of which are fig- 
ured in Jones' Icones. 

(7) Three miscellaneous entomological notebooks. 

(8) One Ms notebook: Hesperiidae. 

(9) One box of loose-leaf Ts: 

(i) [Working papers on Lepidoptera names]. 

(ii) [H] Stempffer's paper on African Lycaenidae. 

(10) Five boxes of Mss: 

Box 1: Loose-leaf Ms relating to generic names of butterflies. 
Box 2: Loose-leaf Tss: 

(i) Linne's entomological lecture notes, 1755. 

(ii) Sy sterna Papilionum palaearcticorum. 

(iii) Rhopalocera - Family Group problems. 

(iv) Names for North American Hesperiids. 

(v) Generic names of North American Butterflies for the Official List. 
Box 3 : Loose-leaf Tss: 

(i) [References to original descriptions of Lepidoptera species]. 

(ii) Alphabetical Index of Generic names. 

(iii) A list, arranged alphabetically by families, of the species which are the 
types of Genera represented in the Holarctic Region, with references to the 
place in which each such species was first described or figured. 

(iv) A synonymic checklist of the genera of Holarctic butterflies with their type 
species and a list giving reference to the place in which each such species 
was first described or figured. 

(v) Revision of the dates of Vol.1 of the present work to generic and specific 
names published in the entomological works of Jacob Hiibner and of the 
supplements thereto published by Carl Geyer. 

Box 4 : Loose-leaf Tss: 

(i) [Notes on Hesperiinae]. 

(ii) Genera of the Butterflies of the World. 

(iii) Notes on the publication dates of [J.B] Godart & [P.A.J. ] Duponchel, 



The Catalogue 99 



Histoire Naturelle des Lepidopteres ou Papillons de France (1821-1840), 
c. 1930. 

Box 5 : One box of loose-leaf Tss: 

(i) Generic Names of the Holarctic Butterflies: Revisional notes for Vol. II. 

(ii) [O.] Bang-Haas, Horae macrolepidopterologicae, date of publication. 

(iii) Checklist of European Butterflies. 

(iv) Correspondence with Roger Verity, c. 1948-1958. 

(11) Two bound volumes of correspondence: approximately 200 letters, sent 
to and received from entomologists, 1919-1939, including: 



Avinoff, Andre (1884-1949) 


1935 


Barnes, William (1860-1930) 


1927 


Bell, Ernest Layton (1876-1964) 


1935 


Benjamin, Forster Handrickson (1895-1936) 


1933-1936 


Bodenheimer, Frederick Simon (1897-1959) 


1933 


Burrows, Charles Richard Nelson (1851-1936) 


1923-1926 


Buxton, Patrick Alfred (1892-1955) 


No date 


Bytinski-Salz, Hanan (1903-1939) 


1936 


Corbet, Alexander Steven (1896-1948) 


1934-1936 


Edwards, Frederick Wallace (1888-1940) 


1936 


Evans, William Henry (1876-1956) 


1928-1936 


Fletcher, Thomas Bainbrigge (1878-1950) 


1934 


Forbes, William Trowbridge Merrifield (1886-1968) 


1934 


Fountaine, Margaret Elizabeth (1862-1940) 


1936 


Graves, Philip Percival (1876-1953) 


1931 


Holland, William Jacob (1848-1932) 


1929-1930 


Joannis, Joseph de (1864-1932) 


1926-1927 


Lindsey, Arthur Ward (1894-1963) 


1934 


McDunnough, James Halliday (1877-1962) 


1931 


Peile, Harry Diamont (1872-1959) 


1927-1936 


Poulton, Edward Bagnall (1856-1943) 


1926-1935 


Querci, Orazio (1875-1967) 


1922-1934 


Rebel, Hans (1861-1940) 


1928 


Seitz, Adalbert (1860-1938) 


1928 


Stiles, Charles Wardell (1867-1941) 


1935 



100 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Turati, Emillo (1858-1938) 1928 

Turner, Henry Jerome (1856-1951) 1926-1928 

Verity, Roger (1883-1959) 1925-1934 

Wagner, Fritz (1873-1938) 1936 

Waterhouse, Gustavus Athol (1877-1950) 1934-1936 

Zerny, Hans (1887-1945) 1928-1932 

(12) Correspondence collection: approximately 600 letters sent to and 
received from entomologists, c. 1942-1959, including: 

Clark, Austin Hobart (1880-1954) 1950 

Ford, Edmund Bristo (1902-1988) 1957 

Higgins, Lionel G. (1891-1985) 1950-1957 

Neave, Sheffield Airey (1879-1961) 1940 

Querci, Orazio (1875-1967) 1958 

Toxopeus, Lambertus Johannes (1894-1951) 1948 

Warren, Brisbane Charles Somerville (1887-1979) 1958 



(13) One box miscellaneous notes and letters. 

(14) Six Ms volumes: The Butterflies of France. Distribution by Departments, c. 
1950. 

172. HERING, Erich Martin (1893-1967) 

Born at Heinersdorf, Germany, he was originally a primary schoolteacher. 
Later he attended university, gained his Ph.D. and joined the Zoologisches 
Museum der Universitat Berlin. His particular interest was leaf-mining 
insects, and his major work, Biology of the Leaf-Miners, was published in 1951. 
He was a member of the International Commission for Zoological 
Nomenclature, an honorary member of British, Belgian and French entomo- 
logical societies, The Lepidopterists' Society, and the International 
Entomology Club in Frankfurt. He won the Fabricius Medal in Germany, and 
received the Royal Bulgarian Medal of Merit and the Royal Belgian Medal for 
Natural Sciences. 



The Catalogue 101 



Biographical Reference: 1968. Hannemann, HJ. Journal of the Lepidopterists' 
Society 22:123-124. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Katalog der Minen-Sammlung - Band I: Minen aus dem 
Palaearctischen. 

(2) Three Ms notebooks: [Palaearctic leafminers], c. 1960. 

173. HERON, Francis Arthur (1864-1940) 

Heron was educated at Charterhouse School and New College, Oxford. From 
1889 until his retirement for health reasons in 1910, he worked at The Natural 
History Museum, London in the Entomology Department. From 1901 
onwards he was Assistant-in-Charge of Butterflies. In 1909 he published 
'Lepidoptera Rhopalocera, Ruwenzori Reports', Transactions of the Zoological 
Society of London 19:141-178. He was a Fellow of the Entomological Society of 
London. 

Biographical Reference: 1942. A.G. Gfabriel]. The Entomologist 75:23-24. 
Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: notes, and reprints from journals, c. 1890-1903. 

174. HEWER, Humphrey Robert (1903-1974) 

Educated at Imperial College, London, Hewer joined the staff of the College 
in 1926, and became Professor of Zoology in 1964. In World War II he was sec- 
onded to the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, and in 1965 he 
became Chairman of the MAFF Infestation Control Laboratory Advisory 
Committee. He was Vice-President of the Council for Nature, and a member 
of the Committee for England of the Nature Conservancy. He was awarded a 
CBE in 1971. 

Biographical Reference: 1974. Anon. Habitat 10(3):3. 



202 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
Collection 

(1) Loose-leaf Ms notes: Genitalia Data Zygaena. 

(2) Loose-leaf Ms notes: Statistical Data Zygaena. 

(3) Loose-leaf Ms notes: Genitalia Data-Foreign Zygaena. 

(4) Loose-leaf Ms notes: Genitalia Data-British Zygaena. 

(5) Loose-leaf Ms notes: Wing Drawings. Notes and drawings on the wings 
of Zygaena. 

(6) One Ms notebook: Serial Catalogue. Ms catalogue of Zygaena collection, 
arranged in order of serial numbers. 

(7) Two Ms notebooks: [Details of British and European Zygaena colonies.] 

(8) One Ms notebook: Collecting Diary kept at Digne, 1929. 

(9) One Ms notebook: Old Testament Criticism Continued - Reconstruction 
Contd. Includes entomological notes in the second half of the volume, c. 1928- 
1929. 

(10) One Ms notebook: Bethune-Baker Collection. 

(11) Miscellaneous Mss: [Notes on Zygaena.] 

175. HEWITSON, William Chapman (1806-1878) 

Born at Newcastle-on-Tyne, he practised as a surveyor in York and Bristol. 
Hewitson was especially interested in Lepidoptera, and published numerous 
papers. He was a very skilled artist and is particularly well known for his 
plates in The Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera (1846-1852), by E. Doubleday and 
J.O.Westwood. 

Biographical Reference: 1879. Anon. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
15:44-45. 

Collection 

(1) Correspondence collection: photocopies of approximately 60 letters c. 
1870-1878 from Hewitson to Herman Strecker (1836-1902). The originals are 
held in the Colorado State Archives. 

(2) Photocopy of the last will and testament of William Chapman Hewitson, 
1878. 



The Catalogue 103 



176. HICKIN, Norman Ernest (1910 -1990) 

Born in Birmingham, he was educated at the University of London and spent 
most of his professional life with Rentokil, a pest control and wood preserv- 
ation company. His specialism was wood-boring insects, especially beetles 
and termites. In 1985 he published Longhorn Beetles of the British Isles. He was 
the Scientific Director of Rentokil Limited for 30 years, and a founder mem- 
ber of the Society of Wildlife Artists. 

Biographical Reference: 1991. Bateman, RL.G. Antenna 15:60-61. 
Collection 

(1) Nine Ms diaries and notebooks, 1937-1957. 

177. HIGGINS, Lionel George (1891-1985) 

Born in Bedford, he was educated at Cambridge and qualified as a doctor, 
later specialising as an obstretician and gynaecologist. His entomological 
interests were the taxonomy and systematics of Palaearctic butterflies. 
Higgins bequeathed his large collection, particularly rich in Palaearctic 
Nymphalidae, to The Natural History Museum, London. B.M.1985-476. He 
published many important works, including The Classification of European 
Butterflies (1981) and, with N.D.Riley, A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Britain 
and Europe (1970). He was an Honorary Associate of The Natural History 
Museum and held Honorary Membership of the British Entomological and 
Natural History Society, The Lepidopterists' Society and Societas Europaea 
Lepidopterologica. He served on the Council of the Royal Entomological 
Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1986. Gilbert, P., Tremewan, W.G. and Vane-Wright, R.I. 
Antenna. 10:65-67, portrait; 1988. Smith, C.R. Entomologist's Gazette 39:17-37, 
bibliography. 

Collection 

(1) One box of correspondence and notes, 1978-1985, concerning the 



104 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

depositing of the original drawings for A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Britain 
and Europe (1970) in The Natural History Museum, London, and correspon- 
dence on the sale of part of the Higgins Library to The Natural History 
Museum, London. 

(2) Three boxes of Ms notes concerning A Field Guide to the Butterflies of 
Britain and Europe (1970) by L.G. Higgins and N.D. Riley, with illustrations by 
Brian Hargreaves. 

(3) One box of Ts and Ms notes: concerns the second edition of A Field Guide 
to the Butterflies of Britain and Europe (1973), by L.G. Higgins and N. D. Riley, 
with illustrations by Brian Hargreaves. 

(4) Three Ms notebooks: [Lists of numbered preparations of butterfly geni- 
talia, c. 1915-1982.] 

178. HILLE RIS LAMBERS, Dick (1909-1984) 

Educated at the Secondary Colonial Agriculture School, Deventer, The 
Netherlands, he also studied at the University of Wageningen but did not 
take a formal degree. He received an honorary doctorate from the University 
of Milan in 1967. His main interest was aphids, he was joint author with V.R 
Eastop of, Survey of the World's Aphids (1976). He was an Honorary Fellow of 
the Royal Entomological Society, and was elected a Foreign Member of the 
Linnean Society in 1981. 

Biographical Reference: 1984. Stroyan, H.L. Antenna. 8:127-129, portrait. 
Collection 

(1) Six field notebooks, 1939-1984. 

179. HINTON, Howard Everett (1912-1977) 

Born in Mexico, Hinton was educated at the University of California and at 
King's College, Cambridge. He took part in scientific expeditions to Mexico, 
1933, and to Peru, Bolivia and Brazil, 1937. He worked at The Natural History 
Museum, London from 1939 to 1949, when he was appointed Lecturer in the 
Department of Zoology at Bristol University. He was later promoted to 



The Catalogue 105 

Reader and in 1970 became Head of the Department of Zoology. His particu- 
lar interest was Coleoptera, and he made extensive use of the electron 
microsope to study eggs, spiracles and cuticular structures in beetles and 
other insects. His three-volume work, Biology of Insect Eggs was published 
posthumously in 1981. He founded and edited the periodical Journal of Insect 
Physiology. Hinton was a Fellow of the Royal Society, and President of the 
Royal Entomological Society, London. 

Biographical Reference: 1978. Sait, G. Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal 
Society 24:151-182, bibliography, portrait, 

Collection 

(1) One Ts: Biology of the Lepidoptera (unpublished). 

180. HOCKING, John H. 

A lepidopterist who published various notes in periodicals, including 'Notes 
on Indian Butterflies' in Science Gossip 18: 271 (1882). 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook and two Ms lists: [Hocking's Lepidoptera Collection]. 

(2) One Ms notebook: Memoranda of larvae etc. Concerning Hocking's collec- 
tion of larvae from Dharmsala, India, c. 1880. 

181. HOFMANN, Ottmar (1835-1900) 

Born in Frankfurt, he moved with his parents to Regensburg in 1846. He 
became a physician in the Bavarian State Service. Hofmann's main entomo- 
logical interest was Lepidoptera and he published many papers on the 
Tineids. His collections came to The Natural History Museum, London via 
Lord Walsingham (1843-1919) B.M. 1910-427. 

Biographical Reference: 1900. Walsingham. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
36:212-213. 



106 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf Ms: Pflanzen und Raupen Microlepidoptera, c. 1860-1870. 

(2) One loose-leaf Ms: Notizen . . . Psychiden, c. 1858, notes for Ueber die 
Naturgeschichte der Psychiden, Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 4:1-53 
(1860). 

182. HOLMES, J.W. O. (d. 1980) 

A doctor of medicine and an enthusiastic amateur entomologist, he was 
particularly concerned with conservation. He was a member of the 
•Hampshire and Isle of Wight Naturalists Trust, and a Fellow of the Royal 
Entomological Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1981. Brewis, A. Annual Report of the Hampshire and Isle 
of Wight Naturalists Trust Ltd 1981:5. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: miscellaneous notes, newspaper cuttings and corre- 
spondence relating to British entomology, c. 1936-1979. 

183. HONRATH, Eduard G. (1837-1893) 

Born in Coblenz, he worked as an art dealer in Berlin. Honrath was especially 
interested in Lepidoptera, and had a collection which was particularly rich in 
the genus Parnassius. 

Biographical Reference: 1893. Elwes, HJ. Proceedings of the Entomological Society 
of London 1893;lvii. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms catalogue: Verzeichniss der Exotischen Lepidopteren der Collection 
Ed. G. Honrath. 



The Catalogue 107 



184. HOPKINS, George Henry Evans (1899-1973) 

A senior medical entomologist at Kampala, Uganda, he was particularly 
interested in lice, fleas and mosquitoes. He published Mosquitoes of the 
Ethiopian Region (1936). Hopkins' large collection of Mallophaga was pre- 
sented to The Natural History Museum, London, B.M. 1958-686 and 
B.M.196M99. 

Biographical Reference: 1974. Lees, A.D. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological 
Society ofEondon. (C) 38:60. 

Collection 

(1) One Ts: Trichodectidae descriptions (unpublished). 

185. HOWARTH, Thomas Graham 

Howarth specialized in Lepidoptera, and worked in the Department of 
Entomology of The Natural History Museum, London from 1936 to 1976, 
although his career was temporarily interrupted by World War II. During the 
War, he spent time in a Japanese prisoner of war camp in Malaysia, but con- 
tinued to collect Lepidoptera. 

His publications include South's British Butterflies : Based Extensively on the 
Classic by Richard South (1973). 

Collection 

(1) One Ts: A list of the Friihstorfer collection, A 34-leaf catalogue of the 
Rhopalocera collections of Hans Friihstorfer (1863-1922), B.M.1933-131 and 
1937-285. 

186. HUDSON, C. W.M. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Notes on the Walsingham Collection of Moths, 1939. 



108 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
187. HUMPHRIES, E.C. 



Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: lists 1029 Coleoptera from Trinidad, B.M.1953-636. 

188. HUTCHINSON, Mrs. 

Married to Rev. Thomas Hutchinson, she shared with him a love of natural 
history and the family were leading members of the Woolhope Naturalists 7 
Field Club, Herefordshire. Their eldest child, Thomas Hutchinson (1848- 
1916) was a keen entomologist and ornithologist. In 1937, Miss Emma 
Hutchinson presented to The Natural History Museum, London a collection 
of over 20,000 Lepidoptera specimens, B.M. 1937-472. 

Biographical Reference: 1983. Miles, B.E. Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists' 
Field Club. 43 (1981):336. 

Collection 

(1) One diary : Mrs. Hutchinson, Diary 1. Notes on the entomological collec- 
tion of Thomas Hutchinson (1848-1916) for the years 1868-C.1893. 

(2) One diary : Diary 2. Lists specimens presented to the Natural History 
Museum. B.M. 1937-472. 

189. INGALL, Thomas (1800-1862) 

Ingall was employed for many years by the Bank of England. He was a keen 
amateur naturalist, with a particular interest in insects. He was one of the 
original members of the Entomological Club and the Entomological Society 
of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1895. South, R. The Entomologist 28:40-45. 
Collection 



(1) One Ts: The Irregular Diary of an Entomologist, 1832-1860. A copy by his 



The Catalogue 109 

son, Mr. W.T.EM. Ingall. This formed the basis of the biographical article 
published in The Entomologist. 

(2) Three letters from W.T.F.M. Ingall to Richard South (1846-1932) concern- 
ing the above entomological diary, 1894. 

190. JACOBY, Martin (1842-1907) 

Jacoby was a musician who played in the orchestra of the Royal Italian Opera; 
later he became a violin tutor. His interests turned to entomology and he 
developed a particular interest in the Coleoptera and especially phyto- 
phagous beetles. He was the author of the Phytophaga volume in ED. 
Godman and O. Salvin's Biologia Centrali- Americana, Insecta, Volume 6 part 1 
and Supplement part 1 (1888-1892). Jacoby was a Fellow of the Entomological 
Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1908. Walker, J.J. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
44:45. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms: Alphabetical index to [J.S] Baly and Jacoby Collection. 

191. JAKUBSKI, Antoni Wladyslaw (1885-1962) 

Born in Poland, he developed entomological and zoological interests. He 
served with the Polish Free Army during World War II and was based in 
Britain where he afterwards settled and worked in the Entomology 
Department of The Natural History Museum, London as an Honorary 
Associate. He worked on the Margarodidae and Termitococcidae, his 
research culminating in the published volume A Critical Revision of the 
Families Margarodidae and Termitococcidae (Hemiptera : Coccoidea) (1965). 

Biographical Reference: 1988. Brzek, G. Przeglad Zoologiczny 33:137-158. 



220 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Collection 

(1) Tss, drawings and photographs: all relate to A Critical Revision of the 
Families Margarodidae and Termitococcidae (Hemiptera : Coccoidea). Also includes 
an unpublished bibliography of the above work, containing references dating 
back to Biblical times. 



192. JANSON FAMILY ARCHIVE 

In 1852 the Janson family established a business as Natural History agents 
and booksellers at 44 Great Russell Street, London. For over 90 years they 
were purchasers and sellers of natural history specimens and collections 
from around the world, corresponding with distinguished naturalists of the 
day. The archives of the Janson family were presented to the Natural History 
Museum in 1991 by D.B. Janson. 

Collection 

(1) The archive contains a vast amount of material including business 
papers, letters, letterbooks and account books, c. 1873-1929. It includes the 
papers of: 

Edward Wesley Janson (1822-1891) 
Oliver Erichson Janson (1850-1926) 
Oliver Jordan Janson (1876-1964) 
O.E. Janson & Son 
Janson & Sons 

The correspondence collection contains thousands of letters to and from ento- 
mologists and naturalists regarding the purchase and sale of collections, 
including specimens collected on expeditions and from private collections: 

Adams, Herbert Jordan (1838-1912) 1898 

Adkin, Benaiah Whitley (1865-1948) 1909-1921 

Adkin, Robert (1849-1935) 1894-1927 

Andrewes, Herbert Edward (1863-1950) 1899-1926 

Angell, John Watson (1885-1946) 1910-1920 

Armitage, Edward (1817-1896) 1872-1879 



The Catalogue 



Arrow, ciiuert jonn (io/5-i94o) 


1 coo i on 
1899-19ZZ 


T2~~~*~W T> * s-l*~-.A J ^4 ^.^. T ^.» T /loon 1 n /' O \ 

bagnall, Kicnard biddoway (1889-1962) 


1904-1908 


barret t, Cnarles Colding (1o5o-19U4) 


1899-19UU 


bates, rreaericK (io29-i9U5) 


10/Z-19U5 


bates, Henry Walter (lo25-lo92) 


18/Z-/9 


bell-Marley, H.W. (18/2-1945) 


1912-191/ 


betnune— baker, Ceorge 1 nomas (185/-1944) 


1 oni 1 ooo 
19U1-1928 


black, James hbenezer (1065-1924) 


1 oon 1 ri 1 ™) a 

19UU-1924 


broiemann, Henri (looU-1955) 


1915 


brunetti, Enrico Adelelmo (1862-192/) 


19U5-1913 


buckton, George bowdler (1818-19U5) 


1898 


burr, Malcolm (18/8-1954) 


1898-1919 


DUtier, Lawara AiDert (io45-i9Z5) 


19Uo 


Cameron, Malcolm (18/5-1954) 


1 01 O 1 007 

1915-192/ 


Carpenter, Ceorrrey Douglas Hale (1882-1953) 


1 mo 

1928 


carrington, jonn 1 nomas (io4o-i9Uo) 


19Uo 


Carter, Herbert James (1o5o-194U) 


19Z8-19Z9 


Cnampion, Ceorge cnarles (1851-19Z/) 


1 Q07 1 OO^ 

189/-19Z6 


cnitty, Artnur jonn (io59-i9Uo) 


19UU 


Cnnsty, William Miller (loo5-l959) 


1 QQQ 

lo9o 


r^^^\s~*r*^ A ^ . au^j /icon mc/i\ 

Cockayne, hdward Altred (188U-1956) 


1911 


Coe, Kalpn Leonard (i9Uo-i9oo) 


1 Oil 

19Z/ 


Collin, James hdward (18/6-1968) 


1899-1923 


Cooke, benjamin (1816-1883) 


18/4 


Crawrord, William Monod (lo/o-194Z) 


1925 


crotcn, oeorge ixooert vio £ ±i-io/ , 4: / / 


1079 1Q7J. 


Uavidson, James (1885- 1945) 


1922-1925 


uay, ceorge c. (toc)4-i>'4z / > 




Distant, William Lucas (io45-i9ZZ) 


1 Q7Q 1 QOfi 
lo/9-19ZU 


Donerty, winiam (io5/-i9Ui) 




uow, Kooert i ercy (tooD-i^oo; 




uunning, josepn vviinam viooo-io^/ y 


IQ79 IQ77 
10/ z-io/ / 


Elwes, Henry John (1846-1922) 


1 ono 1 on /i 

1893-1894 


Embry, B. (1898-1963) 


1927 


Fitch, Edward Arthur (1854-1912) 


1874-1877 



1 12 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Fowler, William Weeks (1849-1923) 


1877-1911 


Froggatt, Walter Wilson (1858-1937) 


1927 


Frohawk, Frederick William (1861-1946) 


1894-1922 


Fryer, Herbert Fortescue (1854-1930) 


1877-1879 


Gimingham, Conrad Theodore (1884-1957) 


1920-1926 


Gorham, Henry Stephen (1839-1920) 


1872-1911 


Gosse, Philip Henry (1810-1888) 

' X J 


1879 


Grandi, Guido (1886-1970) 


1926 


Gray, John Edward (1880-1875) 


1872 


Hallett, Howard Mountjoy (1878-1958) 


1917 


Hampson, George Francis (1860-1936) 


1902-1906 


Harold, Edgar von (1830-1886) 


1871-1875 


Harrison, Albert (1860-1911) 


1904-1909 


Heidemann, Otto (1842-1916) 


1904 


Hemming, Arthur Francis (1893-1964) 


1919-1929 


Hewitson, William Chapman (1806-1878) 

' X 


1873-1876 


Holland, William Jacob (1848-1932) 


1893-1929 


Horn, George Henry (1840-1897) 


1873-1877 


Jeffery, Hugh Geoffrey (d. 1943) 


1923 


Johnson, Charles Willison (1863-1932) 


1904-1905 


Joy, Norman Humbert (1874-1953) 


1902-1920 


Karny, Heinrich Hugo (1886-1939) 


1929 


Kirby, William Forsell (1844-1912) 


1879-1905 


Leng, Charles William (1859-1941) 


1915 


Lowther, Richard Charles (1884-1950) 


1921-1924 


Mason, Frank R. (1882-1927) 


1909-1918 


May, John William (1814-1902) 


1875 


Meyrick, Edward (1854-1938) 


1877-1905 


Navas, Longinos (1858-1938) 


1923 


Newman, Edward (1801-1876) 


1872-1875 


Oberthiir, Charles (1845-1924) 


1893-1924 


Ormerod, Eleanor Anne (1828-1901) 


1879-1900 


Parry, Frederick John Sidney (1810-1885) 


1873-1875 


Pascoe, Frances Polkinghorne (1813-1893) 


1875 


Pic, Maurice (1890-1957) 


1929 



The Catalogue 113 



Pickard-Cambridge, Arthur (1873-1952) 
Reichensberber, August (1878-1962) 
Reynolds, Lawrence R. (1878-1922) 
Roebuck, William Denison (1851-1919) 
Rye, Edward Caldwell (1832-1885) 
Schmiedeknecht, Otto (1847-1936) 
Selous, Cuthbert Fennessy (d. 1946) 
Sheldon, William George (1859-1943) 
Shipp, John William (d. 1898) 
Stainton, Henry Tibbats (1822-1892) 
Stoneham, Hugh Frederick (1889-1966) 
Swinhoe, Charles (1836-1923) 
Theobold, Frederick Vincent (1868-1930) 
Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823-1913) 
Wollaston, Thomas Vernon (1822-1878) 



1917 



1909-1929 



1917-1918 
1874-1907 
1872-1875 



1928 



1929 



1872-1874 



1893-1897 



1896-1926 



1906-1929 



1893 



1921 



1876-1903 



1872-1878 



193. JEPSON, F. P. (d. 1950) 

Jepson worked for a number of years as Government Entomologist in the 
Department of Agriculture, Fiji. He was then employed for 13 years in Ceylon 
as Assistant Entomologist. His work included studies on the Shothole borer 
of tea Xyleborus fornicatus and the tea termite Calotermes. 

Biographical Reference: 1950. A.W.R. Tropical Agriculturalist 106:130. 
Collection 

(1) One Ts: List of Coleoptera collected in Fiji and sent to the British Museum for 
identification 1909. B.M.1910-111. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 88. 

194. JERDON, Thomas Claverhill (1811-1872) 

Born in County Durham, Jerdon was educated at Edinburgh University. He 
subsequently qualified in medicine and served as a surgeon to the East India 



224 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

Company. He became extremely interested in the natural history of India and 
published a Catalogue of the Birds of the Peninsula of India (1839). 

Biographical Reference: 1876. Anon. History of the Berwickshire Naturalist's Club, 
1873-75:143-151. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms: A Catalogue of the Species of Ants found in Southern India, 1851. 
Published 1851 in Madras Journal of Literature and Science 16:103. 

195. JOICEY, James John (1871-1932) 

From boyhood he was interested in Lepidoptera. In 1910 he acquired the 
Henley Grose-Smith collection, and three years later the Herbert Druce col- 
lection. Between 1913 and 1921 Joicey bought the following collections: 
Roland Trimen, 1916, Colonel Swinhoe, 1916, Lt.-Col. C. G. Nurse, 1919, 
Hamilton Druce, 1919 and Dognin 1921. The collections were kept at Joicey' s 
home, The Hill Museum, Witley, Surrey and he added to it by sending special 
collectors to explore various regions on his behalf, e.g. the Pratt brothers to 
South America and New Guinea, and T. A. Barns to Central Africa. By 1930 
the Hill Museum contained upwards of 380,000 specimens. He presented 
approximately 75,000 specimens to The Natural History Museum, London. 
As part of the Joicey Bequest, the Museum received a further 300,000 speci- 
mens, B.M. 1934-120. Joicey published four volumes of Bulletin of the Hill 
Museum, 1921-1932. A Catalogue of the Type Specimens of Lepidoptera Rhopalocera 
in the Hill Museum was published by A.G. Gabriel in 1932. 

Biographical Reference: 1932. Riley, N.D. The Entomologist 65:142-144. 
Collection 

(1) Hill Museum Visitors' Book 1914-1932, including signatures of many 
well-known entomologists. 

(2) Loose-leaf Ms: Lists of Lepidoptera specimens. 



The Catalogue 115 



(3) Correspondence collection. Approximately 20 letters from: 



Collenette, Cyril Leslie (1888-1959) 
Oberthur, Charles (1845-1924) 
Poulton, Edward Bagnall (1856-1943) 



1927-1928 
1922 



1914 



196. JONES, William (d. 1818) 

A wealthy wine merchant, Jones painted from nature approximately 1500 
species of butterflies and arranged them according to the Linnean classifica- 
tion. Many served as Fabrician types. These paintings, known as 'J ones 
Icones', are in the Hope Entomological Collections, Oxford. Because of the 
importance of the collection, attempts were made - unsuccessfully - to 
publish the paintings. In 1977 when the volumes were prepared for conserv- 
ation, they were photographed and the photographs made available for 
purchase. A set of colour slides is now held in the Entomology Library of the 
Natural History Museum, London. 

Biographical Reference: 1934. Poulton, E.B. Transactions of the Society for British 
Entomology 1:139-149. 

Collection 

(1) One folder: [Correspondence and notes from G.D. Hale Carpenter 
(1882-1953), A.E Hemming (1893-1964) and others concerning a proposed 
publication of the 'Jones Icones'.] 

197. JORDAN, Heinrich Ernst Karl (1861-1959) 

Born in Hannover, Jordan received his Ph.D. from Gottingen University. In 
1893 he began work at the Rothschild Museum at Tring, specializing in 
Coleoptera, Lepidoptera and Siphonaptera. He published over 400 papers, 
many jointly with Charles and Walter Rothschild. Jordan described 2,575 new 
species himself, and an additional 851 in collaboration with the Rothschilds. 
Jordan initiated the first International Entomological Congress. He was a 
Fellow of the Royal Society, and President of the Entomological Society of 



116 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
London, 1929-1930. 



Biographical Reference: 1960. Riley, N. D. Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the 
Royal Society 6:107-133, bibliography, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One notebook: Notes on Sphingidae and on the Literature of Lepidoptera. 

(2) Two Ms notebooks, Tss and drawings of Coleoptera. 

(3) Notes and drawings concerning the Anthribidae. 

(4) Correspondence collection: approximately 40 letters to and from Jordan 
concerning the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 1914- 
1927. 

198. JURRIAANSE, Jan Hendrick (1867-1940) 

Jurriaanse was a Dutch entomological dealer who supplied specimens to 
individuals and institutions around the world. In addition he possessed an 
extensive personal collection of butterflies which he gave to the 
Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie (Leiden) in 1930. He published 
Vogelverdelging. Een woord aan het Nederlandsche Volk (1914). He was a Fellow 
of the Nederlandse Entomologische Vereniging, Amsterdam, and the Royal 
Entomological Society, London. 

Biographical Reference: 1986. Smit, P. Hendrik Engel's Alphabetical List of 
Dutch Zoological Cabinets and Menageries. In Nieuwe Nederlandse Bijdrajen 
tot de Geschiedenis der Geneeskunde en der Natuu wetenschappe, No. 19, 2nd edn, 
p. 340 (p. 137). 

Collection 

(1) Three boxes of correspondence consisting of approximately 40 letters to 
and from Jurriaanse, 1915-1924, with index. Includes letters between 
Jurriaanse and staff of The Natural History Museum, London and correspon- 
dence with James John Joicey (1871-1932) concerning the Hill Museum. Other 
correspondents include: 



The Catalogue 117 



Aurivillius, Per Olof Christopher (1853-1928) 


1918-1919 


Bethune-Baker, George Thomas (1857-1944) 


1921-1922 


Clark, Benjamin Preston (1860-1939) 


1919-1923 


Dammerman, Karel Willem (1855-1951) 


1921 


Eecke, Rudolph van (1886-1975) 


1919-1923 


Fassl, Anton Heinrich (1876-1922) 


1919 


Hartert, Ernst (1859-1933) 


1918-1923 


Jacobson, Edward (1870-1944) 


1918-1923 


Jordan, Karl Hermann Christian (1875-1972) 


1919-1922 


Lathy, Percy I. (1870-1943) 


1922 


Martin, Johannes Karl Ludwig (1851-1942) 


1919 


Nakamura, Yamoto (1896-1948) 


1923 


Niepelt, Wilhelm (1862-1936) 


1922-1923 


Oberthur, Charles (1845-1924) 


1919-1922 


Oudemans, Johannes Theodorus (1862-1934) 


1919-1922 


Prout, Louis Beethoven (1864-1943) 


1921 


Ris, Friedrich (1867-1931) 


1922 


Roepke, Walter Karl Johann (1882-1961) 


1918-1922 


Rosenberg, William Frederick Henry (1866-1942) 


1919 


Schaus, William (1858-1942) 


1921 


Talbot, George (1882-1952) 


1919-1924 


Watson, J. Henry (1866-1951) 


1919-1922 



199. KERREMANS, Charles (1847-1915) 

For many years Kerremans was attached to the Belgian military cartographic 
service, but entomology was his main love. He assembled an important col- 
lection of Belgian Coleoptera and later specialized in Buprestidae. He 
published the multi-volume work Monographie des Buprestides (1904-1914), 
which was unfinished at his death. 

Biographical Reference: 1915. Rabaud, E. Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique de 
France: 249. 



118 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Collection 

(1) Correspondence collection: 20 letters, 1903-1904, from Charles 
Kerremans to Charles Owen Waterhouse (1843-1917) concerning the 
Kerremans Buprestidae Collection, B.M.I 903-59, and one reply from Charles 
Waterhouse, 1903. 

(2) One Ms notebook: [Catalogue of the Kerremans, Buprestid Collection], 
1898. 

200. KESSEL, Fritz 

Collection 

(1) One Ts: Fauna Brasiliensis Coleopterologica [1932]. 

201. KEYWOOD, K. P. 

In 1948 Key wood presented The Natural History Museum, London with 488 
Lepidoptera specimens, 84 Coleoptera and 41 other insects, collected by him- 
self in the Malay Peninsula, 1921-1924. B.M. 1948-135. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Lepidoptera Collected in the Malay Peninsula 1921-1924. 

202. KIEFFER, Jean Jacques (1856-1925) 

A French entomologist, Kieffer taught for many years at the Saint- Augustin 
College, Bitche, Lorraine and was interested in the natural history of the sur- 
rounding area. He developed a particular interest in the Hymenoptera and 
Diptera. His publications included a number of volumes in P Wytsman's 
Genera Insectorum (1902-1970). 

Biographical Reference: 1926. F.W. E[dwards]. The Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine 62:44-45. 



The Catalogue 119 

Collection 

(1) One postcard from JJ. Kieffer, postmarked 15 March 1907, addressed to 
Monsieur Waterhouse, of the British Museum (Natural History). 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 29. 

(2) Four postcards from JJ. Kieffer, 1906-1907, addressed to P. Cameron, 
concerning the Kieffer collections. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 33. 

(3) 3 Ms leaves: List of Kieffer's specimens, 1910. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 82A. 

(4) One postcard from JJ. Kieffer, postmarked 31 October 1909 and 
addressed to P. Cameron. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 83(4). 

203. KING, James Joseph Francis Xavier (1855-1933) 

An artist by profession, King was Professor of Art at the University of 
Glasgow. He collected British insects, and made frequent collecting trips to 
the Scottish Highlands, the Lake District, Ireland and the New Forest. He 
contributed to George Scott's Fauna, Flora and Geology of the Clyde Area (1901). 
King bequeathed his collections to Glasgow University, but some Diptera 
specimens were later presented by Professor E. Hindle to The Natural 
History Museum, London. B.M.1938-52. 

Biographical Reference: 1933. Anon. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
69:166. 

Collection 



(1) Correspondence collection: Letters between the three entomologists 



120 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Prof. E Hindle (1886-1973), Glasgow University, R.L. Coe (1906-1968) and Dr 
R W. Edwards (1888-1940) of The Natural History Museum, London con- 
cerning the King Diptera collection, 1937-1942. 
(2) Ms list: Type specimens from the King collection. 

204. KIRBY, William (1759-1850) 

Born at Witnesham Hall, Suffolk, Kirby was educated at Cambridge and in 
1796 became Rector of Barham near Ipswich, a post he held for 68 years. He 
published many papers on insects but is best known for his collaboration 
with William Spence (1783-1860) on An Introduction to Entomology, or Elements 
of the Natural History of Insects, 4 volumes (1815-1826). He was honorary 
President of the Entomological Society of London and President of the 
Ipswich Museum. 

Biographical Reference: 1852. Freeman J. Life of W. Kirby, Rector of Barham. 
506pp. London. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms catalogue: Museum Entomologicum Barhamaense prima sistens 
insecta M. Britanniae indigenae. 

(2) Three Ms notebooks: British Staphylinidae. 

(3) Ms notebook: [Notes on a journey from Barham to Holkham Hall in 
Norfolk], 1789. 

205. KIRBY, William Forsell (1844-1912) 

Born in Leicester, Kirby later moved to Brighton, where he became a member 
of the Brighton and Sussex Natural History Society. In 1867 he became 
Assistant Naturalist in the Museum of the Royal Dublin Society, and in 1879 
he was transferred to the Zoological Department of the British Museum, a 
post held until his retirement in 1909. He published many important works, 
including A Manual of European Butterflies (1862), A Synonymic Catalogue of 
Diurnal Lepidoptera (1871-1877) and Synonymic Catalogue of Lepidoptera 
Heterocera (Moths): Sphinges and Bombyces (1892). From 1869 to 1884 he 



The Catalogue 121 



contributed to the Lepidoptera part of the Zoological Record, and afterwards 
to a major part of the insect section. He was a Fellow of the Linnean Society, 
Honorary Secretary of the Entomological Society, 1881-1885, and served on 
its council in 1886. 

Biographical Reference: 1912. Kirby, W.E. The Entomologist's Record and Journal of 
Variation 24:314-317, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) Loose-leaf Ms: On the Genera of Lepidoptera Heterocera established from 
1758-1816. Compiled 1875. 

(2) Loose-leaf Ms: Sketch of the Entomological Collections of the British 
Museum., 1898. Compiled for Lord Walsingham. 

(3) One Ms notebook: Pterophoridae in Universum, c. 1890. 

(4) One Ms notebook: Tenthredinidae et Uroceridae. 

(5) One Ms notebook: Notes on Odonata, c. 1890. 

(6) One Ms notebook: Index to Kirby's [Supplementary] catalogue (Ms) 
Hesperiidae. 

(7) Six bound volumes: of Ms notes, lists and drawings, c. 1880-1893, including: 

(i) In Volume 3: Hemiptera-Heteroptera of the Island of Grenada by P.R. 
Uhler, c. 1890. 

(ii) In Volume 6: List of the Hemiptera-Heteroptera collected in the islands of 
St Vincent by Mr. Herbert H. Smith with descriptions of new genera and 
species by P.R. Uhler, c. 1893. 

(8) One Ms notebook: Notes by F. Smith. 

(9) Loose-leaf Ms: Bibliography of African Coleoptera, c. 1890. 

(10) One Ms notebook: Notes and detached descriptions of Orthoptera. 

206. LAFERTE SENECTERE, E Thibault de la Carte de (1808-1886) 

The possessor of a very important collection of Coleoptera, which included 
specimens from Pierre Dejean (1780-1845), Frederick Bates (1829-1903), 
Francois Castelneau (1810-1880) and Ernest Charles Auguste Candeze (1827- 
1898). He published Monographic des Anthicus et genres voisins in 1848. 



222 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

Biographical Reference: 1886-1887. Anon. L'Abeille 25:174-175, bibliography. 

Collection 

(1) Two Mss notebooks: Catalogue des Elaterides communiques a M. Candeze 
par M. de la Terte, 1857. 

(2) Two Ms leaves: [Catalogue of Elateridae sent to Ernest Charles August 
Candeze (1827-1898) by Laferte Senectere], 1857. 

207. LEECH, John Henry (1862-1900) 

Educated at Eton and Trinity Hall, Cambridge, Leech developed an early inter- 
est in entomology, and in particular, the Coleoptera and Lepidoptera. He 
collected insects from Morocco, The Canary Islands, Madeira, Japan, Korea, 
China and the north-western Himalayas, but after 1887 stayed in Britain to 
work on bis collections, and commissioned others to collect for him. Leech 
published British Pyralides (1886) and Butterflies from China, Japan and Corea, 
3 vols (1892-1894). In 1889 he purchased the entomological periodical The 
Entomologist, partly as a means of publishing papers on his own collections. He 
withdrew from the journal after objections were made about the inclusion of 
these publications. He was a Fellow of the Linnean Society and of the 
Entomological Society of London. He was also a member of the Societe 
Entomologique de France, and of the Entomologischen Verein zu Berlin. 

Biographical Reference: 1901. Anon. The Entomologist 34:33-38, bibliography, 
portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Leech's Butterflies from China, Japan and Corea. Contains 
species information as given in the published work of the same title. 

208. LEEDS, Henry Attfield (1873-1958) 

Born at Somersham, Huntingdonshire, he worked on the railways until he 
retired in 1933 and devoted the rest of his life to the study of British 
Lepidoptera. With P.M. Bright (1865-1941) he wrote A Monograph of the British 



Tie Catalogue 123 

Aberrations of the Chalk Hill Blue Butterfly Lysandra coridon (Poda, 1761) 
(1938), and with L.W. Newman (1873-1949), Text Book of British Butterflies and 
Moths (1913). He was a member of the South London Entomological Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1959. Anon. The Entomologist 92:22. 
Collection 

(1) Correspondence collection: 11 letters, 1936-1941, between H.A. Leeds 
and N.D. Riley (1890-1979), Keeper of Entomology at The Natural History 
Museum, London regarding the addenda to A Monograph of the British 
Aberrations of the Chalk Hill Blue Butterfly Lysandra coridon. 

(2) Two boxes: Coloured plates of British Rhopalocera. 

(3) One loose-leaf file: Aberrations of Female Uppersides of the Chalk-hill Blue 
Butterfly, 1938, with hand-coloured half-tone plates, notes and index. 

209. LE MASURIER, R 

Collection 

(1) Two Ms diaries: Rhopalocera and Heterocera, 1945- 1961. 

210. LORT- PHILLIPS, Frederick Alfred (1872-1944) 

Educated at Eton and at Trinity College, Cambridge. He was a traveller and 
sportsman who shot big game in many parts of the world. He was particu- 
larly interested in mammals and birds, but in 1931 he presented 3,600 
Lepidoptera specimens collected by him from various British localities to The 
Natural History Museum, London. B.M. 1931-459. He was Vice-President of 
the Zoological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1944. WLS. Ibis 86:230. 
Collection 



(1) Two Ms diaries: Catalogue of British Lepidoptera collection, B.M. 1931- 
459. 



224 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



211. LUCAS, William John (1858-1932) 

Educated at a grammar school in Oxford and at the University of London, 
Lucas became a teacher at Tiffin Boys School, Kingston-on-Thames, and was 
appointed Lecturer in Nature Study to the Surrey County Council. Interested 
in all aspects of natural history, especially entomology, he became the chief 
authority on British Orthoptera, Odonata and Neuroptera. Lucas's publica- 
tions include British Dragonflies (1900), British Orthoptera. (1917) and The 
Aquatic (Naiad) Stage of the British Dragonflies (1930). In 1901 he joined the 
editorial panel of The Entomologist. He served on the council of the 
Entomological Society, and was President of the South London Entomological 
Society, and Vice-President of the Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological 
Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1932. Killington, EJ. The Entomologist 65:25-27, bibliog- 
raphy, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) Ten Ms notebooks: Natural History Notes, 1887-1931. 

212. MABILLE, Paul (1835-1923) 

Both a botanist and entomologist, Mabille published a number of 
Lepidoptera papers, and with Paul Vuillot, Novitates Eepidopterologicae (1890- 
1895). He was President of Societe Entomologique de France. 

Biographical Reference: 1923. Anon. Entomological News 34:256. 
Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf Ms: [Descriptions and drawings of Rhopalocera, includ- 
ing species from Africa.] 

(2) One loose-leaf Ms: Mabille r s Original American Descriptions and Figures [of 
Lepidoptera as arranged by Charles Oberthiir], 1845-1924. 



The Catalogue 125 



213. MACFIE, John William Scott (1879-1948) 

Born in New Ferry, Cheshire, Macfie studied at Cambridge University. In 
1910 he joined the West African Medical Staff and remained in Africa until his 
retirement in 1923. He carried out pioneering work in the study of mosqui- 
toes and medical entomology. During World War II Macfie worked at a field 
malaria laboratory in the Near East, and later joined the Liverpool School of 
Tropical Medicine, publishing papers on West African tsetse flies and Aedes 
aegypti. Macfie later studied ceratopogonid midges and published a series of 
papers (1921-1924) on Ghanaian species. 

Biographical Reference: 1948. Mattingly, RE The Entomologist 82:21-22. 
Collection 

(1) One Ts: New species of the genera Forcipomyia and Atrichopogon from the 
State of Chiapas [Mexico]. 

(2) One Ts: [Catalogue of Ceratopogonidae], 1884-1948. 

(3) One copy of a letter, 1946, from Alfonso Dampf to Macfie, concerning the 
shipment of Mexican Ceratopognidae, with a list of localities. Collection 
19,660 specimens. B.M.1950-452 

(4) Correspondence collection: 14 letters, 1947-1948, from Fritz Isidore van 
Emden (1898-1958), to Macfie. 

214. McKAY, Harold 

McKay was a keen butterfly collector. His fine collection of Rhopalocera from 
Malawi, consisting of over 1,300 specimens was presented to The Natural 
History Museum, London in 1980. B.M.1980-574. 

Collection 

(1) One box, containing: 

(i) One letter to McKay from David Gifford, 1960. 

(ii) One Setting Book, 1952-1964. 

(iii) Index cards to collection. 



126 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



215. McLACHLAN, Robert (1837-1904) 

McLachlan' s first interest in entomology was the Lepidoptera, but he soon 
concentrated on Trichoptera and Odonata. In 1870, with assistance from A.E. 
Eaton, he published, Catalogue of the British Neuroptera, and between 1874 and 
1884, A Monographic Revision and Synopsis of the Trichoptera of the European 
Fauna. He was a pioneer in the study of the fauna of the French and Swiss 
mountains, exploring the Dauphiny and Savoy Alps. The Belgian entomolo- 
gist, Baron de Selys Longchamps, became a close friend and they 
collaborated on many projects. McLachlan contributed many papers to the 
Entomologist's Weekly Intelligencer and helped in the launch and continuation 
of The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. He was a Fellow of the Entomological 
Society of London and served as President, Secretary and Treasurer. He was 
also a Fellow of the Royal Society, the Linnean Society, the Royal 
Horticultural Society and a member of many foreign entomological societies. 
His large insect collection was purchased by The Natural History Museum, 
London in 1938 and contained over 50,000 specimens including 12,750 
Odonata, 14,000 Trichoptera and 500 types. 

Biographical Reference: 1904. Eaton, A.E. et al. The Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine. 40:145-148. 

Collection 

(1) One folder, containing: 

(i) Correspondence collection: Letters between Charles McLachlan and 
the Entomology Department, The Natural History Museum, London 
c. 1927-1938, regarding the purchase of the McLachlan collection. 

(ii) Correspondence collection including letters from: 



(iii) Portrait of Robert McLachlan. 
(2) One Ms notebook: [Descriptions of Odonata taxa], also miscellaneous 
correspondence, c. 1874. 



Durrant, J.H. 
McLachlan, Hugh 
McLachlan, Robert 



1903-1904 



1904 



1904 



The Catalogue 127 



216. MALARIA MOSQUITOES 

Miscellaneous documents on collecting malaria mosquitoes. 
Collection 

(1) One Ms volume: entitled Malaria Mosquitoes includes The First 
Preliminary Report upon the Culicidae of the Gold Coast Colony, West Africa by- 
Albert J Chalmers, 1899. 

217. MANNING, Francis Joseph (1912-1966) 

A lecturer in biology at the Cheshire College of Education, his particular 
interest was bee-keeping and bees in general. He was a Fellow of the Royal 
Entomological Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1967. Pearson, E.O. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological 
Society of London (C) 31:62. 

Collection 

(1) One Ts: Sex Determination in Apis mellifera L. 

(2) One Ts: A Report on a Cytological Investigation of some Bees and Wasps 
(Hymenoptera) with Special Reference to their Sex-determining Mechanism. 

218. MARSH, Dudley Graham (1891-1969) 

During his early life he was a keen butterfly collector, later his interests 
changed to the study of moths. 

Biographical Reference: 1969. G.H.Y. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 
81:312. 

Collection 

(1) Two Ms notebooks: [Details of Lepidoptera specimens in the Marsh 
Collection]. 



128 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



219. MARSHALL, Guy Anstruther Knox (1871-1959) 

Born in India and educated at Charterhouse School, Marshall became inter- 
ested in entomology from an early age. His particular interest was the 
Coleoptera, especially Curculionidae. He published some 200 works on their 
systematics, including the Curculionidae volume in The Fauna of British India, 
edited by W.T.Blanford. Marshall was responsible for the establishment of the 
Bulletin of Entomological Research in 1909, and the Review of Applied Entomology 
in 1913. He was the first Director of the Commonwealth Institute of 
Entomology. He was elected an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Entomological 
Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1959. Anon. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (13) 
1:753-754, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf Ms: [Data on the capture of South African Coleoptera, 
1891-1898]. 

220. MARSHALL, Thomas Ansell (1827-1903) 

Born at Keswick, Marshall studied Classics at Oxford University. Later he 
took holy orders, holding a number of livings, including a period in Antigua 
in the West Indies. On his retirement he went to Corsica. Although interested 
in all aspects of entomology, he had a special interest in parasitic 
Hymenoptera. Important publications include Ichneumonidum Britannicorum 
Catalogus (1870), A Catalogue of British Hymenoptera; Chrysididae, 
Ichneumonidae, etc. (1872) and A Catalogue of British Hymenoptera Oxyura etc. 
(1873) and the Braconidae in Andre's Species des Hymenopteres d'Europe, (1879- 
1913). Marshall was a Fellow of the Entomological Society of London and of 
the Linnean Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1903. McLachlan, R. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
39:152-153. 



The Catalogue 129 

Collection 

(1) Five Ms leaves: The Rev. T.A. Marshall's Collection of Hymenoptera 
Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 85. 

221. MARSHAM, Thomas (d. 1819) 

A well educated man, he was secretary to the West India Dock Company and 
an officer in the Volunteer Corps. He developed a special interest in the 
Coleoptera and in 1802 he published Coleoptera Britannica, Volume 1 of 
Entomologia Britannica. His collection of Coleoptera was purchased by J.R 
Stephens (1792-1852) and was incorporated into his own collection, now in 
The Natural History Museum London, B.M.1853-46. 

Biographical References: 1920, Fletcher, J.J. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of 
New South Wales 45:570-571, 574; 1976. Mackechnie Jarvis, C. Proceedings of the 
British Entomological and Natural History Society 8:92. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms: [Notes by G.R. Waterhouse (1810-1888) on Marsham's and 
Stephens 7 type specimens.] B.M.1853-46. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 92. 

(2) Two Ms leaves: [List of specimens with sale prices, the specimens origi- 
nally from the Entomological Society, were purchased from Marsham by 
Stephens.] 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 92. 

(3) Nine Ms leaves: [Insects from Marsham's cabinet and a catalogue of 
British Insects] 1820. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 37. 



130 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



222. MASON, Philip Brookes (1842-1903) 

Born in Burton-on-Trent, Mason studied medicine at Glasgow University. 
Outside of medicine, he developed an interest in entomology. His special 
interests included the Coleoptera, but he studied most aspects of British nat- 
ural history. During his lifetime he acquired many important collections, 
including that of E.C. Rye, A. Matthews and the Aculeate Hymenoptera of R 
Smith. Mason was a Fellow of the Linnean Society and the Entomological 
Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1904. Fowler, W.W. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
40:17-18. 

Collection 

(1) One Ts letter from Mason to CO. Waterhouse dated 1899. 
Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 1. 

223. MASTERS, George (1837-1912) 

Born in Kent, Masters went to Australia in 1856 and worked for Dr. Godfrey 
Howitt (1800-1873) who was a keen entomologist. In 1859 he met William 
Macleay and collected for him. In 1864 Masters was appointed Assistant 
Curator at the Australian Museum. In 1871-1872 he published, Catalogue of the 
Described Coleoptera of Australia, in four parts. 

Biographical Reference: 1983 Highley, E. and Taylor, R.W. Australian Systematic 
Entomology : A Bicentenary Perspective. Melbourne: Commonwealth Scientific 
and Industrial Research Organization, 147pp. (pp. 12-1 3), portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Ms index to the Catalogue of the Described Coleoptera of 
Australia by George Masters 1871-72. [By Gilbert Ernest Bryant (1878-1965).] 



The Catalogue 131 



224. MAULIK, Samarendra (1881-1950) 

Born in Tamluk, India, he studied physics, chemistry and mathematics at 
St Xavier's College, Calcutta. In 1911 Maulik travelled to England and 
studied zoology at Cambridge and Imperial College, London. Later he joined 
the staff of The Natural History Museum, London and remained there for 
most of his working life, studying the Chrysomelidae. In 1919 he published 
the first of three volumes on the Chrysomelidae in the series Fauna of British 
India; the second and third volumes were published in 1926 and 1936. 

Biographical Reference: 1950. Bairstow, L. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
86:225-226. 

Collection 

(1) One bound Ts: An Inquiry into the Relationships between the Chrysomelid 
Beetles and their Food-plants, 1945. 

(2) Three work diaries, 1934-1947. 

(3) Mss and drawings of Chrysomelids. 

(4) Correspondence collection: approximately 300 letters to Maulik from 
various entomologists, c. 1929-1948. 

225. MAXWELL, Reginald Maitland (d. 1967) 

Maxwell served in the Indian Civil Service from 1906 to 1944, becoming 
Home Secretary and Home Member of the Viceroy's Council. During this 
time he made extensive collections of Indian Lepidoptera. Over a number of 
years his collection of 6,000 Lepidoptera came to The Natural History 
Museum, London. B.M.1950-397; 1950-398; 1951-22; 1967-553. 

Collection 

(1) One typed Ms : History of the Maxwell Collection of Lepidoptera by Lyle 
Maxwell, c. 1975. Includes a list of new species named and described by 
Edward Meyrick in the Maxwell Collection. 

(2) Photographic collection: [Early stages of Indian Lepidoptera], 1911-1938. 



132 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



226. MEDENBACH, Alexander Benjamin de Rooy van (1841-1878) 

His particular entomological interests concerned the European and exotic 
Lepidoptera, but he was also interested in the Hemiptera and Coleoptera of 
the Netherlands. Medenbach died in Arnhem. He was a member of the 
Netherlands Entomological Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1878. Kraatz, G. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 22:226. 
Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: 

(i) Catalogue of Hocking Collection. 

(ii) Californian Noctuae. New Species, c. 1875. 

227. MEEK, E. G. 

Collection 

(1) Loose-leaf Ms: Notes on the Sesia n.d. [a paper read to members of the 
West London Entomological Society]. 

228. MEIGEN, Johann Wilhelm (1764-1845) 

Born in Solingen, Germany, he lived in Stolberg near Aachen. Meigen had a 
wide interest in natural history but his particular area of study was the clas- 
sification of Diptera. His important publications include: Klassifikazion und 
Beschreibung der europaischen zweifliigeligen Insekten (1804), and Systematische 
Beschreibung der bekannten europaischen zweifliigeligen Insekten (1818-30). 

Biographical Reference: 1846. Forster, J.A. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung 7:66- 
74, 130-141. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook containing: 

(i) Abbildungen zweifliigel. Insekten nach der Natur, Tab. 1-305, in 2 
Quartbande idem Pariser Museum verkauft). 



The Catalogue 133 

(ii) Verzeichniss der von Ritter v. Linne beschriebenen zweifliigeligen Insekten. 

(iii) Verzeichniss der in meinen Werken beschriebenen zweifliigeligen Insekten. 

(iv) Verzeichniss der von Prof. [J.W.] Zetterstedt in Lappland neu entdeckten 
zweifliigeligen Insekten. 

(v) Ubersicht der bis 1840 bekannten [zweifl] Insekten nach den Welttheilen 
geordnet. 

(2) One notebook: [Original pen-and-ink drawings of the heads and 
mouthparts of Diptera, with index.] 

(3) One Ms: Systema Dipterorum Europaearum [1835]. 

(4) Collection of manuscripts and drawings including: 

(i) Plates from Klassifikazion und Beschreibung der europ'dischen zwei- 
fliigeligen Insekten (1804). Handcoloured by the author. 

(ii) One copy of Abbildung aller bis jetzt bekannten europ'dischen zwei- 
fliigeligen Insekten, (1830). A second copy, with coloured plates and 
Ms list of names. A third copy, with uncoloured plates and Ms list of 
names. 

(iii) Notes and criticisms received from [ J.C.] Graf von Hoffmansegg 
with Meigen's signed draft reply, 1814-1815. 

(iv) Original pen-and-ink drawings of Diptera parts. 

(v) 35 sheets of original watercolour drawings of Diptera. 

vi) Auslandische zweifliigelige Insekten. Ten sheets of original water- 
colour drawings. 

vii) Eight sheets of pen-and-ink drawings of Diptera. 

(5) One notebook: Synopsis of known Diptera [1806-17]. 

229. MEYRICK, Edward (1854-1938) 

Born at Ramsbury, Wiltshire, Meyrick studied at Trinity College, Cambridge. 
In 1877 he went to Sydney, Australia, and later to Christchurch, New 
Zealand. In 1887 he returned to England, becoming a teacher at Marlborough 
School. He developed an early interest in the Microlepidoptera and pub- 
lished many papers on their classification. Publications include, A Handbook 
of the British Lepidoptera (1895), A Revised Handbook of British Lepidoptera (1928), 
and contributions to Wytsman's Genera Insectorum (1902-1970). During his 
life he described over 20,000 new species of Lepidoptera and hundreds of 



134 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



new genera. His collection of 100,000 specimens was bequeathed to The 
Natural History Museum, London. B.M. 1938-290. He was elected a Fellow of 
the Royal Society and a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society, London. 

Biographical Reference: 1939. Hall, A.W. Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal 
Society 2:531-548, bibliography, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) Approximately 100 watercolour drawings of Microlepidoptera copied 
from R. Felder and A.F. Rogenhofer, Reise der Osterreichischen Fregatte Novara, 
Zoologischer Theil, Bd. II. Lepidoptera (1864-1875). 

(2) One Ms volume: [Notes on the Microlepidoptera]. 

(3) 32 volumes of Ms relating to the Microlepidoptera collection, 
B.M.1938-290. 

(i) Index to genera and species in catalogues 6,7,10. 

(ii) Index to Fy rales. 

(iii) Indexed list of South African Microlepidoptera. 

(iv) Indexed list of Asiatic Microlepidoptera. 

(v) Indexed list of Australian Pyrales and Microlepidoptera. 

(vi) Catalogue of Tineina, Hepialina ( Genera and species). 

(vii) Catalogue of Tineina (Genera and species). 

(viii) Indexed list & descriptions of Pyralidae genera. 

(ix) An early list of micros taken by Meyrick and arranged after 
Staudinger and Wocke, c. 1875. 

(x) Catalogue of Tortricina (Genera and species). 

(xi) • A list ofPyralid Genera with type species & original references. 

(xii) Food plants. 

(xiii) Catalogue ofPyralidina (Genera and species) with index to Genera. 

(xiv) Generic descriptions of Tineina. 

(xv) List of micro genera. 

(xvi) Generic descriptions of Tortricina. 

(xvii) Notes on larvae & pupae. 

(xviii) Copied descriptions. 
(xix-xxiv) Determinations. 1897-1938. 

(xxv) Meyrick' s diary of Captures, 1872-1890. 



The Catalogue 135 

(xxvi) Copied descriptions of Geometridae and Pyralidae. 
(xxvii-xxix) Copied descriptions of genera of microlepidoptera. 

(xxx) Original descriptions of Microlepidoptera. 
(xxxa) Descriptions of World Genera with keys and index. 

(xxxi) Species of Tineina, Europe. 

(4) One Ms notebook: List of Coleoptera (British). Diary of captures Australia 
1877-1878. 

(5) Three Ms notebooks: Meyrick's notes on Revised Handbook British 
Lepidoptera, 1928. 

(6) One notebook: Numerical index to negatives of genitalia - photomicrographs 
-giving slide no. Mostly Meyrick species of Microlepidoptera taken by H. M. Malies. 

(7) One Ms notebook: Sketches of Tineid venation. 

(8) One Ms notebook: [Systematic catalogue.] 

(9) One Ms notebook: List of Meyrick's Palaearctic Coll. with index and list of 
types taken from the old British Coll. 

(10) One Ms notebook: Meyrick's key to Genera of Phycitinae. 
230. MILES-MOSS, Arthur (1873-1948) 

The Rev. Arthur Miles-Moss was a student at Cambridge and then, in 1897, 
travelled to South America. From 1907 to 1910 he lived in Peru, and from 1911 
to 1945 he stayed at Para in Brazil. He made large collections of insects, but 
was particularly interested in the Lepidoptera. He bred many species and 
made drawings of larvae and pupae. He was a talented artist, painting many 
land- and seascapes and tree studies. Moss was an exhibitor at the Royal 
Academy. In 1947 The Natural History Museum, London purchased his col- 
lection of 25,000 Brazilian Lepidoptera. B.M.1947-453. 

Biographical References: 1926. Anon. Westmorland Gazette, 6 November, 1926; 
1948. Williams, C.B. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London (C) 
12:65. 

Collection 

(1) Two bound volumes: [Annotated watercolour drawings of Lepidoptera 
larvae drawn in Para, Brazil], c. 1929-1935. 



136 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

(2) One bound volume: [Contains a copy of Miles-Moss, A., Sphingidae of 
Para, Brazil, Novitates Zoologicae, Vol. 27 (1920), pp. 333-424, with annotations 
and original drawings.] 

(3) Four boxes of Mss: [Including notes on the Lepidoptera and birds of the 
Amazon, the church, journeys in the Amazon and copies of letters] c. 1946. 

(4) Correspondence relating to the purchase of the Miles-Moss collection by 
The Natural History Museum, London, c. 1946. 

(5) Miscellaneous collection, includes drawings, photographs, notes and 
letters, 1933-1945. 

(6) Correspondence collection: approximately 300 letters, 1898-1945, 
includes letters from: 



Boy, Hugo Carlos (d. 1937) 

Eltringham, Harry (1873-1941) 

Evans, William Harry (1876-1956) 

Fountaine, Margaret Elizabeth (1862-1940) 

Jordan, Karl Hermann Christian (1875-1972) 

Kaye, William James (1875-1967) 

Littlewood, Frank (1882-1949) 

Parish, Herbert Simpson (1870-1957) 

Poulton, Edward Bagnell (1856-1943) 

Querci, Orazio (1875-1967) 

Rothschild, Nathaniel Charles (1877-1923) 

South, Richard (1846-1932) 

Talbot, George (1882-1952) 

Townsend, Charles Henry Tyler (1863-1944) 

Tutt, James William (1858-1911) 

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823-1913) 

Zerny, Hans (1887-1945) 



1935 

1927-1932 
1937 



1909-1910 



1903-1907 



1926 



1916 



1900-1905 



1920 



1898-1917 



1926 

1926-1937 



1926 



1911-1936 



1908-1932 



1930-1932 



1927 



(7) Correspondence collection: approximately 100 letters, 1912-1921, from 
HJ. Thouless to Miles-Moss. 



231. MILLER, [H]. 



The Catalogue 137 



Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: [Reminiscences of collecting Lepidoptera around 
London], c. 1920s. 

232. MNISZECH, Georges Vandalin von (d. 1881) 

Born in Poland, Mniszech came from a wealthy family. He developed inter- 
ests in a range of subjects including geology, palaeontology, astronomy and 
the arts. However, entomology was his main interest and he formed a large 
Coleoptera collection, which passed to the Museum Nationale d'Histoire 
Naturelle, Paris. 

Biographical Reference: 1881. Deyrolle, H. Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique de 
France (6) l:cxlii-cxliv. 

Collection 

(1) Manuscript notebook: Catalogue Buprestidae de la collection de M. le Comte 
de Mniszech, 1868. 

233. MOCSARY, Alexander (Sandor) (1841-1915) 

Born in Nagy varad, Mocsary became a leading Hungarian entomologist with 
special interest in the Chrysidoidea. He worked for 44 years in the National 
Museum, Budapest and published over 150 papers. 

Biographical Reference: 1922. Viereck, H.L. Entomological News 33:157-158. 
Collection 

(1) Six Ms leaves: List of Hymenoptera (Chrysidoidea) determined by Dr. A. 
Mocsary, 1913. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 107. 



138 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
234. MOORE, Frederic (1830-1907) 

Moore joined the staff of the Museum of the East India Company in 1848 and 
retained the position of Assistant Curator until 1879, when the insect collec- 
tion was transferred to the British Museum. He developed an extensive 
collection of butterflies and moths and was known as 'the father of Indian 
Lepidopterists'. His publications include A Catalogue of the Lepidopterous 
Insects in the Museum of the Honourable East India Company (1857-1859), co- 
authored with T. Horsfield; Descriptions of New Indian Lepidopterous Insects 
(Heterocera) from the Collection of the Late W.S. Atkinson 1879-88; and the 
Lepidoptera of Ceylon (1880-1887). In 1890 the first part of the 10-volume work 
Lepidoptera Indica was published and was completed after Moore's death by 
C. Swinhoe (1836-1923). Moore was a Fellow of the Entomological Society of 
London. 

Biographical Reference: 1907. Anon.TTze Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
43:162. 

Collection 

(1) Four boxes of Ms notes: [Indian Coleoptera], c. 1880. 

(2) Two boxes of Ms notes: Monographic Revision of the Genera of European and 
Asiatic Satyrinae, c. 1897. 

(3) Ten boxes of notes, diagrams and original drawings relating to 
Lepidoptera Indica (1890-1913), including some letters from A.G. Butler (1844- 
1925), 1899. 

(4) Correspondence collection: 



McLachlan, Robert (1837-1904) 
Marshall, Guy Anstruther Knox (1871-1959) 
Oberthur, Charles (1845-1924) 
Westwood, John Obadiah (1805-1893) 



1875 



1870 



1883-1891 



1875-1880 



235. MORLEY, Claude (1874-1951) 



As a boy, Morley developed a keen interest in butterflies, but later concen- 
trated on the Hymenoptera, publishing many papers on the British parasitic 



The Catalogue 139 



Hymenoptera. In 1903 he commenced publication of Ichneumonologia 
Britannica. In 1909 he joined The Natural History Museum, London and in 
1910 published the Catalogue of British Hymenoptera of the family Chalcididae 
and between 1912 and 1915 published A revision of the Ichneumonidae. He lived 
for many years in Suffolk and in 1929 founded the Suffolk Naturalists' 
Society. 

Biographical References: 1951. Anon. Transactions of the Suffolk Naturalists' 
Society 7:lxxvii-lxxviii, portrait; 1951. Riley, N.D. The Entomologist 85:121-122. 

Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf typed Ms: Catalogus Musei Mei. List of insects, plants and 
minerals in Morley's natural history collection, 1946. 

(2) One Ms notebook: List of my Entomological Collection, Dec 31st 1895. 

(3) Album of signatures of nineteenth- and twentieth-century entomologists: 
Adams, Frederick Charlstrom (d. 1920) 

Adkin, Robert (1849-1935) 

Andre, Jacques Ernest Edmond (1844-1891) 

Andrews, Henry William (1876-1955) 

Bailey, James Harold (1870-1909) 

Baker, William A. (1899-1973) 

Bal four-Browne, William Alexander Francis (1865-1958) 

Bankes, Eustace Ralph (1861-1929) 

Barker, Henry William (1860-1909) 

Barrett, Charles Golding (1836-1904) 

Bates, Frederick (1829-1903) 

Bayford, Edwin Goldthorp (1865-1958) 

Beare, Thomas Hudson (1859-1940) 

Beaumont, Alfred (1832-1905) 

Bedwell, Ernest Charles (1875-1945) 

Bennett, William Henry (1862-1931) 

BignelLGeorge Carter (1826-1910) 

Bingham, Charles Thomas (1848-1908) 

Blair, Kenneth Gloyne (1882-1952) 

Bloomfield, Edwin Newson (1827-1914) 



240 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Brunetti, Enrico Adelelmo (1862-1927) 

Butler, Edward Albert (1845-1925) 

Butterfield, Rosse (1875-1935) 

Cameron, Peter (1847-1912) 

Campion, Herbert (1870-1924) 

Carpenter, Geoffrey Douglas Hale (1882-1953) 

Carr, John Wesley (1862-1939) 

Champion, George Charles (1851-1927) 

Chaster, George William (d. 1910) 

Chitty, Arthur, John (1859-1908) 

Collet, Edward Pyemont (1863-1937) 

Collin, James Edward (1876-1968) 

Cottam, Arthur (1837-1911) 

Cummings, Bruce Frederic 

(pseudonym: Wilhelm Nero Pilate Barbellion) (1899-1919) 
Curtis, William Parkinson, (1878-1968) 
Dale, Charles William (1851-1906) 
Davies, Edwin C. H. (d. 1909) 
Day, Frank H. (1875-1963) 
Donisthorpe, Horace St. John Kelly (1870-1951) 
Douglas, John William (1814-1905) 
Durrant, John Hartley (1863-1928) 
Edelsten, Hubert MacDonald (1877-1959) 
Edwards, James (1856-1928) 
Edwards, Stanley (1864-1938) 
Elliott, Ernest A. (d. 1936) 
Evans, William Harry (1876-1956) 
Fitch, Edward Arthur (1854-1912) 
Fletcher, John Edward (1836-1902) 
Fordham, William John (1882-1942) 
Froggatt, Walter Wilson (1858-1937) 
Gahan, Charles Joseph (1862-1939) 
Garde, Philip Hardy de la (d. 1913) 
Gibbs, Arthur Ernest (1859-1917) 
Gorham, Henry Stephen (1839-1920) 



Gosse, Herbert (d. 1908) 

Green, Edward Ernest (1861-1949) 

Grimshaw, Percy Hall (1869-1939) 

Haines, Frederick Haslewood (1864-1946) 

Halbert, James Nathaniel (1872-1948) 

Hamm, Albert Harry (1861-1951) 

Harrison, Albert (1860-1911) 

Harwood, Bernard Smith (1876-1933) 

Hewitt, Charles Gordon (1885-1920) 

Howard, Leland Ossian (1857-1950) 

Image, Selwyn (1849-1930) 

Jacob, John Kenneth (d. 1941) 

Janson, Oliver Erichson (1850-1926) 

Jenkinson, Francis John Henry (1853-1923) 

Jones, Albert Hugh (1840-1924) 

Jordan, Karl Hermann Christian (1875-1972) 

Joy, Norman Humbert (1874-1953) 

Keys, James H (1855-1941) 

Killington, Frederick James (1894-1956) 

King, James Joseph Francis Xavier (1855-1933) 

Kirby, William Forsell (1844-1912) 

Kirkaldy, George Willis (1873-1910) 

Knaggs, Henry Guard (1832-1908) 

Lefroy, Harold Maxwell (1877-1925) 

Lucas, William John (1858-1932) 

Luff, William Ambridge (1851-1910) 

Lyle, George Trevor (1873-1930) 

Main, Hugh (d. 1948) 

Malloch, John Russell (1874-1963) 

Marshall, Guy Anstruther Knox (1871-1963) 

Marshall, John Frederick (1874-1959) 

Meyrick, Edward (1854-1938) 

Morey, Frank (1858-1925) 

Morley, Arthur Macdonell (1879-1972) 

Nevinson, Edward Bonney (1858-1927) 



Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Newberry, Emanuel Augustus (1845-1927) 
Nurse, Charles George (1862-1933) 
Nurse, Euston John (1865-1945) 
Ormerod, Eleanor Anne (1828-1901) 
Oshanin, Vasilii Fedorovich (1844-1917) 
Pickard-Cambridge, Octavius (1828-1917) 
Porritt, George Taylor (1848-1927) 
Power, John Arthur (1810-1886) 
Prout, Louis Beethoven (1864-1943) 
Rait-Smith, William (1875-1958) 
Ransom, Edward (d. 1946) 
Richardson, Nelson Moore (1855-1925) 
Roebuck, William Denison (1851-1919) 
Rothney, George Alexander James (1849-1922) 
Rothschild, Nathaniel Charles (1877-1923) 
Routledge, George Bell (1864-1934) 
Saunders, Edward (1848-1910) 
Sharp, David (1840-1922) 
Sharp, William E (1856-1919) 
Sich, Alfred (d. 1943) 

Sladen, Frederick William Lambert (1876-1921) 
Stephens, James Alfred (1882-1947) 
Stevens, Samuel (1817-1899) 
Swinton, Archibald Henry (18457-1936) 
Taylor, John Kidson (1839-1922) 
Thornley, Alfred (1855-1947) 
Tutt, James William (1858-1911) 
Verrall, George Henry (1848-1911) 
Walker, James John (1851-1939) 
Waterhouse, Charles Owen (1843-1917) 
Waterhouse, Edward A (1851-1916) 
Waterston, James (1879-1930) 
Whittingham, Walter Godfrey (1861-1941) 
Whittle, Francis George (1854-1921) 
Wickham, Archdale Palmer (1855-1935) 



The Catalogue 143 



Woodforde, Francis Cardew (1846-1928) 
Yerbury, John William (1847-1927) 

(4) Author's annotated copies of The Hemiptera of Suffolk (1905) and The 
Hymenoptera of Suffolk, Part 1: Aculeata, (1899). 

(5) One loose-leaf Ts: Oxyura Britannica: The Proctotrupidae of Great Britain, 
1917. 

(6) One loose-leaf Ts : Familiar Gnats and Flies of the British Isles. 

(7) One loose-leaf Ts : Catalogus Ichneumonidum Africae, 1917. 

(8) One letter from Thomas Ansell Marshall (1827-1903) to C. Morley dated 
1899. 

(9) One loose-leaf Ms: A Synopsis of British Proctotrupidae ( Oxyura), 1922-1923. 

236. MORRIS, D. 

Collection 

(1) Two Ms leaves: List of insects sent to be named by Mr Morris, Barbados. B.M. 
1902-5. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 24. 

237. MORRIS, Stanley (/Z. 1877-1942) 

Morris had a wide interest in natural history, but was particularly interested 
in butterflies and birds. Living in West Sussex he kept detailed diaries on nat- 
ural history and observations in the Sussex area. 

Collection 

(1) 40 natural history diaries, 1889-1942 covering the Sussex area, and one 
index volume. 

(2) Three bird notebooks: 

(i) A Reference to the Occurrences of the Rarer Species of British Birds in 
Sussex Collected from Various Sources. 

(ii) Immigration Charts of the Summer Residents as recorded in Mid & West 
Sussex between 1890 and 1925 inclusive. 



144 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

(iii) Bird Song: Its Import and Significance. 

(3) Two notebooks: Rough Notes on British Butterflies recorded in West Sussex, 
c. 1930s. 

(4) Three Ms notebooks: Short notes on natural history, c. 2900. 

(5) One Ms notebook: A book of records for the county of Sussex, and more par- 
ticularly of local records taken from my diary of observations and occurrences in 
natural history for Lewes and neighbourhood. 

238. MOSELY, Martin Ephraim (1867-1948) 

A keen angler, Mosely became interested in the study of Trichoptera, and to 
a lesser extent the Ephemeroptera and Plecoptera, in relation to fly-fishing. 
He collected Trichoptera in Switzerland, France and Corsica, and on his 
retirement in 1929 he studied Trichoptera at The Natural History Museum, 
London. He published over 100 papers on entomology and many on angling 
subjects. Publications include: The Dry-fly Fisherman's Entomology (1921); 
Insect Life and the Management of a Trout Fishery (1926); and The British Caddis 
Flies (1939). He bequeathed his collection of over 7,000 Trichoptera specimens 
to The Natural History Museum, London. B.M.1948-589. 

Biographical Reference: 1948. Kimmins, D.E. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
84:240. 

Collection 

(1) Four photograph albums, mostly Trichoptera. 

(2) One Ms notebook: [Notes on collecting Trichoptera and fishing], 1907- 
1910. 

239. MUIR, Frederick Arthur Godfrey (1872-1931) 

Born in Clapham, London, Muir worked for the Eastern Telegraph Company 
in Aden, Mozambique and Durban. He collected specimens and sent many to 
The Natural History Museum, London. In 1905 he was appointed assistant 
entomologist to the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association, working under 
R.C.L. Perkins. His work concentrated on introducing parasites to control 



The Catalogue 145 



insect pests of sugar-cane. This involved travel in the Malay States, Borneo, 
Java and the Moluccas. He published over 100 papers including work on the 
Fulgoroidea. He was a Fellow of the Entomological Society of London and 
was twice President of the Hawaiian Entomological Society. 

Biographical References: 1931. Swezey, O.H. Hawaiian Planters' Record 35:205- 
215, bibliography; 1932. Williams, EX. Proceedings of the Hawaiian 
Entomological Society 8:13-15, 141-152, bibliography, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) Two boxes of manuscripts including: 

(i) Description of genera of Cixiidae and Achilidae. 

(ii) On the classification of the Fulgoroidea. 

(iii) Cixiid notes. 

(iv) Terminal abdominal segments and genitalia. 

(v) Miscellaneous drawings of Homoptera. 

(vi) Miscellaneous notes. 

(2) Two Ms notebooks: Delphacidae. 

(3) Two notebooks: Cixiidae. 



240. MUMFORD, Edward Philpott and ADAMSON, Alistair Martin (1901- 
1945) 

In 1928 Adamson joined the Pacific Entomological Survey, under the 
Directorship of a fellow Englishman, Edward Mumford. The Survey was 
organized and financed by the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association and the 
Bernice P. Bishop Museum in Honolulu to study the fauna of the Pacific 
Islands. Adamson and Mumford spent almost two years in the Marquesas 
Islands, where they made extensive collections of invertebrates. 

Biographical Reference: (Adamson) 1946. Anon. Tropical Agriculture 23:3-4, 
portrait. 



146 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Collection 

(1) One Ts: Entomological Researches in the Marquesas Islands [Pacific Ocean] 
by E.R Mumford and A.M. Adamson. Includes maps and photographs of the 
Marquesas Islands, c. 1928-1930. 

241. MURRAY, Sir John (1841-1914) 

Born in Ontario, Canada, Murray was educated in Scotland from the age of 
16. He spent twelve years at the University of Edinburgh, but never took his 
degree. 

He was interested in oceanography, and funded several Scottish marine 
laboratories and undertook several bathymetrical surveys himself. He is 
most widely known as the naturalist on the Challenger expedition, 1873-1976. 
In 1881, Murray was appointed chief editor of the Challenger Reports. He 
received many distinguished awards including a KCB in 1898 and was 
elected Fellow of the Royal Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1914. W.E.H. Memoirs and Proceedings of the Manchester 
Literary and Philosophical Society 58:xi-xiii. 

Collection 

(1) Twelve Ms leaves: A list of insects including Myriapoda sent to the British 
Museum. 18.7.1882. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, items 65-76. 

242. MYERS, J. G. 

Employed by the Imperial Bureau of Entomology, Myers developed a special 
interest in cicadas. In 1929 he published Insect Singers : A Natural History of the 
Cicadas. 

Collection 

(1) One annotated Ts: Insect Singers : A Natural History of the Cicadas. 



The Catalogue 147 



(2) One loose-leaf Ms: The History of Biological Control. 

(3) Miscellaneous notes. 

243. NEVINSON, Basil George (1852-1909) 

Born in Leicester, he was educated at Shrewsbury School and Exeter College, 
Oxford. Nevinson was a barrister by profession, and in addition a very keen 
entomologist, with a particular interest in the Lamellicornia, especially the 
genus Phanaeus. His major publication, Revised Synonymic List of Species in the 
Genera Phanaeus, Macleay, and Oxysternon, Castelnau was published in 1892. 
Nevinson was a Fellow of the Entomological Society of London and a mem- 
ber of the Societe Entomologique de France. 

Biographical Reference: 1910. Fowler, W.W. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
46:93-94. 

Collection 

(1) Ms notebook: Phanaeus, c. 1877-1885. 

244. NICEVILLE, Charles Lionel Augustus de (1852-1901) 

Born at Bristol, he went to India in 1876 and travelled to many parts of the 
country. He amassed a fine collection of Indian butterflies and published 
many papers, mainly in the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal and the 
Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. Niceville's most important work 
was The Butterflies of India, Burmah and Ceylon, published in 3 volumes (1882- 
1890). The first volume was co-authored with CEL. Marshall, volumes 2 and 
3 were by Niceville alone. Late in his career, Niceville was appointed 
Government Entomologist at the Indian Museum. He died from fever in 
Calcutta. 

Biographical Reference: 1903. Anon. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 
14:140-141. 



148 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
Collection 

(1) Correspondence collection: Approximately 50 letters from C.L.A. de 
Niceville to Thomas Reid Davys Bell (1863-1948), dated 1880 to 1901. 

(2) 22 plates of original watercolour drawings by G.C. Chuckrabutty and 
B.L. Dos. These were used to illustrate various papers by de Niceville and 
B.M. Watson published in the Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. 
Includes illustrations of Western Himalayan, Indo-Malayan and Indian 
Butterflies, c. 1890. 

(3) Six plates of original watercolour drawings and seven proof plates of 
butterflies of India, 1882-1890. 

(4) Approximately 100 original drawings of Indian butterflies by G.C. 
Chuckrabutty, B.L. Dos, G.C. Dudgeon, K.C. Hooper and P. Preisss, for 
Niceville publications. 

(5) Approximately 100 original drawings of Indian butterflies, published in 
various papers by Niceville. Includes art work by Niceville, W. Doherty, H.J. 
Elwes and J. Wood-Mason. 

245. NICHOLL, Mrs. 

Collection 

(1) Two MS leaves: Localities of insects in N.W. America, B.M.1905-69. 
Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 12A. 

246. NORGUET, Anatole de Madre (d. 1898) 

Collection 

(1) One bound Ms : Revision du Catalogue des Coleopteres du Nord. This was 
prepared as a 2nd edition and 2nd supplement to the Catalogue des Coleopteres 
du Departement du Nord (1863). 



The Catalogue 149 

247. OBERTHUR, Charles (1845-1924) 

Charles and his brother, Rene, both developed an early interest in entomol- 
ogy; the former in Lepidoptera and the latter in Coleoptera. They formed 
extensive collections of these groups. Charles' publications included Etudes 
d' entomologie (1876-1902) and Etudes de Eepidopterologie comparee (1904-1924). 
Oberthiir was a member of the Societe Entomologique de la France and a 
Fellow of the Entomological Society of London. The Natural History 
Museum, London purchased most of the Oberthiir collection, which con- 
tained over 750,000 specimens of Lepidoptera, in 1927. B.M.1927-3. 

Biographical Reference: 1924. Riley, NX) .The Entomologist 57:191-192. 
Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf Ms: Eist of specimens disposed of by C. Hofer prior to purchase 
of remainder by the British Museum (Natural History), c. 1927. 

248. OBERTHUR, Rene (1852-1944) 

Rene Oberthiir was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society and in 1931 
was elected an honorary Fellow. He was an eminent coleopterist and 
amassed a fine beetle collection. 

Biographical Reference: 1945. Collart, A. Bulletin et Annales de la Societe 
Entomologique de Belgique 81:185. 1945. Cockayne, E.A. Proceedings of the Royal 
Entomological Society of Eondon (C) 9:47. 

Collection 

(1) Six letters from R. Oberthiir to Charles Owen Waterhouse (1843-1917), 
dated 1903. 

249. ORMISTON, Walter 

Ormiston spent over 30 years in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). During this time he 
collected Lepidoptera, mostly in Haldummulla in the province of Uva. Later 



150 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



he spent two years in England and studied the collections at the Natural 
History Museum, London. His publications include The Butterflies of Ceylon, 
1924. He was a Fellow of the Entomological Society of London. 

Collection 

(1) Correspondence collection: approximately 75 letters, including letters 
from: 

Riley, Norman Denbigh (1890-1979) 1920-1926 
Toxopeus, Lambertus Johannes (1894-1951) 1924-1925 

250. OSTEN-SACKEN, Carl Robert (1828-1906) 

Born in St. Petersburg, he developed an early interest in Diptera and especially 
the Tipulidae. Osten-Sacken' s diplomatic career took him to Washington, 
where he lived from 1856 to 1877. During this time he collected Diptera and 
in 1862 he published Catalogue of the described Diptera of North America, 
Vol. 3 of Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. A later edition of this work 
appeared in 1878, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections no. 270. Osten-Sacken 
published many other papers and has been called the Father of American 
Dipterology. His work on the Tipulidae established the outlines of the mod- 
ern classification of the family. He also studied insect galls and carried out 
important work on the Tabanidae. He corresponded with Hermann Loew, 
supplying him with specimens, and translated and published Loew's work 
in the Monographs of the Diptera of North America (1862-1873), Smithsonian 
Miscellaneous Collections, Nos 6, 171, 219 and 256. He returned to Europe in 
1877 and died at Heidelberg. 

Biographical References: 1904. Osten-Sacken, C.R. Record of my Life Work in 
Entomology, vii, 240pp. Cambridge, Mass.; 1906. Verrall, G.H. The 
Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 42:234-235. 

Collection 

(1) Three Ms leaves: [ Notes on Osten-Sacken 7 s Report on the Diptera of the 
Arctic Expedition], c. 1876. 



251. PADMAN, Isaac 



The Catalogue 151 



Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: An Essay towards Establishing the Natural History of the 
English Ant compiVd partly from quotation, chiefly from observation (second vol- 
ume only), 1796. 

252. PAGANETTI-HUMMLER, Gustav (1871-1949) 

In the early part of the twentieth century Hummler was a travelling collector, 
particularly in Southern Europe. He co-operated with Hans Strichel to edit 
Neue Beitrage zur systematischen Insektenkunde (1916-1932). 

Biographical Reference: 1950. Heikertinger, F. Koleopterologische Rundschau 31:151. 
Collection 

(1) Correspondence collection: Four letters to CO. Waterhouse, 1902-3, con- 
cerning the Paganetti-Hummler collection, together with notes. 

253. PAGDEN, Hugh Trelawny (1905-1977) 

Born in West Byfleet, Surrey, Pagden studied at University College, London 
from 1924 to 1927. He was appointed to the Colonial Service and was posted 
to the Federation of Malay States as Assistant Entomologist, and then to the 
British Solomon Islands as Senior Entomologist from 1933 to 1935. During 
World War II he joined the Malayan Volunteer Force and then the RAF. He 
spent his retirement in Malaya. Pagden was a Fellow of the Royal Photo- 
graphic Society. 

Collection 

(1) One box of entomological Mss and miscellaneous notes. 

(2) Approximately 500 b/w photographs of Malayan Hymenoptera. 

(3) Correspondence collection: approximately 1,000 letters to and from: 



152 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Batcheler, D.M. 

Fennah, Ronald Gordon (1910-1987) 
Hall, Wilfred John (1893-1965) 
Oldroyd, Harold (1913-1978) 
Parker, A.M. 

Pearson, Eric Omar (1906-1968) 



1954-1960 
1964 



1954-1960 



1952-1955 



1970-1975 



1964 



(4) Card index: Localities in Malaya and index to Aculeate Hymenoptera 
Collection. 

(5) Photographic collection: includes approximately 1800 projection slides, 
mainly of Aculeate Hymenoptera; many taken in Penang, Malaya, 1957-1976. 

(6) Four Ms notebooks: includes details of Aculeate Hymenoptera collected 
from Malaya and the Solomon Islands, 1928-1969. 

254. PALMER, Mervyn Grove (1879-1955) 

During the early part of his career, Palmer went on a number of collecting 
trips to Central and South America. Lionel Walter Rothschild employed him 
as a collector. Most of the many hundreds of bird specimens collected by him 
were subsequently sold by Rothschild to the American Museum of Natural 
History. Many of the insects Palmer collected came either directly to The 
Natural History Museum, London, or via the Rothschild collection. Palmer 
was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London. He established 
and was curator of the Ilfracombe Museum in North Devon, which opened 
to the public in 1932. 

Biographical Reference: 1956. Hall, W.J. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological 
Society of London (C) 21:65. 



(1) Six Ms collecting diaries: Contain details about material collected by 
Palmer in Central and South America, 1906-1909, as follows: 

(i) Notebook No. 3 [sic]: [Nicaragua], 1906. 

(ii) Notebook No. 3: Ecuador, 1910. 



Collection 



The Catalogue 253 



(iii) Notebook No. 4: Termination of Nicaragua commencement of Colombia, 
7 December 1906 to 11 April 1907. 

(iv) Notebook No. 5: W. Colombia, 14 April 1907 to 15 October 1907. 

(v) Notebook No. 6: 28 October 1907 to 24 March 1908. 

(vi) Notebook No. 9: Colombia 12 September to 7 December 1909. 

(2) Correspondence collection: Three letters between Palmer's niece, 
Barbara Forth and Paul E.S. Whalley of The Natural History Museum, 
London concerning the purchase of the Palmer diaries, 1967. 

255. PARAVICINI, Ludwig (c.1868-1937) 

Paravicini lived in Basel, Switzerland. In 1937 The Natural History Museum, 
London purchased the Paravicini collection, consisting of over 67,000 speci- 
mens of Heterocera, including the Oberthur collection of Pyralidae and 
numerous types. B.M.1937-383. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook, 1903-1923. 

(2) Five letters, 1928-1931, from Johann Muller-Rutz. 

(3) One loose-leaf Ms: Numbers of Pyrales in Coll. Paravicini. 1936 by G.A. 
Bisset. 

(4) Loose-leaf index: Index to Paravicini collection Microlepidoptera, (not 
complete). 

(5) Miscellaneous notes. 

256. PASCOE, Frances Polkinghorne (1813-1893) 

After a career as a naval surgeon, Pascoe turned his attention to entomology. 
From 1864 to 1865 he was President of the Entomological Society of London. 
He travelled through Europe, North Africa and the Amazon, collecting 
Coleoptera. Pascoe published works on Longicornia, Colydidae, 
Curculionidae and other families. His collection of over 42,000 specimens, 
including many types was sold to The Natural History Museum, London. 
B.M.1893-60. 



154 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

Biographical Reference: 1893. McLachlan, R. The Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine 29:194-196. 

Collection 

(1) Agreement between Pascoe and the Trustees of The British Museum for 
sale and purchase of a collection of Coleoptera and cabinets, 1892. 

257. PEARCE, Edmund James (1903-1982) 

Pearce developed a keen interest in natural history while at school in 
Sherborne. After graduating from Cambridge he was ordained into the 
Church of England. His interest in entomology concentrated on the 
Coleoptera, especially the families Pselapidae and Haliplidae on which he 
was an international authority. He published extensively on British 
Coleoptera; his collections went to the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff 
and The Natural History Museum, London. 

Biographical Reference: 1983. MacKechnie-Jarvis, C. The Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine 119:171-176. 

Collection 

(1) Six British collecting log books, 1920-1952 and 1969-73. 

(2) Three boxes Ms: Catalogue of the Pearce Collection Haliplidae. c. 1970. 

(3) One Ms notebook: Material deposited or sent to the British Museum 1968- . 

(4) Miscellaneous photographs and slides. 

(5) Loose-leaf Ms: Earliest collecting records, c. 1920. 

258. PEARMAN, John Victor (1887-1970) 

Pearman was born in Linslade, Buckinghamshire. Between 1923 and 1960 he 
published 40 papers on the Psocoptera. These included a preliminary sketch 
of a classification of Psocids. He was a member of the Bristol Naturalists 
Society and a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London. 



The Catalogue 155 



Biographical Reference: 1971. Clay, T. and Smithers, C.N. The Entomologist's 
Monthly Magazine 107:65-66. 

Collection 

(1) Seven boxes of Ms notes and drawings on Psocoptera. 
Boxl: 

(i) Ms notes: on the preparation of a Psocoptera Handbook (unpub- 
lished). 

(ii) Notes on venation. 

(iii) Nomenclature! notes. 

(iv) Descriptions and figures of New Hebrides (Pacific Ocean) New 
Guinea and Papuan species. 

(v) Notes on Wegener Theory - distribution of some Psocids. 

(vi) Notebook: Psocoptera, systematic and nomenclatural. 

(vii) One file: Historical notes on deathwatch beetles, Taxonomy 
Groundwork. 

(viii) One file: Notes and drawings on Pseudocaecilius. 

(ix) One notebook: Pachytroctid analysis, and notes on Philotarsus complex. 

(x) One notebook: Myopsocus descriptions and drawings. 

(xi) Notes on biometry, varieties, morphology and systematics. 

(xii) One notebook : List of genera and species, when described and by 
whom, with distribution notes. 

(xiii) Miscellaneous notes and drawings, mostly descriptions. 
Box 2: 

(i) Notes on some aberrant genera of Psocina. 

(ii) Draft catalogue. 

(iii) One packet: Notes on Liposcelis, including notes on a tentative clas- 
sification. 

(iv) One file: Notes on microscopy and techniques applicable to 
Psocids. 

(v) One file: Extracts from papers published in various journals by 
other authors. 

Box 3: 

(i) One packet: Notes and figures on Troctes var. 



156 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
Box 4: 

(i) Notes on the relationship of the genera of the Elipsocidae. 

(ii) Island Psocids - data regarding distribution of genera. 

(iii) Liposceliss: Descriptions, nomenclature, morphology. 

(iv) One notebook: [Distribution of Caecilius.] 

(v) Book of drawings: Pachytroctidae. 

(vi) References to old literature. 

(vii) List of Stephens types in British Museum. 

(viii) Extracts from papers. 

(ix) Historical notes on some insects, including deathwatch beetle. 

Box 5: 

(i) Ms notes on the Pacific Entomological Survey, including: ecologi- 
cal notes, collections and preservation, preliminary descriptions. 

(ii) Notes on Solomon Islands materials and Australian Psocids. 
Box 6: 

(i) Working notes on Psocoptera. 

(ii) Family tables, notes on booklice. 

(iii) One notebook: Colour drawings of wings. 

(iv) Miscellaneous notes and drawings. 
Box 7: 

(i) One notebook: Classification of genera of Psocoptera. 

(ii) One notebook: [Illustrations with legends of Psocids eggs and 
young emerging from eggs.] 

(iii) Ms: Identities of some species of Psocoptera. 

(iv) Six notebooks: Extracts of papers on Psocids. 

(v) Miscellaneous notes and drawings. 

(2) Two boxes (nos 8 and 9) of correspondence : Letters, 1925-1956, to and 
from 123 correspondents, including: 

Balfour-Browne, William Alexander Francis (1874-1967) 
Baweja, K.D. (1896-1962) 
Bequaert, Joseph Charles (1886-1982) 
Carpenter, Geoffrey Douglas Hale (1882-1953) 
Cheesman, Lucy Evelyn (1881-1969) 
Chopard, Lucien (1855-1971) 



1934 

1936-1937 
1949 

1942-1943 
1930-1937 
1955 



The Catalogue 157 



Clay, Theresa 1936-1957 

Cowley, John (1909-1967) 1947-1948 

Crampton, Guy Chester (1881-1951) 1929 

Eastop, Victor Frank 1953 

Eltringham, Harry (1873-1941) 1933 

Enderlein, Giinter (1872-1968) 1930 

Evans, John William (1906-1990) 1945 

Finlayson, Lawrence H (1903-1965) 1944-1945 

Fox-Wilson, George (1896-1951) 1932 

Gambles, Robert Moylan (1910-1990) 1931-1946 

Green, Edward Ernest (1861-1949) 1932-1937 

Haines, Frederick Haslewood (1864-1946) 1934 

Hall, Wilfred John (1893-1965) 1949-1958 

Hemming, Arthur Francis (1893-1964) 1950-1951 

Hindle, Edward (1886-1973) 1948 

Hinton, Howard Everest (1912-1977) 1943-1944 

Hobby, Bertram Maurice (1905-1983) 1945-1955 

Imms, Augustus Daniel (1880-1949) 1929-1936 

Karney, Heinrich Hugo (1886-1939) 1931-1935 

Kearns, Howard George Henry (1902-1986) 1937-1938 

Keys, James H (1855-1941) 1928 

Killington, Frederick James (1894-1956) 1934 

Kimmins, Douglas Eric (1905-1985) 1929-1934 

King, C.B. Redman 1935-1940 

Kirkpatrick, Thomas Winfred (d. 1971) 1932 

Lloyd, Robert Wyllie (1868-1958) 1932 

Longfield, Cynthia (1896-1991) 1948 

Macan, Thomas Townley (1910-1985) 1936 

MacBride, Ernest Williams (1866-1940) 1833-1935 

McKenny Hughes, Alfred Weston (1895-1870) 1934 
Massee, Arthur Morel (1899-1967) 

Munro, J. W. (1888-1968) 1929 

Musgrave, Anthony J. (1895-1959) 1937 

Neave, Sheffield Airey (1879-1961) 1931-1945 

Peach, Alec Hamilton (1885-1960) 1956 



158 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Pearson, Eric Omar (1906-1968) 1957 

Perkins, Robert Cyril Layton (1866-1955) 1919 

Potter, Charles (1907-1959) 1938 

Poulton, Edward Bagnell (1856-1943) 1928 

Priesner, Hermann (1891-1974) 1936 

Richards, Owain Westmacott (1901-1984) 1928 

Riley, Norman Denbigh (1890-1979) 1955 

Taylor, Thomas Hugh Colebrook (1901-1972) 1947-1952 
Vesey-Fitzgerald, Leslie Desmond Foster (1910-1974) 1936 

Weber, Hermann (1899-1956) 1955 

Williams, Carrington Bonso (1889-1981) 1932-1944 

Zacher, Fredrich 1939 

Zimmerman, Elwood C. 1939-1947 

Zumpt, F. (1908-1985) 1956 



(3) One box ( no. 10) of drawings: Pen-and-ink drawings of Psocoptera. 
259. PEILE, Harry Diamont (1872-1959) 

Peile served 24 years in the Indian Army, including a period as medical offi- 
cer to the 52nd Sikhs on the N.W. Frontier of India, and achieved the rank of 
Lieutenant-Colonel. He was a keen lepidopterist and in 1937 published his 
Guide to Collecting Butterflies of India. During World War I he served in Iraq, 
and from his observations made important contributions to the knowledge of 
butterflies in Mesopotamia and N.W. Persia. He presented his collection to 
The Natural History Museum, London. 

Biographical Reference: 1959. Hutchinson, C.H. The Entomologist 92:244. 
Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Entomological notes and observations, photographs 
of places and historical events. It includes: 

(i) Collecting diary from Peshawar and Mussoorie, India, 1911-1917. 

(ii) Notes on a journey from Baghdad to Babylon. 

(iii) Notes on Menton, S. France 1928-1930. 



The Catalogue 159 

(iv) Drawings and nature prints. 

260. PERKINS, John Frederick (1910-1983) 

Perkins studied entomology at Imperial College, London from 1928 to 1932. 
In 1933 he joined the staff of The Natural History Museum, London. He spent 
his career working on parasitic Hymenoptera, specializing in the 
Ichneumonidae. When Perkins retired in 1973 he was Deputy Keeper of the 
Department of Entomology. He was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological 
Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1983. Quinlan, J. and Huddleston, T. Antenna 7:120-121. 
Collection 

(1) Manuscript and drawings relating to the Handbooks for the Identification 
of British Insects, Vol. VI. Part 3(a) Hymenoptera. Bethyloidea. (1976). 

261. PERKINS, Robert Cyril Layton (1866-1955) 

Perkins read classics at Oxford, but under the influence of E.B. Poulton 
changed to science. In 1891 he was chosen by the Members of the Sandwich 
Island Committee (Royal Society and the British Association for the 
Advancement of Science), to investigate the fauna of the Hawaiian Islands. 
For 10 years, 1892-1902, he collected specimens, which resulted in his contri- 
butions to Fauna Hawaiiensis (1899-1913). When the collection was divided up 
The Natural History Museum, London received the type specimens; the 
remaining specimens went to the respective specialists and the Bernice P. 
Bishop Museum, Honolulu. In later years his interests turned to the biologi- 
cal control of imported insect pests and introduced weeds, on which he 
worked with Frederick Muir, O.H. Swezey and Albert Koebele. In 1912 he 
retired and continued to work on his collections. His work on British insects 
concentrated on Aculeate Hymenoptera and sawflies. He published over 200 
papers in the The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. 

Biographical References: 1955. Scott, H. and Benson, R.B. The Entomologist's 



160 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Monthly Magazine 91:289-291; 1986. Manning, A. Bishop Museum Occasional 
Papers 26:1-46. 

Collection 

(1) Collecting notes from various Hawaiian localities, 1892-1936. 

(2) Diary of collecting on Kanai, 1895. 

(3) Autobiographical notes. 

(4) Notes on Hymenoptera collected in the Marquesas Islands, Pacific Ocean. 

(5) Reports of the Commissioner, 1898-1902. List of injurious and benefical 
insects of the Hawaiian Islands. 

(6) Miscellaneous notes and drawings. 

(7) One Ms notebook: Gloucester Lepidoptera, Wotton-under-Edge, 1891. 

(8) Seven examination certificates from Jesus College, Oxford. 

(9) Correspondence collection: 300 correspondents, 1885-1948, including 
the following: 

Adamson, Alastair Martin (1901-1945) 1932 
Alexander, Charles Paul (1899-1981) 1912 
Alfken, Johann Diedrich (1862-1945) 1913-1922 
Arrow, Gilbert John (1873-1948) 1914 
Ashby, Edward Bernard 1925-1935 
Ashmead, William Harris (1855-1908) 1901-1905 
Atkinson, Harold W. 1936-1937 
Audcent, Henri L. F. (1875-1951) 1931 
Auderson, Esther C. 1932 
Austen, Ernest Edward (1867-1938) 1906-1931 
Bagnell, Richard Siddoway (1889-1962) 1908 
Balfour-Browne, John 1925-1931 
Balfour-Browne, William Alexander Francis (1874-1967) 1930 
Banks, Nathan (1868-1953) 1908-1909 
Bateson, William (1861-1926) 1909-1915 
Bedwell, Ernest Charles (1875-1945) 1929 
Benson, Robert Bernard (1904-1967) 1923-1935 
Bethune-Baker, George Thomas (1857-1944) 1915-1920 
Bezzi, Mario (1868-1927) 1880-1927 



The Catalogue 161 



Bignell, George Carter (1826-1910) 


1891 


Billups, Thomas Richard (1841-1919) 


1888 


Blair, Kenneth Gloyne (1882-1952) 


1919-1931 


Bliithgen, P. (1880-1967) 


1926 


Boving, Adam (1870-1957) 


1909 


Bridgeman, John Brooks (1836-1899) 


1888 


Britten, Harry (1870-1954) 


1921-1946 


Brues, Charles Thomas (1879-1955) 


1905-1909 


Bullock, Edwin (1879-1965) 


1928 


Burgess, Albert Franklin (1873-1953) 


1909 


Burr, Malcolm (1878-1954) 


1897-1898 


Burtt, Bernard O. 


1922-1923 


Butterfield, Rosse (1875-1935) 


1919-1921 


Buxton, Patrick Alfred (1892-1955) 


1927 


Calvert, Philip Powell (1871-1961) 


1911-1913 


Carpenter, Geoffrey Douglas Hale (1882-1953) 


1938-1942 


Carr, John Wesley (1862-1939) 


1924 


Champion, George Charles (1851-1927) 


1911-1918 


Chapman, Christopher W. H. 


1943 


Chapman, Lucille 


1944 


Chawner, Ethel Frances (1866-1953) 


1928-1934 


Cheesman, Lucy Evelyn (1881-1969) 


1926-1937 


China, William Edward (1895-1979) 


1948 


Cockerell, Theodore Dm Alison (1866-1948) 


1910-1924 


Collenette, Cyril Leslie (1888-1959) 


1928 


Cowley, John (1909-1967) 


1946 


Craw, Alexander (1850-1908) 


1903 


Crawford, James Chamberlin (1880-1950) 


1909 


De Worms, Charles Maurice ,Baron (1903-1979) 


1936 


Donisthorpe, Horace St John Kelly (1870-1951) 


1916-1948 


Donitz, W. 


1909 


Durrant, John Hartley (1863-1928) 


1891-1909 


Edwards, Frederick Wallace (1888-1940) 


1915 


Ehrhorn, Edward Macfarlane (1862-1941) 


1914 


Elliott, Ernest A. (d. 1936) 


1915 



162 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Ellis, Henry Willoughby (1869-1943) 


1925 


Eltringham, Harry (1873-1941) 


1920 


Enderlein, Giinther (1872-1968) 


1913 


Enock, Frederick (1845-1916) 


1914 


Fassnidge, William (1888-1949) 


1927 


Forel, Auguste Henri (1848-1931) 


1913 


Fraser, Frederic Charles (1880-1963) 


1948 


Friend, Roger B. 


1930 


Froggatt, Walter Wilson (1858-1937) 


1906 


Fullaway, David Timmins (1880-1964) 


1913-1917 


Gahan, Charles Joseph (1862-1939) 


1916-1921 


Gardner, Willoughby (1860-1953) 


1919-1935 


Giffard, Walter M. (1856-1929) 


1904-1925 


Green, Edward Ernest (1861-1949) 


1928-1930 


Griffith, Arthur Foster (d. 1933) 


1932 


Haines, Frederick Haslewood (1864-1946) 


1914-1921 


Hallett, Howard Mountjoy (1878-1958) 


1914-1948 


Haviland, Maud Doria (1891-1941) 


1927 


Hofender, Karl (1878-1951) 


1908 


Holland, William Jacob (1848-1932) 


1905 


Horn, Walter (1871-1939) 


1919 


Horvath, Gezza de (1847-1937) 


1916 


Howard, Leland Ossian (1857-1950) 


1916 


Imms, Augustus Daniel (1880-1949) 


1907 


Jacobson, Edward (1870-1944) 


1907-1909 


Jermyn, Turenne (1862-1924) 


1923-1924 


Johnson, William Frederick (1852-1934) 


1920-1027 


Jones, Hugh Parry (1893-1937) 


1925-1931 


Joy, Ernest Edward Cooper (1869-1940) 


1930 


Joy, Norman Humbert (1874-1953) 


undated 


Kemp, Stanley (d. 1945) 


1943 


Kennedy, Clarence Hamilton (1870-1952) 


1925 


Kertesz, Kalman (1867-1922) 


1905-1915 


Keys, James H. (1855-1941) 


1922 


Kieffer, Jean Jacques (1856-1925) 


1905-1913 



The Catalogue 163 



Killington, Frederick James (1894-1956) 


1931 


King, James Joseph Francis Xavier (1855-1933) 


1914-1917 


Kirkaldy, George Willis (1873-1910) 


1904-1910 


Koebele, Albert (1852-1924) 


1897-1913 


Konow, Fredrick Wilhelm (1842-1908) 


190[5] 


Kuwana, Shinkai Inokichi (1872-1933) 


1905 


Laidlaw, F. F. (1876-1963) 


1925 


Lallemand, Victor (1880-1965) 


1913 


Lamb, Charles George (1861-1941) 


1926 


Latter, Oswald H. (1864-1948) 


1919-1921 


Lea, Arthur Mills (1868-1932) 


1906 


Lebeden, Alexander G. (1874-1936) 


1929 


Marlatt, Charles Lester (1863-1954) 


1906 


Marshall, Guy Anstruther Knox (1871-1959) 


1912-1932 


Mason, Philip Brookes (1842-1903) 


1888 


May, Jan (d. 1959) 


1937 


Meade-Waldo, Geoffrey (1884-1916) 


1909-1916 


Meyrick, Edward (1854-1938) 


1895-1908 


Miyake, Tsunekata (1880-1921) 


1915 


Montandon, Arnold Lucien (d. 1922) 


1908 


Morice, Francis David (1849-1926) 


1890-1926 


Morley, Claude (1874-1951) 


1947 


Mortimer, Charles Henry (d. 1932) 


1924 


Morton, Kenneth J. (1858-1940) 


1920-1930 


Mosely, Martin Ephraim (1867-1948) 


1930-1933 


Muir, Frederick Arthur Godrey (1872-1931) 


1904-1931 


Mumford, Edward Philpott 


1931-1936 


Murray, James (1872-1942) 


1929-1938 


Muttkowski, Richard Anthony (1887-1943) 


1909-1910 


Nevinson, Edward Bonney (1858-1927) 


1919 


Nixon, Gilbert Edward James (1905-1987) 


1925-1938 


Nurse, Charles George (1862-1933) 


1914-1921 


Pagden, Hugh Trelawny (1905-1977) 


1925-1930 


Poulton, Edward Bagnell (1856-1943) 


1897-1937 


Pratt, Frederick C. (1869-1911) 


1907 



264 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Rait-Smith, William (1875-1958) 


1934 


Richards, Owain Westmacott (1901-1984) 


1926-1935 


Riel, Philibert (1862-1943) 


1923 


Riley, Norman Denbigh (1890-1979) 


1929-1937 


Robbins, John Cuthbert (1906-1932) 


1928-1931 


Roberts, Arthur William Rymer (1879-1955) 


1917 


Rothschild, Nathaniel Charles (1877-1923) 


1919-1920 


Routledge, George Bell (1864-1934) 


1917-1918 


Sampson, Frank Winn (1853-1926) 


1920 


Saunders, Charles James (1868-1941) 


undated 


Saunders, Edward (1848-1910) 


1889-1905 


Saunt, John William (1881-1958) 


1933-1940 


Schouteden, Henri (1881-1972) 


1909-1912 


Schulthess, Anton (1855-1941) 


1913 


Scott, Hugh (1885-1960) 


1909-1943 


Shestakov, Andrei Valentinovich (1890-1933) 


undated 


Silvestri, Filippo (1873-1949) 


1903-1918 


Spooner, Malcolm (1907-1989) 


1930-1947 


Stelfox, Arthur Wilson (1883-1972) 


1922-1935 


Stephenson, T. A. 


1916 


Stoeckhert, E. 


1925 


Swain, Humphrey Drummond (1902-1959) 


1927 


Swale, Harold (1853-1919) 


undated 


Swenk, Myron Harmon (1883-1941) 


1908 


Swezey, Otto Herman (1869-1959) 


1906-1947 


Taylor, Thomas Hugh Colebrook (1901-1972) 


1924 


Terry, Frank Wray (1877-1911) 


1904-1908 


Thornley, Alfred (1855-1947) 


1924-1934 


Turner, Henry Jerome (1856-1951) 


1928 


Turner, Rowland Edwards (1863-1945) 


1908-1910 


Varley, George Copley (1910-1982) 


1932 


Viereck, Henry Lorenz (1881-1931) 


1908-1925 


Wainwright, Colbran Joseph (1867-1949) 


1934 


Walker, James John (1851-1939) 


1917 


Walsingham, Thomas de Grey (1843-1919) 


1908 



The Catalogue 165 



Waterhouse, Charles Owen (1843-1917) 
Waterhouse, Gustavus Athol (1877-1950) 
Waters, Edwin George Ross (1890-1930) 
Waterston, James (1879-1930) 
Williams, Francis Xavier (1882-1967) 
Wood, Theodore (1862-1923) 
Wormersley, Herbert (1889-1962) 
Zimmerman, Elwood C. 



1907-1914 



1906 
1928 



1915-1929 
1935 



1892 



1924 



1936-1950 



(10) Ms: Keys to numbers of localities of Mr Perkins' Hawaiian insects, First 
Expedition 1892-94, and 2nd Expedition 1895-97. 

Insect Room Eists: Volume 1, items 3, 39-59. 

262. PETHER, W. G. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms: Catalogue of the Pether collection of Eepidoptera. 

(2) One Ts: [Catalogue of collection of Palaearctic Rhopalocera.] 

263. PICTET, Francois Jules (1809-1872) 

Pictet was born in Geneva, to a wealthy Swiss family In 1830 he went to Paris 
and became one of the first entomologists to specialize in the study of the 
Ephemeroptera. Much of his work formed the foundation for research on this 
group. Between 1841 and 1845 he published in a total of 21 parts, a two- 
volume work: Histoire naturelle generale et particuliere des insectes neuropteres. In 
his later years he devoted himself to palaeontology 

Biographical Reference: 1990. Peters, J. et ah, in Flannagan, J.F. and Marshall, 
K.E. Advances in Ephemeroptera Biology. London. 552pp. (pp. 532-534). 



166 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
Collection 

(1) Two Ms leaves: [Lists Trichoptera type specimens given to Curtis, prob- 
ably written by J. Curtis] 

264. PIERCE, Frank Nelson (1861-1943) 

Pierce was a keen field collector and a member of the Lancashire and 
Cheshire Entomological Society. His major work started in 1909 when he 
published The Genitalia of the Group Noctuidae of the Lepidoptera of the British 
Islands. Subsequently he published other volumes covering the genitalia of all 
British Lepidoptera. 

His collection of British Lepidoptera and the drawings for his work, The 
Genitalia of the Group Noctuidae of the Lepidoptera of the British Isles, were 
bequeathed to the Liverpool Museum and the slide preparations were 
donated to The Natural History Museum, London. 

Biographical Reference: 1943. W.M. The Entomologist 76:175-176. 
Collection 

(1) 23 watercolour Christmas cards drawn by Pierce, 1904-1941. 

(2) One Ms notebook. 

(3) Seven letters to Harold Williams Daltry, 1937-1938. 

265. PITTIER DI FABREGA, M.H. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms leaf: [List of Coleoptera presented by M.H. Pittier di Fabrega 
from Costa Rica], 1896. 



Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 62. 



The Catalogue 167 



266. POOLE, Herbert F. 

Poole was a keen lepidopterist and contributed a chapter on the Lepidoptera 
to F. Morey's, A Guide to the Natural History of the Isle of Wight (1909). 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Natural History lists and letters relating to the Guide, 
1908. 

(2) One Ms notebook: The Lepidoptera of the Isle of Wight, Times of emergence - 
note book no. 3, 1910-1929. 

267. POPE, Robert Denis (b. 1928) 

Educated at Selwyn College, Cambridge where he gained his MA in 1977. He 
was employed by the Commonwealth Institute of Entomology, 1949-1964, 
and The Natural History Museum, London until 1986. Pope's main areas of 
interest have been and continue to be Coccinellidae, Colydiidae, the British 
Beetle Fauna, nomenclatural problems and the micromorphology of insect 
waxes. He has published several books and papers. 

Collection 

(1) Two Ms field notebooks: [Notes on Lopham and Redgrave Fens, Suffolk 
and Norfolk.] 

268. POWER, John Arthur (1810-1886) 

Power studied at Clare College, Cambridge and practised medicine for 40 
years. While at Cambridge he began to study Coleoptera. Between 1853 and 
1880 he collected regularly and found many species of Coleoptera and 
Hemiptera new to the British lists. His collection of 30,000 British Coleoptera 
and 6,000 Hemiptera was purchased by The Natural History Museum, 
London in 1896. B.M.1896-69. 



Biographical Reference: 1886. Dunning, J.W. The Entomologist 19:193-200. 



168 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
Collection 

(1) Two Ms notebooks: Register of Power's [British] Collection 1848-1879. 

269. PRATT 

Collection 

(1) 189 b/w photographs of butterflies from various localities collected by 
Messrs. Pratt, c. 1910. 

270. PROUT, A. Ellen 

Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf Ms: Hypenid Genera, c. 1930. 

271. PROUT, Louis Beethoven (1864-1943) 

The world authority on the Geometridae, he contributed fascicules on this 
group for Wytsman's, Genera Insectorum (1902-1970) and Seitz's, Die Gross- 
Schmetterlinge der Erde (1906-1954). He presented his collection to The Natural 
History Museum, London. Prout was President of the City of London 
Entomological and Natural History Society, 1899-1904, and a Special Life 
Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1944. Cockayne, E.A. Entomologist's Record and Journal 
of Variation 56:28. 

Collection 

(1) 25 boxes of Ms notes on the Geometridae. 

(2) Six Ms notebooks: Entomological Journals, 1889-1921. 

(3) Three boxes of miscellaneous entomological notebooks. 

(4) Two Ms notebooks: Reference catalogue of Eepidoptera literature. 

(5) Six Ms notebooks: Notes on Larentidae. 

(6) 13 Ms notebooks: Conspectus nominum Geometrarum. 



The Catalogue 169 



(7) 699 genitalia drawings together with notes on Eumelia. 

(8) 12 miscellaneous Ms notebooks and drawings of Lepidoptera genitalia. 

(9) Loose-leaf Mss: Notes on collections (Geometrid, Hill Museum). 

(10) One Ts: [Geometridae]. 

(11) Three boxes of miscellaneous Mss. 

(12) Approximately 1000 letters sent to Prout, 1900-1940, from, among others: 



Bavne Arthur F (1869-1947) 


1903-1910 

JL y \J\J X y X\J 


Rlackmorp Frnpst Henrv (1878-1929) 


1/1/ X y Z-Z. 


Burrows Charles Richard Nelson (1851-1936) 


1909-1917 

x y\j y x y x / 


Fnrbpq William Trnwbridcrp Mprrifipld C1886-1968) 

1 Ul UC5/ V V 11 lid! J. 1 1 1 vJ W L/l ILliiC 1V1C1 1 111C11_1 \-lOOU -l y\JO ) 




Giacomplli Fu^pnio Cd 1941) 


1910-1920 

X y jl\J X y Z—VJ 


Grnssbprk Tohn Arthur CI 883-1 91 4) 

> J 1 UijijL'CV.JX/ JUIUl ill LI LL4.1 \ 1 OtJ^/ 1/11/ 


1908-191 3 

x y\J(j X y X O 


Grnrp AncriiQi- RaHrliffp C1 841 -1903) 

VjlUlC/ .rA. Llii U.S I IxdHV-llllt; VJ-O^*- 1 - xy\JO) 




Harrknn Tnhn William Hpqlnn C1 881 -1967) 

1 Idl 1 13U1 L, JUlLll VVlllldlll 1 1GS1VJ VJ \ iOOl 1/U/ / 


1 909-1 91 £\ 
xy\jy i/iu 


TanQP Antnnip TnhannpQ TVipnHnmc: C1 877-1 970) 

J CI 1 IOC, I V 1 UU1 llC J V7 1 Idl 11 1 1 1CUUU1 LAO \ 1 Kj J 1 JL y / \J J 


1912-1934 

i/ii. x y 


Kirkaldv George Willis (1873-1910) 

ix.il ixciiLA y, vjcui tic v v 11110 \iu/ \j x y x\j / 


1904-1910 

x y \j~ x y x\j 


T hommp T eon CI 867-1 949) 

L/l LU11 111 ^ L/vvl I \ X VJVJ / X y A y / 


1926-1929 

x y Z-Kj x y z— y 


1 ittlpr Frank Mprvvn C1 880-1 922) 

J—ilLLlCl, 1 1 CI 1 I fx 1V1C1 V y 11 \ JL UUU X y ( ( j 


1904 

x y kj~ 


\ ittlpwood Frank C1 882-1 949) 

LjIIIIC VV V/Uv4.| X 1U1 U\ \ 1UU^ X y JL y / 


1911-1937 


McDunnouffh lames Hallidav CI 877-1 962) 

Jl Viv IS CAX UL IV7 LA 1 I ^ J Ull l O J. ACllll VlCl y \ JL U/ / X y \J JL. / 


1911-1940 


Paoli, Guido (1881-1947) 


1927 


Pierce, Frank Nelson (1861-1943) 


1896-1923 


Puengeller, Rudolf (1857-1927) 


1907-1912 


Quail, Ambrose (1872-1905) 


1901-1904 


Querci, Orazio (1875-1967) 


1920 


Rait-Smith, William (1875-1958) 


1935 


Robertson, R. Bowen (1860-1919) 


1912 


Schaus, William (1858-1942) 


1920-1936 


Seitz, Adalbert (1860-1938) 


1935-1938 


Sterneck, Jakob Doublebsky von (1868-1941) 


1934-1939 


Taylor, George William (1851-1912) 


1904-1911 


Warren, William (1839-1914) 


1907-1912 


Wehrli, Eugene (1871-1958) 


1934-1936 



270 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

272. QUERCI, Orazio (1875-1967) 

Born in Rome, Querci developed an early interest in butterflies. He married 
Clorinda di Nino who shared his entomological interests. He collected for 
The Natural History Museum, London, Baron Rothschild and Charles 
Oberthiir. In 1927-1928 he carried out a survey of the Lepidoptera of Cuba, on 
his return to Europe he spent time in Lisbon, Madrid and Tangier. 

Biographical Reference: 1968. S.N. A. J[acob]. The Entomologist's Record and 
Journal of Variation 80:87-88. 

Collection 

(1 ) Ts: Clorinda Querci -s beginning and end. Typescript of an obituary published 
in The Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 1959 71: 215-217 (1959). 

(2) Four family photographs. 

273. RAYNOR, Gilbert Henry (1854-1929) 

Born in Totternhoe, Bedfordshire, Raynor became a keen lepidopterist. 
Between 1876 and 1880 he travelled through New South Wales, Victoria and 
Queensland, Australia. On his return his collection was divided between The 
Natural History Museum, London and Lord Walsingham. The Walsingham 
collection came to The Natural History Museum, London as part of the 
Walsingham bequest. Raynor collaborated with Tutt, contributing to the 
Entomologist's Record and Tutt's volumes on British Lepidoptera. 

Biographical Reference: 1929. Riley, N.D. The Entomologist 62:239-240. 
Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Catalogue of Australian Eepidoptera 1887-8. 

274. REID,W. 

Reid lived in Sheffield and developed a keen interest in Lepidoptera. His 
collection of approximately 10,000 Lepidoptera specimens from the British 
Isles was purchased by The Natural History Museum, London in 1977. B.M. 



The Catalogue 1 71 



1977-487. 
Collection 

(1) Two Ms notebooks: [Notes on collecting British insects], 1951-1955. 
275. RICHARDS, Owain Westmacott (1901-1984) 

Educated at Hereford Cathedral School and Oxford University, in 1927 he 
joined Imperial College, London, to research insect pests of stored products 
and remained at the College until his retirement in 1967. He was Head of the 
Department of Zoology and Applied Entomology, and Director of the Field 
Station at Silwood Park. His entomological interests included the taxonomy 
of groups of Diptera, including the Sphaeroceridae, and the Aculeate 
Hymenoptera. Richards published over 180 papers and was the author of 
several books including, The Social Insects (1953), The Social Wasps of the 
Americas (1978) and was the major editor of the revision of Imms' General 
Textbook of Entomology in 1957. He was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological 
Society of London and its President in 1957-1958. 

Biographical Reference: 1985. Davies, R.G. and Waloff, N. Antenna 9:60-62. 
Collection 

(1) Nine boxes of miscellaneous notes and drawings relating to Aculeate 
Hymenoptera, c. 1970. 

(2) Author's annotated copy of The Social Wasps of the Americas (1978). 

(3) 29 Ms notebooks: Concerning social wasps, c. 1950s. 

(4) Six Ms notebooks: Australian Ropalidia and Polistes, c. 1950s. 

(5) Three Ms notebooks: Belonogaster , c. 1950. 

(6) Three Ms notebooks: Mainly notes on British bees and wasps. 

(7) 11 Ms notebooks: [Notes on Bombus and Psithyrus], c. 1960s. 

(8) Three Ms notebooks: Miscellaneous notes on Diptera and Wasps. 

(9) Two Ms notebooks: 

(i) Arabian Masaridae, c. 1960. 

(ii) Records ofMatto Grosso Bees, c. 1950. 



1 72 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
276. RILEY, Norman Denbigh (1890-1979) 

Born in Tooting, London, Riley developed an early interest in natural history. 
He studied entomology under Professor Maxwell-Lefroy at the Imperial 
College of Science and in 1911 joined the staff of The Natural History 
Museum, London. During World War I Riley served in the Army Service 
Corps and the Queen's Regiment. On his return to the Museum he continued 
his work on the butterflies and in particular the Lycaenidae. In 1932 he was 
appointed Keeper of the Department of Entomology and retained this post 
for 22 years. Riley was editor of The Entomologist. His many publications 
included: The Department of Entomology of the British Museum (Natural History) 
1904-1964. A Brief Historical Sketch (1964) - printed for the delegates of the 
International Congress of Entomology, 1964; A Field Guide to the Butterflies of 
the West Indies (1975) and, with L.G. Higgins, A Field Guide to the Butterflies of 
Britain and Europe (1970). He was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society, 
the Zoological Society and the Institute of Biology. He was also a member of 
the British Entomological and Natural History Society and the 
Lepidopterists' Society. For many years Riley served as the Verall Supper 
member of the prestigious Entomological Club. 

Biographical References: 1979. Gilbert, R Nature, London 281:164; 1979. 
Howarth, T.G. et al. Antenna 3:130-134. 

Collection 

(1) Ms material relating to A Field Guide to the Butterflies of the West Indies 
(1975), including: 

(i) Annotated Ts. 

(ii) Notes, general correspondence. 

(iii) Notes on the Hesperiidae. 

(iv) Correspondence with the artist Gordon Riley. 

(v) Correspondence with American entomologists, 1971-1975, mostly 
with F. Martin Brown, 1971-1972. 

(2) Correspondence collection, including letters to and from: 



Brown, F. Martin 

Sheldon, William George (1859-1943) 



1966-1972 
1919-1928 



The Catalogue 173 
Stempffer, W.G. 1938-1974 

(3) Correspondence relating to the works, A Field Guide to the Butterflies of the 
West Indies (1975) and A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Britain and Europe (1970). 

(4) Ts: Material dealing with Cook's second Voyage, by A. Lysaght. 

(5) Ts: N.D. Riley's translation of Belser Butterfly Book (not published) by 
Danesch and Dierl. 

(6) Miscellaneous correspondence. 

(7) Ms notes made by Entomology Staff of Natural History Museum, 
London of their active service during World War I. 

(8) Ms notes: Early Staff of the Entomology Department and the History and 
Growth of the Entomology Department BM.(N.H.). 

(9) Ms and draft: The Department of Entomology of the British Museum (Natural 
History) 1904-1964, A Brief Historical Sketch 1964. 

(10) Signature book: Signatures of friends and colleagues presented to Riley on his 
retirement from BM.(N.H.), 1955. 

277. ROBERT, Charles (1802-1837) 

Born into a wealthy family in Liege, Robert developed an early interest in 
natural history. His particular interest was the study of Diptera, although he 
also worked on the Hymenoptera and Coleoptera. Robert published a num- 
ber of papers and built a fine collection of insects from the Liege region of 
France. 

Biographical Reference: 1837. Lacordaire, J.T. Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique 
de France 6:xxxi-xxxiii. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Catalogue des Coleopteres des environs de Liege. 

278. ROBINSON, Edward W. (1835-1877) 

Little is known about Robinson. He was an accomplished zoological artist, 
illustrating scientific papers in journals such as, Proceedings of the Zoological 



174 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

Society of London. 



Biographical Reference: 1986. Root, N.J. and Johnson, B.R. Proceedings of the 
Zoological Society of London: An Index to Artists 1848-1900. 947pp. New York: 
Garland Publishing. 

Collection 

(1) 50 drawings of Microlepidoptera attributed to Robinson, c. 1860s. 

(2) Pattern plates for an unidentified Lepidoptera work. 

279. ROSEN, Baron von 

On the death of Baron von Rosen the Trustees of his Munich estate disposed 
of his important collection of entomological drawings and manuscripts. The 
collection was purchased for The Natural History Museum, London by the 
Friends of National Libraries in 1949. 

Collection 

The collection contains examples of work from a distinguished group of 
Bavarian and Austrian entomologists from the period 1770-1850. This 
includes work by Jacob Hubner (1761-1826), Ignaz Schiffermuller (1727-1809) 
and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schaffer (1799-1874). Other important 
authors and artists represented include: J.E. Fischer von Roslerstamm (1787- 
1866), Johann Rudolph Schellenberg (1740-1806), Carl Geyer and Carl Plotz 
(1813-1886). 

List of original files: 
File 1: 

(i) One hand-coloured engraving by J.R. Schellenberg, apparently sent 
to I. Schiffermuller. 

(ii) 54 sheets of 407 coloured figures of pupae, caterpillars and food 
plants by Schiffermuller. The drawings are annotated by Herrich- 
Schaffer and refer to the reproductions in Systematisches Verzeichniss 
der Schmetterlinge der Wienergegend, 1776 by Schiffermuller and 
J.N.C.M. Denis. These drawings were subsequently placed at the 
disposal of C.J. Hubner who used them in his Geschichte Europaischer 



The Catalogue 175 



Schmetterlinge [1793H1841]. 
(iii) Ms sheets as follows: 

l[a] 4 leaves : Observations novae Ph. Bombyces. 

l[b] 1 leaf : R.P.Piller [notes by Piller were incorporated in 

Schiffermuller's notes]. 

l[c] 2 leaves dated 1771. 

l[d] 2 leaves: in Ladula du Bica. Septmbr [sic] 1775. 

1 [e] 1 leaf: in vitro. 

l[f] 2 leaves: [larval descriptions.] 

l[g] 2 leaves: Vitro 1776. 

2(a) 2 leaves : A.P.Denis annotata Ph. Noctuae. 

2(b) 2 leaves: Larvae 1775. 

2(c) 1 leaf: Verzeichniss [in Schiffermiiller's hand]. 

(3) [not present] 

(4) One uncoloured plate, and 8 leaves of annotated drawings. 

(5) Four leaves: Erlauterungen ueber das systematisches Verzeichniss 
der Schmetterlinge der Wienergegend aus der Urquelle gezogen von Jacob 
Hiibner 1797. 

6) Annotated double quarto sheet. 
File 2: 29 leaves of drawings by Schiffermiiller of larvae and pupae, with 
Latin and German text. 

File 3: 107 watercolour copies by Schaedler of Schiffermiiller's original draw- 
ings, with names added by Hiibner. 

File 4: 105 pages of Microlepidoptera drawings by F. Roth von Schreckenstein 
(1753-1808), annotated by Hiibner. 

File 5: 71 sheets of mounted drawings for Hiibner's Beitrage zur Geschichte der 
Schmetterlinge (1786-1790) and Sammlung europdischer Schmetterlinge [1783-] 
1796-18301-1841]. 

File 6: Hiibner's Ms notes, with drafts and proofs ex libris Herrich-Schaffer. 
File 7: 55 sheets of original drawings by J.E. Fischer von Roslerstamm, A. 
Harzer and J. Mann. Includes some handcoloured, unpublished plates for J.E. 
Fischer von Roslerstamm's Abbildungen zur Berichtigung und Erganzung der 
Schmetterlingskunde (1834-[1843]). 

File 8: Original wrappers and some plates from J.E. Fischer von Rosler- 
stamm's Abbildungen zur Berichtigung und Erganzung der Schmetterlingskunde 



1 76 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



(1834-[1843]). 

File 9: Original paintings by Geyer for the continuation of Hiibner's 
Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge (1806-[1841]). Includes pencilled legends 
by Geyer and Herrich-Schaffer, and ink notes by [Boisduval]. 
File 10: Original paintings by Geyer. 

File 11: Geyer 's drawings for the plates of Sammlung Exotischer Schmetterlinge 
vols. 2-3. 

File 12: Geyer's drawings for the plates of vols. Sammlung Exotischer 
Schmetterlinge. 

File 13: Original paintings of larvae by Geyer, with copies after Rambur. 

File 14: Collection of correspondence includes: 

Three letters from Geyer to Herrich-Schaffer, c. 1865-1871. 

One letter from Ernst August Helmuth von Kiesenwetter (1820-1880), 1877. 

Two letters from Heinrich Gottlieb Ludwig Reichenbach (1793-1879), 1860, 

1866. 

One letter from Johann Heinrich Christian Friedrich Sturm (1805-1862), 1853. 
Two letters from Eugenius Johann Christoph Esper (1742-1810), 1796, 1805. 
File 15: Drawings of exotic butterflies by Geyer which are not figured in 
works by Hiibner or Herrich-Schaffer. Includes notes by Herrich-Schaffer. 
File 16: Drawings of Papilio by Geyer, annotated by Herrich-Schaffer. 
File 17: Drawings of exotic Danaidae, Satyridae and Ithomiinae by Geyer. 
File 18: Drawings of exotic Nymphalidae by Geyer. 
File 19: Numbered file, but no contents. 

File 20: Set of wrappers for the 1834 part of the Sammlung europaischer 
Schmetterlinge. 

File 21: Drawings of Erycinidae, Lycaenidae and Noctuidae by Geyer. 
File 22: Drawings of butterflies, possibly used in Herrich-Schaffer 's 
Systematische Bearbeitung der Schmetterlinge von Europa (1843-1856). 
File 23: Drawings of moths, as in File 22. 

File 24: Drawings of European Microlepidoptera by Herrich-Schaffer. 
File 25: (i) One notebook containing notes and drawings. 

(ii) Two copies of Herrich-Schaffer 's Prodromus Systematis Lepido- 
pterorum (1864-1869). 

(iii) A photograph of Herrich-Schaffer. 

(iv) 30 letters from Carol Plotz (1813-1886), dated 1866-1871. 



The Catalogue 1 77 



File 26: Drawings ex libris Herrich-Schaffer. 

File 27: Drawings of Lepidoptera attributed to Geyer, some possibly by 
Herrich-Schaffer. 

File 28: Drawings of Papilionidae and Lycaenidae, partly by Geyer and Plotz. 
File 29: Drawings of Noctuidae and Geometridae by Herrich-Schaffer. 
File 30: Drawings of Nymphalidae by Herrich-Schaffer. 
File 31: Drawings of Danaidae by Herrich-Schaffer. 
File 32: Drawings of Hesperiidae by Herrich Schaffer. 

File 33: Drawings of Satyridae, Amathusiidae and Morphidae by Herrich- 
Schaffer. 

File 34: Drawings of various families of moths by Herrich-Schaffer. 

File 35: Incomplete set of wrappers for Herrich-Schaffer 's Systematische 

Bearbeitung der Schmetterlinge von Europa (1843-1856). 

File 36: Miscellaneous plates from Esper's Die auslandischen oder die ausserhalb 
Europa . . . Schmetterlinge ([1785J-1801). 

File 37: Miscellaneous plates and text, possibly from Bertuch's Picture Book for 
the Young, n.d. 

File 38: Incomplete set of the butterfly parts, from Panzer's Faunae Insectorum 
Germanicae ([1792-] 1793-1809[-1823]). 

File 39: Incomplete set of the moth plates from Herrich-Schaffer 's continu- 
ation of Panzer's Deutschlands Insecten, 1829-1844. 

File 40: Three leaves of original drawings of moths by Joseph Mann, c. 1850. 
File 41: Original drawings by Jakob Sturm (1771-1848), including four draw- 
ings for Sturm's Insecten-Cabinet (1791-1792). 
File 42: Miscellaneous plates and cut-outs from Hubner's works. 
File 43: Miscellaneous plates from works by Rosel, Hiibner, Herrich-Schaffer 
and others. 

File 44: Anonymous drawings and manuscript notes on butterflies and cater- 
pillars. 

File 45: Proof plates by Carl Wilhelm Hahn (d. 1836) and C.F. Freyer. 
Files 46-47: Numbered files, but no contents. 

File 48: Original drawings of Acraeidae and Hesperiidae, by Carl Plotz for 
Herrich-Schaffer. 

File 49: Original drawings of Sphingidae by Plotz . 

File 50: Original drawings of Erycinidae and Pieridae by Plotz . 



1 78 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
Files 51-54: Numbered files, but no contents. 

File 55: Proof plates from various works by Hiibner and Herrich-Schaffer. 
File 56: Annotated original drawings of Microlepidoptera by Herrich- 
Schaffer. 

File 57: Drawings by Geyer, copied from paintings by John Abbot and 
possibly C. Stoll. 

File 58: Copies of drawings attributed to Plotz. 

File 59: Manuscript by Herrich-Schaffer, forming a supplement to the Fauna 

Ratisbonensis, 1840. 

File 60: Tracings by Geyer. 

File 61: Miscellaneous notes by Herrich-Schaffer. 

File 62: Numbered file, but no contents. 

File 63: Proof plates from various works by Hiibner. 

280. ROTHNEY, George Alexander James (1849-1922) 

He formed an extensive collection of Oriental Hymenoptera during his 
travels in India. His library and collection were donated to the Hope Ento- 
mological Collections, Oxford. 

Biographical Reference: 1922. Anon. Entomological News 33:255. 
Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf manuscript: [Aculeate Hymenoptera collected in 
Barrakpore Park, India], 1872-1886, 1893. 

281. ROTHSCHILD, Nathaniel Charles (1877-1923) 

Graduating from Trinity College in 1898, he entered the firm of Messrs N.M. 
Rothschild & Co. His interest in Natural History concentrated on the 
ectoparasites of mammals and birds. He described many new species and 
contributed papers to journals including Novitates Zoologicae. Working with 
Karl Jordan, he discovered Xenopsylla cheopis, the rat flea, and chief transmit- 
ter of bubonic plague in Egypt. His large collection of ectoparasites was 
presented to The Natural History Museum, London. N.C. Rothschild sup- 



The Catalogue 179 

ported the work of the Imperial Bureau of Entomology and the Society for the 
Protection of Nature Reserves. He was a Fellow of the Entomological Society 
of London and was its President, 1915-1916. He was also a Fellow of the 
Linnean and Zoological Societies. 

Biographical Reference: 1923. Walker, J.J. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
59:279-280. 

Collection 

(1) Six Ms leaves: Eepidoptera of the Fens in the neighbourhood of Cambridge. 

(2) Annotated Ts copy: The Breck. 

(3) 15 original drawings of moths, with lithographed plates by W. Purkiss. 

(4) Five photographs of the Fens in 1900s. 

(5) Ts: Books and articles on the Fens. 

(6) Two copies of an engraved illustration of a butterfly collector (possibly 
Rothschild). 

282. SALLE, Auguste (1820-1896) 

A French entomologist who travelled throughout the United States, West 
Indies, Central America and Venezuela making large collections of natural 
history specimens, especially insects. He then returned to Europe and estab- 
lished himself as a natural history agent in Paris. F.D.Godman and O. Salvin 
made use of Salle's Central American collections in the compilation of 
Biologia Centrali Americana (1879-1915). He was a Fellow of the Societe 
Entomologique de France, and of the Entomological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1896. Anon. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 32:141. 
Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf Ms catalogue: The Salle collection of Coleoptera from the 
library of George Charles Champion (1851-1927). 



180 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



283. SAMOUELLE, George (d. 1846) 

As a young man Samouelle trained to be a bookseller. He became interested 
in entomology and amassed a large collection of British insects. In 1819 he 
published The Entomologist's Useful Compendium, and in 1833-1834 The 
Entomological Cabinet. In 1821 he was appointed assistant to Dr William Elford 
Leach (1790-1836) in the Natural History Department of the British Museum. 
Samouelle had a chequered career at the Museum. He was suspended for a 
few months in 1838 as a consequence of putting himself forward as security 
for his son-in-law's debts. In 1841 he was dismissed following complaints 
about his conduct. During his time at the Museum he kept careful notes and 
relevant manuscripts about the collections, which are now bound in three 
volumes entitled Entomological Memorandums. 

Collection 

Entomological Memorandums: 
Volume 1: 1838-1840 

(1) General register of insect specimens presented and purchased 1830- 
1840. 

(2) One Ms leaf: Insects exchanged with J.O. Westwood. 

(3) One Ms leaf: Insects from Greenland and Hamburgh, presented by Mons. Boie 
of Kiel 

(4) 26 Ms leaves: List of Lepidoptera purchased of Ml Becker. 

(5) Four leaves: [Priced catalogue of German Lepidoptera - Ms annota- 
tions] and Verzeichniss der Schmetterlinge der Gegend um Braunschweig . 

(6) Eight Ms leaves: Insects from Columbia April 30 1840, with their prices in 
French money. 

Volume 2: 1822-1840 

The following items are listed in the order in which they are bound . The Mss 
are interleaved with copies of internal memoranda from Samouelle to the 
Trustees regarding specimens. 

(1) Two Ms leaves: Department of Natural History. Report of the state of the col- 
lection of insects contained in 15 cabinets of 40 drawers each. G.S. n.d, pp.3-4. 

(2) One Ms leaf: Crustacea and insects named and inserted in the 'General 
Zoological Catalogue' of the British Museum, 8 May 1833, p.28. 



The Catalogue 181 



(3) One Ms leaf: State of the Crustacea cabinets British Collection in 4 cabinets of 
40 drawers each. 1833, pp.29-30. 

(4) Four Ms leaves: Insects etc Purchased and Presented - 1835, pp.73-74. 

(5) Copies of Memoranda from G. Samouelle to the Trustees regarding the 
numbers of specimens in the collections. 

(6) One Ms leaf: Notes on Coleoptera by [A.] Chevrolat, p.214. 

(7) One Ms leaf: Insects selected from Box no. 6 Java and Columbia. Purchased by 
Mr. Warwick May 1839, pp.215-218. 

(8) One Ms leaf: List of the subjects sent by Mr Redman, 1824, p.219 

(9) Four Ms leaves: Insects from Siberia collected by Gether and presented by Dr. 
Leach to be numbered and placed in Cabinets, 1823, p.223 

(10) One Ms leaf: 567 specimens of British Insects many of them new to this coun- 
try presented by Dr. W.E. Leach, 1826, p.226. 

(11) One Ms leaf: A list of British insects for the British Museum, J. C. Dale, 1824, 
p.231. 

(12) 32 Ms leaves: British insects presented by Francis Walker Esq, 1834-1835, 
pp.233-266. 

(13) Two Ms leaves: Insects presented by the Revd D.F. Morgan. 1835, pp.267-268. 

(14) Three Ms leaves: Insects bought by Mrs. Henry, 1835, pp.270-272. 

(15) 24 Ms leaves: Hardwicke Bequest 1835. Insects. Order Coleoptera,. pp.273- 
298. 

(16) One Ms leaf: Insects from the Navigators Islands, presented by His Grace The 
Duke of Northumberland, p.299. 

(17) 16 Ms leaves: Insects presented by Francis Walker Esqr., 1837-1838, p.300-315. 

(18) Two Ms leaves: 1836. Presents and accessions to the Entomological 
Collections and when the additions have been catalogued etc., pp.316-317. 

(19) One Ms leaf: Diptera from Mr. Horsfield in East India Museum, p.319. 

(20) Ten Ms leaves: Crustaceorum quod in Museo Berolinense Conservantur. 
Catalogus, pp.320-332. 

(21) Two Ms leaves: Alphabetic note of my Desiderata of exotic Lepidoptera named 
after Cramer, Henry Escher Zollikofer, 1822, pp.337-338. 

(22) Two Ms leaves: Letter from De Brebisson to J. Children, pp.343-344. 

(23) Five Ms leaves: Catalogue ofCarabids, [Reich Collection] and one letter to 
Samouelle from Hemmerith, pp.351-353. 



182 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



(24) Three Ms leaves: Doublets of German insects classed after the system of 
Latreille, p.356-358. 

(25) One Ms leaf: Prospectus d'un ouvrage dessine, contenant des Dipteres ou 
Insectes a deux ailes indigenes en Europe. J.C Meigen, 1826, p.367. 

(26) One Ms leaf: Insectes de la Toscane. Hommage de Charles Passarini au 
Museum de la Societe Royale de Londres (3 mars 1837), p.369. 

Volume 3: 1819-1836 

(1) Lists of insects received in The British Museum: 

(i) From Prof. Hellwig BM 1821-40, p.l. 

(ii) From Siberia Collected by D.F. Gebler, 1819, p.2. 

(iii) Insects bought of ]. Sowerby, 1820, p.3. 

(iv) Insects from South America bought of Mr. Bullock, 1820, p.4. 

(v) Insects received from Capt. Redman in 1820 collected in N. America, 
p.5. 

(vi) Insects from China, presented by Edmund Larkin, 1824, p.7. 

(vii) Insects from Demarara Bt. ofM. Bowers & Co, 1824, p. 8. 

(viii) Crabs and insects sent to Mr. Burchell in exchange for African 
insects, p.9-11. 

(ix) From Brazil presented by the Rev. J.W. Worthington, 1824, p.12 

(x) Insects from the Isle of France bought by Mr. Marve, 1825, p.13. 

(xi) Insects from New Holland collected during a survey of the North 
West Coast by ]. Hunter, 1825, p.14. 

(xii) Insects from South America presented by Sir Charles Stewart, 1826, 
p.15. 

(xiii) Insects from Bengal presented by Major General Harwicke, 1826, 
p.16. 

(xiv) Insects from Chile, Brazil and the Sandwich Is., collected by Lord 
Byron, 1826, p. 17. 

(xv) Specimens of European Insects presented by W.E. Leach, 1826, 
pp.18-20. 

(xvi) British insects taken in Devonshire by W.E. Leach during the 
Autumn of 1825 and the Summer of 1826, pp.21-25. 

(xvii) Insects from Madeira Reed, from Dr. Heinekin, 1828, p.26. 

(xviii) Insects from Columbia presented by Capt. Friend, 1828, p.29. 

(xix) Egyptian Insects presented by James Burton, 1828, pp.30-32. 



The Catalogue 183 



(xx) Rare British Insects presented by J.G. Children, 1829, p.33. 

(xxi) British Insects presented by J.C. Dale, 1829, p.34. 

(xxii) List of the Lepidopterous insects selected for the British Museum 
from the Collections of the Hon. East India Company (in Dr. 
Horsfield's hand), pp. 35-36. 

(xxiii) Insects presented by the Lord Coss of the Admiralty from H.M. ship 
The Chanticlear, 1831, pp.39-41. 

(xxiv) Insects presented by Mr. Guizy, 1831, p.42. 

(xxv) Insects Br. of Mrs. Noel 1831, pp.43-44. 

(xxvi) Insects from N. America presented by J.G. Children, 1832, pp.45-46. 

(xxvii) Insects from China presented by J. Reeves, 1832, p.47. 

(xxviii) Insects Bought at Mr. Lees sale, 1832, pp.48-49. 

(xxix) Insects Br. of Mrs. Noel, 1832, pp.50-51. 

(xxx) Verzeichniss einiger vom Ludwig Parreyss aus Wien ubernomme- 
nen Coleoptera, pp.52-59. 

(xxxi) Insects presented in November 1832 from Siberia by M. Grey Esq, 
p.60 

(xxxii) New Holland [Australia] Insects Br. of Mr. Stutchburg, 1833, p.61 . 

(xxxiii) Insects from Mexico presented by J. Taylor Esq. of Bedford Row, 
1833, p.62. 

(xxxiv) Insects collected between Senegal and Gambia River and presented 
by John D. Tebbs, 1833, pp.63-65. 

(xxxv) [Insects presented by F.Walker], p.67-68. 

(xxxvi) 57 specimens of New Holland insects reed, from Alex Macleay, 
1833, p.66. 

(xxxvii) Specimens of insects from Senegal Bt. of Mr. John Curtis for the sum 
of £15.0.0. 1834, pp.69-74. 

(xxxviii) Major G. Hardwicke's collections received at the Museum April 9, 
1835, pp.76-78. 

(xxxix) Rev. D.F. Morgan's African Insects, 1835, p. 79. 

(xl) Insects presented by Rev. D.F. Morgan, 1835, pp.80-83. 

(xli) [Insects presented by F.Walker] 1836, p.97-98. 

(xlii) African Insects Br. of Mr. John Curtis 1836, pp. 92-93. 

(xliii) Mexican Insects Br. of Mr. J. Curtis, pp. 94-96. 

(xliv) Insects from the Himalaya Presented by Lady S. Amherst, 1836, p. 99. 



184 



Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



(xlv) [Insects presented by R Walker] 1830, p.100. 
(xlvi) Coleoptera Br. Mr. Sowerby by Dr.Leach, 1820, pp. 101-105. 
(xlvii) Coleoptera from New Holland presented Nov. 1821 by Lord 
Norris, p.106. 

(xlviii) Siberian Coleoptera collected by Gebler, 1822, p. 107. 
(xlix) Brasilian Coleoptera presented by The Rev. ]. W. Worthington, 1824, 
p.201. 

(1) Brasilian Insects brt. of Mr.Bullock by Dr. Leach, 1820, p.205. 

(li) List [of insects] sent by Dr. Heineken of Madeira, pp.237-246. 

(lii) List of Insects and Crustacea sent to [P. A] Latreille, pp.247-248. 

(2) Observations made on Dr. Billberg's Collection, pp.250-271. 

(3) Copy of paper regarding nest of Myrapetra scutellaris sent by W. Hawkins 
July 1, 1843, p.272. 

(4) 15 Ms leaves: A Report of Entomological Cabinets, Boxes, etc., in the Insect 
Room 1840, pp.273-287. 

284. SAMPSON, Frank Winn (1853-1926) 

Sampson spent many years as a government offical in Nigeria. His private 
interest was the study of Scolytid beetles and he published papers mainly in 
The Annals and Magazine of Natural History. His entomological collection and 
library were bequeathed to The Natural History Museum, London. B.M.1926- 
428. He was elected a Fellow of the Entomological Society of London in 1906. 

Biographical Reference: 1927 Anon. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 63:16. 
Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf file: F.W. Sampson. Catalogue of Platypodidae. 

(2) One Ms. notebook: Catalogue (slides). [Generic index to slide collection, 
mostly of Coleoptera, presented to The Natural History Museum, London]. 
B.M.1926-482. 



The Catalogue 185 



285. SAUNDBY, Robert Henry Magnus Spencer (1896-1971) 

Saundby served over 30 years in the Royal Air Force, joining The Royal 
Flying Corps in 1916. During World War II he was Deputy Air Officer 
Commander-in-Chief of Bomber Command Headquarters. His particular 
interest in natural history concerned the geographical variation of species of 
British Lepidoptera. He was President of the British Entomological and 
Natural History Society and Deputy Curator of Newbury Borough Museum. 
His collection of British Lepidoptera was bequeathed to The Natural History 
Museum, London. B.M.1971-594. 

Biographical Reference: 1972. B.R.B. Proceedings and Transactions of the British 
Entomological and Natural History Society 5:31-32. 

Collection 

(1) Four entomological diaries, 1943-1971. 

(2) One Ms notebook: [Lepidoptera captures]. 

(3) One loose-leaf Ms: Various statistics and records. 

(4) One Ms notebook: Setting Log from 1964-1971 . 



286. SAUNDERS, Charles James (1868-1941) 

Educated at St. John's College, Oxford, Saunders went to Singapore in 1891 
to serve in the Colonial Civil Service. He formed a collection of Beetles that 
was presented to The Natural History Museum, London and his Hemiptera, 
Heteroptera to the Lewes Museum. 

Biographical Reference: 1941. Blair, K.G. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
77:209. 

Collection 

(1) Three Ms volumes: [Register of Saunders collection.] 

(2) One collecting notebook. 

(3) One Ms notebook: Host plants of British Beetles. 

(4) Ten letters from R. Hanitsch, 1928-1939. 



186 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



287. SAUNDERS, Edward (1848-1910) 

Saunders studied the Buprestidae of the world and visited all the main 
European museums which had collections of Buprestid type material. In 1871 
he published Catalogus Buprestidarum synonymicus et systematica?. Later he 
studied and published papers on British Hemiptera and the Aculeate 
Hymenoptera. In 1892 he published, The Hemiptera Heteroptera of the British 
Islands, and in 1896, The Hymenoptera Aculeata of the British Isles. He was a 
Fellow of the Entomological Society, the Linnean Society and the Royal 
Society 

Biographical Reference: 1910. Anon. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 
22:75-76. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Notes on Buprestidae. This notebook contains notes on 
Buprestidae found in collections during his European tour. 

(2) One Ms notebook: Register of Buprestidae, 1872. 

288. SCHARFF,J.W. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: [Collecting activities in Malaya] 1919-1920. 

289. SCHMOLLE, J. 

The Schmolle collection of Lepidoptera from Britain and Africa was donated 
to The Natural History Museum, London in 1972. B.M.1972-274. 

Collection 



(1) One Ms notebook: [British and African Lepidoptera collection.] 



The Catalogue 187 



290. SCHWANWITSCH, B.N. 



Collection 

(1) Ts of a paper: Studies upon the wing-pattern of Catagramma and related gen- 
era of South American Nymphalid butterflies (1929), Transactions of the Zoological 
Society of London 21:105-294. Also includes proofs of text and figures. 



291. SCOTT, KB. 

Scott was a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Indian Army. With Thomas R.D. Bell he 
bred many Indian hawk moths and made careful descriptions of their early 
stages, life-histories and habits. Scott and Bell were authors of the Sphingidae 
volume (1937) in the series, The Fauna of British India. Scott was a Fellow of the 
Royal Entomological Society of London. 

Collection 

(1) Two boxes Ms: Fauna of British India Sphingidae (1937). 

(2) Five Tss: 

(i) Notes on the Brahmea wallichii, larvae and moth. 

(ii) Camping in Central India. 

(iii) A season in Assam Hill Tracts. 

(iv) Camping in Assam. 

(v) Notes on a Red Sea Island. 

(3) Correspondence includes letters relating to The Fauna of British India, 
Sphingidae (1937) 1924-1936. Includes letters from: 

Bell, Thomas Reid Davys (1863-1948) 1924-1934 

Edwards, Frederick Wallace (1888-1940) 1934 

Talbot, George (1882-1952) 1936 

Tarns, Willie Horace Thomas (1891-1980) 1934 



292. SCOTT, Hugh (1885-1960) 

Scott studied natural science at Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1908 he joined 
the Second Percy Sladen Trust Expedition, studying the fauna of the 



188 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

Seychelles Islands, and was the general editor of the insect parts of the 
Seychelles reports. On his return to England in 1909 he became the Curator of 
Entomology at Cambridge University Museum and held this post until 1928. 
In 1930 he became Assistant Keeper in the Department of Entomology of The 
Natural History Museum, London, and held this post until his retirement in 
1948. His publications included many scientific and geographical papers, 
and in 1942 he published In the High Yemen. He was a Fellow of the Royal 
Entomological Society, London. 

Biographical Reference: 1960. Benson, R.B. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
96:105, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: 

(i) List of localities of insects obtained in the Seychelles Islands between July 

1908 and March 1909. 

(ii) List of localities of insects obtained in Aldabra [Indian Ocean] 
Assumption and Cosmoledo Islands [Seychelles]. August 1908-February 

1909 by Mr. J.C.F. Fryer. 

(iii) H.M.S. Sealark,1905. 

293. SELANGOR MUSEUM 

Collection 

(1) One bound Ts: A catalogue of the Selangor Museum, Kuala Lumpur, Malaya. 
Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Papilionidae 1948. A note in the volume states that 
many specimens were missing from the collection on arrival at The Natural 
History Museum, London, 31.8.1955. 

294. SEVASTOPULO, Demetrius George (1903-1987) 

Born in London, he was educated at Haileybury College, and later lived in 
Mombasa, Kenya. His main interest was the Lepidoptera and he published 
more than 300 papers in journals, including The Entomologist, Transactions of 



The Catalogue 189 

the Royal Entomological Society of London and the Transactions and Proceedings of 
the South London Entomological and Natural History Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1987. Anon. News of the Lepidopterists' Society, 5:74 . 
Collection 

(1) One loose-leaf Ts: The early stages of Indian Lepidoptera, c. 1950. 

(2) Four boxes of loose-leaf Mss and 12 bound volumes: The early stages of East 
African Lepidoptera, including many black and white photographs, c. 1940s- 
1950s. 

295. SHACKLETON-ROWETT EXPEDITION, 1921-1922 

John Quiller Rowett provided the financial backing in 1921 for an expedition 
led by Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton to observe and collect scientific data in the 
Antarctic and sub- Antarctic areas; this included the collection of natural his- 
tory specimens. During the expedition Shackleton died and was buried in 
South Georgia. Insect specimens from the expedition were donated to The 
Natural History Museum, London. B.M.I 922-363. 

Biographical Reference: 1923. R Wild and A.H. Macklin. Shackleton 's Last Voyage. 
The Story of the Quest, xvi + 373pp. London. 

Collection 

(1) Loose-leaf Ms: [Reports of Insect Specimens collected from the 
Shackleton-Rowett Expedition to the Antartic]. 

296. SHARP, David. (1840-1922) 

Sharp studied and qualified for a medical career. In 1890 he became curator 
of the University Museum of Zoology at Cambridge. He became interested in 
Coleoptera and published over 250 papers. He was a Fellow of the Linnean 
Society, Zoological Society, Royal Society and Entomological Society of 
London, serving the latter as Vice-President, President and Secretary. His col- 
lection of Coleoptera was donated to The Natural History Museum, London 



190 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

and his entomological library went to the Cawthron Institute, New Zealand. 

Biographical References: 1922. J.J.W. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
58:234-237; 1924. Perkins, R.C.L. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B) 
95: xxxvi-xlii, bibliography, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Dr. David Sharp Collection of British Coleoptera: 
Catalogue of localities, 1861-1871. [Includes some explanatory notes by Hugh 
Scott, 1922.] 

(2) One bound Ts: [Index to David Sharp Coleoptera Collection.] 

297. SHELDON, William George (1859-1943) 

Sheldon was a keen lepidopterist, with a particular interest in the Tortricidae. 
He travelled widely in Europe, collecting Lepidoptera. He was treasurer of 
the Royal Entomological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1944. Riley, N.D. The Entomologist. 77:17-19. 
Collection 

(1) Two Ms volumes: [Collecting notes and data]. 

(2) One Ms volume: Notes of Life Histories. 

298. SHELJUZHKO, Leo (1890-1969) 

Born in Kiev, he studied Natural Sciences at Kiev University. After graduat- 
ing he bred exotic fish and water plants and this became an established 
business. Sheljuzhko concentrated on his lifelong interest in butterflies and 
built up a major collection of butterflies from the Palaearctic region. He cor- 
responded with many lepidopterists and was a member of many 
entomological societies. After 1917 his personal circumstances changed and 
he handed his collection over to the Zoological Museum in Kiev. Following 
World War II he started a new life in Germany, where he continued his ento- 
mological studies. 



The Catalogue 191 

Biographical Reference: 1971: W.R Nachrichtenblatt Bayerischen Entomologen 
20:81-86. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Catalogus Lepidopterorum collections L. 
Sheljuzhko Pars I. Papilionidae. 

(2) One letter from Sheljuzhko to Karl Jordan, 1923. 

299. SHELLEY 

Collection 

(1) Two Ms notebooks: Notes on butterflies, moths and birds [1879-1880]. 

300. SLOANE, Sir Hans (1660-1753) 

Born in County Down, Ireland, he became one of the most significant scien- 
tific figures of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. On his return from 
an adventurous voyage to the West Indies, he established a successful med- 
ical practice. Hans Sloane became President of the Royal Society, 1727-1741, 
and the Royal College of Physicians, 1719-1735. His extensive collections 
were recognized to be of great significance, and on his death Parliament 
raised the money by lottery to purchase the collection for the nation. This 
formed the major part of the foundation of the British Museum. In 1881 the 
natural history collections were transferred to the new museum at South 
Kensington. 

Biographical References: 1954. Brooks, E. St. J. Sir Hans Sloane, The Great Collector 
and His Circle of Friends. 234pp. London; 1994. Macgregor, A. Sir Hans Sloane: 
Collector, Scientist, Antiquary, Founding Father of the British Museum. 308pp. 
London. 

Collection 

(1) Two folio Ms volumes: Begins with 5 pages entitled Tabula Synoptica 
Insectorum in Classes distributorum a Cromwello Mortimero. M.D-R.S. Seer, by 



192 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

Sloane' s amanuenis, Cromwell Mortimer (1698-1752). This is followed by the 
main catalogue, An Explanation of Several Abbreviations & Notes made use of in 
the Catalogue of Insects, which refers mostly to individual insect specimens in 
the Sloane collection. These entries are in a number of hands, although the 
earlier entries are presumed to be by Sloane. The insect collection was an 
amalgum of collections belonging to such people as Joseph Dandridge and 
James Petiver. Another 15 catalogues of the Sloane collection exist in The 
Natural History Museum Libraries. 

301. SMIT, Franciscus Gerardus Albertus Maria 

A Dutchman by birth, Smit was appointed to the Zoological Museum at Tring 
to work on the Rothschild Flea Collection. He was a meticulous worker and 
published many papers on fleas and was the author of Volume 7 of An 
Illustrated Catalogue of the Rothschild Collection of Fleas (Siphonaptera) in the 
British Museum (Natural History) 1987. He was the originator and editor of 
Flea News until his retirement. 

Collection 

(1) Ms collection: 

(i) [Type data and literature on Siphonaptera.] 

(ii) Annotated Ts: List of Siphonaptera not yet represented in the Tring 
Museum. 

(iii) Draft Ms: Siphonaptera from Hindu Rush, 1973. 

(iv) [Notes and literature references to pathogens of fleas.] 

(v) [Notes and Mss of programmes for the International Conference 
on Fleas, 1977.] 

(vi) Ts: [Bibliography of Siphonaptera.] 

(2) Notebooks: 

(i) [Sale of publications.] 

(ii) [Short list of flea names.] 

(iii) Notes on Siphonaptera. 

(iv) Siphonaptera. 

(v) [Flea notes, localities and copies of letters.] 

(vi) Status of Siphonaptera Taxa. 



The Catalogue 193 

(vii) Catalogue of Flea Collection at Tring, 1950-1958. 

(viii) Species of Siphonatera with original references. 

302. SMITH, Frederick (1805-1879) 

Born in London, Smith trained as a engraver on steel. He became interested 
in the habits of Hymenoptera. In 1850 he was appointed as Assistant in the 
Zoological Department of the British Museum and in 1875 became Senior 
Assistant. His published works include, Catalogue of Hymenopterous Insects in 
the British Museum, (1853-1859) and Catalogue of the British Fossorial 
Hymenoptera (1858). He was President of the Entomological Society of 
London in 1862 and 1863. 

Biographical Reference: 1879. Anon. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
55:263-264. 

Collection 

(1) Unpublished Ms: New Hymenoptera. Concerns the determination and 
arrangement of foreign Hymenoptera in the British Museum. 

(2) Two Ms notebooks: 

(i) Manuscript notes on British Insects [includes original sketches]. 

(ii) [Manuscript notes on Hymenoptera]. 

303. SOUTH, Richard (1846-1932) 

As a young boy, South developed a love for natural history with a special 
interest in the Pyralidae, Tortricidae and Pterophoridae. In his late thirties, he 
started to contribute papers to entomological journals. In 1887 South began 
work with John Henry Leech, and as a result of this association he became 
interested in the Lepidoptera of the Far East, contributing to Leech's 
Butterflies of China, Japan and Corea (1892-1894). South' s popular works, 
Butterflies of the British Isles, (1906) and the two-volume Moths of the British 
Isles, (1907-1908) became classic works, and were reprinted many times. 
South was elected Fellow of the Entomological Society of London in 1885 and 
joined the South London Entomological and Natural History Society in 1882. 



194 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

He was employed by The Natural History Museum, London as a special 
assistant. He was the owner and editor of The Entomologist for many years. 

Biographical References: 1932. A.E.S. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. 
68:118-119; 1932. Riley, N.D. The Entomologist 65:97-100, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One bound volume of correspondence: 16 letters to South, 1905-1913, 
relating to South's works, Butterflies of the British Isles (1906) and Moths of the 
British Isles (1907-1908). 12 letters to N.D. Riley, 1932, from various entomol- 
ogists concerning new editions of South's works. 

304. SOUTHGATE, Ben J. (d. 1985) 

Southgate worked in the Pest Infestation Control Laboratory at Slough, 
studying Bruchid taxonomy. In later years he concentrated on detection and 
control of Bruchids in various stored grains. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: [Lists of the photographs of Bruchids in the C.J. 
Schoenherr and Maurice Pic collection]. Photographs referred to are held in 
the Entomology Department, The Natural History Museum, London. 

305. SPENCE, William (1783-1859) 

In 1805 Spence began his interest in entomology. He corresponded with 
William F. Kirby (1844-1912) and they became lifelong friends. In 1808 Spence 
proposed to Kirby a joint work and this resulted in the publication of the ento- 
mological classic, An Introduction to Entomology (1815-1826). After a period of ill 
health, Spence left England in 1826 for a tour of European capitals. In 1847 
Spence was elected President of the Entomological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1861. Stainton, H.T. Proceedings of the Entomological 
Society, 1858-61:92-94. 



The Catalogue 195 

Collection 

(1) One bound volume: 12 letters signed by Spence, dated 1807-1857, 
concerning An Introduction to Entomology (1815-1826). 

306. SPOONER, Malcolm (1907-1989) 

A marine biologist by profession, his career was with the Marine Biological 
Association, Plymouth. He was awarded an MBE for his work during World 
War II at Bletchley Park, helping to break the German codes. His particular 
interest was British Aculeate Hymenoptera. He published 38 papers on 
British Aculeates and Diptera. His collection of several thousand specimens 
was given to The Natural History Museum, London. B.M. 1986-349. 
Specimens were also given to the University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge 
and the University Museum, Oxford. 

Biographical Reference: 1990. Else, G.R. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
126:173-176, bibliography, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) 40 field notebooks, 1926-1986. 

(2) Seven miscellaneous notebooks including: 

(i) Devonshire Aculeates. 

(ii) Moths (macro) recorded at Yelverton at light (mainly) or in house; also at 
the sap of an infested oak tree. 

(iii) Butterflies up to 1972. 

307. STAINTON, Henry Tibbats (1822-1892) 

Stainton was educated first privately and them at Kings' College, London. He 
travelled extensively in Europe and corresponded with many European ento- 
mologists. Although he had a general interest in natural history, his main area 
of study was the Microlepidoptera. He contributed many papers to The 
Zoologist, established The Entomologist's Annual and helped to found The 
Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. His publications include, The Entomologist's 



196 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Companion (1851-1852), A Manual of British Butterflies and Moths (1857-1859) 
and A Natural History of the Tineina, published in 13 volumes (1855-1873). For 
the latter work he received assistance from P.C. Zeller, J.W. Douglas and H. 
Frey. Stainton was a Fellow of the Entomological Society of London and was 
President in 1881-1882. He was a Fellow of the Linnean Society, the Royal 
Society and a member of several entomological societies in Europe. 

Biographical Reference: 1893. Douglas, J.W. et al. The Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine 29:1-4, bibliography, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) Two Ms vols: Catalogue of British Lepidoptera in Coll H.T. Stainton. 

(2) One Ms collecting notebook, 1851-1859. 

(3) One copy of A Manual of British Butterflies and Moths (1857-1859), anno- 
tated by John Hartley Durrant. 

(4) (i) Annotated copy: List of British Tineina for interchange among collectors, 
1854. 

(ii) Annotated copy: List of Tineina larvae figured and described for the 
Natural History of Tineina, 1863. 

(iii) Loose-leaf Ms: Descriptions of British larvae used for a Natural History 
of the Tineina (1855-1873) with notes by John Hartley Durrant and Lord 
Thomas Walsingham. 

(5) Loose-leaf Ms: Ms relating to Stainton 's collection of drawings prepared for A 
Natural History of Tineina (1855-1873), by John Hartley Durrant. 

(6) Eight leaf mines collected by Baron von Nolcken, from St. Thomas and 
Santa Marta, West Indies, 1870. Drawings of these leaves by G. Shulz. 

(7) Loose-leaf Ms: [Descriptions of Microlepidoptera collated with the 
figures and arranged in the sequence of Staudinger's Catalogue by J.H. 
Durrant.] 

(8) Proof plates for A Natural History of Tineina (1855-1873). 

(9) Loose-leaf Ms: Mr. H.T. Stainton' s Collection of Drawings Illustrating the 
Life-history of Micro-Lepidoptera. A list exhibiting the exact sequence of the draw- 
ings when they were handed over to the British Museum, by J.H. Durrant, 1893. 

(10) One Ms notebook: Tabulations of Stainton manuscripts and figures, by J.H. 
Durrant. 



The Catalogue 197 



(11) Loose-leaf Ms: Syrian Noctuae by J. Lederer January 1867. 

(12) Four Ms notebooks: Registers of Specimens and 13 notebooks, 1848-1890. 

(13) Two copies of Stainton' s Novitates Staintonianae or Catalogue of British 
Lepidoptera added to the Collection of H.T. Stainton, Esquire in the year 1842. 
Includes 6 plates of original watercolour drawings. Twenty copies were 
circulated in the author's copperplate autograph. 

(14) Twelve boxes of approximately 3,000 drawings by the artist William 
Wing (1827-1855) and his daughter M.L. Wing for A Natural History of Tineina 
(1863). 

(15) Five letterbooks containing copies of letters to and from Philipp Charles 
Zeller, 1848-1856. 

(16) Correspondence collection of over 2,000 letters from foreign entomolo- 
gists to Stainton, c. 1850-1892, including letters from: 

Belfrage, Gustaf Wilhelm (1834-1882) 1868-1874 

Boheman, Carl Heinrich (1796-1868) 1854-1856 

Clemens, James Brackenridge (1829-1867) 1857-1863 

Constant, Alexandre (1829-1901) 1860-1889 

Fernald, Charles Henry (1838-1921) 1879-1889 

Fologne, Egide (d. 1919) 1856-1869 
Herrich-Schaffer, Gottlieb August Wilhelm (1799-1874) 1850-1874 

Frey, Heinrich (1822-1890) 1855-1890 

Hofmann, Ernst (d. 1892) 1863-1891 

Hofmann, Ottmar (1835-1900) 1857-1889 

Kock, Gabreil (1807-1881) 1851-1860 

Lederer, Julius (1821-1870) 1862-1865 

Mann, Joseph Johann (1804-1889) 1849-1880 

Miihlig, Johann Gottfried Gottlieb (1813-1884) 1855-1879 

Nolcken, Baron von 1867-1884 

Ragonot, Emile Louis (1843-1895) 1871-1888 

Schmid, Anton (1809-1899) 1855-1892 

Staudinger, Otto (1830-1900) 1853-1888 

(17) Correspondence collection of over 11,000 letters from British entomolo- 
gists and naturalists to Stainton, c. 1852-1892. Includes letters from: 



198 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Baker, G.T. 1859-1892 

Barrett, Charles Golding (1836-1904) 1854-1892 

Buckler, William (1814-1884) 1857-1884 

Burdon, H. 1864-1884 
Darwin, Charles Robert (1809-1882) 

(copies; originals held in General Library) 1860-1881 

Doubleday, Henry (1809-1875) 1852-1875 

Douglas, John William (1814-1905) 1853-1890 

Dunning, Joseph William (1833-1897) 1852-1886 

Grey, J.E. 1854-1871 

Hellins, John (1829-1887) 1857-1887 

Herbert, C. 1881-1887 

Hodgkinson, James B. (1823-1897) 1856-1886 

Jackson, W.H. 1872-1879 

Janson, Edward Wesley (1822-1891) 1858-1873 

Jeffrey, W.R. 1857-1886 

Jordan, Robert Coane Roberts (1825-1890) 1852-1890 

Kippist, R. 1862-1878 

Kirby, William Forsell (1844-1912) 1862-1892 

Knaggs, Henry Guard (1832-1908) 1862-1877 

Legge, A. 1874-1889 

Legge, H. 1866-1884 

Logan, R.E 1852-1855 

Lubbock, John William. Lord Avebury (1834-1913) 1855-1881 

McLachlan, Robert (1837-1904) 1860-1887 

Rye, Edward Caldwell (1832-1885) 1860-1879 

Sang, John (1828-1887) 1853-1886 

Saunders, Edward (1848-1910) 1853-1892 

Scott, John (1828-1888) 1853-1884 

Wailes, George (1802-1882) 1854-1870 

Walsingham, Thomas de Grey, (1843-1919) 1857-1888 

Wing, William (1827-1855) 1852-1854 

Wing, M.L. 1857-1886 

Wollaston, Thomas Vernon (1822-1878) 1856-1874 

Wood, John Henry (1841-1914) 1885-1891 



The Catalogue 199 



(18) One Ms notebook: [Records of identifications of North American 
Lepidoptera] by J.H. Durrant 1881. 

(19) Second series of correspondence from British entomologists, 
includes approximately 400 letters, c. 1865-1880, including letters from: 

Buckler, William (1814-1884) 1869-1880 

Douglas, John William (1814-1905) 1880-1896 

Eaton, Alfred Edwin (1845-1929) 1880 

Hodgkinson, James B. (1823-1897) 1880 

McLachlan, Robert (1837-1904) 1880 

Milliere, Pierre (1811-1887) 1868-1879 

Smith, Frederick (1805-1879) 1858-1864 

Westwood, John Obadiah (1805-1893) 1856-1881 



308. STEELE, Mary 

Mary Steele collected insects whilst in Burma during the 1930s. She donated 
over 1,000 specimens to The Natural History Museum, London. B.M. 1937-324. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: [Locality and collecting data from Burma], 1936-1937. 

309. STEPHENS, James Francis (1792-1852) 

Stephens worked for many years as a clerk in the Admiralty, London. In 1818 
he was seconded to the British Museum, and on completion of his work 
returned to the Admiralty. He made a large insect collection, which contained 
many type specimens. After his early retirement this collection was pur- 
chased by the British Museum. Stephens published many important works, 
including: A Systematic Catalogue of British Insects (1829), Illustrations of British 
Entomology (1827-46) in 12 volumes and A Manual of British Beetles (1839). 

Biographical Reference: Westwood, J.O. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of 
Eondon 1853:45-50. 



200 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 
Collection 

(1) Two Ms volumes: Catalogue of the British Lepidoptera in Coll. J.F. Stephens. 

(2) Four packets of Mss: 
Packet 1. Nlem's "Entomological. 

(i) Ms notes: [List of Linnean and English insect names.] 

(ii) Catalogue of British Lepidoptera. 

(iii) Desiderata of Coleopter a. 
Packet 2. Entomological Notes. 

(i) Miscellaneous notes. 

(ii) Three Ms leaves by Thomas Marsham (d. 1819) for Entomologia 
Britannica Coleoptera (1802). 

(iii) On Bees. 

Packet 3. Nomenclature Notes. 

(i) Miscellaneous notes. 

(ii) One letter from Henry Doubleday (1809-1875) to Stephens, 1847. 

(iii) Author's annotated copy of Stephens' Nomenclature of British Insects 
(1829). 

Packet 4. Notes, Entomological. 

(i) One Ms: [Stephens' reminiscences.] 

(ii) 24 letters from Henry Doubleday to Stephens, 1842-1846. 

310. STRINGER, Herbert 

Stringer, a lepidopterist, was appointed by Lord Walsingham to help in the 
curation of his collection of Microlepidoptera. In 1910, as part of the 
Walsingham bequest, this large collection of 250,000 specimens was moved to 
The Natural History Museum, London. Stringer and John Hartley Durrant 
(1863-1928) continued to work on the collection at the Museum. 

Collection 



(1) One bound Ms: List of Japanese, Formosan & Philippine Microlepidoptera, 
1926. 



The Catalogue 201 



311. SWALE, Harold (1853-1919) 

Trained in medicine, Swale developed a great interest in the Hymenoptera. In 
1900 he went to New Zealand and spent three years collecting Coleoptera and 
Hymenoptera. On his return to England he decided to practise tropical medi- 
cine. He worked in the Sudan, India, East Africa and New Zealand. During his 
appointments he made extensive collections and he presented many speci- 
mens to The Natural History Museum, London over a period of years. 

Biographical Reference: 1919. Andrewes, H.E. The Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine 55:140-141. 

Collection 

(1) Four Ms notebooks: [Hymenoptera notes], c. 1890s. 

312. SWINHOE, Charles (1836-1923) 

Swinhoe joined the army aged 19, serving in the Crimea and in India. While 
in India he collected Lepidoptera and sent many specimens to The Natural 
History Museum, London. He published several papers on Lepidoptera and 
contributed to Frederick Moore's Lepidoptera Indica (1890-1913). On the death 
of Moore in 1907, Swinhoe completed the work. 

Biographical Reference: 1924. Riley, N.D. The Entomologist 57:23-24. 
Collection 

(1) Two bound Ms volumes: Butterflies [a list of Swinhoe's butterfly 
collection]. 

(2) Loose-leaf Ms: Catalogue of the Swinhoe collection - Lycaenidae]. 

(3) Five Ms volumes: [Catalogue of the Swinhoe collection of oriental 
Lepidoptera]. 



202 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



313. TAMS, Willie Horace Thomas (1891-1980) 

Born in Cambridge, Tarns developed an early interest in natural history. He 
became assistant to Professor J.S. Gardiner at the University of Cambridge 
and in 1913 joined the staff of the Linnean Society. During World War I he 
served in the Canadian Army. In 1920 he was appointed to the staff of The 
Natural History Museum, London as Assistant Keeper in the Entomology 
Department. His collecting trips included the Percy Sladen and Godman 
Trust Expedition to the Gulf of Guinea, 1932-1933, Madeira and the 
Seychelles. Tarns was a keen Lepidopterist and published over 70 papers on 
Lepidoptera taxonomy, including papers on the Lasiocampidae. He was a 
member of the British Entomological and Natural History Society, an associ- 
ate of the Linnean Society and was assistant editor of the Entomologist's 
Gazette. 

Biographical Reference: 1981. Fletcher, D.S. and Bradley, J.D. Proceedings of the 
British Entomological and Natural History Society 14:34-40. Bibliography, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) One autograph book presented by staff of the Natural History Museum 
to Tarns on his retirement. 

(2) One Ms notebook and miscellaneous items. 



314. TATUM, T. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Catalogue ofGeodephaga Cabinets 1 & 2, c. 1880. Refers 
to Ta turn's insect collection, which was presented by John Charles Bowring 
(1821-1893) to the Natural History Museum, London. B.M.1863-47. 



The Catalogue 203 



315. TAYLOR, J. Cleasley 

Collection 

(1) One letter from J.C. Taylor to the Director of the Natural History 
Museum, London, 15 January 1909, regarding locusts in Grand Canary. B.M. 
1909-9. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 64 

316. THEOBALD, Frederick Vincent (1868-1930) 

Born in Kingston-upon-Thames, Theobald studied at St. John's College, 
Cambridge. He developed a keen interest in insects and especially economic 
entomology. He was much influenced by the work of Eleanor Ormerod (1828- 
1901). In 1894 he became a lecturer at the South Eastern Agricultural College 
in Wye and was later appointed Professor of Economic Entomology. He was 
a pioneer in this field of entomology. Theobald was also responsible for 
Economic Zoology at The Natural History Museum, London, and was 
invited by the Trustees to publish a work on the Culicidae of the world. For 
this work specimens were collected by Medical Officers around the world. 
This resulted in the publication, A Monograph of the Culicidae, or Mosquitoes, in 
5 volumes, (1901-1910). After 1910 Theobald concentrated on agricultural 
entomology, publishing many papers including The Plant Lice or Aphididae of 
Great Britain, (1926-1929), in 3 volumes. 

Biographical Reference: 1930. Laing, F. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 66: 
92-93, portrait. 

Collection 

(1) Correspondence collection: Approximately 900 letters from various 
entomologists on mosquito related matters, c. 1901-1903, including letters 
from: 



Aitken, Edward Hamilton, (1851-1909) 
Aldrich, John Merton (1866-1934) 



1902-1903 
1902 



204 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Bancroft, Thomas Lane (1860-1933) 


1903 


Blanchard, Raphael Anatole Emile (1857-1919) 


1902-1903 


Coquillett, Daniel William (1856-1911) 


1903 


Felt, Ephraim Porter (1868-1943) 


1903 


Froggatt, Walter Wilson (1858-1937) 


1903 


Goeldi, Emilio Augusto (1859-1917) 


1901-1902 


Green, Edward Ernest (1861-1949) 


1901-1902 


Herrick, Glenn Washington (1870-1965) 


1903 


Howard, Leland Ossian (1857-1950) 


1902-1903 


James, Sydney Price (1870-1946) 


1903 


Kellogg, Vernon Lyman (1867-1937) 


1903 


Ludlow, Clara Southmayd (1852-1924) 


1901-1903 


Lutz, Frank Eugene (1879-1943) 


1902-1903 


Ross, Ronald (1857-1932) 


1902-1903 


Sergent, Etienne (1878-1948) 


1902 


Wesche, Walter Francis Frederick (1857-1910) 


1903 



(2) Correspondence collection: Approximately 400 letters from Colonial 
Governers regarding the collecting of mosquitoes. 

(3) Miscellaneous manuscripts. 

(4) Queries sent to Theobald on economic zoology, c. 1899-1904. 

(5) Ms, correspondence, proof plates and original drawings for Volume 3 

(1903) of A Monograph of the Culicidae, or Mosquitoes. 

317. THERY, Andre (1864-1947) 

Born in France, but he spent much of his life in Rabat, Morocco. His main 
entomological interest was the Buprestidae and published many papers on 
this family of Coleoptera. 

Biographical Reference: 1989. Bellamy, C.L. and Descarpentries, A. Giornale 
Italiano di Entomologia 4:173-182, bibliography. 

Collection 



(1) Ms notes and drawings on the Buprestidae. 



The Catalogue 205 

318. THORNLEY, Alfred (1855-1947) 

Thornley graduated from Merton College, Oxford and became interested in 
natural history. During his later years he lived in Cornwall. He was a Fellow 
of the Royal Entomological Society of London for 56 years. 

Biographical Reference: 1948. Williams, C. B. Proceedings of the Royal 
Entomological Society, London (C) 12: 64. 

Collection 

(1) Loose-leaf Ms: [Cornish insect collecting notes], c. 1930s. 

319. THURNALL, Alfred (1858-1929) 

Employed as a draughtsman for the Great Eastern Railway Company, 
Thurnall developed a deep interest in the Tortricidae. From 1875 to 1929 he 
contributed over fifty notes and papers to The Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine. 

Biographical Reference: 1929. W. G. S. The Entomologist 62:192. 
Collection 

(1) One collecting diary: [Lepidoptera], 1905. Annotation reads, 'This diary 
is a copy of my old one 1870-1905 with a few notes and corrections/ 

320. TOMPKINS, Henry 

Collection 

(1) Nine Ms notebooks: Entomological collecting and specimen exchange 
notes. 1849-1850. One notebook also contains several editions of Stainton's 
List of the British Tinea for interchange among collectors. 



206 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



321. TRIMEN, Roland (1840-1916) 

In 1860 Trimen joined the Cape Colony Civil Service and studied the insect 
fauna of that area. In 1868 he read an important paper on the bionomics of 
Papilio merope to the Linnean Society. Other publications included the three- 
volume work, South African Butterflies, (1887-1889) by R. Trimen and J. H. 
Bowker. In 1873 he was appointed Curator of the South African Museum at 
Cape Town and remained there until his retirement. In 1883 he was elected a 
Fellow of the Royal Society. 

Biographical References: 1916. Bethune-Baker, G. T. Entomologist's Record and 
Journal of Variation 28:231-236; 1920. Poulton, E.B. Proceedings of the Royal 
Society, London (B) 91:xviii-xxvii. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Roland Trimen 's Collection of Extra-Tropical South- 
African Lepidoptera. A complete record of collecting data, c. 1866-1867. 

(2) One Ms notebook: South African Butterflies. Trimen, 1887. 

322. TRING MUSEUM 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: [Payments made for entomological collections 
received by Tring Museum, 1903-1938]. 

323. TROUGHT, Trevor (1891-1970) 

Trought was employed by the Sudan Cotton Corporation and the Jordan 
Government. He was an authority on the genetics of cotton growing and was 
interested in the butterflies of India and the Middle East. In 1947, he was 
elected a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London. His collec- 
tions were presented to Warwick Museum. 

Biographical Reference: 1971. Hinton, H. E. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological 
Society of London (C) 35:54. 



The Catalogue 207 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: [A general diary and travel notes], 1941. 

(2) Two Ms notebooks: [Notes on Lepidoptera collecting in Jordan includ- 
ing localities], 1951-1955. 

324. TURNBULL, L. D. J. 

Lt.-Col. Turnbull worked for part of his life for the East Indian Railway as an 
engineer, based in Calcutta. He was an enthusiastic photographer with a keen 
interest in butterflies. 

Collection 

(1) One folder: 89 natural-size photographs of butterflies of India, 1945- 
1947, some handpainted by Turnbull. 

(2) Approximately 100 loose photographs of butterflies. Some Ms annota- 
tions of localities. 

325. TURNER, J.A. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms volume: notes attributed to Turner. 

Bibliotheque de A.M. Labouchere, Index et Tableau comparatif des dessins originaux 
des Papillons exotiques de Cramer et des gravures contenues dans les quatre volumes 
de cet ouvrage c. 1780. [This is an autograph index to the published work by 
Pieter Cramer, De uitlandsche Kapellen ([1775] 1779-1782), and to the original 
drawings for this work which are held in the Entomology Library.] 

326. TYTLER, Major General, Sir H.C. (1867-1939) 

Born in Scotland, Tytler joined the army in 1886, serving in India, Europe, 
East Africa, Afghanistan and Burma, retiring in 1928. He presented The 
Natural History Museum, London, with insects from Burma; his collection of 
2,500 Hesperiidae and 1,000 Lycaenidae from India was purchased in 1939. 
B.M.1939-614. In 1941 his collection of 23,000 Rhopalocera was purchased by 



208 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

the Natural History Museum, London from his widow. This collection 
included many type specimens. 

Biographical Reference: 1941. Who was Who (1929-1940). London: Adam & 
Charles Black. 

Collection 

(1) Loose-leaf Ms notes: [The Tytler Indian Lepidoptera collection] by Sir 
Keith Cantlie. 

327. UNWIN, William Charles (1811-1887) 

Unwin had a wide interest in natural history, including ornithology, botany 
and entomology. His publications included a large number of papers, and in 
1878 he published Illustrations and dissections of the genera of British Mosses. He 
lived for much of his life in Lewes, East Sussex. 

Biographical Reference: 1887. Anon. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 24: 7. 
Collection 

(1) One letter from Unwin to unknown person, 1846, includes a list of 
Lepidoptera and British birds found by Unwin in the neighbourhood of 
Lewes, East Sussex. 

328. VERDOURT, Bernard 

Collection 

(1) One Ts: The Insect Attack of Books, written for the Printing Packaging and 
Allied Trades Research Association, 1948. 

329. VINE, Arthur Charles (1844-1917) 

Living in Brighton, Sussex, he collected Lepidoptera from the Downs between 
Brighton and Lewes and reared many obscure species of Microlepidoptera. 



The Catalogue 209 

Biographical Reference: 1917. Adkin, R. The Entomologist 50:40. 
Collection 

(1) One bound volume: 18 letters to Vine, 1878-1909, including 8 letters from 
Eustace Ralph Bankes (1861-1929), dated 1893-1907. 

330. WALKER, Francis (1809-1874) 

Born in Southgate, Middlesex , Walker developed an interest in entomology 
from an early age. He travelled widely, including visits to Lapland, 
Switzerland, France and Italy. He collected large numbers of specimens and 
supplied material to many entomologists including John Curtis and A.H. 
Haliday. He had a particular interest in the Chalcidoidea and in 1832 he pub- 
lished the introductory chapter of Monographia Chalciditum in the 
Entomological Magazine. In 1830 Walker and his brother, Henry toured Europe 
with John Curtis, who became a close friend. He also collected with the 
botanists William Christy junior and William Dawson Hooker on a voyage to 
Alten and the North Cape. In 1851 he published the first volume of three on 
Diptera in a projected series of works on British insects: Insecta Britannica. 
Other publications included a series of catalogues of insects in the British 
Museum collections, including the Lepidoptera, Diptera, Orthoptera, 
Homoptera and Neuroptera. He described many thousands of new species. 
Some of these descriptions were inadequate and these catalogues have 
dented his reputation as an entomologist. 

Biographical Reference: 1874. Carrington, J.T. The Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine 11:140-141; 1874. Anon. Entomologist 7:260-264. 

Collection 

(1) Loose-leaf Ms notes: [Diptera of Madeira]. 

331. WALKER, James John (1851-1939) 

Walker served in the Royal Navy, and on his retirement in 1904 went to live 
in Oxford and collected local insects. In 1926 he published The Natural History 



210 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

of the Oxford District for the meeting of the British Association for the 
Advancement of Science. In the same year he joined the editorial staff of The 
Entomologist's Monthly Magazine. Walker was President of the Entomological 
Society of London and received an honorary degree from the University of 
Oxford. His collections came to The Natural History Museum, London in 
1950, B.M.1950-548 and 1950-582. 

Biographical Reference: 1939 K.G.B[lair].77ze Entomologist 52:48. 
Collection 

(1) 15 Ms leaves: [Eight lists of insect collecting localities from around the 
world, written from HMS Penguin], c. 1890-1892. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 5. 

(2) One Ms leaf: [List of various insects from around the world] 
nsect Room Lists:Vo\ume 2, item 67. 

332. WALLACE, Alfred Russel (1823-1913) 

Born in Usk, Monmouthshire, Wallace began collecting beetles with H.W. 
Bates in 1845, and in 1848 they travelled together along the River Amazon. 
Wallace published details of this expedition in Travels on the Amazon and Rio 
Negro (1853). In 1854-1862 he travelled around the Malay Archipelago and 
New Guinea, collecting over 100,000 insect specimens. In 1869 he published 
perhaps his most famous work, Malay Archipelago: Land of the Orang-utan and 
the Bird of Paradise. He published many papers in the journals of the Linnean, 
Zoological and Entomological Societies. In 1858 he sent his famous essay on 
species variation to Charles Darwin. Darwin's On the Origin of Species fol- 
lowed in 1859. Wallace was a Fellow of the Linnean, Zoological and 
Entomological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1913. Walker, J.J. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
49:276-277. 



The Catalogue 211 



Collection 



(1) Correspondence collection: Approximately 100 letters to and from 
Wallace, 1900-1906, including letters from: 



Also approximately 30 letters to and from Frederick Birch, 1900-1906, regard- 
ing his expedition to British Guiana (Guyana). 

333. WAL SIN CHAM, Thomas de Grey, Lord (1869-1919) 

Born in London, he was the eldest son of Thomas, fifth Lord Walsingham and 
succeeded to the title in 1870. Educated at Eton and Cambridge, he then pur- 
sued a career in politics, but was an enthusiastic entomologist with a 
particular interest in Lepidoptera. He collected more than 50,000 specimens 
of Microlepidoptera in England, Europe, USA and Jamaica. He discovered 
the life- histories of many moths, and he described numerous new species. 
His British Lepidoptera collection included preserved larvae mounted in 
-natural positions on actual plants. Walsingham purchased microlepidoptera 
collections from Zeller, Hofmann, Christoph and others. His own collection 
was presented to The Natural History Museum, London in 1910, accom- 
panied by his magnificent entomological library of books, manuscripts and 
correspondence. B.M.1910-427. He published many papers and monographs, 
including Pterophoridae of California and Oregon (1880). He was High Steward 
of the University of Cambridge, a Trustee of the British Museum (Natural 
History) and of the Hunterian Museum and the Lawes Agricultural Trust. He 
was President of the Entomological Society of London and a member of 
numerous other societies, including the Entomological Society of America, 
Societe Entomologique de France and Nederlandse Entomologische 
Vereniging. 

Biographical Reference: 1920. Durrant, J.H. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
56:17, 25-28, portrait. 



Godman, Frederick DuCane (1834-1919) 
Jordan, Karl Hermann Christian (1875-1972) 
Kaye, William James (1875-1967) 



1903? 



1903 



1903-1905 



222 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Collection 

(1) One Ms leaf: WalsinghanYs first entomological note, aged 8 years. 'I 
have found out that the catipillars hind feete are different to its froant ones'. 

(2) One bound Ts: List of separata by Lord Walsingham and John Hartley 
Durrant (1863-1928). The compiler is unknown (probably J.H. Durrant). 
Papers arranged in chronological order. 

(3) Loose-leaf Ms: The Walsingham Collection of British Lepidoptera and Larvae. 
A list of the specimens in the collection, and those needed to complete the collection. 

(4) Loose-leaf Ms: New Pyralidina from the Punjab. A Ms list of new 
Pyralidina from the Punjab in Lord Walsingham' s collection, described by 
Alexander Benjamin van Medenbach de Rooy (1841-1878), 1875. 

(5) Loose-leaf Ms: [Note on Pyralidae]. 

(6) Correspondence collection: letters from Walsingham, 1909-1911, con- 
cerning his gift of his Lepidoptera collection to The Natural History Museum, 
London B.M.1910-427. 

(7) 45 numbered and bound volumes of manuscripts: 

(i) Volumes 1-7: List numbered specimens of various collections 
acquired and used by Walsingham, including Micro- 
lepidoptera from J.J. Walker. 

(ii) Volume 8: Microlepidoptera received from Ernest Anderson, 
Melbourne, Australia. 

(iii) Volume 9: [Collecting data from Hawaii, 1892; includes notes 
by R.C.L. Perkins]. 

(iv) Volume 10: Micros received from William G. Smith, taxidermist, 
Colorado, USA. 

(v) Volume 11: [Determinations of North American Micro- 
lepidoptera, 1881-1884]. 

(vi) Volume 12: List of specimens of microlepidoptera received from 
William Doherty (1857-1901) collected in various localities pur- 
chased by Lord Walsingham at an all round price of sixpence a piece. 

(vii) Volumes 13-14: [British collections purchased by Walsingham]. 

(viii) Volume 15: Collections from various localities given to Lord 
Walsingham by John Henry Leech (1862-1900). 

(ix) Volume 16: [List of specimens from H.H. Smith collection 



The Catalogue 213 



from the West Indies and the Godman and Salvin collection 
from Central America]. 

(x) Volume 17: [Notes and determinations of collections including 
H.J.S. Pryer, E.R. Bankes, T.A. Chapman and O. Staudinger]. 

(xi) Volume 18: [Walsingham collections from Jamaica, Canaries 
and Teneriffe]. 

(xii) Volume 19: [Collecting data from Corsica, France and Spain], 

(xiii) Volume 20: [Collecting notes from various countries]. 

(xiv) Volume 21: Includes a copy of the Walsingham diary for 1871 
(original destroyed) of a collecting trip to Oregon, and a regis- 
ter of the Walsingham list of specimen numbers. 

(xv) Volume 22: [Collecting data from American specimens]. 

(xvi) Volume 23: [Collecting data from Algeria and Canaries, 1903- 
1907]. 

(xvii) Volume 24: [Notes on the P.C. Zeller collection]. 

(xviii) Volume 25: [Notes on collections from various countries]. 

(xix) Volumes 26-27: [Notes on species of microlepidoptera]. 

(xx) Volume 28: Index to notebooks labelled Mss by Walsingham, Lord, 
and Durrant, J.H. 

(xxi) Volume 29: [Catalogue of species of Microlepidoptera]. 

(xxii) Volumes 30-36: [Walsingham and Durrant determinations]. 

(xxiii) Volume 37: [Notes on early Microlepidoptera descriptions]. 

(xxiv) Volume 38: Notes on specimens in other collections. 

(xxv) Volume 39: [List of species in the H.T. Christoph collections]. 

(xxvi) Volumes 40-41: [Notes on the O. Staudinger collection and 
catalogue.] 

(xxvii) Volume 42: Annotated copy of Walsingham' s Steps towards a 
Revision of Chambers' Index with Notes and Descriptions of New 
Species (1888). 

(xxviii) Volume 43: [Notes on collections sent for loan to British ento- 
mologists.] 

(xxix) Volume 44: Notes on the Ms index [to Hubner's 
Microlepidoptera in Sammlung europdischer Schmetterlinge 
(1796-1830).] 

(xxx) Volume 45: [Notes on Hubner's dates.] 



214 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

(8) Correspondence collection: Approximately 400 letters, c. 1867-1910, sent to 
Lord Walsingham and John Hartley Durrant (1863-1928). Includes letters from: 



Atmore, Edward A. (1855-1930) 


1890-1897 


Bankes Eustace Ralph (1861-1929) 


1888-1910 


Barrett, Charles Golding (1836-1904) 


1868-1899 


Buckler, William (1814-1884) 


1872-1883 


Busck Aueust (1870-1944) 


1900-1908 


Butler, Arthur Gardiner (1844-1925) 


1881-1916 


Constant Alexandre (1829-1901) 


1887-1891 

jl i^y v^y / jl v_j y jl 


Dohertv William (1857-1901) 


1891 


Doubledav Henrv (1809-1875) 

1 — y KJ CA Lx' A V_- V-A LA y / 1 Ivl LA V \ JL KJ\J S JL \_/ / / 


1867-1868 


Fernald, Charles Henry (1838-1921) 


1877-1885 


Hodgkinson, James B. (1823-1897) 


1867-1895 


Jordan, Karl Hermann Christian (1875-1972) 


1894 


Marshall, Guy Anstruther Knox (1871-1959) 


1895 


Meyrick, Edward (1854-1938) 


1889-1894 



(9) One Ms volume: Catalogue of the books presented by Lord Walsingham to the 
British Museum (Natural History) 1 April 1910 by H. Stringer, 1914. 

334. WALTON, H.J. 

Collection 

(1) 2 Ms leaves: [Tibet expedition localities and examples of specimen 
labels], c. 1905. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 25. 

335. WARREN, Brisbane Charles Somerville ( 1887-1979) 

Born in Fermoy, Ireland, he spent much of his early life in England and 
Germany. Later he lived in Switzerland until 1934, then returned to live per- 
manently in Folkestone, Kent. From 1902 to 1960 he collected butterflies, 
building an extensive collection of European Lepidoptera. He published 112 



The Catalogue 215 

papers and The Monograph on the genus Erebia (1936). Warren was a Fellow of 
the Royal Entomological Society of London and a member of Societas 
Europaea Lepidopterologica. His collection of 21,000 Rhopalocera and 2,000 
slide preparations was bequeathed to The Natural History Museum, London 
in 1979. B.M.1979-101. 

Biographical Reference: 1979. De Worms, C.G.M. Entomologist's Record and 
Journal of Variation 91:111-112. 

Collection 

(1) Correspondence collection: Approximately 150 letters between Warren 
and Entomology staff of the Natural History Museum, London, 1927-1935. 
This includes correspondence regarding The Monograph on the genus Erebia 
(1936) and the donation of Warren's collection. 

336. WARREN, William (1839-1914) 

Born in Cambridge, he graduated from the University there and became a 
school master. He also became a keen insect collector and travelled widely in 
the British Isles. His main area of study was the Microlepidoptera of Britain. 
He worked on the Geometridae at The Natural History Museum, London 
and the Zoological Museum, Tring in Hertfordshire. 

Biographical Reference: 1914. Anon. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
50:294-295. 

Collection 

(1) 60 boxes of Mss: Mostly concerned with British Geometridae. 

337. WATERHOUSE, Charles Owen (1843-1917) 

The eldest son of the natural historian G.R. Waterhouse, Charles joined the 
British Museum as entomologist in 1866, becoming Assistant Keeper in 1905. 
He published over 200 papers, including Illustrations of typical specimens of 
Coleoptera in the collection of the British Museum, Part 1 Eycidae (1879) and Aid 



216 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



to the Identification of Insects, 2 volumes (1880-1890). He was a Fellow of the 
Entomological Society of London and served as President. 

Biographical Reference: 1917. Distant, W.L. The Entomologist 50:71-72. 
Collection 

(1) Correspondence collection: Approximately 200 letters mainly to CO. 
and George Robert Waterhouse, c. 1897-1916, from entomologists and natu- 
ralists of the time, including: 



Aurivillius, Per Olof Christopher (1853-1928) 1891 

Burmeister, Herman Carl Conrad (1807-1892) 1862 

Candeze, Leon (1863-1926) 1889 

Crotch, George Robert (1841-1874) 1870 

Enock, Frederick (1845-1916) 1915 

Fauvel, Charles Adolphe Albert (1840-1921) 1890 

Gervais, Francois Louis Paul (1816-1879) 1842 

Horn, George Henry (1840-1897) 1842 

Miall, Louis Compton (1843-1921) 1899 

Owen, Richard (1804-1892) 1835-1883 

Stephens, James Francis (1792-1852) 1839 

Walton, John (1784-1862) 1840 



(2) Two Ms notebooks: Includes insect records, mainly of Coleoptera, with 
notes and letters from other entomologists, 1868-1900. 

338. WATERHOUSE, George Robert (1810-1888) 

Born in Somers Town, England, he trained as an architect, spending his spare 
time studying natural history. His particular entomological interest was the 
Coleoptera. In 1835 Waterhouse was appointed Curator of the Museum of the 
Royal Institute of Liverpool and then became Curator of the Zoological 
Society of London. In 1843 he was appointed Assistant in the Geological 
Department, British Museum. He became Keeper of the Mineralogical branch 
of the Natural History Department. He published papers on a range of nat- 
ural history subjects and illustrated many of them himself. Works include: 



The Catalogue 217 



Catalogue of the Mammalia Preserved in the Museum of the Zoological Society 
(1838), A Natural History of the Mammalia (1846-1848), and A Catalogue of 
British Coleoptera (1858-[1861]). G.R. Waterhouse amassed a large collection of 
Coleoptera; all the type specimens in the collection were presented by him to 
The Natural History Museum, London in 1875. Later other specimens of 
interest were presented by CO. Waterhouse. G.R. Waterhouse was President 
of the Entomological Society of London and was an Honorary Fellow of the 
Zoological Society 

Biographical Reference: 1888. Anon. The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 
24:233-234. 

Collection 

(1) Loose-leaf Ms: [Notes on Amycterinae (Curculionidae)], with annota- 
tions by Kenneth Gloyne Blair. 

(2) Three Ms leaves: List of Coleoptera belonging to J.de la louche. 

(3) One Ms volume: [Register of G.R. Waterhouse' s private collection of 
Coleoptera.] 

(4) Two Ms leaves: Species of Hister from the collection of Mr. Waterhouse, 
British Museum. 

(5) Pocket Catalogue of British Coleoptera, published in 1861, heavily anno- 
tated by John A. Power (1810-1886). 



339. WEBER, Hermann (1899-1956) 

Born in Bretten, Baden, Weber studied at the Universitat Tubingen and the 
Zoologisches Institut. He held several research and teaching posts and in 
1950 became Professor of Zoology at Tubingen. Weber's major publications 
include Biologie der Hemipteren (1930), Lehrbuch der Entomologie (1933) and 
Grundriss der Insektenkunde (1938). He was an Honorary Fellow of the Royal 
Entomological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: 1956. Alam, S.M. Indian Journal of Entomology 18:311. 



218 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

Collection 

(1) Loose-leaf Ms: Weber's Biologie der Hemipteren. Eine Naturgeschichte der 
Schnabelkerfe, 1930. 

340. WEST, William (1836-1920) 

Born in Rotherhithe, London, he worked for 56 years in a brass foundry in 
Greenwich. His first entomological interest was collecting Lepidoptera but he 
later turned his attention to the Coleoptera, Hemiptera and Orthoptera. In 1919 
he presented his collection of over 3,000 British Homoptera to The Natural 
History Museum, London. B.M. 1919-339. He was one of the founders of the 
South London Entomological Society and was appointed its first Curator. 

Biographical Reference: 1920. Adkin, R. The Entomologist 53:215-216. 
Collection 

(1) One bound Ms notebook: British Hemiptera, Homoptera, 4 cases, record of 
contents, 1910. 

341. WESTMINSTER SCHOOL, Brazilian Expedition 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: [Relating to an expedition to Brazil by members of 
Westminster School in 1963]. Collections were made by N. Pinfield and N.S.B. 
Tanner. The insect specimens were presented to The Natural History 
Museum, London. B.M.1963-620. 

342. WESTWOOD, John Obadiah (1805-1893) 

Born in Sheffield, Westwood was the son of a die sinker. The family moved to 
Lichfield, Staffordshire and in 1921 Westwood went to London to work as a 
solicitor's pupil. He qualified as a solicitor, but never practised, devoting him- 
self to entomology and archaeology instead. He published many papers and 
books, and had a considerable reputation as an entomological artist. His 



The Catalogue 219 

publications include An Introduction to the modern Classification of Insects 
(1838-1840), Arcana Entomologia (1841-1845), and The Cabinet of Oriental 
Entomology (1847-1848). He was on the staff of the Gardener's Chronicle as an 
entomological referee. Westwood was President of the Entomological Society 
of London and an Honorary Fellow of most entomological societies of his 
period. He was an Honarary MA and Honorary Fellow of Magdalen College. 

Biographical Reference: 1893. McLachlan, R. The Entomologist's Monthly 
Magazine 29:49-51. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms leaf: Copy of Memorandum from John Westwood whilst at 
Oxford concerning insect specimens from the Entomological Society, The 
East India Company and the collections of F.W. Hope (1797-1862) and of 
Westwood himself. These specimens had been borrowed by William 
Shuckard (1803-1868) and illegally disposed of. Unwittingly Janson, a dealer, 
purchased these specimens at auction and later sold them to the British 
Museum. Westwood purchased some of them back. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 1, item 28. 

343. WHALLEY, Paul Ernest Sutton (1930-) 

Studied at the University of North Wales, and was a postgraduate student 
with the Nature Conservancy Council (now English Nature). He then became 
Government Entomologist in Uganda, and this was followed by 30 years in 
the Entomology Department of The Natural History Museum, London. 
Whalley was the author of many papers on moth taxonomy. He also pub- 
lished several popular works on butterflies including The Mitchell Beazley 
Pocket Guide to Butterflies (1981) and Butterfly Watching (1980). Whalley is a 
Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society 

Collection 

(1) Two Ms notebooks: Homoptera Auchenorrycha Collection Catalogue, listing 
specimens collected in Uganda, 1956-1958. 



220 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

344. WHEELER, Leonard Richmond (1888-1949) 

Born in Highgate, Wheeler joined the Colonial Service in 1914. During World 
War I he joined the Royal Flying Corps and served in the Balkans until 1919. 
From 1921 to his retirement in 1938 he held a series of teaching posts in 
Malaya, where he collected butterflies. He was a Fellow of the Linnean 
Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1949. Wheeler, D.H. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of 
London 161:253-254. 

Collection 

(1) Loose-leaf Ms: List of Collection of Malayan Butterflies (excluding 'duplicates'). 

(2) Loose-leaf Ms: Revised list of Malayan Butterflies (collected April 1934- 
March 1938) and a few from Hong Kong (collected 13-14 April 1938 or given 1939). 

345. WHITE, Timothy 

Collection 

(1) One Ms volume: Harris's Exposition of English Insects with observations and 
remarks wherein each insect is particularly described (1766). [This is a manuscript 
copy of the text from Moses Harris, Exposition of English Insects (1766) with 
original drawings by T. White.] 

346. WHITTAKER, Oscar 

A keen Hymenopterist, he collected many species of Serphoidea from British 
Columbia where he lived. His collection of over 2000 Hymenoptera was 
bequeathed to the Natural History Museum, London. B.M.1947-212. 

Collection 

(1) Two Ms notebooks: Author's key to species [Includes Serphoidea from 
British Columbia also notes on Proctotrupoidea]. 



The Catalogue 221 



347. WHITTLE, Francis George (1854-1921) 

Born in Highbury, Whittle was employed for many years by the Joint Stock 
Bank, retiring in 1913. He was a field naturalist but was particulary interested 
in British Lepidoptera, specializing in the Tineina. His extensive collections 
were bequeathed to The Natural History Museum, London, and included 
over 46,000 specimens of Lepidoptera. B.M. 1922-79. 

Biographical Reference: 1921. Sheldon, W.G. The Entomologist 54:302-303. 
Collection 

(1) 14 Ms volumes: Entomological notebooks on collecting in Britain, c. 
1889-1915. 

348. WHYMPER, Edward (1840-1911) 

Son of a London wood engraver, Whymper went to Switzerland in 1860 to do 
a series of drawings. While there he developed a lifelong interest in mountain 
climbing and natural history. In 1879 he went to Ecuador. In 1892 Travels 
amongst the Great Andes of the Equator was published. As a result of the explo- 
ration he was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Geographic Society. 

Biographical Reference: 1948. Hagen, V.M. South America: Green World of the 
Naturalist, xvii + 398pp. London. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms file: Catalogue of collections obtained in North Greenland in 1872. 
Contains details of Natural History specimens and their localities. 

(2) Loose-leaf Ms: Notes for the 1891 Supplementary Appendix to Travels 
amongst the Great Andes of the Equator. Includes 19 drawings of Coleoptera by 
Henry Walter Bates (1825-1892). 

(3) Unfinished botanical oil painting. 



222 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

349. WICKHAM, Archdale Palmer (1855-1935) 

Wickham was educated at Marlborough and New College, Oxford, and was 
ordained a minister of the Church in 1880. He was an enthusiastic collector of 
Lepidoptera. 

Collection 

(1) Five Ms leaves: Selangore lepidoptera. [List of Malayan specimens and 
data]. Concerns the collection B.M.1908-283. 

Insect Room Lists: Volume 2, item 87. 

350. WILLIAMS, Harold Beek (1889-1969) 

A barrister by profession, he became interested in British Lepidoptera and 
reared many aberrations. Over a period of many years he donated specimens 
to The Natural History Museum, London. He was a Fellow of the Royal 
Entomological Society of London. 

Biographical Reference: Daily Telegraph 23 April, 1969. 
Collection 

(1) Loose-leaf Ts: Notes on the Genus Gonepteryx and on the Life History and 
Variation of G. rhamni. Includes original drawings of representatives of the 
genus. 

(2) Ts: Peroneural Forms. Includes notes from other authors' papers and orig- 
inal pen-and-ink drawings. 

(3) Ts: The British Tiger and Ermine Moths. Includes original drawings. 

(4) Ts: notes and drawings [on the genus Colias]. 

(5) Ts: [The breeding of Colias dominula]. Includes photographic plates. 

(6) (i) Ts: [Notes on collections including the J. Forsythe Johnstone 

collection.] 

(ii) Notes and drawings on Catocala fraxini in Britain. 

(iii) Letters of thanks from The Natural History Museum, London 
regarding donation of specimens, 1939-1951. 



The Catalogue 223 



(7) Tss: 

(i) A note on Maniola jurtina. 

(ii) A note on Gynandromorphs and variation in Bupalus piniaria. 

(iii) A note on the variation of Epinephele tithonus. 

(8) Ts: Euchloe Ms, Part 1. The genus Euchloe. 

(9) Ts: Euchloe Ms, Part II. Genera allied to Euchloe. 

(10) Ts: Euchloe Ms, Part III. 

(11) Ts notes copied from other authors' papers. 

(12) Ts notes: [On hybrids.] 

(13) Ts: Dilina tiliae. 

(14) Ts notes: Boarmia repandata. 

(15) Ts notes: Pieris. 

(16) Ts notes: Gallimorpha dominula. 

(17) Ts notes: [Temperature experiments]. 

(18) Ts: Boarmia rhomboidaria. 

(19) Ts: Notes and Arctiidae plates. 

(20) Miscellaneous Ts notes. 

351. WILSON, John 

Collection 

(1) Seven Ms volumes: Includes drawings and photographs of British and 
foreign Lepidoptera, c. 1940s-1960s. 

352. WILTSHIRE, Edward P. 

Educated at Cheltenham College and the University of Cambridge, he 
entered the Consular Service in 1932. However, he has been an enthusiastic 
entomologist since his schooldays and has published a considerable number 
of papers on the Lepidoptera. In recent years he has contributed many papers 
to the Fauna of Saudi Arabia. 

Biographical Reference: 1991. Wiltshire, E.P. Entomologist's Record and Journal of 
Variation 103:63-68,119-124,175-180,251-256,307-312; 1992. Witshire, E.P. 



224 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 

Entomologist's Record and journal of Variation 104:33-38, 71-74, 149-154, 203-206. 

Collection 

(1) Ts: Neotropical insect notes II: Biological observations of insects dependant on 
Imbauba (Cecropia) (Moraceae) in south-east Brazil. 

(2) Ts: Further notes on the phenological classification of Palaearctic Lepidoptera. 

(3) Ts: Further proof of protection afforded by Azteca ants to the Imbauba 
(Cecropia) trees of Brazil against insect parasites, c. 1954. 

(4) Miscellaneous Mss, typescripts and photographs. 

353. WOLLASTON, Thomas Vernon (1822-1878) 

Born in Lincolnshire and educated at Cambridge, Wollaston was forced by ill 
health to spend winters in Madeira, where he collected extensively. He pub- 
lished over 40 papers but his most important work was Insecta Maderensia 
(1854). His insect collections from Madeira, The Canary Islands, Cape Verde 
Islands and St. Helena were acquired by the British Museum. 

Biographical Reference: 1878. Westwood, J.O. Proceedings of the Entomological 
Society of London 1877:xxxviii. 

Collection 

(1) One Ms notebook: Numbers relating to the localities of the Madeira insects in 
the British Museum. 

(2) One photocopy Ms notebook: Reference to the insects in the Madeiran 
collection formed by T.V. Wollaston. Concerns a collection formed by Wollaston, 
presented to the Hope Entomological Collections, Oxford, 1860 and cata- 
logued by J.O. Westwood. 

354. WOODHOUSE, Lionel Gilbert Ollyett 

Woodhouse was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society and Surveyor 
General of Ceylon during the 1940s. His major work, The Butterfly Fauna of 
Ceylon (1942) was co-authored with G.M.R. Henry. Many of the plates in this 
work were photographs of butterflies which had their wing scales transferred 



The Catalogue 225 

onto gummed paper by a method known as nature printing. In 1952 he pre- 
sented to The Natural History Museum, London his collection of Ceylon 
butterflies containing nearly 4,000 specimens. B.M. 1951-301. 

Collection 

(1) Collection of over 1,000 nature printed butterfly specimens used in the 
production of The Butterfly Fauna of Ceylon (1942). 

(2) Correspondence collection, c. 1936-1962: Letters between Woodhouse 
and the Entomology Department of The Natural History Museum, London 
mostly regarding the production of The Butterfly Fauna of Ceylon and subse- 
quent editions, and the presentation of his specimens. 

355. ZELLER, Philip Christoph (1808-1883.) 

Born at Steinheim, Wurtemberg, Zeller was interested in entomology from an 
early age. He graduated from the Gymnasium and University of Berlin and 
studied Coleoptera, Diptera and Lepidoptera during his leisure time. He 
became a world authority on Microlepidoptera, publishing papers in Isis, 
Linnaea Entomologica and Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung among others. He 
travelled to England, where he met many British entomologists, including 
H.T. Stainton, Henry Doubleday and J.W. Douglas. He assisted in the prepa- 
ration of Stainton' s Natural History of the Tineina (1855-73). Zeller 's collection 
of over 31,000 specimens, came to The Natural History Museum, London 
1883-1884. His manuscript and correspondence collections came to the 
Natural History Museum as part of the Stainton bequest. 

Biographical Reference: 1931. Essig, E.O. History of Entomology, vii + 1029pp. 
(pp. 808-810). New York. 

Collection 

(1) 18 boxes of correspondence containing approximately 3,000 letters from 
international entomologists to Zeller, including letters from: 



226 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Bachstein 


1877 


Barrett, Charles Golding (1836-1904) 


1871-1874 


Bastelberger, Max Joseph (1851-1916) 


1875? 


Bellardi, Luigi (1818-1889) 


1860 


Boheman, Carl Heinrich (1796-1868) 


1846-1852 


Boll, Jacob (1828-1880) 


1873-1877 


Brischke, Carl Gustav Alexander (1814-1897) 


1877-1879 


Brunner von Wattenwyl, Carl (1823-1914) 


1876 


Burgess, Edward (1848-1891) 


1868 


Butler, William 


1871 


Chambers, Victor Tousey (1831-1883) 


1876 


Christoph, Hugo Theodor (1831-1894) 


1860-1882 


Dahlbom, Anders Gustav (1806-1859) 


1842-1847 


Dewitz, Herman (1848-1890) 


1880 


Dietze, Karl (1851-1935) 


1868-1880 


Dimmock, George (1852-1930) 


1880 


Dohrn, Felix Antoin (1840-1909) 


1871-1878 


Dunning, Joseph William (1833-1897) 


1873 


Edwards, William Henry (1822-1909) 


1871-1873 


Eppelsheim, [Eduard] (1837-1896) 


1871-1872 


Erschoff, Nicolas Grigorevich (1837-1896) 


1872-1877 


Fernald, Charles Henry (1838-1921) 


1878-1879 


Fish, Charles 


1878-1880 


Friedrich, A. 


1873 


Fritzsche [John] 


1864 


Fuchs, August (1839-1904) 


1872-1887 


Geldart, E. M. 


1863-1868 


Gerstaecker, Carl Eduard Adolph (1828-1895) 


1864-1872 


Gregson, Charles Stuart (1817-1899) 


1869 


Grentlenberg, Robert (1823-1886) 


1860 


Grote, August Radcliffe (1841-1903) 


1873-1874 


Haag, J. 


1872 


Haas, Andreas 


1872 


Haberhauer, J. 


1870 


Hagen, Herman August (1817-1893) 


1871-1877 



The Catalogue 227 



Harper-Crewe 


1862 


Hartig, Robert (1839-1901) 


1879 


Hedemann, Wilhelm von (1836-1903) 


1872-1882 


Heinemann, Hermann von (1812-1871) 


1862-1871 


Heller [C]. 


18[7]8 


Heuacker, Wilhelm 


1872 


Heylaerts, [H.J.] 


1874-1883 


Hofmann, Fredrich (1798-1870) 


1867-1870 


Hopffer, Carl Heinrich (1810-1876) 


1862-1875 


Hornig, Johann von (1819-1886) 


1879-1880 


Jordan, Robert Coane Roberts (1825-1890) 


1869-1873 


Judeich, Johann Friedrich (1828-1894) 


1875 


Katter, J. 


1873 


Keferstein, Georg Adolf (1793-1884) 


1873 


Killias, Eduard (1829-1891) 


1876-1883 


Knaggs, Henry Guard (1832-1908) 


1869 


Koch, Gabriel (1807-1881) 


1879 


Kiihn, Julius (1825-1910) 


1877-1879 


Kuwert, August Ferdinand (1828-1894) 


1873 


Libbach, A. 


1864 


Lintner, Joseph Albert (1822-1898) 


1877 


Loew, F. Hermann (1807-1878) 


1842-1871 


Luben, Alihers 


1845 


McLachlan, Robert (1837-1904) 


1864-1881 


Mann, Joseph Johann (1804-1889) 


1860-1880 


Mead, Teodor Luqueer (1852-1936) 


1878 


Menetries, Edouard (1802-1861) 


1860 


Meske 


1876 


Meyrick, Edward (1854-1938) 


1880-1882 


Moschler, H.B. 


1870-1882 


Muller. 


1876 


Nicelli, Gustav 


1849-1850 


Nowicki, Maximilian Sila (1826-1890) 


1861 


Nylander, William (1822-1899) 


1847 


Oken, Ludwig Lorenz (1779-1851) 


1837-1850 



228 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Osten-Sacken, Charles Robert (1828-1906) 1879-1880 

Packard, Alpheus Spring (1839-1905) 1863-1875 

Pagenstecher, Arnold (1873-1913) 1876-1882 

Pergande, Theodore (1840-1916) 1876 

Petersen, Wilhelm C. (1854-1933) 1875-1887 

Plotz, Carl (1813-1886) 1879-1881 

Ragonot, Emile Louis (1843-1895) 1875-1881 

Reichlin-Meldegg, Gustav (d. 1880) 1867 

Riley, Charles Valentine (1843-1895) 1869-1882 

Ritsema, Conrad (1846-1929) 1876 

Roessler, [D]. 1860-1882 

Rogenhofer, Alois Friedrich (1832-1897) 1867-1878 

Saalmuller, Max (1832-1890) 1880 

Sauter, Anton Eleutherius (1800-1881) 1868 

Schiide, Johannes Gustav (1839-1888) 1871-1880 

Schlectendal, Doederich H.R. von (d. 1916) 1877 

Schmeltz, Johannes Dietrich Eduard (1839-1909) 1871-1874 

Schneider, William Gottlieh (1814-1889) 1853-1860 

Schoyen, Wilhelm Maribo (1844-1918) 1875-1880 

Semper, Johann Georg (1837-1909) 1875 

Siebold, Carl Theodor Ernst von (1804-1885) 1851-1870 

Sientenis, Franz (1836-1911) 1875-1880 

Snellen, Pieter Cornelius Tobias (1832-1911) 1866-1882 
Snellen van Vollenhoven, Samuel Constant (1816-1880) 1866 

Speyer [Adolph] (1812-1892) 1849-1879 

Stainton, Henry Tibbats (1822-1892) 1873-1883 

Standfuss, Gustav (1815-1897) 1849-1880 

Staudinger, Otto (1830-1900) 1855-1881 

Stierlin, Wilhelm Gustav (1821-1907) 1875 

Stoll, Otto (1849-1922) 1867-1870 

Strange, A. 1857-1866 

Strange, G. 1879-1883 
Suffrain, Christian Wilhelm Ludwig Eduard (1805-1876) 1868 

Taschenberg, Ernst Ludwig (1818-1898) 1862-1870 

Teich, Karl August (1838-1908) 1867-1883 



The Catalogue 229 



Tengstrom, Johan Martin Jakob von (1821-1890) 1863-1870 

Thurau, Friedrich (1843-1913) 1879 

Torge, Otto 1879 

Trapp, Hermann 1875 

Wallengren, Hans Daniel Johan (1823-1894) 1872 

Walsingham, Thomas de Grey (1843-1919) 1879-1882 

Werneburg, Adolf (d. 1886) 1861-1872 

Wocke, Maximilian Ferdinand (1820-1906) 1876-1883 

Zaddach, Ernst Gustav (1817-1881) 1876 

Zetterstedt, Johann Wilhelm (1785-1874) 1849 

Ziegler, Daniel (1804-1876) 1865 



(2) 19 entomological notebooks: Include drawings and observations, 1813- 
1883. 

(3) Four Ms notebooks: Contain copies from other authors' entomological 
works published between 1830 and 1865. 

(4) Lists and indexes to the Zeller Microlepidoptera collection in The 
Natural History Museum, London. 

(5) Author's copy of Chilonidarum et Crambidarum genera et species (1863). 
Includes Zeller 's manuscript and original drawings by G. Schulz. This item 
was later published in Home Societatis Entomologicae Rossicae (1881). pp. 154- 
256. 

(6) Zeller 's translation into Latin and German of part of H.T. Stainton The 
Natural History of the Tineina, 1855-1873. 



Name Index 



Note This index lists all significant names which appear in the collections. 
References are to collection numbers, not pages. Main entries appear in 
bold. 



Abbot, J. 9,119 


Arrow, G.J. 192,261 


Adams, EC 10,235 


Ashby, E. B. 261 


Adams, H. J. 11, 192 


Ashmead,W.H. 261 


Adams, W. H. 12 


Atkinson, E. F. T. 19 


Adamson, A. M. 240,261 


Atkinson, H. W. 261 


Adkin,B.W. 192 


Atkinson, W. S. 20 


Adkin,R. 13,192,235 


Atmore, E. A. 333 


Aitken, E. H. 316 


Audcent, H. L. E 139,261 


Aldrich, J. M. 316 


Auderson, E. C. 261 


Alexander, C. P. 83,261 


Audinet-Serville, J. G. 84 


Alfken,J. D. 261 


Aurivillius, P. O. C. 198, 337 


Allard 32 


Austen, E. E. 21,62,261 


Allen, A. A. 113,123 


Avinoff,A. 171 


Alston, A. H. G. 15 




Amherst, S. Lady 283 


Bachstein 355 


Anderson, E. 333 


Bacot,A.W. 22 


Andre, J. E. E. 235 


Badgley, W. F. 23 


Andrewes, H. E. 17,192 


Bagnall,R. S. 192,261 


Andrews, H. W. 235 


Bailey, EM. 24 


Angell,J.W. 192 


Bailey, J. H. 235 


Annandale, T. N. 18 


Bainbrigge, T. F. see Fletcher, T. B. 


Armitage, E. 192 


Baker, C. F. 25 



232 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Baker, G. T. 307 
Baker, W. A. 235 
Balfour-Browne, J. 26, 261 
Balfour-Browne, W. A. F. 83, 235, 

258, 261 
Baly, J. S. 27, 190 
Bancroft, T. L. 316 
Bang-Haas, O. 171 
Bankes, E.R. 28, 235, 329, 333 
Bankes, G. 28 
Banks, N. 29,261 
Barker, H. W. 235 
Barnard, D. 83 
Barnard, K. H. 151 
Barnes, T. A. 30 
Barnes, W. 171 
Barns, H. B. 31 

Barrett, C. G. 192, 235 307, 333, 355 

Barrett-Hamilton, G. E. H. 122 

Basiiewsky, P. 74 

Bastelberger, M. J. 355 

Batcheler, D. M. 253 

Bates, R 32,192,235 

Bates, H. W. 33, 135, 192, 348 

Bateson,W. 261 

Bather, F. A. 171 

Baweja, K. D. 258 

Bay ford, E. G. 34,235 

Bayne, A. E 271 

Beare,T.H. 113,235 

Beaumont, A. 235 

Beck,T. 116 

Becker 283 

Becker, A. 135 

Becker, T. 135 

Bedwell, E. C. 235, 261 

Behr, H. H. 135 



Beirne, B. P. 139 

Belfrage, G. W. 307 

Belkin,J.N. 83 

Bell,E.L. 171 

Bell, T. R. D. 35, 244, 291 

Bell-Marley, H. W. 192 

Bellardi,L. 355 

Benick, L. 74 

Benjamin, EH. 171 

Bennett, W. H. 235 

Benson, R. B. 36,261 

Bentinck, M. C. 119 

Bequaert, ]. C. 258 

Bernhauer, M. 74 

Bessemer, H. D. 37 

Bethune-Baker, G. T. 174,192,198,261 

Betten, C. 38 

Betton, C. S. 39 

Bezzi,M. 261 

Bignell, G. C. 40, 235, 261 

Bilimek, D. 135 

Billberg 283 

Billups, T. R. 261 

Bingham, C. T. 41,235 

Birch, E 332 

Bisset,G.A. 255 

Black, J. E. 192 

Blackburn, T. 42 

Blackmore, E. H. 271 

Blair, K. G. 43, 124, 235, 261, 338 

Blanchard, E. 48 

Blanchard, R. A. E. 316 

Bleszinski, S. 44 

Bloomfield, E. N. 235 

Bluthgen, P. 261 

Bodenheimer, E S. 45, 171 

Boettcher 46 



Boheman, C. H. 47, 135, 307, 355 
Boie 283 

Boisduval, J. B. A. D. de 48, 135, 279 

Boll, J. 143,355 

Bonpland, A. J. A. 84 

Bormans, A. de 49 

Borneau 50 

Borner, C. J. B. 51 

Bosc d' Antic, L.A.G. 84 

Bouavia, G. 72 

Boving,A. 261 

Bower, B. A. 13,52 

Bowers, M. & Co. 283 

Bowes, A. J. L. 53 

Bowles, E. A. 54 

Bowrey, J. J. 72 

Bowring,J. C. 314 

Boy, H. C. 230 

Boyd,W.C 55 

BraineJ.W. P. 68 

Bremer, O. 135 

Bridgeman, J. B. 261 

Bright, P. M. 56 

Brischke, C. G. A. 355 

Britten, H. 261 

Brolemann, H. 192 

Brookes, A. E. 74 

Brooks, C J. 57 

Brown, E. S. 58 

Brown, KM. 276 

Brown, G. E. 59 

Brown, T. 60 

Browne, EG. 61 

Brues,C.T. 261 

Brunetti, E. A. 62, 192, 235 

B runner von Wattenwyl, C. 135, 355 

Brunnich, M. T. 119 



Name Index 233 

Bryant, G. E. 63,223 
Bryck, E 90 
Buchanan- White, F. 64 
Buchecker, H. 72 
Buck, ED. 123 
Buckell 65 

Buckler, W. 66,307,333 
Buckley, W. 67 
Buckton, G. B. 192 
Bullock 283 
Bullock, E. 261 
Burchell 283 
Burdon, H. 307 
Burgess, A. F. 261 
Burgess, E. 355 
Burgess, J. A. 68 
Bur man, J. H. 69 
Burmeister, H. C. C. 337 
Burr, M. 49, 70, 139, 192, 261 
Burrows, C. R. N. 71, 171, 271 
Burton, J. 283 
Burtt,B. O. 261 
Busck,A. 333 

Butler, A. G. 72, 135, 234, 333 
Butler, E. A. 192,235 
Butler, W. 355 
Butterfield, R. 235,261 
Buxton, P. A. 73,171,261 
Byron, Lord 283 
Bytinski-Salz, H. 171 

Calliaud,F. 84 
Calvert, P. P. 261 
Cameron, M. 74,192 
Cameron, P. 75,202,235 
Campion, H. 235 
Candeze, E. C. A. 76,206 



234 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Candeze, L. 337 
Cantlie,K. 326 
Caradja,A. 139 

Carpenter, G. D. H. 77, 192, 196, 235, 

258, 261 
Carr, J. W. 235, 261 
Carrington, J. T. 13,192 
Carter, H.J. 192 
Castelneau, R L. de L. de 135 
Cerruti,M. 74 
Chalmers, A. J. 216 
Chaimers-Hunt, J. M. 78 
Chambers, V. H. 79 
Chambers, V. T. 355 
Champion, G. C. 192, 235, 261, 282 
Champion, H. G. 80 
Chapman, C. W. H. 261 
Chapman, L. 261 
Chapman, T. A. 81, 333 
Chaster, G. W. 235 
Chaudoir, M. de 135 
Chawner, E. F. 82,261 
Cheape, C. H. M. 13 
Cheesman, L. E. 83, 258, 261 
Chevrolat,A. 283 
Chevrolat, L. A. A. 72,84 
Children, J. G. 283 
China, W. E. 83,261 
Chittenden, F. H. 85 
Chitty,A.J. 192,235 
Chopard, L. 258 
Christoph, H. T. 333,355 
Christy, W. M. 86,192 
Chuckrabutty, G. C. 244 
Church, F. 13 
Cirillo,D. 150 
Clark, A. H. 171 



Clark, B. P. 198 
Clark, F. 81 
Clark, H. 32 
Clarke, C. A. 87 
Clay,T. 258 
Clemens, J. B. 307 
Clough,G.T. 72 
Clutterbuck, C. G. 88, 139 
Cockayne, E. A. 89, 139, 192 
Cockerell, T. D. A. 261 
Coe, R. L. 192,203 
Collenette, C. L. 90, 195, 261 
Collet, E. P. 235 
Collier, A. E. 91 
Collin, J. E. 152, 192, 235 
Colyer, C. N. 92 
Constant, A. 307,333 
Cooke, B. 192 
Cooper, J. O. 74 
Coquillett, D. W. 316 
Corbet, A. S. 93,171 
Corbet, PS. 147 
Corbet, S. A. 147 
Coss, Lord 283 
Cottam,A. 235 
Cottam, R. 94 
Cotterell, G. S. 95 
Cotton 62 
Coulson, F. J. 123 
Covingdon, S. 105 
Cowan, C. F. 96 
Cowley, J. 97,258,261 
Cox, C.J. 98 
Craig, S. G. 13 
Cramer, P. 325 
Crampton, G. C. 258 
Craw, A. 261 



Name Index 235 



Crawford, J. C. 261 
Crawford, W. M. 192 
Crawthey, R. 99 
Creighton, W. S. 113 
Crewe, H. H. 66 
Crossland, C. 83 
Crotch, G. R. 192, 337 
Crowley, P. 100 
Crowson, A. R. 101 
Cummings, B. R 235 
Cunnington, W. A. 102 
Curtis,}. 263,283 
Curtis, W. P. 139,235 

D'Abrera,B. 103 
Dahlbom, A. G. 355 
Dale,CW. 235 
Dale, J. C. 104,283 
Dale, N. R. 104 
Daltry,H.W. 264 
Dammerman, K. W. 198 
Dampf,A. 213 
Dandridge,J. 300 
Dannreuther, T. 139 
Dartington, P J. 83 
Darwin, C. R. 105, 307 
Davidson, J. 192 
Davies, E. C. H. 235 
Davies, W. M. 106 
Davis, T. 72 
Day, F. H. 235 
Day,G.O. 192 
De Brebisson 283 
De Breme, Marquis R 32 
Dejean, P. R M. A. 32,84 
De la Touche, J. 338 
DeMeillon,B. 151 



Depuiset, L. M. A. 48 
De Saeger, H. 74 
Desfontaines, R. L. 84 
Dewitz, H. 107,355 
De Worms, C. G. M. 108,261 
Deyrolle,A. 109 
Diakonoff, A. M. 83, 90, 139 
Dietze, K. 355 
Dimmock, G. 355 
Distant, W. L. 25, 93, 110, 192 
Doherty, W. 192, 244, 333, 
Dohrn, C. A. 135 
Dohrn, R A. 355 
Doleschall, C. L. 135 
Dolling, W. R. 64 
Dollman, H. C. Ill 
Doncaster, J. P 83 
Donckier,H. 112 

Donisthorpe, H. St. J.K. 32, 74, 113, 

235, 261 
Donitz, W. 261 
Donovan, C. 114,119 
Dos, B. L. 244 
Doubleday, E. 28, 115, 309 
Doubleday, H. 116, 307, 333 
Douglas, J. W. 117, 235, 307 
Dover, C. 43 
Dow, R. P. 192 
Driesche,A. 118 
Drury, D. 119 
Dubois, C. 120 
Dudgeon, G. C. 244 
Dunning, J. W. 192, 307, 355 
Duponchel, P. A. ]. 171 
Durand 84 

Durrant, J. H. 71, 121, 215, 235, 261, 
307, 333 



236 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Dyar,H.G. 122 

Easton, A. M. 123 
Eaton, A. E. 124, 307 
Eaton, M. E. 125 
Eastop, V. R 258 
Edelsten, H. M. 126,235 
Edmonds, T. 72 

Edwards, F. W. 127, 151, 171, 203, 

261, 291 
Edwards, H. 135 
Edwards, J. 235 
Edwards, S. 235 
Edwards, W. H. 135,355 
Eecke, R. van 198 
Ehrhorn, E. M. 261 
Eliot, J.N. 93,128 
Elliott, E. A. 129, 235, 261 
Ellis, H.W. 261 

Eltringham, H. 113, 230, 258, 261 

Elwes,H.J. 192,244 

Embry, B. 192 

Emden,F.I. 130,213 

Enderlein,G. 258,261 

Enock,E 261,337 

Eppelsheim, E. 355 

Erschoff, N. G. 355 

Esper, E. J. C. 279 

Evans, J. W. 83,258 

Evans, R. du B. 132 

Evans, W. H. 133, 171, 230, 235 

Fabricus, J. C. 84 
Fagel,G. 74 
Fassl,A.H. 198 
Fassnidge,W. 134,261 
Fauvel, C. A. A. 337 



Felder, C. von 135 

Felder,R. 229 

Felt, E. P. 316 

Fenn, C 136 

Fennah, R. G. 253 

Fenyes, A. 137 

Fernald, C. H. 307, 333, 355 

Ferrari, J. A. 135 

Finlayson, L. H. 258 

Fischer von Roslerstamm, J. E. 279 

Fish,C. 355 

Fitch, E. A. 192,235 

Fitzinger, L. J. 135 

Fletcher,]. 138 

Fletcher, J. E. 235 

Fletcher, T. B. 139,171 

Fologne, E. 307 

Forbes, W. T. M. 171,271 

Ford, E. B. 171 

Ford, L. T. 139 

Fordham,W.J. 235 

Forel, A. H. 261 

Forth, B. 254 

Foster, R. 58 

Foster, W. 140 

Fountaine, M. E. 141, 171, 230 
Fowler, W. W. 72, 192 
Fox-Wilson, G. 258 
Fraser, F. C. 97, 142, 147, 261 
Frauenfeld, G. R. von 135 
Frey,G. 123 
Frey,H. 143,307 
Freyer, C. F. 279 
Friedrich, A. 355 
Friend 283 
Friend, R. B. 261 
Fritzsche, J. 355 



Name Index 237 



Froggatt, J. L. 83 

Froggatt, W. W. 192, 235, 261, 316 

Frohawk, F. W. 13, 111, 144, 192 

Friihstorfer, H. 185 

Fryer, H. F. 192 

Fryer, J. CF. 292 

Fuchs,A. 355 

Fullaway, D. T. 261 

Gabriel, A. G. 145 
Gaede,M. 146 
Gahan,C.J. 127,235,261 
Gambles, R. M. 147,258 
Garde, P. H. 235 
Gardiner,]. 148 
Gardiner, J. C. M. 74 
Gardiner, J. S. 83 
Gardner, A. E. 142,147 
Gardner, W. 261 
Gatte,A.C. 74 
Gebien,H. 149 
Gebler, D. F. 283 
Geldart, E. M. 355 
Gene,C.G. 150 
Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, I. 72 
Gerstaecker, C. E. A. 355 
Gervais, E L. P. 337 
Gether 283 
Geyer,C. 171,279 
Giacomelli, E. 271 
Gibb,L. 13 
Gibbins, E. G. 151 
Gibbs,A.E. 235 
Giffard,W.M. 261 
Gifford,D. 214 

Gillet, E A. see Lort-Phillips, EA. 
Gimingham, C. T. 192 



Godart,J.B. 171 

Godman, E D. 152, 332, 333 

Goeldi, E. A. 316 

Goodden,R. C. 68 

Goodenough 83 

Goodson,RW. 153 

Gorham,C. O. 154 

Gorham, H. S. 154, 192, 235 

Gosse,H. 235 

Gosse,RH. 155,192 

Gould, M.H. 156 

Graf von Hoffmansegg, J. C. 228 

Grandi,G. 192 

Graves, C. 119 

Graves, PP. 157,171 

Gray, J. E. 192 

Green, A. H. 58 

Green, E. E. 113, 139, 158, 235, 258, 

261, 316 
Gregson, C. S. 355 
Grentlenberg, R. 355 
Grey, J. E. 307 
Grey,M. 283 
Griffith, A. F. 261 
Grimshaw, P. H. 235 
Grossbeck, J. A. 271 
Grote, A. R. 271, 355 
Guenee,A. 159 
Guerin-Meneville, R E. 160 
Guizy 283 
Gunn, D.L. 161 

Haag, J. 355 
Haas, A. 355 
Haberhauer, J. 355 
Haddock, A. C. 83 
Hagen,H.A. 355 



238 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Hahn,CW. 279 


Hellins,J. 307 


Haines, F. H. 235, 258, 261 


Hellwig 283 


Halbert,J.N. 235 


Hemmerith 283 


Halford,RM. 124,162 


Hemming, A. F. 171, 192, 196, 258 


Hall, W.J. 253,258 


Henry, Mrs. 283 


Hallett, H. M. 139, 192, 261 


Herbert, C. 307 


Hamm, A. H. 235 


Hering,E.M. 139,172 


Hampson, G. F. 158, 163, 192 


Heron, F. A. 173 


Hancock, E.G. 164 


Herrich-Schaffer, G. A. W. 135, 143, 


Hancock, G. L. R. 165 


279, 307 


Hanitsch,R. 286 


Herrick, G. W. 316 


Happe, A.F. 166 


Hesse, A.]. 123 


Hardwicke, T. 283 


Heuacker,W. 355 


Hargreaves, B. 177 


Hewer, H. R. 174 


Harold, E. 192 


Hewitson, W. C. 135, 175, 192 


Harper-Crewe 355 


Hewitt, C. G. 235 


Harris, M. 119,345 


Heylaerts, H. J. 355 


Harrison, A. 192,235 


Hickin, N. E. 176 


Harrison, J. W. H. 271 


Higgins, E. T. 135 


Hartert,E. 198 


Higgins, L. G. 171,177 

OO ' ' 


Hartig,R. 355 

O' 


Hill, C. M. 83 


Harwood, B. S. 235 


Hill, F. L. 31 


Harzer,A. 279 


Hill,W. 119 


Hauser, F 167 


Hille Ris Lambers, D. 178 


Haviland, G. D. 168 


Hincks, W. D. 83 


Haviland, M. D. 261 


Hindle,E. 203,258 


Hawkins, W. 283 


Hinton, H. E. 179,258 


Haworth, A. H. 28 


Hobby, B.M. 92,258 


Hayward,K.J. 139 


Hobson,W. 72 


Healey, R. F. 68 


Hocking, B. 83 


Healy,C. 169 


Hocking, J. H. 180 


Hedemann, W. 355 


Hodgkinson, J. B. 307,333 


Hedges, A. V. 170 


Hofender,K. 261 


Heidemann,0. 192 


H6fer,C. 247 


Heineken 283 


Hoffmansegg, J. C. 84,228 


Heinemann, H. 355 


Hofmann, E. 307 


Heller, C. 355 


Hofmann, F. 355 



Name Index 239 



Hofmann,0. 181,307 


Jacob, J. K. 235 


Holland, W. J. 171, 192, 261 


Jacobson, E. 198,261 


Holmes, J. W. O. 182 


Jacoby, M. 190 


Holmgren, A. E. 127 


Jakubski, A. W. 191 


Honrath, E. G. 183 


James, S. P. 316 


Hooper, K. C. 244 


Janestscher, H. 123 


Hope,EW. 342 


Janse,A.J.T. 139,271 


Hopffer, C. H. 355 


Janson, E. W. 84, 192, 307 


Hopkins, B. 43 


Janson, O. E. 192,235 


Hopkins, G. H. E. 184 


Janson, O.J. 192 


Horn, G. H. 192,337 


Jarratt, D. 119 


Horn,W. 261 


Jeffery,H.G. 192 


Hornie, J. 355 


Jeffrey, W. R. 307 


Horsfield,T. 283 


Jenkinson, E J. H. 235 


Horvath,G. 261 


Jepson, F. P. 193 


Howard, L. O. 235, 261, 316 


Jerdon,T.C. 194 


Howarth,T.G. 185 


Jermyn, T. 261 


Hiibner, J. 121, 171, 279, 333 


Joannis, J. de 171 


Hudson, CW.M. 186 


Johnson, C. 123 


Hull, W.J. 74 


Johnson, C. W. 192 


Humboldt, F. H. A. 84 


Johnson, W. F. 261 


Humphries, E. C. 187 


Johnstone, J. F. 350 


Hunter, J. 283 


Joicey,J.J. 30,195,198 


Hunter, W. 119 


Jones, A. H. 72, 235 


Hutchinson, Mrs. 188 


Jones, EM. 139 


Hutchinson, G. E. 74 


Jones, H. P. 261 


Hutchinson, T. 188 


Jones, W. 196 


Hutton,F.W. 72 


Jordan, H. E. K. 139,197 


Huxley, E. 83 


Jordan, K. H. C. 198, 230, 235, 298, 




332, 333 


Illiger, J. C. W. 7, 84 


Jordon, R. C. R. 307, 355 


Image, S. 235 


Joy,E.E.C. 261 


Imms, A. D. 258,261 


Joy, N. H. 192,235,261 


Ingall,T. 189 


Judeich,J.F. 355 


Ingall, W. T. F. M. 189 


Jurriaanse, J. H. 198 


Jackson, W. H. 307 


KarnyH.H. 192,258 



240 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



KatterJ. 355 


Laferte- Senectere, E T. 32, 206 


Kaye,W.J. 230,332 


Laidlaw, E E 261 


Kearns, H. G. H. 258 


Lallemand,V. 261 


Keferstein, G. A. 355 


Lamb, C. G. 261 


Kellogg, V. L. 316 


Larkin, E. 283 


Kemp, S. 261 


Last,H. 74,123 


Kennedy, C. H. 261 


Lathy, P. I. 198 


Kerremans, C. 199 


Latreille, P. A. 84,283 


Kertesz,K. 261 


Latter, Q. H. 261 


Kessel,R 200 


Lea, A.M. 261 


Keys, J. H. 74, 113, 235, 258, 261 


Leach, W. E. 283 


Keywood, K. P. 201 


Lebeden, A. G. 261 


Kheil, N. M. 135 


Lederer 307 


KiefferJ.J. 202,261 


LedererJ. 135,307 


Kiesenwetter, E. A. H. von 279 


Leech, J. H. 207, 333 


Killias,E. 355 


Leeds, H.A. 208 


Killington, E J. 235, 258, 261 


Lees 283 


Kimmins, D. E. 97,258 


Lefroy,H.M. 235 


King, C. B. R. 258 


Legge,A. 307 


King, J. J. E X. 203, 235, 261 


Legge, H. 307 


Kippist,R. 307 


Le Masurier, P. 209 


Kirby,W. 204 


Leng,C. W. 192 


Kirby, W. E 192, 205, 235, 307 


Leonard, J. 147 


Kirkaldy, G. W. 235, 261, 271 


Lepeletier de St. Fargeau, A. L. M. 150 


Kirkpatrick, T. W. 258 


Lewin,J.W. 119 


Knaggs, H. G. 235, 307, 355 


Lewis, E. 123 


Koch,C. 74 


Lhomme,L. 139,271 


Koch,G. 307,355 


Libbach,A. 355 


Koebele,A. 261 


Lieftinck,M. 83 


Konow,EW. 261 


Lindsey,A.W. 171 


Krauss, H.A. 49 


Linnaeus, C. 171 


Krombein, K. V. 83 


Linnaeus, C. (the younger) 119 


Kuhn,J. 355 


Lintner, J. A. 355 


Kuwana, S. I. 261 


Littler, F. M. 271 


Kuwert, A. F. 355 


Littlewood, F. 230,271 




Lloyd, R.W. 258 


Labouchere, A. M. 325 


Loew, F. H. 355 



Name Index 241 



Logan, R. R 307 


Marsh, D. G. 218 


Long, J. W. 104 


Marshall AG 147 


Longfield, C. 97, 147, 258 


Marshall G A K 74 139 151 219 

X T X Wil Ul LU.11 ^ VJ • X X • X X. • / X f X \X X X X ^ «ta JL _X ^ 


Lort-Phillips, R A. 210 


234,235 261 333 


Louwerens, C. J. 74 


Marshall, J. R 139, 235 


Lowther, R. C. 192 


Marshall T A 220 235 


Lubbock, J. W. 307 


Marsham T 221 309 


Luben, A. 355 


Martin T K L 198 

X T XV4.X 111 1/ I* X X o J_l • X X V_/ 


Lucas W T 211 235 


Marve 283 


Ludlow, C. S. 316 


Mason, R R. 192 


Luff, W. A. 235 


Mason, P. B. 222,261 


Lutz F E 316 


Massee A M 258 

ITlUJJvv^ X X« I'll *~\^J\J 


Lvle G T 235 


Masters G 223 


Lysaght, A. 276 


Maulik, S. 224 




Maxwell L 225 


Maasen TP 135 


Maxwell R M 225 

ItIUA TV Vll^ XX* ITli «fa»«Wv/ 


Mabille P 212 


Mav T 261 


Macan T T 258 


Mav T W 192 

x t xvi y f j c 7 t * xx x— 


McArthur, H. 13 


Mead, T. L. 355 


MacBride E W 258 


Meade-Waldo G 261 

J.TIVUU.L. r T UIWU / V J • X 


McCornish, J. 77 


Medenbach, A. B. de R. 226,333 


McDunnough, J. H. 171,271 


Meek, E.G. 227 


Macfie, J. W. S. 213 


Meldola, R. 16 


Machin W 28 


Meieen T C 283 

X T X VI £» V>X ly J • >w • 


McKav H 214 


Meieen T W 127 228 


McKenny Huges, A. W. 258 


Menetries, E. 135, 355 


McLachlan, C. 215 


Meske 355 


McLachlan H 215 


Meunier 127 


McLachlan R 215 234 307 355 


Mevrick E 192,225,229,235,261, 

X T XV y X X V XX [ A — J • XX ^» / ^—4mm\^S f ^m^m X / ' W ^ X— \J X ^ 


Macleay, A. 283 


333, 355 


Main, H. 235 


Miall, L. C. 337 


Malies,H.M. 229 


Miles-Moss, A. 230 


Malloch, J. R. 235 


Miller, [H. ] 231 


Mann, J. 279 


Milliere, P. 307 


Mann, J. J. 307,355 


Miyake,T. 261 


Manning, R J. 217 


Mniszech, G. V. 135,232 


Marlatt, C. L. 261 


Mocsary,A. S. 233 



242 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Montandon, A. L. 261 

Moore, R 20, 135, 234 

Morey/E 235 

Morgan, D. R 283 

Morice, R D. 261 

Morley, A. M. 235 

MorleyC. 235,261 

Morris, D. 236 

Morris, S. 237 

Morrison, H. K. 72 

Mortimer, C. 300 

Mortimer, C. H. 261 

Morton, K.J. 261 

Moschler, H. B. 355 

Mosely, M. E. 38, 124, 162, 238, 261 

Miihlig, ]. G. G. 307 

Muir, R A. G. 239,261 

Muller 355 

Muller-Rutz, J. 255 

Mumford, E. P. 240, 261 

Munro,J.W. 258 

Murray, James 261 

Murray, John 241 

Musgrave, A. J. 258 

Muttkowski, R. A. 261 

Myers, J. G. 242 

Nakamura,Y. 198 
Nakane,T. 123 
Navas, L. 192 
Neave,S.A. 171,258 
Nevinson, B. G. 243, 
Nevinson, E. B. 235,261 
Newberry, E. A. 235 
Newmann, E. 192 
Nicelli, G. 355 

Niceville, C. L. A. de 135, 244 



Nicholl 245 
Niepelt,W. 135,198 
Nixon, G. E. J. 261 
Noel 283 

Nolcken, Baron von 307 
Norguet,A. 246 
Norris, Lord 283 
Northumberland, Duke of 283 
Nowicki,M. S. 355 
Nurse, C. G. 235, 261 
Nurse, E. J. 235 
Nylander,W. 355 

Oberthiir, C. 72, 135, 192, 195, 198, 

212, 234, 247 
Oberthiir, R. 48,248 
Obraztsov, N. S. 139 
Oken, L. L. 355 
01droyd,H. 92,253 
Olivier, G. A. 84 
Ormerod,E.A. 192,235 
Ormiston, W. 249 
Osborne, P. 123 
Oshanin, V. R 235 
Osten-Sacken, C. R. 250, 355 
Oudemans, J. T. 198 
Owen, R. 337 

Packard, A. S. 355 

Padman, I. 251 

Paganetti-Hummler, G. 252 

Pagden,H.T. 253,261 

Pagenstecher, A. 355 

Palisot de Beauvois, A. M. R J. 84 

Pallas, R S. 119 

Palmer, M. G. 254 

Paoli,G. 271 



Name Index 243 



Paravicini, L. 255 


Poulton, E B 171 195 230 258 261 


Parish, . S. 230 


Power, J. A. 235,268,338 


Parker A M 253 


Pratt 269 

X lull/ y 7 


Parrevss L 283 


Pratt F C 261 

X 1 till/ X • V • £-\J X 


Parrv F T S 192 


Preiss P 244 


Pascoe, R P. 192, 256 


Priesner, H. 258 


Passarini, C. 283 


Prout, A. E. 270 


Paulian, R. 74 


Prout, L. B. 198, 235, 271 


Peach A H 258 


Prver H T S 72 333 

x i y v-x, ii, j. i — J • / 


Peake P G 72 

J. theirs. v_, i o vj. / 


Puenceller R 271 

X Utl liLCllCl/ IV. Z_ / X 


Pearce E T 257 


Purefov 87 


Pearman, J. V. 258 


Purkiss,W. 281 


Pearson, E. O. 253, 258 




Peile H D 171 259 


Ouail A 271 


Pendleburv H M 74 90 


Ouerci C 272 


X t» X cL C4 X L V*. / X • \-/\-/\-J 


Ouerci O 171 230 271 272 


Perkins T F 83 260 




Perkins, R. C. L. 258, 261, 333 


Ragonot, E. L. 143, 307, 355 


Perrv M 72 

A til y, 1VA. / x... 


Rait-Smith W 235 261 271 

IXCIX L l/11 llll TV. £—^J\^) , J—-\J X j Z_ / X 


p P fp r c Pn w c 355 

A CIC1 JV,1 1, V ¥ ■ V . \J^J^J 


R pi nQnm P 9^5 

XxClX LOV-'ll l, X_j. 


Pether, W. G. 262 


Raynor, G. H. 273 


Petiver, J. 300 


Rebel, H. 171 


Pic M 192 304 

A 1V~ , 1VA. X J Z_ , \JU i 


Redman 283 


Pirkard-Cambridpt 3 A 192 


Rppvpc T 283 

1\CC V CO, J . jL-vJ^J 


Pirkpifd C^mhrid cp O "7^5 

A l\_IS.Cild V^dlllL/l lUclC/ V_/. £-^J\J 


Reich 283 


Pictet F T 263 


Reichenbach H G L 279 


Pierce, EN. 264,271 


Reichensberber, A. 192 


Piller, R. P. 279 


Reichlin-Meldegg, G. 355 


Pinfield N 341 

A 11111CIU; IN. t/Tll 


Reid W 274 


Pinhev E C G 90 147 

A IX LA IK, y , l—i . V — . VJ . s \J / ±~ / 


Reynolds L R 192 


Pittier di Fabreea M H 265 


Ribbe, H. 135 


P16tz,C. 279,355 


Richards, O. W. 74, 258, 261, 275 


Pocock, R. I. 24 


Richardson, N. M. 235 


Poole, H. F. 266 


Riche, C.A. G. 84 


Pope, R. D. 267 


Riel,P. 261 


Porritt, G. T. 34, 235 


Riley, C.V. 355 


Potter, C. 258 


Riley, G. 276 



244 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Riley, N. D. 74, 83, 111, 141, 208, 249, 

258, 261, 276, 303 
Ris, F. 198 
Ritsema, C. 355 
RobbinsJ.C 261 
Robert, C. 277 
Roberts, A. W. P. 261 
Roberts, R. 72 
Robertson, R. B. 271 
Robinson, E. W. 278 
Roche, P. J. L. 74 
Roebuck, W. D. 34, 192, 235 
Roepke, W. K. J. 90, 198 
Roessler, D. 355 
Rogenhofer, A. F. 229,355 
Rosen, Baron von 279 
Rosenberg, W. F. H. 198 
Ross,R. 316 

Rothney, G. A. J. 235,280 

Rothschild, L. W. 24 

Rothschild, N. C. 230, 235, 261, 281 

Roth von Schreckenstein, F. 279 

Rougemont, F. 143 

Routledge, G. B. 235,261 

Rowett, J. Q. 295 

Ructon,W. 13 

Rye, E. C. 26, 164, 192, 307 

Saalmuller, M. 355 
Sachtleben, H. 74 
Salle, A. 135,282 
Salvage, T. W. 13 
Salvin,0. 135,333 
Samouelle,G. 283 
Sampson, EW. 261,284 
Sanderson, M. W. 74 
Sang, J. 307 



Saundby, R. H. M. S. 285 
Saunders, C. J. 261,286 
Saunders, E. 235, 261, 287, 307 
Saunt,J.W. 261 
Saussure, H. L. F. de 135 
Sauter, A. E. 355 
Schaedler 279 
Scharff,J.W. 288 
Schaufuss, L. W. 135 
Schaus,W. 198,271 
Scheerpelts, O. 74 
Schellenberg, ]. R. 279 
Schiffermuller, I. 279 
Schilde,J.G. 355 
Schlectendal, D. H. R. 355 
Schlereth, M. 152 
Schmeltz, J. D. E. 355 
Schmid,A. 307 
Schmiedeknecht, O. 192 
Schmitz, H. 92 
Schmolle,J. 289 
Schneider, W. G. 355 
Schoenherr, C. J. 304 
Schouteden, H. 74, 90, 261 
Schoyen, W. M. 355 
Schulthess, A. 261 
Schulz, G. 355 
Schwanwitsch, B. N. 290 
Scott, A. W. 135 
Scott, F. B. 291 
Scott, H. 261,292,296 
Scott, J. 307 
Scudder, S. H. 49 
Seitz,A. 171,271 
Selous,C.F. 192 
Semper, J. G. 355 
Sergent, E. 316 



Name Index 



Serville, 84 

Sevastopulo, D. G. 294 

Sewell, R. B. S. 74 

Shackelton, E. H. 295 

Sharp, D. 235,296 

Sharp, W. E. 235 

Sheldon, W. G. 192, 276, 297 

Sheljuzhko, L. 298 

Shelley 299 

Sheppard, P. M. 87 

Sheppard, T. 34 

Shestakov, A. V. 261 

ShippJ.W. 192 

Shuckard,W. 342 

Shulz,G. 307 

Sich,A. 235 

Siebold, C. T. E. 355 

Sietenis, E 355 

Sikora, F. 135 

Silvestri, F. 261 

Sladen, E W. L. 235 

Sloane,H. 72,300 

Smeathman, H. 119 

Smit, E G. A. M. 301 

Smith, A. H. 154 

Smith, E 42, 205, 302, 307 

Smith, H. H. 205 

Smith, M. R. 113 

Smith, W. G. 333 

Snellen, P. C. T. 355 

Snellen van Vollenhoven, S. C. 135 

South, R. 189,230,303 

Southgate, B. J. 304 

Sowerby,J. 283 

Spence,W. 305 

Speyer, A. 355 

Spooner,M. 261,306 



Spornraft,K. 123 

Stainton, H. T. 143, 192, 307, 355 

Standfuss, G. 355 

Staudinger, O. 135, 307, 333, 355 

Steel, O.W. 74 

Steele, M. 308 

Steenis, C. G. C. H. 83 

Stelfox, A. W. 261 

Stempffer, H. 171 

Stempffer, W. G. 276 

Stephens, J. A. 235 

Stephens, J. E 221, 309, 337 

Stephenson, T. A. 261 

Sterneck, J. D. 271 

Stevens, S. 135, 235 

Stewart, C. 283 

Stichel,H. 135 

Stierlin, W. G. 355 

Stiles, C.W. 171 

Stoeckhert, E, 261 

Stoliczka, F. 135 

Stoll,0. 355 

Stoneham, H. E 192 

Strand, E. 139 

Strange, A. 355 

Strange, G. 355 

Strecker, H. 72, 175 

Stringer, H. 310 

Sturm, J. H. C. E 279 

Stutchburg, 283 

Suffert,E. 135 

Suffrain, C. W. L. E. 355 

Swain, H. D. 261 

Swainson, W. 72 

Swale, H. 261,311 

Swenk,M.H. 261 

Swezey, O. H. 261 



246 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Swinhoe,C. 192,312 
Swinton, A. H. 235 

Talbot, G. 198,230,291 
Tarns, W.H.T. 291,313 
Tanner, N. S. B. 341 
Taschenberg, E. L. 355 
Tate Regan, C. 83 
Tatum,T 314 
Taylor, G. W. 271 
Taylor, J. 283, 
Taylor, J. C. 315 
Taylor, J. K. 235 
Taylor, T. H. C. 258, 261 
Tebbs, J. D. 283 
Teich,K.A. 355 
Tengstrom, J. M. J. 355 
Terry, F. W. 261 
Terry, J. 66 

Theobold,RV. 192,316 
Thery,A. 317 
Thiele,H. 135 
Thompson, M. L. 34 
ThornleyA. 235,261,318 
Thouless, H. J. 230 
Thurau, R 355 
Thurnall,A. 319 
Tompkins, H. 320 
Torge, O. 355 
Townsend, C. H. T 230 
Toxopeus, L. J. 90, 171, 249 
Trapp, H. 355 
Trimen,R. 135,321 
Trough:, T. 323 
Turati,E. 171 
Turati,G. 143 
Turnbull, L. D. 324 



Turner, H. ]. 171,261 
Turner, J. A. 325 
Turner, R. E. 261 
Turner, R. G. 87 
Tutt,J. W. 230,235 
Tytler,H. C. 326 

Uhler, P. R. 205 
Unwin,W. C. 327 

Van der Wulp, R M. 152 
Van Straelen, V. 74 
Varley,G.C. 261 
Verdourt, B. 328 
Verity, R. 171 
Verrall, G. H. 235 
Vesey-Fitzgerald, L. D. R 258 
Viereck, H. L. 261 
Viette, R E. 90 
Villiers,A. 74 
Vine, A. C. 13,329 

Wagner, R 171 
Wailes,G. 307 
Wainwright, C. J. 261 
Walker, R 72, 135, 283, 330 
Walker, J. J. 235, 261, 331, 333 
Wallace, A. R. 135, 192, 230, 332 
Wallengren, H. D. J. 135, 355 
Walsingham, Lord T. de G. 66, 186, 

261, 307, 333, 355 
Walton, H.J. 334 
Walton, J. 72,337 
Warburg, J. G. 22 
Warren, B. C. S. 171,335 
Warren, W. 271,336 
Warwick 283 



Name Index 247 



Waterhouse 202 

Waterhouse, C. O. 12, 199, 222, 235, 

248, 252, 261, 337 
Waterhouse, E. A. 235 
Waterhouse, G. A. 171, 261 
Waterhouse, G. R. 32, 72, 221, 337, 

338 

Waters, E. G. R. 261 
WaterstonJ. 235,261 
Watkins, W. 135 
Watson, B. M. 244 
Watson, J. H. 198 
Weber, H. 258,339 
Wedd, G. D. 31 
Wehrli,E. 271 
Werneburg, A. 355 
Wesche, W. F. E 316 
West, R.J. 163 
West, W. 340 

Westwood, J. O. 135, 234, 283, 307, 

342, 353 
Whalley, P. E. S. 254, 343 
Wheeler, L. R. 344 
White, EH. 72 
White, T. 345 
Whittaker,0. 346 
Whittingham, W. G. 235 
Whittle, EG. 235,347 
Whymper,E. 348 
Wickham, A. P. 235, 349 
Williams, C. B. 258 



Wiliams,EX. 261 
Williams, H. B. 350 
Wilson, J. 351 
Wiltshhire, E. P. 352 
Wing, M. L. 307 
Wing,W. 307 
Wocke, M. F. 355 
Wollaston, T. V. 116, 192, 307, 353 
Wood, J. H. 307 
Wood,T. 261 
Woodforde, F. C. 235 
Woodhouse, L. G. O. 354 
Wood-Mason, J. 244 
Wormersley, H. 261 
Worthington, J. W. 283 
Wulp, F. M. van der see Van der 
Wulp, F. M. 

Yeo, D. 58 
Yerbury,J.W. 235 

Zacher, F. 258 
Zaddach, E. G. 355 
Zappalorti, M. 68 
Zeller, P. C. 143, 307, 333, 355 
Zerny,H. 171,230 
Zetterstedt, J. W. 228, 355 
Ziegler,D. 355 
Zimmerman, E. C. 258, 261 
Zollikofer, H. E. 283 
Zumpt,F. 258 



Geographical Index 



Note Significant place names referred to in manuscript collections have been 
indexed under broad geographical headings. Place names are generally those 
in use at the time the manuscript was prepared. Most collections have been 
indexed to the level of country. For Great Britain, counties have also been 
included. Reference is to the collection number. 



Africa 21, 61, 62, 133, 149, 171, 205, 
212, 235, 283, 289 
Algeria 333 
Basutoland 99 
Belgian Congo 30 
East Africa 58,294 
Egypt 283 
Gambia 283 
Gold Coast 12,95,216 
Kenya 161 
Morocco 139 
Natal 1 
Nigeria 147 
Rhodesia 111 
Senegal 283 

South 1, 26, 219, 229, 321 
South Africa 1,26,219,229,321 
Tanganyika 30, 101 



Transvaal 99 

Uganda 18, 165, 343 

West Africa 141 

Zanzibar 58 
Americas 133, 275 (See also Central 
America, North America and 
South America) 
Antarctic 295 
Arctic 250 

Bear Island 127 

Greenland 283, 348 

Spitzbergen 127 
Asia 103, 133, 229, 234 

Afghanistan 14 

Arabia 275 

Assam 23, 291 

Bengal 283 

Borneo 63 



250 Manuscripts in the Entomology Library of The Natural History Museum 



Burma 141, 308 
Ceylon 61, 139, 141, 158, 354 
China 139, 209, 283 
Corea (see Korea) 
Dutch East Indies 94, 127 
Formosa (Taiwan) 310 
Himalayas 244, 283 
Hindu Kush 301 
Hong Kong 344 

India 19, 20, 24, 35, 41, 43, 114, 133, 
141, 163, 180, 194, 225, 234, 244, 
259, 280, 283, 291, 294, 324, 326 

Iran 58 

Iraq 58, 259 

Japan 5, 139, 207, 310 

Java 141, 283 

Jordan 323 

Kamchatka 122 

Korea 139, 207 

Malaya 67, 68, 93, 141, 253, 288, 

293, 344, 349 
Malay Peninsula 201 
Malaysia 61 
Nepal 24 
Palestine 21 

Philippines 25, 46, 141, 310 
Punjab 333 
Sarawak 50, 63 
Siam 3 
Siberia 283 
Singapore 139 
Syria 307 
Tibet 334 
Turkey 58 
Vladivostok 139 
Atlantic Ocean and islands 
Azores 26 



Canary Islands 36, 141, 315, 333 

Madeira 26, 116, 283, 330, 353 
Australasia 62, 93 

Australia 25, 119, 133, 141, 223, 229, 
258, 273, 275, 283 

Monte Bello Islands 31 

New Guinea 83, 258 

New Zealand 141 
Central America 141, 152, 333 

Costa Rica 265 

Nicaragua 254 
Europe 59, 74, 133, 159, 177, 228, 229, 
234, 276, 279, 283, 287 

Austria 36 

France 141, 171, 174, 246, 259, 277, 
283, 333 

Germany 107, 283 

Great Britain 4, 8, 10, 26, 28, 32, 36, 
53, 56, 65, 66, 92, 96, 113, 124, 144, 
148, 174, 177, 182, 204, 208, 210, 
221, 229, 235, 251, 257, 260, 268, 
274, 275, 276, 283, 286, 289, 296, 
302, 303, 307, 309, 333, 336, 340, 
347, 350 

Cambridgeshire 113, 281 
Cornwall 318 
Devon 283, 306 
Dorset 28 
Essex 52, 131 
Gloucestershire 88, 261 
Hampshire 10, 28 
Isle of Purbeck 28 
Isle of Wight 266 
Kent 52, 53, 78 
London 120, 231 
Norfolk 204, 287 
Suffolk 235, 267 



Geographical Index 251 



Sussex 111, 237, 327 
Wiltshire 28 
Yorkshire 34 

Greece 15 

Lapland 228 

Scotland 36 

Spain 333 

Switzerland 36 
Indian Ocean and Islands 

Aldabra 292 

Andaman Islands 16 

Assumption 292 

Cosmoledo Islands 292 

Seychelles 58, 292 
Mediterranean Islands 

Corsica 333 

Cyprus 147 

Malta 74 

North America 29, 137, 141, 171, 245, 
283, 307, 333 

British Colombia 283, 346 

California 226 

Canada 36 

Mexico 152, 213, 283 

Oregon 333 

United States 9 
Pacific Ocean and Islands 

Fiji Islands 141, 193 

Gilbert & Ellice Islands 58 



Hawaii 261, 333 (See also 

Sandwich Islands) 
Lifu Islands 83 
Marquesas Islands 240, 261 
Navigators Islands (Samoa) 283 
New Caledonia 83 
New Hebrides (Vanuatu) 83, 258 
Norfolk Island 77 
Rennell Islands 58 
Sandwich Islands 283 
Solomon Islands 58, 253, 258 
Red Sea 283 

South America 132, 141, 283, 290 
Andes 348 

Brazil 33, 90, 138, 140, 200, 230, 275, 

283, 341, 352 
British Guiana 323 
Chile 283 
Colombia 254 
Demerara 283 
Ecuador 254 
Paraguay 140 
West Indies 74, 94, 133, 141, 276, 333 
Barbados 236 
Grenada 133, 205 
Jamaica 125, 333 
St Thomas 307 
St Vincent 133, 205 
Trinidad 187 



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